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Visual Dictionary Specifications
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Visual Dictionary Specifications



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  • Point count:1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,


  • 1. Visual Dictionary
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    A sheet material used to cover the exterior
    sheathing and seal the envelope of a building
    Air Barrier paper blocks moisture and air from
    penetrating the exterior walls of a building.
  • 3. Attic VentilationSoffit and Ridge Vent
    Soffit Vent – intake to allow natural convection to cool attic space.
    Ridge Vent- Exaust at the highest point to allow heat to escape and permit natural convection.
    Attic Ventilation is required to allow water vapor and solar heat in attic space to escape
  • 4. Attic VentilationGable Vent and Roof Turbine
    Gable Vent- Allows cross draft through attic space when the wind blows
    Roof Turbine- uses wind to pull hot and humid air out of an attic
    Attic Ventilation is required to allow water vapor and solar heat in attic space to escape
  • 5. Backhoe
    Backhoe- piece of excavation equipment that consists of a bucket and 2 part articulating arm attached to the back end of a front end loader, tractor, or mounted on tracks used for various earth work jobs especially trenches and footings.
    Bucket Width =17”
  • 6. Batter Boards
    Batter Boards: pair of horizontal boards that strings are attached to that are used to lay out the exact corners of a building and the foundation lines.
  • 7. Brick Arches
    Gothic Arch
    Roman Arch
  • 8. Arch with Keystone
    Roman Arch with Keystone
  • 9. Centering
    Temporary support used to make a brick arch
  • 10. Brick Bonds
    Flemish Bond
    Running Bond
  • 11. Rowlock
  • 12. Headers
  • 13. Soldiers and Sailors
    Soldier Bond
  • 14. Stretcher Rowlocks
  • 15. Brick Size
    Standard size (3 5/8”2 1/4”x8”) (WxHxL)
    Modular Size (35/8”x21/4”x71/2”) (WxHxL)
  • 16. Bulldozer
    Large, powerful piece of earth moving equipment equipped with tracks and a large blade used to push soil, rock, or any other kind of debris.
  • 17. CladdingBrick Clad
    Brick Clad
  • 18. CladdingEIFS Clad and Stone Clad
    Random Ashlar Stone Clad
  • 19. CladdingWood Board and Wood Shake
    Wood Shake Cladding
    Wood Board Cladding
    Wood shingles are sawn and wood shakes are split from wood blocks. This house appears to have wood shakes due to the rough texture
  • 20. Code Requirements Egress Window
    IBC requirements:
    Width: 34 ¼”
    Height: 24”
    Height AFF: <44”
    Net opening area 5.7 sq. feet
    Height: 19 ½”
    Egress net opening: 4.6 square feet
    Width: 34”
    Height AFF: 34 ½”
    This window does not meet egress requirements due to open height and net open area deficiencies.
  • 21. Code RequirementsStair Tread and Riser
    7 5/8”
    9 3/4”
    IBC stair requirements
    Tread >= 10” with no more that 3/8” variation
    Riser <= 7 ¾” with no more than 3/8” variation
    Studied Stairs
    Tread: Longest 9 ¾” Shortest 9 ½” Variation ¼”
    Riser: Highest 7 5/8” Lowest 7 ½” Variation 1/8”
    This stair does not meet IBC Code
  • 22. Concrete JointsControl Joint
    An intentional break in the surface of concrete to create a point of weakness where cracking can occur in order to minimize cracking elsewhere in the concrete.
  • 23. Concrete JointsIsolation Joint
    A joint that extends through the slab that completely separates the slab from a wall or column and is filled with a sealant. They are used to compensate for the different rates at which differing materials expand and contract, in this case a concrete sidewalk and a brick wall.
  • 24. Concrete Masonry Unit
    1 CMU= 3 Brick
    A CMU is a block of hardened concrete laid using mortar. They usually contain hollow cavities that can be filled with rebar and concrete grout to reinforce the wall. They provide a means for building economical retaining, basement and crawlspace walls. They can be painted on both sides and function as interior and exterior wall as seen at Wal-mart. Typical nominal dimensions are either 8”x8”x16” or 8”x12”x16” (HeightxDepthxLength)
  • 25. Concrete Masonry Units6” and 12”
    12” Thick
    6” Thick
  • 26. Decorative CMUSplit block and Ribbed Block
    Split Face Block
  • 27. DoorsFlush and Panel
    Exterior Panel Door
    Top Rail
    Lock Rail
    Bottom Rail
    Exterior Flush Door
  • 28. DoorsTransom
    Transom - Fixed window over a door
    Sidelight- Fixed window on the side of a door
  • 29. Electrical ComponentsPower Pole with Transformer and Service Head
    The service head provides a watertight means for the power lines from the transformer to enter the meter box
    The transformer steps down the voltage from distribution voltage down to 120 volt that is used in residences.
  • 30. Electrical ComponentsMeter and Service Panel
    The electric meter measure the amount of electricity that flows into a house and is the point at which the electric system is no longer the responsibility of the utility but that of the homeowner/contractor.
    The service panel is the point that distributes the current to all of the branch circuits in a building including lights, appliances, and outlets.
  • 31. Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle
    Point at which 120v devices can be connected to a homes electrical system.
  • 32. Framing
    #1 Anchor Bolt
    #2 Sill Plate
  • 33. Framing
    #3 Floor Joist
    #4 Subfloor
  • 34. Framing
    #5 Sole Plate
    #6 Stud
  • 35. Framing
    #7 Top Plate
    #8 Ceiling Joist
    #9 Rafter
    #10 Roof Decking
  • 36. Framing
    #11 Sheathing
    #12 Stringer
  • 37. Front End Loader
    Front end loader- Piece of heavy equipment used to load soil, sand, rock, asphalt, debris and many other materials into dump trucks or other pieces of equipment using a large rectangular bucket.
  • 38. Gypsum Board
    Interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core between 2 paper faces that is finished with joint compound and creates a seamless interior wall ready for paint.
  • 39. Heat Pump
    Advantage: extremely efficient
    Disadvantage: Does not operate well at very low temps and may require a backup system
    The air handler is located inside the house and conditions the air by heating or cooling via refrigerant and the condenser/
    compressor unit outside
    Transfers the heat from inside the house into the atmosphere by compressing refrigerant.
  • 40. Insulation
    Batt/blanket insulation
    Rigid Board Insulation
    Loose-fill Insulation
    Foam Insulation
    Material of low thermal conductivity used to reduce heat flow in or out of a building
  • 41. Lintel
    A piece of angle iron or precast concrete that carries the load of a wall over the opening of a window or door
  • 42. Mortar #1Raked
    Tooled joint
    Used on an engineering classroom building
    Type N- used as a masonry veneer
  • 43. Mortar #2Concave
    Tooled Joint
    Apartment complex
    Type N-used as a masonry veneer
  • 44. Oriented Strand Board
    OSB- a nonveneered panel product made by gluing and pressing small strands of wood in alternating directions. OSB is used for roof sheathing, wall sheathing, and subfloors.
  • 45. PlumbingLavatory and Water Closet
    Lavatory drain piping- 1 ½”
    Water closet waste piping- 3”
  • 46. PlumbingManufactured Shower
  • 47. PlumbingRoof Vent and Sink
    Drop-in Sink
    Vent piping allows air to enter the drain and waste piping to break the vacuum that would be created by a sealed pipe and allow the water and waste to flow freely
  • 48. Plywood
    Wood panel made up of multiple veneers of wood glued together in alternating directions under high pressure.
    A veneer is a very thin sheet of wood.
  • 49. Radiant Barrier
  • 50. Rebar
  • 51. Steep Roof Drainage
    Gutter- Metal or plastic channel that collects rainwater or snowmelt at the eave of a roof and channels it to a downspout
    Downspout- Vertical pipe that carries water from a roof gutter to a lower level, usually a lower level of the roof or the ground.
    Splash Block
    Splash block-a small block of precast concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout away from the foundation of a building
  • 52. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment and Clay Tile
    Clay Tile Roof
    A layer of waterproofing (building felt) installed between roof sheathing and the roof. It temporarily protects the OSB sheathing before the roof can be installed and provides another layer of defense against water for the finished roof
  • 53. Steep Roof MaterialsShingle and Metal Panel
    Wood Shingle Roof
    Metal roof typically made from aluminum or galvanized metal painted with a polymer coating
    Shingle- a small, single, water resistant material nailed in overlapping pattern to make a water tight roof or wall
  • 54. Steep Roof Shapes
    Gable Roof
    Gambrel Roof
    Hip Roof
  • 55. Steep Roof Terms
    Ridge- Intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof, the highest point or peak of a gable roof
    Valley- A trough formed by 2 roof slopes
  • 56. Steep Roof Terms
    Rake- sloping edge of a roof
    Soffit- underside of a roof overhang
    Eave- horizontal edge at the low side of a roof
    Fascia- exposed vertical face of an eave
  • 57. Stone
    Random Rubble Stone Pattern
    Random Ashlar Stone Pattern
    Coursed Ashlar Stone Pattern
  • 58. VaporRetarder
    A Vapor Retarder slows the passage of moisture through a wall cavity to prevent condensation in a wall which can lead to mold. It should be placed on the side of the insulation closest to the interior since the hotter more humid air inside contains the moisture that is trying to work its way into the wall.
  • 59. Waterproofing
    Waterproofing- material placed to resist the penetration of water in a structure, in this case a foundation. The type pictured is liquid applied spray-on.
  • 60. Weep Hole
    A small opening (missing head joint or
    string laid in mortar) whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates behind a brick wall
  • 61. Welded Wire Fabric
    Welded Wire Fabric
  • 62. Window #1Casement
    This is a casement window because it is hinged on one side and swings outward, allowing the entire window area to be open. This is useful in catching breezes.
  • 63. Window #2Single Hung
    Single Hung- A window with 2 sashes, only one of which moves. The other is fixed.
  • 64. Window #3Sliding
    This is a sliding window because one sash moves along a track at the top and bottom of the frame and the other remains fixed.