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Transcript

  • 1. The Properties of Matter• What is it?• How do you measure it?• What is the difference between mass and weight?• How do you describe it?
  • 2. Words to know• Matter • Gravity• Volume • Weight• Meniscus • Newton• Mass • Inertia
  • 3. What is it?• Matter : Any thing that has volume or mass.• Volume: The amount of Volume space taken up, or occupied, by an object.
  • 4. How do you measure it?• Liters (L) and milliliters (mL) are the units that are most used to express the volume of liquid.• The use of a graduated cylinder aids in the measuring of liquids. The surface of the liquid is not flat.• Meniscus: The curve that you see at the liquid’s surface.
  • 5. Solids• The volume of any solid is expressed in cubic units.• Cubic meters (m3) or cubic centimeters (cm3)
  • 6. Gases• When you measure a gas you need to know the volume of the container that it is in. If you know the volume of the container then you will know the volume of gas.
  • 7. Mass• Mass: The amount of matter that something is made of.• What is the difference between Mass and weight?• Gravity: a force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses.• Weight: a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object.
  • 8. The Difference is. . . Mass Weight• Measure of the • A measure of the amount of matter in gravitational force on an object. an object. • Varied depending on• Always constant where the object is in• Measured with a relation to the Earth. balance • Measured with a• Expressed in spring scale. kilograms (kg), • Expressed in newtons grams (g), and (N) milligrams (mg)
  • 9. Inertia• Newton: The SI unit of force• Inertia: the tendency of all objects to resist any change in motion.
  • 10. Describing Matter: Words to Know• Physical Property• Density• Chemical Property• Physical Change• Chemical Change