A front end loader is a piece of equipment
primarily used to "load" material (asphalt,
demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw
minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood
chips, etc.) into or onto another type of
machinery. Can also be used to dig or move fill
on the jobsite.
A construction material used for wall and ceiling
coverage inside buildings. Gypsum is made using
panels made of gypsum plaster pressed between two
thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried. Often called
sheetrock or drywall.
A heat pump is a device that uses a refrigeration cycle either to heat
or cool a building by passing air or water over either the evaporating
or condensing coils.
The compressor/evaporator moves the coolant around through the
unit to facilitate operation. The air handler moves the physical air
around through the duct work and across the condenser.
One advantage is the affordability of the unit to purchase and
The major disadvantage of the heat pump is its inability to operate
well at very low temperatures and thus requiring a back-up system.
Insulation refers broadly to any object in a building
used as insulation for any purpose. Whilst the majority
of insulation in buildings is for thermal purposes, the
term also applies to acoustic insulation.
Its primary use is to reduce the effects of the
temperature of the outside ambient air and/or the air
in adjoining regions.
The lintel is the horizontal
crosspiece over an opening, such as
a door, window, carrying the weight
of the masonry above it. Its used in
CMU and masonry construction to
span across openings. Two
common lintel types are angle iron
and concrete. This is an angle iron
The joint below is a tooled joint. It is
vee. The joint was measured at 3/8”.
Mortar type is most likely N since the
brick is simply for use as a cladding on
the Auburn Chemistry Building.
The joint below is a troweled joint.
It is a flush joint. It measured at
3/8”. It is most likely type N. The
brick serves as cladding on the
outside of a residence.
OSB is an engineered wood panel product that is
manufactured in wide mats from cross-oriented layers of thin,
rectangular wooden strips compressed and bonded together
with wax and resin adhesives. It is a nonveneered product.
A lavatory usually is drained by 1
A water closet is usually drained with 3”
Plumbing vents allow for air to enter the
piping system and prevent a suction from
forming in piping. It allows for free
The sink pictured is a integral
Plywood is a type of
engineered wood made from
thin sheets of wood, called
plies or wood veneers. The
layers are glued together so
that adjacent plies have their
grain at right angles to each
other for greater strength
A radiant barrier is a thin sheet of highly
reflective aluminum comprised of one or
more layers (for puncture and tear resistance)
that, when installed properly, will block at
least 90% of the radiant heat that hits it.
The rebar below is number 3, or 3/8”,
in diameter. The indentations on the
surface of the steel is to give the rebar a
better bond with the concrete it’s
A gutter is a narrow
channel which collects
rainwater from the roof of
a building and diverts it
into a downspout.
A vertical pipe or conduit
that carries rainwater
from the gutter, guttering
of a building to a lower
roof level, drain, ground
or storm water drain.
A splashblock is a preformed block
of concrete that is designed to
divert water from the outlet of the
downspout to a direction away
from the foundation
Underlayment is a layer of material
that is laid between the roof
coverage material and the decking
to provide an additional element of
moisture protection during and
A shingle is a thin unit of
nailed in an overlapping
fashion with other units to
provide a watertight roof
Metal panel roofs can be made of
metals such as enamel coated
galvanized steel, copper, lead
coated copper, stainless steel, and
terne coated stainless.
The horizontal line formed by
the juncture of the surfaces at
the top of a roof.
The junction of a roof slope
Horizontal edge of the low side
of a sloping roof
Sloping edge of a steep roof
Undersurface of a roof
Exposed vertical edge of an eve
A Building with out an exposed vertical edge of
The vapor retarder below is of the
foil type. It’s placed on the side of
the insulation that faces the exterior
to slow the penetration of water
vapor through the wall.
This waterproofing is of the roll on,
cementituous type and is used to
keep the water from penetrating the
brick at the point where the wall
intersects the ground.
A small opening that serves to
drain water from the inside of
or behind a particular building
material or component.
3’ X 3’ X 4”
The window is a fixed window. You
can tell that it is because doesn’t
You can tell this is
because it is
hinged along the
top and bottom
and has a
The window is a single hung
window. You can tell because it
has a single, operable sash that