Autism and Assistive Technology

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  • 1. Spectronics Inclusive Learning TechnologiesAutism Masterclass
  • 2. Amanda HartmannInclusive Technology Consultant
(Speech Pathologist)
  • 3. What do you hope to learn today? Goals
  • 4. I want to change your cycle..... Crazy or success?
  • 5. OVERVIEW• What is Autism?• Technology• Communication• Behaviour• Social development• Questions
  • 6. What is Autism? Part 1
  • 7. Autism Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)Range of conditions that share common characteristics, including difficulties with communicating, problem solving and interacting.
  • 8. ASDCommunicationSocial developmentBehaviour
  • 9. BehaviourYour student Social Development Communication
  • 10. Early warning signs Seek advice if you see some or many of these behaviours: • Doesnt smile at familiar people • Doesnt respond to name • Doesnt easily engage in or even enjoy games • Doesnt use eye contact • Doesnt point to things • Doesnt understand instructions
  • 11. Early warning signs, more... Seek advice if you see some or many of these behaviours: • Intense interest in narrow range of topics • Obsessed with one game or toy • Easily upset by change, demands routine • Unusual body movements • Extremely sensitive to sensory experiences • Seeks sensory stimulation
  • 12. Functionalassessment Needs Strengths Motivators Challenging behaviours
  • 13. Translates...Into meaningful goals
  • 14. Functional assessment• Look at the child in context, and the behaviour in a real context• What are the functions of the behaviour- what and why is the child achieving?• Plan and implement strategies
  • 15. Behaviours• Make descriptions of behaviour specific• What exactly, when exactly, where?• Record frequency and duration• Record reactions and consequences to intervention
  • 16. Functions of the behaviour...• Escape/ avoidance of a situation• Attention gained from the action• Getting access to a tangible item or activity• Automatic personal reinforcement or sensory input
  • 17.
  • 18. Other disability groups• Speech and language impairments• Physical impairments• Intellectual impairments• Learning difficulties• Sensory impairments
  • 19. Overview of the Technology Part 2
  • 20. Technology Currently being used:• Computers/ laptops• Specialised software• Websites• Mobile tablet technologies, eg iPad• Growing and expanding
  • 21. Key principles to using technology for students with Autism• Must be VISUAL• Be implemented with positive behavioural supports• Must be functional, motivating and interactive
  • 22. Technology Integrate use to:• Improve and develop a communication system• Assist development of social skills• Enhance ability to learn
  • 23. Low tech Symbol cards Symbol boards Visual tools Sign language
  • 24. Range of technology for communication Symbols Software Communication devices iPad apps
  • 25. iPad revolution iPad craze iPad frenzy
  • 26. • User-friendly • Engaging • Multi-FunctionalNew technologies • Mobile and portable • Easily accessed • "Normal" • Motivating • Cost effective
  • 27. Challenges and solutions...• Durability Solution: protective cases and coverings
  • 28. Challenges and solutions...• Finding the right Apps/programs Solution: access blogs and websites that review apps, Autism Apps.
  • 29. Challenges and solutions... • One size fits all? Solution: no quick fix, no single solution, team assessment and problem solving
  • 30. Challenges and solutions... • Abandonment of other valuable strategies Solution: dont throw the baby out with the bath water.. The iPad is just one tool in our tool kit.
  • 31.
  • 32. Challenges and solutions...• ICT .... ie... It Cant Teach Solution: not the total solution, success relies on the teacher still teaching
  • 33. Challenges and solutions... • Training and support Solution: funding to support ongoing and continuing professional development, access to the right training
  • 34. Challenges and solutions... • Ongoing support to implement Solution: access to regular support services and therapies, collect and review data
  • 35. Challenges and solutions... • iPad obsession and keeping kids on task Solution: Limited music, video and entertainment apps, Use within structured time limits, Use together, encouraging interaction and engagement, iOS 6 - Guided Access
  • 36. REMEMBER.... Continue to support students:• With clear goals and objectives• While continuing to collect data• While reviewing what works and what doesnt• And stay flexible and ready to make changes on the run
  • 37. Communication Part 3
  • 38. Communication skills Affected in different ways• Significant delays in speaking, use and understand fewer words• Not speaking at all (nonverbal)
  • 39. Communication In those children who do develop speech• Copy or echo words (echolalia) with no real meaning attached• Difficulty initiating communication• Talk about their special interests• Difficulty using language for a range of purposes• Use and understand a limited set of vocabulary
  • 40. Goals• Increase use and understanding of words• Improve comprehension and listening skills• Develop and extend vocabulary• Develop and extend spoken language skills
  • 41. Software plus To expand and support oral language• Practical examples• Clicker• Symwriter• Symbol activities- language activities, songs and stories
  • 42. Language activities
  • 43. Songs
  • 44. Stories
  • 45. Apps for oral language
  • 46. Interactive apps• Create a car• Cookie doodle• My PlayHome• ClickySticky• Toca Tea Party
  • 47. Structured learning apps• Special words• Splingo!• ABA flashcards• Speech with Milo
  • 48. Sentence building apps• Sentences builder• Rainbow sentences• The bag game
  • 49. Communication Nonverbal• Children with little or no speech• Need to be given alternative ways to communicate (commonly called AAC)• Devices and apps• Dont forget low tech• Multimodal approach
  • 50. Alternative and augmentative communication (AAC)Augmentative communication is the use ofmaterials or techniques that supplementexisting verbal abilities.Alternative communication is communicationmethods used by a person without any verbalability.       (Vanderheiden and Yoder, 1986)
  • 51. Goals• Establish a system of communication• Present a range of modes as the person selects their preferred method
  • 52. Before you do anything.... • Consult with team • Trial and test apps/devices if possible • Be prepared to invest time and money into programming, training team members and implementation
  • 53. Tips for success.. • Specific Vocabulary selection and design• To be engaging, interactive, fun, motivating and purposeful• Modelling of device/ board/ book
  • 54. Picture exchange Low tech Aided Language boards
  • 55. Communication Devices Practical ideas and suggestions
  • 56. IPads and Apps for AAC
  • 57. Apps for AAC list
  • 58. Apps for AAC Symbol based• Proloquo2go• Sonoflex• Grid player• Sounding board• Alexicom
  • 59. Apps for AAC Text-based• Verbally• Predictable
  • 60. Apps for AAC Social communication• Pictello• Creative Book Builder
  • 61. Behaviour Part 4
  • 62. Behaviour Complex and variable• Prefer routines and sameness and dislike change• Meltdowns• Repetitive behaviours• Obsess over particular interest areas• Sensory challenges affect behaviours• Seek sensory stimulation
  • 63. Behavioursupported with Visual tools
  • 64. Benefits of visual tools• Provides positive behaviour support• Maintains routines and schedules but also can visually show when changes occur• Provides clear expectations• Steps within task are made clear• Keeps student on task• Allows team to use consistent language and provide consistent feedback to students
  • 65. Visual tools are useful for:• Schedules, timetables and routines• Class rules• First -then• Visual timers• Rewards• Organising the environment
  • 66. Created in...• Symwriter• Boardmaker• On iPad using variety of apps
  • 67. Schedules
  • 68. Schedules
  • 69. Timetables
  • 70. Rules
  • 71. Rules
  • 72. First - then
  • 73. Apps for schedules, timetables,routines,class rules and first-then • Proloquo2Go • iCommunicate • Visual routines • iPrompts XL • Choiceworks • First Then
  • 74. Visual Timers• APPS:• Bang! boom! Buzzer• Visual Timer• iPrompts XL• Time Timer• Sharing timer
  • 75. Rewards• Low tech• iPad as the reward• App: iEarntThat• App: Token board
  • 76. Rewards
  • 77. Rewards
  • 78. Organise the environment• Photos• Symbols• Pictello
  • 79. Social development Part 5
  • 80. Social development Early social interaction is difficult• Appear uninterested in social contact• Difficult to engage and interact with• Rarely show interest in others• May not respond to others• Little eye contact• Rarely chat or play with others
  • 81. Goals for interaction• Engagement• Eye contact and interaction• Turn taking• Language stimulation• Listening and following directions• Requesting and commenting• Learning in a fun way!
  • 82. Low tech/ no tech• Intensive interaction• Imitating• Following the childs lead• Motivators
  • 83. Apps for interaction• Toca Boca• Sound Touch• Playschool Art Maker• Aunty Maggies recipe• Stop & Go
  • 84. Social development In those children who do develop speech• Difficulty using language appropriately in conversations• Difficulty understanding social rules and expected behaviours• Cannot initiate and maintain conversations• Difficulty making and keeping friends• Unable to effectively solve social problems and negotiate• Problems expressing and understanding feelings and emotions
  • 85. Teaching Social skills requires: • Team determining target behaviours • Pre teaching of social skills in small groups, and in natural, familiar and real settings • Rewarding and recognising behaviours • Consistent feedback about behaviours • Feedback can be given immediately after a social error • Then reviewed at a calm and responsive time
  • 86. SEE THINK DO SAY Build internal dialogue
  • 87. Social StoriesVisual, video, photostories created forspecific learning ofspecific socialbehaviours Originally developed by Carol Gray
  • 88. Can be used:• To prepare someone for new events and experiences• To teach positive behaviour• To teach a new skill
  • 89. The structure• 3 types of sentences• Descriptive - provide information• Perspective - describe internal states• Directive - tells the person what to do to be successful
  • 90. Tips and tricks• Write from the individuals perspective• Write in present tense• Use positive language• One skill per story• Visual supports• Involve the person or their team
  • 91. Tips for implementing• One at a time• Practice BEFORE the challenging situation occurs• Clear instructions for use• Consistent across all support• Review and revise
  • 92. Create with• Clicker• PowerPoint• A variety of Apps: Pictello, Puppet Pals
  • 93. Super low tech...
  • 94. Super low tech....
  • 95. Convert to symbols
  • 96. Goals and target areas• Feelings• Friendships• Conversations• Conflict resolution• Classroom behaviour
  • 97. Feelings• Recognising and identifying feelings• Expressing feelings• Handling feelings of anger, anxiety, stress
  • 98. Friendships• Making friends• Maintaining friendships• Sharing, winning and losing• Eye contact, body language, talking and listening.
  • 99. Conversations• Conversation rules• Initiating, maintaining and ending conversations• Topics• Taking turns• Asking questions
  • 100. Conflict Resolution• Negotiation• Problem solving• Accept ways to resolve conflict• Choices when faced with conflict• Bullying and teasing
  • 101. Classroom Behaviours• Listening and attention, following directions• Asking for help• When you dont understand• Interrupting• Asking permission• Answering questions
  • 102. Apps for Social Skills
  • 103. App suggestions • Emotions • Calm counter• Emotion x • Choiceworks• Smarty Pants • Conversation builder• My life skills box • Friends Book• Social skills builder • iPrompts XL
  • 104. QuestionsSpecific technology questions and solutions
  • 105. Write 123......• 1 thing you are going to do tomorrow that will make a difference immediately• 2 things that you are going to get more information on• 3 things that you are going show other people where you work
  • 106. Apps for Special Education By the Spectronics Consultancy Team
  • 107.
  • 108.
  • 109. Spectronics Consultancy Team