Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300
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Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300

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Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Presentation Transcript

  • Visual Dictionary
    BSCI 2300Spring 2010
  • Air Barrier Paper
    A composite sheet material used as a vapor retarder to control air, control water, and permit water vapor
  • Opening that allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing along with the removal of heat through the upper most part of the roof. This helps keep the attic cool in the summer and allows moisture in the attic to evaporate.
    Attic Ventilation
    View slide
  • Attic Ventilation
    Soffit Vent
    View slide
  • Attic Ventilation
    Ridge Vent
  • Attic Ventilation
    Gable Vent
  • Attic Ventilation
    Roof Turbine
  • Backhoe
    An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth . Typically used in digging foundation footers. Bucket was 18” in width
  • Batter Boards
    A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation
  • Brick Arches
    Roman Arch
  • Brick Arches
    Gothic Arch
  • Brick Arches
    Parabolic Keystone Arch
  • Brick Arches
    Centering - A temporary, usually wooden framework on which an arch, vault, or dome is supported during.
  • Brick Bonds
    Flemish - brick layed horizontally ,the course alternates between headers and stretchers
  • Brick Bonds
    Running Bond – stretchers laid horizontally lapping over 50% of brick below
  • Brick Bonds
    Rowlock – brick laid on narrow long edge side by side
  • Brick Bonds
    Header – brick layed in a pattern exposing small end
  • Brick Bonds
    Soldier – brick layed vertically exposing narrow side
  • Brick Bonds
    Stretcher Rowlock (Shiners) – layed horizontally with largest side face exposed
  • Brick Bonds
    Sailor – layed vertically with the largest side face exposed
  • Brick Sizes
    Modular Brick - 3 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 2 ¼”
  • Brick Sizes
    Utility Brick – 3 ½” x 11 ½” x 3 1/8”
  • Bulldozer
    A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front
  • Different types of materials used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building or structure
    Cladding
  • Cladding
    1. Wood Shingles - which are sawn where as wooden shakes are split
  • Cladding
    2. Brick
  • Cladding
    3. E.F.I.S.
  • Cladding
    4. Stone
  • Cladding
    5. Wood Board
  • Code Requirements
    A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings. These stairs had a rise of 7” and a run of 10 ½” which meets the code requirements
  • Code Requirements
    A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings. This window meets code measured 36” in width and 24” sill height. Net Openings: Double or Single Hung
    • 20 in. minimum width
    • 24 in. minimum opening height
    • 5.7 sq. ft. minimum area
    • 44’ maximum sill height
  • Concrete Joints
    Control Joint - groove cut into the top surface of the concrete that allows a crack to occur in the joint if the slab is stressed
  • Concrete Joint
    Isolation Joint - used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement allowing expansion and contraction. The brick wall is isolated from the concrete slab
  • Concrete Masonry Units
    A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manor as a brick or stone. Concrete Masonry Units are relatively low in price and limited in design but labor intensive.
    8”
  • Concrete Masonry Units
    Different Size CMU (Nominal Size)
    • 8”x 4 ”x 16”
    • 8” x 12” 16”
  • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
    1. Split Face CMU
  • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
    2. Ribbed Face CMU
  • Doors
    Flush Panel Solid Core Exterior Door
    Lock Rail
  • Doors
    2 Panel Door
    Top Rail
    Panel
    Stile
    Lock Rail
    Bottom Rail
  • Doors
    Transom - A horizontal crosspiece typically glass over a door or between a door and a window above it
  • Doors
    Sidelight – Horizontal side window/glass of different designs to add light and aesthetic value to a door unit
  • Electrical Components
    1. Transformer Box – converts voltage of several thousand volts from the substation down to 110/220-volts with a transformer
  • Electrical Components
    2. Service Head – connects 2 hots and a neutral (220-volts) wire from the transformer to the meter head
  • Electrical Components
    3. Meter – registers and the amount of kilowatts of electricty used which is recorded by the local power company
  • Electrical Components
    4. Service Panel – protects the electrical load of the facility and distributes electricity into individual circuits and branches for fixtures, switches, and outlets
  • Electrical Components
    Duplex Receptacle – electrical power outlet receiving power from branch circuits typically 110-volts and occasionally 220-volt depending on device
  • Framing Elements
    1. Anchor Bolts
  • Framing Elements
    2. Sill Plate
  • Framing Elements
    3. Floor Joist
  • Framing Elements
    4. Subflooring
  • Framing Elements
    5. Sole Plate
  • Framing Elements
    6. Stud
  • Framing Elements
    7. Top Plate
  • Framing Elements
    8. Stringer
  • Framing Elements
    9. Ceiling Joist
  • Framing Elements
    10. Rafter
  • Framing Elements
    11. Roof Decking
  • Framing Elements
    12. Sheathing
  • Front End Loader
    Heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to "load" material such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, rocks, sand, ect. by using the front hydraulic bucket
  • Gypsum Board
    An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces also called drywall or plasterboard
  • Heat Pump
    Compressor/Evaporator - A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or to cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils
    Air Handling Unit - Central unit consisting of a blower, heating and cooling elements, filter racks or chamber, branches off heated or cooled air into trunk and branch ducts
    Compressor / Evaporator
    Air Handling Unit
    Advantage – Heat Pump systems have a rapid response time
    Disadvantage - It is difficult to “zone” and may need help in extreme cold
  • Various materials with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly, measured in R-value
    Insulation
  • Insulation
    1. Batt/Blanket Insulation
  • Insulation
    2. Loose-Fill
  • Insulation
    3. Foamed
  • Insulation
    4. Rigid Board
  • Lintel
    A beam typically steel that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening this particular lintel is steel
  • Mortar
    1. Concave Mortar Joint – tooled 3/8” mortar joint used in residential construction. Type O – medium-low strength mortar
  • Mortar
    2. Extruded Mortar Joint – neither tooled or troweled 3/8” mortar joint used is residential construction. Type O – medium-low strength mortar
  • Oriented Stand Board
    A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented, each layer is turned 90 degrees for strength and bonded together under pressure and sprayed with a waterproof coating
  • Plumbing
    1. Lavatory – 1 ½” piping used for drain
  • Plumbing
    2. Water Closet – 3” pipe used for drain
  • Plumbing
    3. Tub Unit – 2” pipe used for drain
  • Plumbing
    4. Plumbing Vent – Release waste gases and supplies air so that draining water cannot create a suction to pull water out of the p-trap
  • Plumbing
    5. Kitchen Sink – under mount stainless sink
  • Plywood
    A wood panel composed of 5 layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure with each layer turned 90 degrees for strength available in A, B, C, D grades
  • Radiant Barrier
    A s a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy from the sun
  • Rebar
    Various lengths of steel reinforcing bars used in concrete or masonry for additional strength, measured in #’s. This is ½” rebar referred to as a #4 bar.
    The deformations on the bar help it to bond tightly to concrete
  • Steep Roof Drainage
    1. Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snow melt at the eave of a roof, typically attached to the facia
  • Steep Roof Drainage
    2. Downspout – connected to the gutter to transport water down to ground level and away from the structure or building
  • Steep Roof Drainage
    3. Splashblock – vertical flashing installed at the bottom of steep drainage situations to block and divert water into the gutter channel
  • Steep Roof Materials
    1. Tar Paper -  heavy paper measured in pounds impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing layed directly on top of decking before shingles are installed
  • Steep Roof Materials
    2. Clay Tile
  • Steep Roof Materials
    Slate Shingle
  • Steep Roof Materials
    4. Metal Panel Roof
  • Steep Roof Shapes
    Gable
  • Steep Roof Shapes
    Gambrel
  • Steep Roof Shapes
    Hip
  • Steep Roof Shapes
    Mansard
  • Steep Roof Terms
    Eave - the underside of a roof that extends beyond the external walls of a building
    Rake
    Ridge
    Eave
    Ridge – level intersection of 2 roof planes
    Rake – sloped edge of roof
  • Steep Roof Terms
    Soffit - The area that encloses the underside of that portion of the roof that extends out beyond the sidewalls of the house.
    Fascia -  flat board that runs horizontally along the eaves of a roof, typically capping the ends of the roof rafters 
    Soffit
    Fascia
  • Steep Roof Terms
    Valley – section of roof where 2 sloped roof sections meet
    Valley
  • Steep Roof Terms
    Building without a fascia has no horizontal overhang
    No Fascia
  • Stone
    Random Rubble
  • Stone
    Coursed Rubble
  • Stone
    Random Ashlar
  • Stone
    Coursed Ashlar
  • Vapor Retarder
    A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly, also called vapor barrier most commonly put on the back side of batt/blanket insulation
  • Waterproofing
    An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. This certain waterproofing has been liquid applied to the underground exterior basement wall.
  • Weep Hole
    A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
  • Welded Wire Fabric
    A grid of steel rods that are welded together to form a flat sheet/roll, used to reinforce a concrete slab to increase the tinsel strength of the concrete, grid is 6” x 6”
  • Windows
    1. Double Hung – Windows are classified by the way they move. This window slides vertically
  • Windows
    2. Awning – Windows are classified by the way they move. This window is hinged horizontally along top side operating by swinging outward
  • Windows
    3. Casement –Windows are classified by the way they move. This window is hinged vertically along side operating by swinging outward