The human person as a complex reality


Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The human person as a complex reality

  1. 1.  “The human person is a complexreality. The mystery that we are to ourselves and to one another is part of the rich meaning of life, and it spurs us on to greater reflections and understanding.”
  2. 2.  So,God then is the author of who we are and where we are to go in life, and includes men and women in his plan.  Everything that happens in life . . . Happiness, problems, excitements andchallenges are all from God. This are what makes a person truly strong and molds of what we are right now.
  3. 3.  Everyoneis unique specially when it comes to personality, likes, dislikes and hobbies. Even twins, they may look the same but there will always be a difference when it comes to their personality and how they react to one phenomena.
  5. 5. We are affected by whatwe see at home since weare young because ourparents became our rolemodel, we are expectedto be like them or betterthan them.And also, thedistinctiveness or traits wecan inherit from ourparents.
  6. 6. It’s true that we shouldchoose our friends.FRIENDS that are goodinfluence to our personaand studiesFRIENDS that will giverespect to you.FRIENDS that will acceptyou because you’re YOU,not because of what youhave or fulfilled.
  7. 7. The place we live in canaffect our personality, so itsgood to live in a peacefulcommunity rather than to getin trouble with yourneighborhoods. Anenvironment that is greenliving because it might affectyour health. And a crime-free community where youcan loosen-up, unwindand relax peacefully.
  9. 9. By: Socrates
  10. 10.  In the part of the soul, there is the knowledge that exist in the body that is temporary. The just life is better than the unjust life. The unjust human being does not always act for the sake of the good. His life is thus worse than the life of a just human being. An unjust man only do things to overcome his needs and fulfill his happiness
  11. 11. Ruling is part of plan… One might think that the rulers in a just city would be better off abandoning their posts and spending all their time in the love of wisdom, since this is the activity in which happiness consists most of all. Thus, it can seem that the unjust life can be better than the just life. In fact, ruling is part of a plan to maximize happiness. "Each ruler will spend much of his time in the love of wisdom, but, when his turn comes, he labors in politics and for citys sake, not as if he were doing something fine, but as a necessity."
  12. 12. By PLATO
  13. 13. Comparison:Theory of the Soul Theory of the Body The soul is a non-material thing  The body is a material thing The soul is capable of  The body is capable of independent existence and independent existence, but functioning not functioning existing after It exists before the body does. death, but first as inert, then as decomposing It survives the death & destruction of the body.  The body is an impediment to attainment of real knowledge The soul is the part whereby real knowledge (i.e., knowledge of  The body is not the real the Forms) is possible. person The soul is the real person.  Indeed, the body is a prison
  14. 14. Theory of the SoulAccording to Plato, the soul consists of three basic energies which animate human beings: Reason, Emotion, and Appetite. Reason is given the greatest value, while Emotion and especially Appetite are regarded as the "lower passions". The soul that is ordered is governed by Reason, and therefore keeps ones emotions and ones appetites under control.
  15. 15.  The Emotions (reactions like anger or fear) and the Appetites (needs for food, sex, money, etc), must be ruled by Reason (thinking, persuasion, arguement) in order for a person to be truly happy.  When the lower passions are ruled by Reason, a person is also therby just.
  16. 16.  The psychic harmony of the soul, according to Plato, expresses itself in four cardinal virtues, which are each related to the three basic energies of the soul. In relation to Reason, the happy or just person possesses Wisdom (or prudence). In relation to Emotion, the just person has the virtue of Courage. In relation to Appetite, the justperson owns the virtue of Temperance, which is the control of natural desires.
  17. 17.  Flowing outward from this psychic harmony is the fourth cardinal virtue, Justice. Wisdom, Courage and Temperance are directly related to ones own self-control; Justice flows outward from this harmony, and is directed towards other people through acts of charity and kindness. Plato was prepared to say that the truly just person, whose soul is ordered, is beyond tragedy, and cannot be harmed. Such a person is leading a meangingful life, as against the immoral person.
  18. 18. By: ARISTOTLE
  19. 19. Aristotle divided the soul into three: the appetitive (like worms), nutritive (liketigers), and rational (like Humans). Humans have the highest level of soul, But they also possess an appetitive and nutritive soul. Aristotle had some interesting thoughts on the soul,categorizing three types of soul. But he did not see the soul as a detached, eternal, unchanging entity. Body and soul coexist. The soul is more aligned with the notion ofentelechy. The soul is, in a sense, the potential we have to become realized human beings, to follow the guiding principle of nature.
  20. 20. From Aristotles point of view: Every person has different things that make them happy Someone who indulges in simple physical pleasures is unlikely to be happy, but someone who learns an instrument, or a songhy person who does not know the right way to make use of His wealth may not be happy, but a poor person who enjoys each day of His life to the fullest (like Socrates) may be happy.
  21. 21.  A human MUST live life to the fullest, fully realized all three souls (since Humans possess all three), and live in moderation. Happiness is not some ultimate stage. Happiness entails the process of realizing yourself, of reaching your final cause.