Scientific and Common Name Scientific name as well as common nameis Spina Bifida However the 3 types are calledSpina Bi...
Cause and Transmitted Spina Bifida is caused by the failureof the babies spine to close properlyduring the first month of...
Targeted Population No specific targeted population, anyonecan get it 1 out of 800 babies are affected To reduce change...
Where and How This condition can affect the entirelength on the CNS, including the brainas well as the entire spine Most...
Symptoms Spina Bifida Occulta has no outward signs orsymptoms besides a birthmark on the lowerspine Spina Bifida Manifes...
Prognosis Most individuals live well into adulthooddepending on how bad their condition is Usually this condition can be...
Vaccine or Treatment There is currently no cure or vaccine for this disorder Spina Bifida Occulta is hidden and leaves p...
Resources http://www.spinabifida.net An educational resource about Spina Bifida
Resources http://www.spinabifida.net An educational resource about Spina Bifida
3 Major Issues with Prenatal and Postnatal Spina Bifida Surgery
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3 Major Issues with Prenatal and Postnatal Spina Bifida Surgery

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Learn more about Spina Bifida at http://www.spinabifida.net

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3 Major Issues with Prenatal and Postnatal Spina Bifida Surgery

  1. 1. Scientific and Common Name Scientific name as well as common nameis Spina Bifida However the 3 types are calledSpina Bifida Occulta-HiddenMeningocele-Meninges push throughhole of the backMyelomeningocele-Spinal cord and meningiespush through hole of the backEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net
  2. 2. Cause and Transmitted Spina Bifida is caused by the failureof the babies spine to close properlyduring the first month of pregnancy Most cases there is no familialconnection Low levels of folic acid before andduring pregnancy possibly partake in the cause Consume 0.4 mg per day through out first trimester Eggs, Orange juice, Dark green leafy vegetables Theory that viruses might play a role, since there is ahigher rate of this defect in newborns during wintermonths High fever in pregnancy may increase a woman’srisk Women with epilepsy who have taken Valpriolic acidincreases risk as well
  3. 3. Targeted Population No specific targeted population, anyonecan get it 1 out of 800 babies are affected To reduce changes, it isrecommended to takefolic acid Women who have epilepsyand take valpriolc acid tocontrol seizures havea higher riskEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net
  4. 4. Where and How This condition can affect the entirelength on the CNS, including the brainas well as the entire spine Most cases have lots of brainabnormalities, resulting inhydrocephalusEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net
  5. 5. Symptoms Spina Bifida Occulta has no outward signs orsymptoms besides a birthmark on the lowerspine Spina Bifida ManifestaLoss of bladder/bowel controlLoss of sensationPossibly paralysis of legsWeakness in hips, legs, and feetPossible abnormalities in feetHydrocephalusMeningitisUTI’sEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net
  6. 6. Prognosis Most individuals live well into adulthooddepending on how bad their condition is Usually this condition can be surgicallycorrected if needed Problems occur later in life, as the individualhits puberty-More loss of function-Orthopedic problems-Foot/ankle deformities-Dislocation of hips Most individuals use a wheelchair,walker, or crutchesEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net
  7. 7. Vaccine or Treatment There is currently no cure or vaccine for this disorder Spina Bifida Occulta is hidden and leaves people unaffected There are two common treatments for Spina Bifida Manifesta-Prenatal- Surgery is taken place between 19 and 25 weeksof pregnancy. The uterus is opened up to where the baby’s backis in sight and the sac is removed. The fetus and mother are thenexamined and followed up with weekly ultrasounds. There is aplanned cesarean birth at 37 weeks.-Postnatal- The same surgery istaken place but 24 to 48 hours after acesarean birth at 37 weeks. Acesarean birth is planned incase asac is present. Prenatal treatment is proven to be themost beneficial though most dangerousEducational Resource about Spina Bifidahttp://www.spinabifida.net©2011 The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Visitwww.chop.edu for more information.
  8. 8. Resources http://www.spinabifida.net An educational resource about Spina Bifida
  9. 9. Resources http://www.spinabifida.net An educational resource about Spina Bifida
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