HUB:BLE-2 03 Developing Your Idea

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HUB:BLE -2 Boosting Local Enterprise
Developing Your Idea

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HUB:BLE-2 03 Developing Your Idea

  1. 1. Boosting Local Enterprise 16th October 2013
  2. 2. Developing Your Idea Piero Messidoro – Thales Alenia Space Prof Peter Ford – De Montfort University Nick Williams – Conformance Robert Lowson – National Contact Point, Space Short Company Pitches
  3. 3. Thales Alenia Space R&D activities in Torino Leicester, 16 October 2013 Piero Messidoro, G.Cassisa 83230913-DOC-TAS-EN-001 HUB:BLE-2 Boosting Local Enterprise
  4. 4. Thales Alenia Space Presence in the Space Market Telecommunications Observation Climate Change Fixed / Mobile Navigation Localization Meteorology Broadband Oceanography Dual / Military Surveillance AMC 21, Amos 4/5, Arabsat , Arsat1, Athena-Fidus, Ciel 2, EuropaSat, Express MD1/MD2, Globalstar , Hispasat , Iridium Next, Kazsat 2, Koreasat 6, Loutch 5/6, Nilesat 201, O3B, OverHorizon 1, Palapa-D1, RascomStar-Qaf 1R, Satcom BW 2a/2b, Sicral 1B, Sicral 2, Syracuse 1/2/3, Thor 6,Turksat 3A, W2A, W3B, W3C, W3D, W7,W6A, Yahsat 1A/1B, Yamal 401/402 Meteosat/MSG/MTG Jason, Calipso, COSMO-SkyMed, Sentinel 1&3, Envisat, ERS, GOCE, Helios, IASI, Pleiades, SPOT, CSO, Gokturk… Planetology Fundamental physics Aeronautical Communications Astronomy Human spaceflights Intelligence Secured Exploration/Science Data collect Space transportation systems EGNOS, Galileo, MTSat… This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space Herschel,Planck, Exomars, Alma, Corot, Cassini-Huygens, Node 2&3, Columbus, Cupola, MPLM, Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), …
  5. 5. Domain : Exploration and Science SPACE INFRASTRUCTURES & TRANSPORTATION - Exploration and Science OPTICAL OBSERVATION AND SCIENCE This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  6. 6. Space Exploration Opportunity for the Humankind to pass the boundaries of the Hearth, colonizing new worlds where it will be possible to live and operate Courtesy of NASA This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  7. 7. International Scenario (GER 2.0) This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  8. 8. TAS-I Space Exploration Road map ExoMars Long Duration Habitat Commercial Transportation Services Inflatable Habitats Lunar Pressurized Rovers MSR Technology Demonstrators MPCV/ ESM Marco Polo Lunar Landers Cis-lunar Complex NEO Moon Post-ISS ISS Test Bed for Exploration This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space ISS Mars
  9. 9. Research and Development Robotic and human exploration of the solar system require several enabling technologies: Entry Descent and Landing (EDL) Landing legs Robotics and autonomy for surface exploration Inflatable structures Regenerative life support Aerothermodynamics and TPS Crew collaborative robotics Fuel cells Health management systems Rendezvous and Docking / Capture Thales Alenia Space Torino is engaged in all these developments This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  10. 10. Entry Descent and Landing 1/3 Identification of safe landing site on planet surface and guided soft and precise landing are key technologies for space exploration. They need vision based image processing algorithms as input to dedicated GNC algorithms. 7. Touchdow n This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  11. 11. Entry Descent and Landing 2/3 Image Processing algorithms have been developed and tested using a facility set up which is a scaled representation of the Mars terrain. Images are acquired by a drone. GNC architecture and algorithms have been developed, and modeling of Mars terrain and winds has been carried out. This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  12. 12. Entry Descent and Landing 3/3 Current space qualified computers do not provide the needed computational power. New computer architectures based on processor/co-processor configuration are under study. Avionic test bench has been set up consisting of flight segment , ground segment, real time simulation environment and development environment. Flight representative processors, coprocessors, FPGA and data busses are used to investigate performances of demanding algorithms (Image Processing, Hazard Detection and Avoidance, Model Predictive controllers) Mass Memories are needed to store data for successive ground transmission. Usage of FLASH memories in Space environment means reduction of mass and power consumption. Activity is in progress on that. This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  13. 13. Landing legs Landing legs are required to perform a soft landing of a spacecraft onto a planetary surface and assure a final reference position with respect to the ground to deliver a rover or facilitate crew egress in a manned mission. In the specific of the soft landing, the objective is the development of an active system for impact absorption based on adjustability after landing. This is considered highly reliable w.r.t. the passive (e.g. crushable honeycomb cartridges) due to additional possibility to cope with terrain roughness and slopes. Lander Configuration Spring Ball screw Nut Landing Leg Shock Absorber This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  14. 14. Robotics and Autonomy for surface exploration 1/3 Robotics Surface exploration requires a great deal of autonomy for the environment description, viable path identification and execution minimization of risk of hazard. Navigation, based on stereo vision, has been developed together with localization and hazard mapping functions needed to generate the path for the rover motion. Visual odometry has been studied to improve the localization accuracy. Stereo Cameras => Map generation Stereo Cameras => Visual Odometry Omni Camera =>Map generation A flexible test bench for development and test of innovative GNC systems tailored for mobile robots has been set up and improvements of this paltform shall be implemented including new sensors (OmniCamera, Time of flight Camera) to enhance the navigation performance Time Of Flight Camera =>Map generation This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  15. 15. Robotics and Autonomy for surface exploration 2/3 Capability to handle samples is requested by the typical exploration mission on planet surface. A robotic arm is about to be integrated on the rover platform to develop sample approach and grasping. Cooperative rovers formation is requested for middle/long term missions to build infrastructures and wide range surface exploration. This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  16. 16. Robotics and Autonomy for surface exploration 3/3 New concepts for robotic systems are under study, whose objective is the reduction of mission costs using re-configurability and reusability. RECONFIGURABILITY REUSABILITY This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  17. 17. Inflatable Structures The “inflatable technology” is world-wide recognized as an enabling capability that will play a fundamental role in the future of LEO infrastructures but also in exploration missions, with particular regards to the development of Moon/Mars surface outposts. IMOD In fact, the need for larger habitable volumes in long-duration missions and larger deployable structures will have to cope with the limited volume and launch capability of both existing and future launchers. This means that a high compaction at launch offers the possibility for on-orbit deployment of huge volumes and surface extension unreachable with current rigid metallic structures. The objective is to further develop knowledge and technologies for inflatable space systems dedicated to both manned & un-manned structures in terms of materials & processes, overall design of multi-layered structures & testing. This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space ICM FLECS INFLATABLE AIRLOCK
  18. 18. Regenerative Life Support Advanced Life Support technologies and subsystems can maximize efficiency (% recovery, equivalent mass, reduced consumables…) and application flexibility (Planetary or μg) of Environmental Control and Life Support (ECLS) systems for Space Infrastructures and Human Exploration. In particular, for planetary exploration mission the utilization of resources available on a planet (ISRU - In Situ Resource Utilization) can also be considered The objective is to develop technologies related to the production, processing and regeneration of vital resources as food, water, oxygen, also by the processing of solid and liquid waste materials. RecycLAB is aimed to research on Regenerative ECLS technologies and subsystems based on the experience and knowledge already accumulated by TAS-I during the design and the integration of the ISS module but the study for exploitation of Martian and Lunar regolith (working with simulants) is also proceeding. P.I.ECO - WATER REGENERATION EDEN Episode 2 This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  19. 19. Aerothermodynamics and TPS During atmospheric entry or re-entry phase, any space vehicle undergoes a relevant overheating due to the friction with the planet atmosphere which can damage or completely destroy the spacecraft. On the other side, the external shape and surface characteristics determine the entry trajectory or flight behavior of the vehicle giving the possibility to determine and possibly control the accuracy of the Entry Descent and Landing phase. Ablative light TPS materials are a cost effective solution for thermal control of the external layer of the structure of vehicles for planetary missions through phase change and mass loss. On the other hand re-usable TPS materials are a valid solution for reusable manned reentry vehicles. The prediction of the multi-physics behavior of a vehicle body with a thermal shield (integration of aerothermodynamics and TPS thermo-structural behavior) requires the development of sophisticated simulation tools which can be combined with algorithms for the multidisciplinary optimization of the architecture of such complex systems. IXV Epoxy foams This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  20. 20. Crew Collaborative Robotics The presence of humans on orbital infrastructures for maintenance and servicing operations (Intraand Extra Vehicular Activities) or in future Exploration missions (including establishment of manned planetary outposts on Moon and Mars) increases the possibility of solving unexpected situations but could also require the support by robots or other automatic/semi-automatic devices which shall properly collaborate in the same environment with the human. The objective in the ambit of command and control systems is then to develop an integrated Human Machine Interface (HMI) permitting both remote or in-situ control of a robot (e.g. Ground station for the control of a unmanned rover equipped with a robotic arm on 1G and time delay conditions or augmented reality interface for robot control on EVA, µG, real time conditions) and the definition of proper robot Artificial Intelligence architecture for permitting robot’s autonomous activities and collaborative task (Crew Collaborative Robotics with sliding autonomy). EGP EGP Ubiquitous Arm System This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  21. 21. Fuel Cells Future planetary exploration will require advanced energy storage technologies in order to provide higher power and higher storage densities than secondary chemical batteries. The proposed solution is an energy storage system based on Regenerative Fuel Cell technology. Such technology (already used in the Gemini and Apollo programs in the 60’s and also for the Space Shuttle) has recently came back to be interesting thanks to the development in the frame of the “Green Economy”  The present research aims at developing a Regenerative fuel cell system composed by a fuel cell and an electrolizer for the application on space exploration missions (e.g. planetary base, rovers). In the future an integrated Reversible Stack able to act both as fuel cell and electrolyser will be developed based on the Alkaline technology. RFCS Breadboard Assembly This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  22. 22. Health Management Systems Structural Health Management methodologies permit the monitoring also during operations of the conditions of a structure and the decision about which best mission or maintenance actions are required to limit the risk of a failure. In particular, with respect to space transportation, health management is a pivotal step for supporting affordability and sustainability of future reusable re-entry vehicles. The Health Management System will then permit to acquire system data about the integrity status of a space vehicle and to process them into information to support operational decisions, spanning both flight and ground phases. In case of either unexpected ageing, or anomaly, or jeopardizing damage detection, the HMS will ideally raise early warnings to the vehicle operational interfaces and support the definition of remedial strategies before offnominal conditions would lead to major/critical failures. This will result in improved vehicle safety and reliability, minimized maintenance actions, improved readiness and availability, vehicle life extension. This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  23. 23. RV&D / Capture (1/2) Rendez-Vous & Docking is a mandatory capability to support exploration missions characterized by complex systems architectures and operations. It is needed to: collect samples from the planet surface and bring it to Earth assembly different spacecrafts both on-orbit and on planets Surface New Navigation algorithms are requested during the RV phases for fuel saving based on Model Predictive Controllers, as well as the improvement of autonomous RV&D system implementing Model Predictive Controller techniques in Martian, Lunar and LEO scenarios. Image processing is used in this scenario to identify: Non cooperative target orbit in the long range phase as non stellar object Non cooperative target position and attitude in the short range phase This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space
  24. 24. RV&D / Capture (2/2) The Rendez-Vous & Docking capability would also permit the development of Space Tugs for servicing, maintenance operations. The ongoing development of a docking mechanism is proceeding in parallel with the realization of an engineering technological area for testing the mechanism on the two target and chaser vehicles, which also includes proper GNC algorithms, a supervisor module, and a control station. Chaser/Target Vehicles This document is not to be reproduced, modified, adapted, published, translated in any material form in whole or in part nor disclosed to any third party without the prior written permission of Thales Alenia Space -  2012, Thales Alenia Space Docking Mechanisms
  25. 25. 10 THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CE MARKING Nick Williams, Conformance Ltd 4865
  26. 26. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 1. It’s all about the market  CE marking directives are there to create a single market    Safety requirements are how they do this but they are not the reason the directives exist Focus is increasingly on environmental requirements All EFTA states have to implement the same rules 2
  27. 27. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy EFTA and others 3
  28. 28. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 1. It’s all about the market  CE marking directives are there to create a single market  Safety requirements are how they do this but they are not the reason the directives exist  Focus is increasingly on environmental requirements  All EFTA states have to implement the same rules  EU states plus Switzerland, Norway, Turkey etc  Design requirements are very similar in other places: Australia, New Zealand, China, Canada 4
  29. 29. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 2. It’s the law  EU/EFTA states have to implement the rules  They are not allowed to add to them  Manufacturers/suppliers have to obey them, even for home markets  Part of the criminal code so a manufacturer cannot shift the responsibility to anyone else  If there’s a CE marking directive that applies to your products then you have to comply with it 5
  30. 30. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 3. The law is the law, but standards are not!  Directives contain only very general requirements  “Essential protection requirements”  Not a lot of use to a product designer  Standards provide the detail and are written by people from within the industry, regulators, etc.  Standards can be changed without changing the law  Standards can be ignored! 6
  31. 31. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 4. There are lots of standards  BSI publishes about 50,000 standards   Electrical equipment  Machinery   Medical devices etc, etc Some are design specs, some are test methods   Think of them as a ‘Toolbox’ It’s almost always possible to find some standards whatever the product 7
  32. 32. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 5. It’s changing all the time  Directives get reviewed about every 10 years  New ones (particularly environmental) – 3 or 4 / year  Implementation timescales are usually two years, but can be as little as six months  Standards are reviewed every 2 – 5 years  Products have to comply with current requirements when they are sold 8
  33. 33. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 6. It’s always the manufacturer’s responsibility  ‘Manufacturer’ is the person (company) whose name is on the product  If they are outside Europe, then the importer is legally responsible  In practice, manufacturer has to be involved for the job to be done properly  Activities can be subcontracted, duties cannot 9
  34. 34. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 7. Many products can be self certified  EMC Directive, Low Voltage Directive, most machinery, many medical devices, etc. require no independent testing  Higher classes of medical device, PPE, gas appliances, some machinery requires Notified Body involvement   Notified Body may do tests, QA assessment, or both It’s up to the manufacturer to decide what testing is required  and how much they want to spend… 10
  35. 35. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 8. It’s not well policed  Trading Standards, HSE, VCA, MHRA, Ofcom, NMO etc. all have responsibilities under different Regulations  Most UK enforcement is complaint driven  Some countries (Germany, Sweden, etc.) do more test purchases  Some goods are stopped at the port of entry  Toys, consumer goods, more likely to get stopped 11
  36. 36. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 9. You need documents  Technical File  Records of how you show the product complies with the requirements  Drawings, checklists, labels, circuit diagrams, instructions, test reports, component data explanations and descriptions  Need to keep the documents for 10 years after the last product is sold  Only an enforcement officer has a right to see them 12
  37. 37. Conformance - CE marking and product safety consultancy 10. There is a lot of help out there  Text of the directives  Guidance documents (on the web)  Standards (purchase only)  Regulators  Test houses  Consultancies  Each one has an angle! 13
  38. 38. THE END
  39. 39. Driving Innovation Robert Lowson UK Space Research National Contact Point European Collaborative funding; Horizon 2020 Space 16 October 2013 1
  40. 40. Driving Innovation Horizon 2020 – EU’s new framework for research and innovation 7-year programme, worth +/- £50bn • • • • • Support for economic recovery; challenge and impact. SME focus Integration – opportunities in other H2020 sectors Simplified funding – competitive grants (65% of programme) – Research and innovation (R&I) : 100% + 25% – Innovation: 75% + 25% (of 75%) (non-profit 100%+25%) – Coordination and Support Actions (CSA):100% + 25% – Assessed for scientific quality, management, impact – Other instruments (procurement, new instruments, especially SME) Collaboration (at least 3 partners from different m/s) International partners when essential/specifically identified in WP/ associated country/not incompatible with programme objectives 2
  41. 41. Driving Innovation Space in H2020 Context - a developing EU space policy Ambition - “Foster a cost-effective competitive and innovative space industry (including SMEs) and research community to develop and exploit space infrastructure to meet future Union policy and societal needs” Funding - €1.5bn 2014/15 content – Flagships • EGNSS (not in previous rounds) • EO – SST/protection – Competitiveness – Space science – International , SME + other 3
  42. 42. Driving Innovation A growing opportunity for the UK • FP6 - €235m, • FP7 - €1.4bn (85% GMES) , • Horizon 2020 - €1.5bn,(without operational Copernicus) • UK outstanding success in FP7/6th Call • UK well placed to sieze opportunities – Dynamic, diversified space sector – Bucking the recession – Institutional changes -TSB, UKSA, Harwell hub, Catapult – Strong political support – IGS 4
  43. 43. Driving Innovation 2014/15 funding; €350m - 40% for GNSS, +/- 65% competed 5
  44. 44. Driving Innovation Timing • Work programme covers 2014 and 2015 – projects typically multi-year • Delivered through two Calls – 2014 Call deadline April 2014 – contracts December – 2015 Call deadline November 2014 • Target for work programme publication December 11 6
  45. 45. Driving Innovation Topics (1) • GNSS – New apps, awareness raising, preparation of future services • Earth Observation (alongside operational funding and societal challenges) – Innovative apps (special provision for SME); climate change; continuity of air and marine services (PDB); wider use of Sentinel data; technology development 7
  46. 46. Driving Innovation Topics (2) • Asset protection/SST • Competitiveness • • • • • • • • Technologies for non-dependence; independent access to space; in-orbit validation; “bottom up” technologies; support for exploration; exploitation of space mission data; handling Mars samples Planning Strategic Research Clusters 8
  47. 47. Driving Innovation New instruments; SME and Fast Track to Innovation SME instrument (€17.25m for 2014/5) • Continuous competition, single cos. can benefit • Aimed particularly at GNSS/Copernicus applications – 3 phases ; feasibility (€50k), innovation projects (€1-3m), marketing – Mentoring support via EENs Fast Track to Innovation Pilot • Continuous Call – details to be developed 9
  48. 48. Driving Innovation Closing thoughts..... • How to promote business involvement (future role of EEN?) • Time is tight – it’s not too early to be developing partnerships • Look at other H2020 work programmes • Keep in touch – More detailed presentation at http://bit.ly/16zjsrV – National and EU events – particularly Brussels, December 2013 – UK space research national contact point (ncp) • robert.lowson@tsb.gov.uk 00 44 797 384 0324 – https://connect.innovateuk.org/web/fp7uk-space – H2020 Participant Portal 10
  49. 49. Driving Innovation More information • More detailed presentation at http://bit.ly/16zjsrV • National and EU - events – particularly Brussels, December 2013 • UK space research national contact point (ncp) – robert.lowson@tsb.gov.uk 00 44 797 384 0324 • https://connect.innovateuk.org/web/fp7uk-space • H2020 Participant Portal 11

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