1492 Spain reclaims it’s territory, Grenada, from the Muslims
Spain was unified in 1469 through the marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon
and Isabella I of Castile.
Spanish Inquisition begins, influences playwrights subject matter
1510 Spain begins massive extraction of gold from New World
1515 The ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church forbids the
printing of any book without the Church’s permission
1561 King Philip, frustrated by Queen Elizabeth, moves the court to Madrid,
creating a dynamic and powerful capital in the center of the country.
1571 At the battle of Lepanto, a league of Christian countries destroys the
Ottoman naval fleet, freeing the Mediterranean for Spanish and Italian
The Golden Age Begins
1547 Miguel de Cervantes is born
1562 Lope de Vega is born in Madrid. He will be the spark that begins the
Spanish Golden Age of theatre writing more than 1,000 plays
1571 The Christian fleet destroys the Ottoman Navy opining up the
1574 Lope de Vega writes his first play at the age of 12!
The Corral de la Cruz, built in 1579, was Madrid’s first permanent theater.
1600 Pedro Calderón de la Barca is born in Madrid. He too will become an
1605 Cervantes publishes part one of his masterpiece Don Quixote
1613 Lope de Vega writes The Dog in the Manger, one of his best plays.
The Golden Years in
1616 Cervantes dies
1618 The Thirty Years’ War begins, Marking the decline of Spain
1621 King Philip III dies, making his son King Philip IV
1635 Lope de Vega dies
1640 Coloseo is built
1648 Thirty Years war ends
1665 King Philip IV dies, making his son King Charles II Spanish Empire
begins to collapse.
1681 Pedro Calderón de la Barca dies. His death is considered the end of
the Spanish Golden Age.
1700 King Charles II dies setting off the War of the Spanish Succession.
Autos Sacramentales: uses human and supernatural
qualities, in a usualy allegorical drama
2-4 Carros, Wagons, were used to celebrate Corpus
They were produced by the trade guilds
Often with professional, touring groups performing or
Professional theatre produced in major cities
Corral de la Cruz Built moved court yard
performances into a permanent theatre
Often a raucous crowd
State controlled by 1615
1603 only licensed actors could perform
Actors after 1615 were hired by the state
Women, if you remember, were allowed to perform,
but after 1599 women must be married to continue
Actors who made it into the court were heavily
praised and rewarded for their hard work
Unemployed actors joined companias de la legua
(companies of the road) and went around the
Theatre in the Court
Phillip the second brought about the practice in 1600
Colliseo is built by Lotti
1590’s comedia nueva was the new fad
Genre’s include: cape and sword, romance and intrigue,
comedies of manners
Lope de Vega and Tirso de Molina are two most famous
writers in this style
Calderon de la Barca brings Corrales and opera style
Wrote all auto’s for Madrid
Lavish Kings rich off south American gold brought a
need for artists
Galileo, the New world, a unified country
The Inquisition is finally easing up as the entire
country converts to Catholicism
And Lope De Vega returns from battle…
All the makings for the Golden Age of Spain.