Successfully Using iPads to Support Your Students with Autism


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Successfully Using iPads to Support Your Students with Autism

  1. 1. Spectronics Inclusive Learning Technologies Successfully using iPadsto Support your Students with Autism
  2. 2. Amanda HartmannInclusive Technology Consultant(Speech Pathologist)
  3. 3. OVERVIEW• Introduction• IPads 101• Communication• Behaviour• Social development• Literacy and learning• Creation tools
  4. 4. AutismAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  5. 5. ASDCommunicationSocial developmentBehaviour
  6. 6. Dont throw the baby out with the bath water!Remember that the iPad is just one tool in our arsenalto help us successfully support students with Autism What other tools do we use?
  7. 7. Key principles tousing technology forstudents with Autism• Must be VISUAL• Be implemented with positive behavioural supports• Must be functional, motivating and interactive
  8. 8. Technology Integrate use to:• Improve and develop a communication system• Assist development of social skills• Enhance ability to learn
  9. 9. iPadiPad revolution revolution iPad craze iPad frenzy
  10. 10. • User-friendly• Engaging• Multi-Functional iPad• Mobile and portable• Easily accessed• "Normal"• Motivating• Cost effective
  11. 11. Challenges and solutions...• Durability Solution: protective cases and coverings
  12. 12. Challenges and solutions...• Finding the right Apps/programs Solution: access blogs and websites that review apps, Autism Apps.
  13. 13. Challenges and solutions...• One size fits all? Solution: no quick fix, no single solution, team assessment and problem solving
  14. 14. Challenges and solutions...• Abandonment of other valuable strategies Solution: dont throw the baby out with the bath water.. The iPad is just one tool in our tool kit.
  15. 15. Challenges and solutions...• Training and support Solution: funding to support ongoing and continuing professional development, access to the right training
  16. 16. Challenges and solutions...• Ongoing support to implement Solution: access to regular support services and therapies, collect and review data
  17. 17. Challenges and solutions...• iPad obsession and keeping kids on task Solution: Limited music, video and entertainment apps, Use within structured time limits, Use together, encouraging interaction and engagement, iOS 6 - Guided Access
  18. 18. REMEMBER.... Continue to support students:• With clear goals and objectives• While continuing to collect data• While reviewing what works and what• Support within curriculum guidelines• Ongoing training and support for staff• And stay flexible and ready to make changes on the run
  19. 19. iPads 101Quick tips out of the box
  20. 20. iOS ecosystems• iTunes - music, videos, movies• App store - apps• iBooks - books- PDFs• iTunes U - university course work
  21. 21. Discoverability• Websites that review apps• Apps that help us find good apps• Using the App store better
  22. 22. What makes a good app?What do you look for?
  23. 23. Choosing apps - Rubric Curriculum Grade / APP Name Cost focus Stage DOMAIN 4 3 2 1 Skill(s) reinforced are strongly Skill(s) reinforced are related to the Skill(s) reinforced are prerequisite or Skill(s) reinforced in the app are not Curriculum connected to the targeted skill or targeted skill or concept foundation skills for the targeted skill clearly connected to the targeted Connection concept or concept skill or concept Targeted skills are practiced in an Some aspects of the app are Skills are practiced in a contrived Skills are practiced in a rote or Authenticity authentic format/ problem-based presented in an authentic learning game/simulation format isolated fashion (e.g. flashcards) learning environment environment Feedback is specific and results in Feedback is specific and results in Feedback is limited to the Feedback is limited to the Feedback improved student performance improved student performance (may correctness of student responses correctness of student responses include tutorial aids) and may allow students to try again App offers complete flexibility to App offers more than one degree of App offers limited flexibility to adjust App offers no flexibility to adjust alter settings to meet student needs flexibility to adjust settings to meet settings to meet student needs (e.g., settings to meet student needs Differentiation student needs few levels such as easy, medium, (settings cannot be altered) hard) Students can launch and navigate Students can launch and navigate Students can launch and navigate Students need constant teacher within the app independently within the app independently after within the app independently after support in order to use the app User demonstration by teacher. demonstration by teacher. Students Friendliness require intermittent support. Students are highly motivated to use Students use the app as directed by Students view the app as “more Students avoid the use of the app or Student the app and select it as their first the teacher schoolwork” and may be off-task complain when use of the app is Motivation choice from a selection of related when directed by the teacher to use assigned choices of apps the app Students work can be published in Students work can be published in Students work can be only be Students work cannot be published. multiple formats and/or social media multiple formats and/or social media published to a computer. Publishing sites sites after being transferred to a computer. Data is available electronically to the Data is available electronically to Data is available electronically to the The app does not contain a summary student and teacher as a part of the student on a summary page and may student, but is not presented on a page. Reporting app. be screenshot to share with teacher single summary page. App connects seamlessly to Wi-Fi App connects to Wi-Fi network with App requires port change to connect App unable to connect to Wi-Fi Connectivity network manual configuration to Wi-Fi network networkOriginally created by Harry Walker: Edited, with permission, by Kathy Schrock: Updated by Greg Alchin
  24. 24. Websites / online• Spectronics Blog and app lists.• APPITIC.• Appy Mall.• Facebook groups/pages eg. "iTeach: Apps for classroom"; "Spectronics Online"; Technology in Education, Moms with Apps, etc.
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Apps for Special Education By the Spectronics Consultancy Team
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Apps that find appsAutism Apps Kindertown Appstar picks
  29. 29. In the App store - Top Charts
  30. 30. In the App Store - Education Categories
  31. 31. In the App store - Genius
  32. 32. iPad Basics APP ICONS APP ICONS• Hold and jiggle• Put into folders• Rename folders• Delete apps• Lock onto bottom dock
  33. 33. iPad Basics RESTRICTIONS RESTRICTIONS• Enable restrictions within SETTINGS - General• Turn on and off- Installing Apps, Deleting Apps, Safari, Camera, In-App purchasing, password request etc.
  34. 34. iPad Basics MULTI-TASKING GESTURES MULTI-TASKING GESTURES• Five finger pinch to close• Four finger swipe up to multi-tasking dock• Four finger swipes left and right between apps• Turn OFF in SETTINGS-General
  35. 35. iPad Basics MULTI-TASKING DOCK MULTI-TASKING DOCK• Four finger swipe up to multi-tasking dock• OR double click HOME button• Swipe left or right• Forced close with red dash
  36. 36. iPad Basics ACCESSIBILITY ACCESSIBILITY• Vision/hearing• Speak selection• Physical and Motor• Guided access
  37. 37. iPad Basics FILE SHARING FILE SHARING• APP: DropBox• Email• Sharing options within apps• iTunes: App panel- file sharing
  38. 38. iPad Basics EXTRA TIPS EXTRA TIPS• Screen Capture• Make direct links to favourite websites• Spotlight search for apps on iPad• Side switch
  39. 39. Communication
  40. 40. Communication skills Affected in different ways• Significant delays in speaking, use and understand fewer words• Not speaking at all (nonverbal)
  41. 41. Communication In those children who do develop speech• Copy or echo words (echolalia) with no real meaning attached• Difficulty initiating communication• Talk about their special interests• Difficulty using language for a range of purposes• Use and understand a limited set of vocabulary
  42. 42. Goals• Increase use and understanding of words• Improve comprehension and listening skills• Develop and extend vocabulary• Develop and extend spoken language skills
  43. 43. Apps for oral language
  44. 44. Interactive apps• Create a car• Cookie doodle• My PlayHome• ClickySticky• The bag game• Dr Pandas Restaurant
  45. 45. Toca Boca Apps• Toca Store• Toca doctor• Hair salon 2• Toca tea party• Toca monster• Toca tailor• Toca fairy tales• Toca kitchen
  46. 46. Structured learning apps• Special words• Splingo!• Speech with Milo• Hamaguchi Apps
  47. 47. Sentence building apps• Sentences builder• Rainbow sentences• Clicker sentences
  48. 48. Communication Nonverbal• Children with little or no speech• Need to be given alternative ways to communicate (commonly called AAC)• Devices and apps• Dont forget low tech• Multimodal approach
  49. 49. Alternative and augmentative communication (AAC)Augmentative communication is the use ofmaterials or techniques that supplementexisting verbal abilities.Alternative communication is communicationmethods used by a person without any verbalability.       (Vanderheiden and Yoder, 1986)
  50. 50. Goals• Establish a system of communication• Present a range of modes as the person selects their preferred method
  51. 51. Before you do anything.... • Consult with team • Trial and test apps/devices if possible • Be prepared to invest time and money into programming, training team members and implementation
  52. 52. Tips for success..• Specific Vocabulary selection and design• To be engaging, interactive, fun, motivating and purposeful• Modelling of device/ board/ book
  53. 53. Picture exchange Low tech Aided Language boards
  54. 54. Communication Devices Practical ideas and suggestions
  55. 55. IPads and Apps for AAC
  56. 56. Apps for AAC list aac
  57. 57. Apps for AAC Symbol based• Proloquo2go• Sonoflex• Grid player• Sounding board• Alexicom
  58. 58. Apps for AAC Text-based• Verbally• Predictable
  59. 59. Behaviour
  60. 60. Behaviour Complex and variable• Prefer routines and sameness and dislike change• Meltdowns• Repetitive behaviours• Obsess over particular interest areas• Sensory challenges affect behaviours• Seek sensory stimulation
  61. 61. Functions of the behaviour...• What is the motivation/cause of the behaviour?• Escape/ avoidance of a situation• Attention gained from the action• Getting access to a tangible item or activity• Automatic personal reinforcement or sensory input
  62. 62. Behavioursupported with Visual tools
  63. 63. Benefits of visual tools• Provides positive behaviour support• Maintains routines and schedules but also can visually show when changes occur• Provides clear expectations• Steps within task are made clear• Keeps student on task• Allows team to use consistent language and provide consistent feedback to students
  64. 64. Visual tools are useful for:• Schedules, timetables and routines• Class rules• First -then• Visual timers• Rewards• Organising the environment
  65. 65. Created in...• Symwriter• Boardmaker• On iPad using variety of apps
  66. 66. Schedules
  67. 67. Schedules
  68. 68. Timetables
  69. 69. Rules
  70. 70. Rules
  71. 71. First - then
  72. 72. Apps for schedules, timetables,routines, class rules and first-then • Proloquo2Go • iCommunicate • Visual routines • iPrompts XL • Choiceworks • First Then
  73. 73. Visual Timers• Clock in iOS 6+ has an inbuilt timer• APPS:• Bang! boom! Buzzer• Visual Timer• iPrompts XL• Time Timer• Sharing timer
  74. 74. Rewards• Low tech• iPad as the reward• App: iEarntThat• App: Token board
  75. 75. Rewards
  76. 76. Rewards
  77. 77. Organise the environment• Photos• Symbols• Pictello
  78. 78. Socialdevelopment
  79. 79. Social development difficult Early social interaction is• Appear uninterested in social contact• Difficult to engage and interact with• Rarely show interest in others• May not respond to others• Little eye contact• Rarely chat or play with others
  80. 80. Goals for interaction• Engagement• Eye contact and interaction• Turn taking• Language stimulation• Listening and following directions• Requesting and commenting• Learning in a fun way!
  81. 81. Low tech/ no tech• Intensive interaction• Imitating• Following the childs lead• Motivators
  82. 82. Apps for interaction• Toca Boca• Sound Touch• Playschool Art Maker• Stop & Go
  83. 83. Help Kidz Learn Apps• Train tracker • Peeping musicians• Bumper cars • Five little aliens• Smarty pants • Big Bang pictures• Aunty Maggies recipe • Finger paint
  84. 84. Social development speech In those children who do develop• Difficulty using language appropriately in conversations• Difficulty understanding social rules and expected behaviours• Cannot initiate and maintain conversations• Difficulty making and keeping friends• Unable to effectively solve social problems and negotiate• Problems expressing and understanding feelings and
  85. 85. Teaching Social skills requires: • Team determining target behaviours • Pre teaching of social skills in small groups, and in natural, familiar and real settings • Rewarding and recognising behaviours • Consistent feedback about behaviours • Feedback can be given immediately after a social error • Then reviewed at a calm and responsive time
  86. 86. SEE THINK DO SAY Build internal dialogue
  87. 87. Social StoriesVisual, video, photostories created forspecific learning ofspecific socialbehaviours Originally developed by Carol Gray
  88. 88. Can be used:• To prepare someone for new events and experiences• To teach positive behaviour• To teach a new skill
  89. 89. The structure• 3 types of sentences• Descriptive - provide information• Perspective - describe internal states• Directive - tells the person what to do to be successful
  90. 90. Tips and tricks• Write from the individuals perspective• Write in present tense• Use positive language• One skill per story• Visual supports• Involve the person or their team
  91. 91. Tips for implementing• One at a time• Practice BEFORE the challenging situation occurs• Clear instructions for use• Consistent across all support• Review and revise
  92. 92. Create with• On your computer using: Clicker or PowerPoint• A variety of Apps: Pictello, Puppet Pals, PixNTell, Sonic Pics, Strip Designer, Book Creator, Creative Book Builder
  93. 93. Super low tech...
  94. 94. Super low tech....
  95. 95. Convert to symbols
  96. 96. Goals and target areas• Feelings• Friendships• Conversations• Conflict resolution CREATE YOUR OWN TEACHING• Classroom behaviour MATERIALS TO TARGET THESE AREAS
  97. 97. Feelings• Recognising and identifying feelings• Expressing feelings• Handling feelings of anger, anxiety, stress
  98. 98. Friendships• Making friends• Maintaining friendships• Sharing, winning and losing• Eye contact, body language, talking and listening.
  99. 99. Conversations• Conversation rules• Initiating, maintaining and ending conversations• Topics• Taking turns• Asking questions
  100. 100. Conflict Resolution• Negotiation• Problem solving• Accept ways to resolve conflict• Choices when faced with conflict• Bullying and teasing
  101. 101. Classroom Behaviours• Listening and attention, following directions• Asking for help• When you dont understand• Interrupting• Asking permission• Answering questions
  102. 102. Apps for Social Skills
  103. 103. App suggestions• Emotions • Calm counter• Emotion x • Choiceworks• Smarty Pants • Conversation builder• My life skills box • Friends Book• Social skills builder • iPrompts XL
  104. 104. Learning & Literacy
  105. 105. Early LearningConcepts, sorting, touch screen skills, etc.
  106. 106. Early Learning Apps• Dexteria• Monkeys lunchbox• Bugs & bubbles• Simple sort• Alien buddies• Sound touch• Toddler teasers Preschool collection
  107. 107. Books
  108. 108. Book Apps• When you grow up• Story bots• Monster at the end of this book• Dont let the pigeon run this app• Collins Big Cat• Grasshopper App books
  109. 109. Story telling
  110. 110. Story telling Apps• Story maker• Toontastic• iSequence• Speech with Milo : Sequences• Kids Journal• Story Wheel
  111. 111. Letter-soundidentification Letter recognition and tracing
  112. 112. Letter-sound Apps• Pocket phonics• Letter school• iWrite words• rED• Starfall• ABC spy
  113. 113. Early reading and spelling
  114. 114. Early reading & spelling Apps• firstwords apps• Kids crosswords• Montessori crosswords Apps that use PHONICS,• Word wizard Not letter names!• Alphawriter• Monkey words• Simplex spelling (older students)
  115. 115. Preschool University Apps• FREE• ABC Magic• Reading Magic• Spelling Magic• Sentences Magic
  116. 116. Supported writing
  117. 117. Supported writing Apps• Clicker sentences• Clicker docs• Apps with word prediction
  118. 118. Creation tools
  119. 119. Create photos, videos and books STUDENT AS THE AUTHOR• Simple interfaces that students can use.
  120. 120. Creation Apps• Toontastic • Playschool Art Maker• Book Creator • Draw and Tell• Puppet pals • Strip designer• Sock puppets • Mad Libs• PixnTell • Toca fairy tales• Skitch • Explain everything• iMovies • Popplet
  121. 121. Publish their work• Share via email or Dropbox?• Photos, images and videos saved to the camera roll?• Export as a PDF file?• Export and share as an iBook?
  122. 122. Questions
  123. 123. Join the Spectronics team for four full-on days of immersion in the world of technologies to support diverse learners!
  124. 124.
  125. 125.
  126. 126. Spectronics Consultancy Team