SPACE Newsletter May 2013
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SPACE Newsletter May 2013

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SPACE Newsletter is monthly news bulletin of SPACE Group

SPACE Newsletter is monthly news bulletin of SPACE Group

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SPACE Newsletter May 2013 SPACE Newsletter May 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Cover StoryMANNED MISSIONTOMARSFrom The News DeskLatest Updates On UNIVERSE IN THESCHOOL SPACE EVENTS ASTRO TOURISMAstroinquisitesWHAT IS ASHOOTING STAR?S P A C E N E W SMAY’13Monthly Newsletter ofSPACE GroupChief Editor : Sachin BahmbaEditors : Amit Verma & Divya KanchanbarasAstronomy At HomeSPINNING SPACESHIPBLOGPOSTMeeting withSunita WilliamGuest ArticleIS IT A SHOOTING STAR?IS IT SUPERMAN?IT’S A SATELLITE!
  • INDEXS No Topic Page No.1. Universe In The School News 32. Blog Entry - A chance meeting with Sunita William 53. Event News 64. School In Focus 85. Cover Story - Manned Mission to Mars 106. Astroinquisites – What is a Shooting Star? 137. Astrotourism News 148. Guest Article - Is It A Shooting Star? Is It Superman?It’s A Satellite!159. Astronomy At Home - Spinning Spaceship 1810. SPACE India Job Opportunities On Roll 24
  • CENTRE FOR STUDENTS EXCELLENCEApril’13 was celebrated as Global Astronomy Month in StepBy Step School, G.D Goenka Public School and Bal BharatiPublic School. During the Global Astronomy Month manyactivities were conducted in the schools. Balloon rocket race,Stomp rocketry, Hydrorocketry, Poster and model making,tattoo making, card making, safe solar observation, facepainting, etc .On 12th April, A Journey of the Stars was held in Jewar. 17students of Step By Step School participated in it. Theywatched different celestial objects, learnt about the night sky,and also did astrophotography.On 12th April around 400 students of Bal Bharti Public Schoolcelebrated Yuri’s night. Students watched a movie ‘A Race forSurvival’. On 16th and 18th April, 2013 students of Class 6th and8th learnt about the telescope, observed the Sun, Moon andJupiter.In Indraprastha School, Dwarka, a special evening observationwas held for parents and students on 22nd April, 2013. In thisevent around 250 people participated in different activitieslike celestial object viewing through telescope, quiz and laserbeam activity. Parents enjoyed the evening observation andsaid “This evening observation has changed our way towardsscience”.SPACE CLUBAstronomy Day is gaining a huge success day by day. Ourstudents of SPACE clubs showcased their learning and interesttowards astronomy on Astronomy Day.Students guiding other students to watchSun at Bal Bharti Public SchoolStudents pointing to Jupiter atBal Bharti Public SchoolPictures and message displayed bystudents at Indraprastha SchoolParents and students viewing the nightsky at Indraprastha SchoolUNIVERSE IN THE SCHOOL NEWS3
  • Parents actively took part and encouraged students. Eight Clubschools like Amity International School, Vasundhara, SuncitySchool, Summer Fields School, ITL Public School, ASN Sr. SecSchool, St. Gregorious School and DAV Public School hadconducted the astronomy Day. DAV Public School celebrated theastronomy day on 23rd April, 2013. SAround three hundredparents and students enjoyed the whole event. Differentactivities like Hydro – rocket launch, Comet Kitchen, Safe SloarObservation, Solar Walk, Moon and Planet watch etc, took place.Around hundred parents participated in Great India Star Count.Mr. M. Boyaz, the principal of St. Gregorious School said “ Theactivities conducted were interesting and informative, right fromthe rocket launching. Keep it up and continue to do newactivities, well done”.SPACE EXPLORERWorkshop conducted at The Lawrence School, Anwar - Two daysworkshop was conducted in The Lawrence School, Sanawar on20th and 21st April, 2013. More than three hundred and sixtystudents participated in it. Competition on comet making wasconducted and winners were awarded. In evening, participantslearned about the sky and with the help of the sky map found thedifferent constellations and observed planets such as Jupiter andSaturn, Orion Nebula and Moon. They also participated in hydrorocketry workshop on second day. Participants made their ownrockets and launched them. One of the participants said “Theworkshop was very good; we should have it next time too”.Workshop at Amity International School, GurgaonA series of evening workshop was conducted in AmityInternational School, Sec-43, Gurgaon where students learntabout our moon- Luna and the planets which are visible fromEarth. Students also participated in the activities like CraterMaking, Quiz, Telescopic Observation and enjoyed a lot.Students on Refractor Telescope at DAVPublic SchoolMr. L V Sehgal Principal inauguratingAstronomy Day by launching rocket atBal Bharati Public SchoolPrincipal looking at Sun through solargoggles to observe the SunStudent display the comets made bythem at The Lawrence SchoolStudents viewing the celestialbodies at The Lawrence SchoolTo Have Fun With Astronomy& For UITS Updates4
  • 5
  • EVENTS NEWSISS EARTHKAM (25th April, 2013)SPACE brought ISS EarthKAM – an educational outreach program of NASA, to SPACE associated students in 7 schools during theApril mission.ISS EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle school students) is a NASA sponsored education program thatenables students to photograph and examine Earth from the unique perspective of the space. Participants can control a specialdigital camera mounted on the International Space Station, and photograph a wide range of beautiful and fascinating features onthe surface of the Earth!SPACE has been conducting ISS EarthKAM in India for the last 4 years. In the Spring mission of ISS EarthKAM, SPACE conducted ISSEarthKAM workshop on 25th April in SPACE associated Centre for students Excellence (CSE) schools such as Bal Bharati PublicSchool, Pitampura, G.D Goenka Public School, Rohini and Gurgaon, Indraprastha World School, Paschim Vihar and Dwarka and Stepby Step School, Noida. SPACE also conducted ISS EarthKAM at Tagore International School; Vasant Vihar in a unique session hostedby SPACE Club students of the school. In all 35 students and as an added bonus, several parents also joined in enthusiastically inthis session. For the first time, parents of the participating students joined their kids in a science project and enjoyed hands onscience!Participants requested photographs of various locations such as- San Francisco, Greenland, Leh Ladakh, South Africa, France, Parisetc. Overall, this workshop proved to be a fruitful experience for the participants as they learned about various geographicalvariations, such as mountains, islands, bays and regions of environmental interest such as rainforests, glaciers etc.Students during the ISS EarthKam ProjectPast EventStudents watching a presentation on ISS EarthKam Project 6
  • ALL INDIA ASTEROID SEARCH CAMPAIGN 20133 years, 185 teams across India, 1200 observations of celestial bodies and 14 discoveries of asteroids including 1 Trojan discoveryand 1 PHA (Potential hazardous asteroid) discovery! Under the aegis of All India Asteroid Search Campaign (AIASC)campaign, several students have etched their names in the scientific community by means of these discoveries. All theseremarkable achievements by young students have brought laurels for their schools and families and were also applauded by theentire scientific and educational fraternity.After the unprecedented success during the campaigns in 2010, 2011 and 2012, SPACE is geared up to bring forth another seasonof excitement. All India Asteroid Search Campaign, organized in collaboration with IASC (International Astronomical SearchCollaboration). This highly prestigious program is spearheaded by SPACE in India which enables students to work in parallel withprofessional astronomers, to work with real astronomy data taken through observatories and spot moving objects which could benew Asteroids! “All India Asteroid Search Campaign 2013” will be conducted in India in 2 separate phases. Phase 1 has alreadystarted on 28th April and will end on 1st June. Phase 2 will begin on 02nd June and will continue till 08th July. Skills on usingastronomical software for analysis will be imparted to the participants at extensive specialized workshops by SPACE on April 23rdand on May 7th. SPACE has conducted the workshop for Phase 1 participants on 23rd April in SPACE associated CSE (Centre ofstudents Excellence), Bal Bharati Public School, Pitampura. 18 Teams joined this workshop. On 7th May, 2013, workshop of Phase 2participants will be conducted in BBPS, Pitampura. SPACE Team congratulates all participating teams on their selection and isconfident that this year a new set of hardworking students will discover unknown asteroids and add to the achievements of AIASC.Ongoing EventFor otherupcoming celestialoccurrences followSPACECALENDAR7
  • SCHOOL IN FOCUSMrs. Madhu Chandra is the principal of the school. She is a lady with a wide experience and has received many awards that broughtglory to the school. She received the National Teachers Award 2009 from the President of India, has won the DFID InternationalAward, from the Deputy High Commissioner in Chennai on 21st November, 2010. In HT-Pace annual Principal Meet during 2011she begged the 1st prize for Lotus Valley International School, Greater Noida. She quoted at the meet “The more you interact withthe students, the more you contribute towards developing the young minds”.School’s Motto: "Arise, awake and stop not till the Goal is reached "Lotus Valley International School, Gr. Noida school shares a rich EducationalCulture. The school takes a keen interest in building physical, mental, spiritualand ethical well being of children to transform them into asset for society. Theyattempt to provide students with opportunities for selfexpression, innovation, initiative, a context for experimentation and experienceblended with an understanding of traditional values and the respect for theindividual. The institution excels in education with the latest teachingmethodologies along with rich and well experienced teachers cum management.8
  • Lotus Valley International School, Gr. Noida is one of the oldest schools associated for past 8 years with SPACE. The passion andcommitment of this great institution for astronomy and space science has made this long journey successful. The school has beenactively involved in all the SPACE Club sessions. The school has 2 SPACE Clubs, each for Module1 and Module 2 for the academic year2012-2013. 9
  • OVERVIEWIn 2018, the planets will literally align, offering a unique orbit opportunity to travel to Mars and back to Earth in only 501 days.Inspiration Mars is committed to sending a two-person American crew – a man and a woman – on an historic journey to fly within 100miles around the Red Planet and return to Earth safely. The mission’s target launch date is Jan. 5, 2018. This exceptionally quick, free-return orbit opportunity occurs twice every 15 years. After 2018, the next opportunity won’t occur again until 2031. The mission willprovide a platform for unprecedented science, engineering and education opportunities, using state-of-the-art technologies derivedfrom NASA and the International Space Station. It will be financed primarily through philanthropic donations, with some potentialsupport from government sources.OPERATIONSThis mission will be a flyby passing within 100 miles of the surface of Mars. Additional maneuvers will be minor course correctionsonly, using the gravitational influence of Mars to “slingshot” the vehicle onto a return course to Earth. An inflatable habitat module willbe deployed after launch and detached prior to re-entry.COVER STORY - Manned mission to MarsA unique window of opportunity for humankind will open in January2018, by Inspiration Mars Foundation as they announced “A manned missionto Mars and back’. Inspiration Mars Foundation (IMF) is a non-profitorganisation, led by millionaire Dennis Tito — the world’s first space tourist.THE MISSION OF INSPIRATION MARS FOUNDATIONMars presents a challenging, but attainable goal for advancing humanexperience and knowledge. We plan to launch "A Mission for America" thatwill use existing space transportation hardware and further drive technologydevelopment. It will generate knowledge, experience and momentum for thenext great era of space exploration. It will encourage and embolden all tobelieve in doing the hard things that make our nation great, while inspiringthe next generation of explorers to pursue their destiny through STEMeducation and exploration.10
  • TECHNOLOGYInvestments in human space exploration technologies and operations by NASA and thespace industry are converging in time to make such a mission achievable. The mission isbeing designed based on proven Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) systems and technologies thatare available on the market today. We are currently in discussions with many of theleading U.S. commercial aerospace companies to tap into their existing launch enginesand vehicles. Environmental and life support operations will be directly derived fromInternational Space Station technologies, which have proven design, development andoperational lessons to draw from.ROLE WITH NASANASA has a strong plan for taking Americans farther into space and is investing wisely ina new human spacecraft and heavy lift launch vehicle - systems for long-term plansbeyond low-Earth orbit (LEO). By using the proven LEO systems and technology thatNASA and the industry have created a unique, once-in-a-generation opportunity, publicawareness, enthusiasm and momentum for a long-term commitment and vision forspace exploration beyond LEO…all the way to Mars. IMF has formed a partnership withNASA via a reimbursable Space Act Agreement between Paragon and the Ames ResearchCenter to conduct thermal protection system and technology testing and evaluation.Foundation officials will also seek to tap into NASA’s knowledge, experience andtechnologies to fine-tune and/or develop some of the more challenging elements of thismission, including environmental controls, radiation protection, and human health andproductivity plans.LATEST UPDATESpeaking at the National Space Symposium here, members of the Inspiration MarsFoundation described the challenges inherent in launching two humans on a 501-dayflyby journey to the Red Planet and back in January 2018, but remained optimistic thatthose challenges arent insurmountable. "So far, we havent come up with any show-stoppers, so thats exciting," said Jane Poynter, president of the Paragon SpaceDevelopment Corp., which has partnered with Inspiration Mars. Keeping the crewmembers alive will be a major challenge, said Taber MacCallum, Inspiration Mars chieftechnology officer. 11
  • LIFE SUPPORTThe two Mars voyagers will have to be mechanically inclined in order to fix problems that arise during the mission. Everything will befixable from the inside, MacCallum said, eliminating the need for spacewalks. Urine will be distilled and filtered to create new drinkingwater every two days or so, and oxygen will be derived onboard from water and carbon dioxide exhaled by the crew.Psychologically, the couple will be picked to be as stable as possible, Poynter said. There is precedent for such long-term isolation, shesaid, including Biosphere 2, a University of Arizona research facility where she and MacCallum spent two years along with four otherpeople in the 1990s. Issues can arise, Poynter said, including depression, mood swings and "flashbacks almost like hallucinations." Butpicking the right pair can make all the difference. In fact, applications are already pouring in, the team said, despite the fact that theofficial application process wont begin until next year.An artists illustration of the Inspiration Mars Foundations spacecraft for a 2018 mission to Mars by a two-person crew. The private Mars mission wouldbe a flyby trip around the Red Planet. CREDIT: Inspiration Mars Foundation12
  • What Is A Shooting Star?Millions of rock chunks and dust particles scattered inthe entire solar system were left behind during theformation of the Solar system. Each of this particle orrock, floating in space is called as Meteoroid. Ameteoroid that burns up as it passes through the Earth’satmosphere is known as a Meteor or a “Shooting Star”.13
  • One can also log onto : www.astrotourism.wordpress.comthe official ASTROTOURISM INDIA BLOG fortrip updates and picturesUPCOMING TRIPKENNEDY SPACE CENTER Visitor Complex- MAY & JUNE 2013250 plus students get ready to voyage to USA for a 3 Daysprogram at KSCVC, Orlando with extension to New York &Niagara Falls.Visa processing is already through, and Congratulations to eachastro-travelers for making through the visa process!Now is the time to pack bags and gear up for the expedition. Asthe schools and students get ready, Astrotourism India is givingfinal touches to operations, ensuring smooth and an enjoyabletrip.ASTROTOURISM NEWSTo stay updated about latestAstro Tours14
  • GUEST ARTICLE - Is It A Shooting Star? Is It Superman? It’s A Satellite!Sometimes you may notice a spectacular streak across the night sky, and wonder what caused it. Several hundredspacecraft orbit our Earth, and some of the low orbit satellites can easily be spotted by the naked eye as streaks acrossthe sky. Satellites become visible only when they are in sunlight and the observer is in deep twilight or darkness, i.e.only between dusk and dawn. Satellite flares are caused by sunlight reflected towards the ground, by the reflectiveparts of satellites. Amateur astronomers regularly watch for flares caused by passing satellites such as theInternational Space Station (ISS) and by the Iridium satellites. Satellite glints or flares are caused when reflectivesurfaces of the satellite reflect sunlight as the satellite moves in orbit.ISS PassesThe International Space Station, currently orbiting the Earth provides some of the brightest such flares because of itssize and highly reflective panels. It shoots by like a fast moving bright star. It can approach a brightness of -3magnitude which rivals Jupiter and is 4 times brighter than Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky.15
  • How to find themSpecific software programs can predict these satellite passes to high accuracy nowadays, which can then be used by observersto prepare and set u p photography equipment in advance. The positions are well known, and other parameters used inprediction are the orientation, the relative angle of the sun to the satellite, reflective properties of the antenna etc. Given theexact latitude and longitude of the observer, the software can predict dates and times and estimated locations where thestreak would be viewed. Heavens Above (heavens-above.com) is one of the best websites for predicting both ISS passes andIridium flares, as well as Hubble Space Telescope and Envisat. Space-india.org lists ISS and Iridium flares in a few cities in India!So go out and look for it, imagine how exciting it will be to spot a satellite in the sky!Iridium FlaresA series of small communications satellites called ‘Iridium’ satellitesalso provide some of these extremely bright streaks! These relativelysmall satellites have solar panels that point at the sun but threereflective door-sized antennas are angled downward and at certainpoints can reflect sunlight towards the ground. Occasionally, when theangles and orbital timings work out, an antenna reflects sunlightdirectly down to the Earth, creating a predictable and quickly movingilluminated spot on the surface below, which observers see as anextremely bright flare in the sky over a few seconds. These flares cango up in brightness to -8 to -9 magnitude (30 times brighter thanVenus), and their normal brightness is about 6 magnitude, similar to adim star. These flares last from a few to about 20 seconds. These flaresare so bright that they can even be seen during daytime, and you cansee it naked eye without binoculars.- Mila Mitra, Scientific Officer, SPACE16
  • SPACE Indiais now part of theExpert Committeeformed for restoration ofJANTAR MANTARbyASI (Archaeological Survey of India)17
  • ASTRONOMY AT HOME - Spinning SpaceshipWith this activity we are going tolearn Newton’s third law of Motioni.e. for every action there is an equaland opposite reaction.Procedure:STEP 1 - Take two Styrofoam plates ofdiameter around 15 cm, place the firstplate on the second one and paste boththe plates from the edges with the helpof cello tape.For this activity we need thefollowing material:18
  • STEP 2 - After joining the plates, take four stiff straws of length 6 cm and poke them in betweenthe joint of the two plates. Poke the straws at a slant and they should be at right angle to eachother.19
  • STEP 3 - Now take the half bead sticker andstick it on outer surface of the first plate, at thecenter. This bead will act as a pivot for thespace ship to rotate.STEP 4 - Now make a hole in the centre ofthe second plate. Fix a stiff fat straw in thehole and attach it with tape.20
  • STEP 5 - Now decorate it STEP 6 - Now enjoy your spinning spaceship by blowing air into it with the help ofstraw.CONCLUSIONIn this spaceship, when you blow air throughthe bendable straw, this air starts ejectingfrom the small straws fixed on the edges ofthe plate. On doing this, the space ship startsto spin in a direction opposite to thedirection of out going air.21
  • SPACE India Gets Covered In “The Franchising” – Apr’13 Issue22
  • SPACE India AnnouncesBusiness Expansion InPunjabPunjab has become the second state after Delhi to offer people SPACE’s novel service of Astronomyand Space-sciences education. Chandigarh will have a nodal office and the mega launch for thestate will be in July 2013. Mr. Aman Mittal, a serial entrepreneur having past exposure in setting upiron & steel plants, has joined the partners program of SPACE.On bringing this concept to Punjab, Mr. Aman Mittal, Director Brahmand Edutainment Pvt. Ltd. says“As an amateur space enthusiast I understand that there are numerous kids, teens and adults likeme who want to go deep into Universe and tingle their imagination for what space holds for us isunimaginable, whilst where would you find a profession where you can havefun, adventure, learning and discovering the various aspects of the Universe while earning ahandsome amount. At Brahmand Edutainment Pvt. Ltd., with the help of SPACE we want to reachout to Stars / Galaxies and challenge the limits of our own imaginations and the expectations ofother space enthusiasts“.23For Press Release click here!
  • SPACE India Is Hiring!!We have been expanding very rapidly, and offer scope for rapid growth. We valueentrepreneurial attitude and a result oriented approach. Above all, we are passionate andsincere about improving the science education scenario in India and the world. If you areinterested in a satisfying career helping define what learning can be, then do apply to us.Current Career OpportunitiesAssistant Scientific Officer : 1 PositionDepartment : EducationLocation : New DelhiEducator : 1 PositionDepartment : EducationLocation : NoidaSenior Educator : 1 PositionDepartment : EducationLocation : New DelhiPR Trainee : 1 PositionDepartment : EventsLocation : New DelhiComputer Hardware Trainee : 1 PositionDepartment : ITLocation : New DelhiSenior Executive - Client Relationship :1 PositionDepartment :SalesLocation : New DelhiIf you are interested please follow the link of company website to see the job details:SPACE INDIACompany Website 24
  • S P A C E G R O U PWEBSITESwww.space-india.com www.space-india.org www.universeintheschool.comwww.spacearcade.in www.leoplanetaria.com www.eclipsechasers.inwww.astronomica.inFollow us onTwitter Id: org_space LinkedIn Id: SPACE IndiaEMAIL US AT: getintouch@space-india.comWZ-19 ASALATPUR, A3 BLOCK JANAK PURI, NEW DELHI-110058PH: +91-11-45086320, 25522193