• User-friendly• Engaging• Multi-Functional iPad• Mobile and portable• Easily accessed• "Normal"• Motivating• Cost effective
Challenges and solutions...• Durability Solution: protective cases and coverings
Challenges and solutions...• Finding the right Apps/programs Solution: access blogs and websites that review apps, Autism Apps.
Challenges and solutions...• One size fits all? Solution: no quick fix, no single solution, team assessment and problem solving
Challenges and solutions...• Abandonment of other valuable strategies Solution: dont throw the baby out with the bath water.. The iPad is just one tool in our tool kit.
Challenges and solutions...• Training and support Solution: funding to support ongoing and continuing professional development, access to the right training
Challenges and solutions...• Ongoing support to implement Solution: access to regular support services and therapies, collect and review data
Challenges and solutions...• iPad obsession and keeping kids on task Solution: Limited music, video and entertainment apps, Use within structured time limits, Use together, encouraging interaction and engagement, iOS 6 - Guided Access
REMEMBER.... Continue to support students:• With clear goals and objectives• While continuing to collect data• While reviewing what works and what• Support within curriculum guidelines• Ongoing training and support for staff• And stay flexible and ready to make changes on the run
Choosing apps - Rubric Curriculum Grade / APP Name Cost focus Stage DOMAIN 4 3 2 1 Skill(s) reinforced are strongly Skill(s) reinforced are related to the Skill(s) reinforced are prerequisite or Skill(s) reinforced in the app are not Curriculum connected to the targeted skill or targeted skill or concept foundation skills for the targeted skill clearly connected to the targeted Connection concept or concept skill or concept Targeted skills are practiced in an Some aspects of the app are Skills are practiced in a contrived Skills are practiced in a rote or Authenticity authentic format/ problem-based presented in an authentic learning game/simulation format isolated fashion (e.g. flashcards) learning environment environment Feedback is specific and results in Feedback is specific and results in Feedback is limited to the Feedback is limited to the Feedback improved student performance improved student performance (may correctness of student responses correctness of student responses include tutorial aids) and may allow students to try again App offers complete flexibility to App offers more than one degree of App offers limited flexibility to adjust App offers no flexibility to adjust alter settings to meet student needs flexibility to adjust settings to meet settings to meet student needs (e.g., settings to meet student needs Differentiation student needs few levels such as easy, medium, (settings cannot be altered) hard) Students can launch and navigate Students can launch and navigate Students can launch and navigate Students need constant teacher within the app independently within the app independently after within the app independently after support in order to use the app User demonstration by teacher. demonstration by teacher. Students Friendliness require intermittent support. Students are highly motivated to use Students use the app as directed by Students view the app as “more Students avoid the use of the app or Student the app and select it as their first the teacher schoolwork” and may be off-task complain when use of the app is Motivation choice from a selection of related when directed by the teacher to use assigned choices of apps the app Students work can be published in Students work can be published in Students work can be only be Students work cannot be published. multiple formats and/or social media multiple formats and/or social media published to a computer. Publishing sites sites after being transferred to a computer. Data is available electronically to the Data is available electronically to Data is available electronically to the The app does not contain a summary student and teacher as a part of the student on a summary page and may student, but is not presented on a page. Reporting app. be screenshot to share with teacher single summary page. App connects seamlessly to Wi-Fi App connects to Wi-Fi network with App requires port change to connect App unable to connect to Wi-Fi Connectivity network manual configuration to Wi-Fi network networkOriginally created by Harry Walker: Edited, with permission, by Kathy Schrock: Updated by Greg Alchin
Websites / online• Spectronics Blog and app lists. http://www.spectronicsinoz.com/blog/apple/• APPITIC. http://appitic.com/• Appy Mall. http://www.appymall.com/• Facebook groups/pages eg. "iTeach: Apps for classroom"; "Spectronics Online"; Technology in Education, Moms with Apps, etc.
iPad Basics APP ICONS APP ICONS• Hold and jiggle• Put into folders• Rename folders• Delete apps• Lock onto bottom dock
iPad Basics RESTRICTIONS RESTRICTIONS• Enable restrictions within SETTINGS - General• Turn on and off- Installing Apps, Deleting Apps, Safari, Camera, In-App purchasing, password request etc.
iPad Basics MULTI-TASKING GESTURES MULTI-TASKING GESTURES• Five finger pinch to close• Four finger swipe up to multi-tasking dock• Four finger swipes left and right between apps• Turn OFF in SETTINGS-General
iPad Basics MULTI-TASKING DOCK MULTI-TASKING DOCK• Four finger swipe up to multi-tasking dock• OR double click HOME button• Swipe left or right• Forced close with red dash
Communication skills Affected in different ways• Significant delays in speaking, use and understand fewer words• Not speaking at all (nonverbal)
Communication In those children who do develop speech• Copy or echo words (echolalia) with no real meaning attached• Difficulty initiating communication• Talk about their special interests• Difficulty using language for a range of purposes• Use and understand a limited set of vocabulary
Goals• Increase use and understanding of words• Improve comprehension and listening skills• Develop and extend vocabulary• Develop and extend spoken language skills
Structured learning apps• Special words• Splingo!• Speech with Milo• Hamaguchi Apps
Sentence building apps• Sentences builder• Rainbow sentences• Clicker sentences
Communication Nonverbal• Children with little or no speech• Need to be given alternative ways to communicate (commonly called AAC)• Devices and apps• Dont forget low tech• Multimodal approach
Alternative and augmentative communication (AAC)Augmentative communication is the use ofmaterials or techniques that supplementexisting verbal abilities.Alternative communication is communicationmethods used by a person without any verbalability. (Vanderheiden and Yoder, 1986)
Goals• Establish a system of communication• Present a range of modes as the person selects their preferred method
Before you do anything.... • Consult with team • Trial and test apps/devices if possible • Be prepared to invest time and money into programming, training team members and implementation
Tips for success..• Specific Vocabulary selection and design• To be engaging, interactive, fun, motivating and purposeful• Modelling of device/ board/ book
Picture exchange Low tech Aided Language boards
Communication Devices Practical ideas and suggestions
Behaviour Complex and variable• Prefer routines and sameness and dislike change• Meltdowns• Repetitive behaviours• Obsess over particular interest areas• Sensory challenges affect behaviours• Seek sensory stimulation
Functions of the behaviour...• What is the motivation/cause of the behaviour?• Escape/ avoidance of a situation• Attention gained from the action• Getting access to a tangible item or activity• Automatic personal reinforcement or sensory input
Benefits of visual tools• Provides positive behaviour support• Maintains routines and schedules but also can visually show when changes occur• Provides clear expectations• Steps within task are made clear• Keeps student on task• Allows team to use consistent language and provide consistent feedback to students
Visual tools are useful for:• Schedules, timetables and routines• Class rules• First -then• Visual timers• Rewards• Organising the environment
Created in...• Symwriter• Boardmaker• On iPad using variety of apps
Social development difficult Early social interaction is• Appear uninterested in social contact• Difficult to engage and interact with• Rarely show interest in others• May not respond to others• Little eye contact• Rarely chat or play with others
Goals for interaction• Engagement• Eye contact and interaction• Turn taking• Language stimulation• Listening and following directions• Requesting and commenting• Learning in a fun way!
Low tech/ no tech• Intensive interaction• Imitating• Following the childs lead• Motivators
Apps for interaction• Toca Boca• Sound Touch• Playschool Art Maker• Stop & Go
Help Kidz Learn Apps• Train tracker • Peeping musicians• Bumper cars • Five little aliens• Smarty pants • Big Bang pictures• Aunty Maggies recipe • Finger paint
Social development speech In those children who do develop• Difficulty using language appropriately in conversations• Difficulty understanding social rules and expected behaviours• Cannot initiate and maintain conversations• Difficulty making and keeping friends• Unable to effectively solve social problems and negotiate• Problems expressing and understanding feelings and
Teaching Social skills requires: • Team determining target behaviours • Pre teaching of social skills in small groups, and in natural, familiar and real settings • Rewarding and recognising behaviours • Consistent feedback about behaviours • Feedback can be given immediately after a social error • Then reviewed at a calm and responsive time
Early reading & spelling Apps• firstwords apps• Kids crosswords• Montessori crosswords Apps that use PHONICS,• Word wizard Not letter names!• Alphawriter• Monkey words• Simplex spelling (older students)