Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300Spring 2010<br />
Air Barrier Paper<br />A composite sheet material used as a vapor retarder to control air, control water, and permit water...
Opening that allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing along with the removal of heat throug...
Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent <br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent<br />
Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine<br />
Backhoe<br />An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth . Typically...
Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface...
Brick Arches<br />Roman Arch<br />
Brick Arches<br />Gothic Arch<br />
Brick Arches<br />Parabolic Keystone Arch<br />
Brick Arches<br />Centering - A temporary, usually wooden framework on which an arch, vault, or dome is supported during. ...
Brick Bonds<br />Flemish  - brick layed horizontally ,the course alternates between headers and stretchers<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond – stretchers laid horizontally lapping over 50% of brick below<br />
Brick Bonds<br /> Rowlock – brick laid on narrow long edge side by side<br />
Brick Bonds<br />Header – brick layed in a pattern exposing small end <br />
Brick Bonds<br />   Soldier – brick layed vertically exposing narrow side <br />
Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlock (Shiners) – layed horizontally with largest side face exposed <br />
Brick Bonds<br />Sailor – layed vertically with the largest side face exposed<br />
Brick Sizes<br />Modular Brick -  3 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 2 ¼”<br />
Brick Sizes<br />Utility  Brick – 3 ½” x 11 ½” x 3 1/8” <br />
Bulldozer<br /> A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having    continuous treads and a ...
Different types of materials used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building or structure<br />Cladding<br />
Cladding<br /> 1. Wood Shingles -  which are sawn where as wooden shakes are split<br />
Cladding<br /> 2. Brick<br />
Cladding<br />3. E.F.I.S.<br />
Cladding<br />4. Stone<br />
Cladding<br />   5. Wood Board<br />
Code Requirements<br />A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings...
Code Requirements<br />A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings...
24 in. minimum opening height
5.7 sq. ft. minimum area
44’ maximum sill height</li></li></ul><li>Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint -  groove cut into the top surface of the con...
Concrete Joint<br />Isolation Joint - used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement allowing expansion and co...
Concrete Masonry Units<br />A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same ma...
Concrete Masonry Units<br />Different Size CMU (Nominal Size) <br /><ul><li>8”x 4 ”x 16”
8” x 12” 16” </li></li></ul><li>Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />1. Split Face CMU<br />
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />2. Ribbed Face CMU<br />
Doors<br />Flush Panel Solid Core Exterior Door<br />Lock Rail<br />
Doors<br />  2 Panel Door<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
Doors<br />Transom - A horizontal crosspiece typically glass over a door or between a door and a window above it<br />
Doors<br />Sidelight – Horizontal side window/glass of different designs to add light and aesthetic value to a door unit<b...
Electrical Components<br />1.  Transformer Box – converts voltage of several thousand volts from the substation down to 11...
Electrical Components<br /> 2. Service Head – connects 2 hots and a neutral (220-volts) wire from the transformer to the m...
Electrical Components<br />  3. Meter – registers  and the amount of kilowatts of electricty used which is recorded by the...
Electrical Components<br /> 4. Service Panel – protects the electrical load of the facility and distributes  electricity i...
Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle – electrical power outlet receiving power from branch circuits typically 110-...
Framing Elements<br /> 1. Anchor Bolts<br />
Framing Elements<br />2. Sill Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br /> 3. Floor Joist<br />
Framing Elements<br />4. Subflooring<br />
Framing Elements<br />5. Sole Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br /> 6. Stud<br />
Framing Elements<br />7. Top Plate<br />
Framing Elements<br />8. Stringer<br />
Framing Elements<br />  9. Ceiling Joist<br />
Framing Elements<br /> 10. Rafter<br />
Framing Elements<br />  11. Roof Decking<br />
Framing Elements<br />12. Sheathing<br />
Front End Loader<br />Heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to "load" material such as asphalt, demolition debris...
Gypsum Board<br />An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces also called drywall ...
Heat Pump<br />Compressor/Evaporator - A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or to cool a building b...
Various materials with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat...
Insulation<br />1. Batt/Blanket Insulation<br />
Insulation<br />2. Loose-Fill<br />
Insulation<br /> 3. Foamed <br />
Insulation<br />  4. Rigid Board<br />
Lintel<br />A beam typically steel that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening this particular lintel ...
Mortar<br />1. Concave Mortar Joint – tooled 3/8” mortar joint used in residential construction. Type O – medium-low stren...
Mortar<br />2. Extruded Mortar Joint – neither tooled or troweled 3/8” mortar joint used is residential construction. Type...
Oriented Stand Board<br />A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented, each layer is turned 90 degrees...
Plumbing <br />1. Lavatory – 1 ½” piping used for drain<br />
Plumbing<br />2. Water Closet – 3” pipe used for drain<br />
Plumbing<br />3. Tub Unit – 2” pipe used for drain<br />
Plumbing<br />4. Plumbing Vent – Release waste gases and supplies air so that draining water cannot create a suction to pu...
Plumbing <br />5. Kitchen Sink – under mount stainless sink<br />
Plywood<br />A wood panel composed of 5 layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure with each layer turned 90 deg...
Radiant Barrier<br />A s a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to the...
Rebar<br />Various lengths of steel reinforcing bars used in concrete or masonry for additional strength, measured in #’s....
Steep Roof Drainage<br /> 1. Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snow melt at the eave of a roof, typically att...
Steep Roof Drainage<br />2. Downspout – connected to the gutter to transport water down to ground level and away from the ...
Steep Roof Drainage<br /> 3. Splashblock – vertical flashing installed at the bottom of steep drainage situations to block...
Steep Roof Materials<br />   1. Tar Paper -  heavy paper measured in pounds impregnated with tar and used as part of a roo...
Steep Roof Materials<br />2. Clay Tile<br />
Steep Roof Materials<br />Slate Shingle<br />
Steep Roof Materials<br />4. Metal Panel Roof<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Hip<br />
Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard<br />
Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave - the underside of a roof that extends beyond the external walls of a building<br />Rake<br />R...
Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit - The area that encloses the underside of that portion of the roof that extends out beyond th...
Steep Roof Terms<br />Valley – section of roof where 2 sloped roof sections meet<br />Valley<br />
Steep Roof Terms<br />Building without a fascia has no horizontal overhang<br />No Fascia<br />
Stone<br />Random Rubble<br />
Stone<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
Stone<br />Random Ashlar<br />
Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />
Vapor Retarder<br />A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly, also ...
Waterproofing<br />An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. This certain waterproofing has been liqu...
Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component o...
Welded Wire Fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded together to form a flat sheet/roll, used to reinforce a concr...
Windows<br />1.  Double Hung – Windows are classified by the way they move. This window slides vertically <br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300

444
-1

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
444
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300Spring 2010<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />A composite sheet material used as a vapor retarder to control air, control water, and permit water vapor<br />
  3. 3. Opening that allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing along with the removal of heat through the upper most part of the roof. This helps keep the attic cool in the summer and allows moisture in the attic to evaporate.<br />Attic Ventilation<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent <br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent<br />
  7. 7. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine<br />
  8. 8. Backhoe<br />An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth . Typically used in digging foundation footers. Bucket was 18” in width<br />
  9. 9. Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arches<br />Roman Arch<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arches<br />Gothic Arch<br />
  12. 12. Brick Arches<br />Parabolic Keystone Arch<br />
  13. 13. Brick Arches<br />Centering - A temporary, usually wooden framework on which an arch, vault, or dome is supported during. <br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds<br />Flemish - brick layed horizontally ,the course alternates between headers and stretchers<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond – stretchers laid horizontally lapping over 50% of brick below<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br /> Rowlock – brick laid on narrow long edge side by side<br />
  17. 17. Brick Bonds<br />Header – brick layed in a pattern exposing small end <br />
  18. 18. Brick Bonds<br /> Soldier – brick layed vertically exposing narrow side <br />
  19. 19. Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlock (Shiners) – layed horizontally with largest side face exposed <br />
  20. 20. Brick Bonds<br />Sailor – layed vertically with the largest side face exposed<br />
  21. 21. Brick Sizes<br />Modular Brick - 3 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 2 ¼”<br />
  22. 22. Brick Sizes<br />Utility Brick – 3 ½” x 11 ½” x 3 1/8” <br />
  23. 23. Bulldozer<br /> A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front<br />
  24. 24. Different types of materials used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building or structure<br />Cladding<br />
  25. 25. Cladding<br /> 1. Wood Shingles - which are sawn where as wooden shakes are split<br />
  26. 26. Cladding<br /> 2. Brick<br />
  27. 27. Cladding<br />3. E.F.I.S.<br />
  28. 28. Cladding<br />4. Stone<br />
  29. 29. Cladding<br /> 5. Wood Board<br />
  30. 30. Code Requirements<br />A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings. These stairs had a rise of 7” and a run of 10 ½” which meets the code requirements<br />
  31. 31. Code Requirements<br />A set 0f legal restrictions intended to ensure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings. This window meets code measured 36” in width and 24” sill height. Net Openings: Double or Single Hung<br /><ul><li>20 in. minimum width
  32. 32. 24 in. minimum opening height
  33. 33. 5.7 sq. ft. minimum area
  34. 34. 44’ maximum sill height</li></li></ul><li>Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint - groove cut into the top surface of the concrete that allows a crack to occur in the joint if the slab is stressed<br />
  35. 35. Concrete Joint<br />Isolation Joint - used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement allowing expansion and contraction. The brick wall is isolated from the concrete slab<br />
  36. 36. Concrete Masonry Units<br />A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manor as a brick or stone. Concrete Masonry Units are relatively low in price and limited in design but labor intensive.<br />8”<br />
  37. 37. Concrete Masonry Units<br />Different Size CMU (Nominal Size) <br /><ul><li>8”x 4 ”x 16”
  38. 38. 8” x 12” 16” </li></li></ul><li>Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />1. Split Face CMU<br />
  39. 39. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />2. Ribbed Face CMU<br />
  40. 40. Doors<br />Flush Panel Solid Core Exterior Door<br />Lock Rail<br />
  41. 41. Doors<br /> 2 Panel Door<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  42. 42. Doors<br />Transom - A horizontal crosspiece typically glass over a door or between a door and a window above it<br />
  43. 43. Doors<br />Sidelight – Horizontal side window/glass of different designs to add light and aesthetic value to a door unit<br />
  44. 44. Electrical Components<br />1. Transformer Box – converts voltage of several thousand volts from the substation down to 110/220-volts with a transformer<br />
  45. 45. Electrical Components<br /> 2. Service Head – connects 2 hots and a neutral (220-volts) wire from the transformer to the meter head<br />
  46. 46. Electrical Components<br /> 3. Meter – registers and the amount of kilowatts of electricty used which is recorded by the local power company <br />
  47. 47. Electrical Components<br /> 4. Service Panel – protects the electrical load of the facility and distributes electricity into individual circuits and branches for fixtures, switches, and outlets<br />
  48. 48. Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle – electrical power outlet receiving power from branch circuits typically 110-volts and occasionally 220-volt depending on device <br />
  49. 49. Framing Elements<br /> 1. Anchor Bolts<br />
  50. 50. Framing Elements<br />2. Sill Plate<br />
  51. 51. Framing Elements<br /> 3. Floor Joist<br />
  52. 52. Framing Elements<br />4. Subflooring<br />
  53. 53. Framing Elements<br />5. Sole Plate<br />
  54. 54. Framing Elements<br /> 6. Stud<br />
  55. 55. Framing Elements<br />7. Top Plate<br />
  56. 56. Framing Elements<br />8. Stringer<br />
  57. 57. Framing Elements<br /> 9. Ceiling Joist<br />
  58. 58. Framing Elements<br /> 10. Rafter<br />
  59. 59. Framing Elements<br /> 11. Roof Decking<br />
  60. 60. Framing Elements<br />12. Sheathing<br />
  61. 61. Front End Loader<br />Heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to "load" material such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, rocks, sand, ect. by using the front hydraulic bucket<br />
  62. 62. Gypsum Board<br />An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces also called drywall or plasterboard<br />
  63. 63. Heat Pump<br />Compressor/Evaporator - A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or to cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils <br />Air Handling Unit - Central unit consisting of a blower, heating and cooling elements, filter racks or chamber, branches off heated or cooled air into trunk and branch ducts<br />Compressor / Evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />Advantage – Heat Pump systems have a rapid response time<br />Disadvantage - It is difficult to “zone” and may need help in extreme cold<br />
  64. 64. Various materials with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly, measured in R-value<br />Insulation<br />
  65. 65. Insulation<br />1. Batt/Blanket Insulation<br />
  66. 66. Insulation<br />2. Loose-Fill<br />
  67. 67. Insulation<br /> 3. Foamed <br />
  68. 68. Insulation<br /> 4. Rigid Board<br />
  69. 69. Lintel<br />A beam typically steel that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening this particular lintel is steel<br />
  70. 70. Mortar<br />1. Concave Mortar Joint – tooled 3/8” mortar joint used in residential construction. Type O – medium-low strength mortar<br />
  71. 71. Mortar<br />2. Extruded Mortar Joint – neither tooled or troweled 3/8” mortar joint used is residential construction. Type O – medium-low strength mortar<br />
  72. 72. Oriented Stand Board<br />A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented, each layer is turned 90 degrees for strength and bonded together under pressure and sprayed with a waterproof coating<br />
  73. 73. Plumbing <br />1. Lavatory – 1 ½” piping used for drain<br />
  74. 74. Plumbing<br />2. Water Closet – 3” pipe used for drain<br />
  75. 75. Plumbing<br />3. Tub Unit – 2” pipe used for drain<br />
  76. 76. Plumbing<br />4. Plumbing Vent – Release waste gases and supplies air so that draining water cannot create a suction to pull water out of the p-trap<br />
  77. 77. Plumbing <br />5. Kitchen Sink – under mount stainless sink<br />
  78. 78. Plywood<br />A wood panel composed of 5 layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure with each layer turned 90 degrees for strength available in A, B, C, D grades <br />
  79. 79. Radiant Barrier<br />A s a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall assembly as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy from the sun<br />
  80. 80. Rebar<br />Various lengths of steel reinforcing bars used in concrete or masonry for additional strength, measured in #’s. This is ½” rebar referred to as a #4 bar.<br />The deformations on the bar help it to bond tightly to concrete<br />
  81. 81. Steep Roof Drainage<br /> 1. Gutter – a channel that collects rainwater and snow melt at the eave of a roof, typically attached to the facia<br />
  82. 82. Steep Roof Drainage<br />2. Downspout – connected to the gutter to transport water down to ground level and away from the structure or building<br />
  83. 83. Steep Roof Drainage<br /> 3. Splashblock – vertical flashing installed at the bottom of steep drainage situations to block and divert water into the gutter channel<br />
  84. 84. Steep Roof Materials<br /> 1. Tar Paper -  heavy paper measured in pounds impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing layed directly on top of decking before shingles are installed<br />
  85. 85. Steep Roof Materials<br />2. Clay Tile<br />
  86. 86. Steep Roof Materials<br />Slate Shingle<br />
  87. 87. Steep Roof Materials<br />4. Metal Panel Roof<br />
  88. 88. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />
  89. 89. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel<br />
  90. 90. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Hip<br />
  91. 91. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard<br />
  92. 92. Steep Roof Terms<br />Eave - the underside of a roof that extends beyond the external walls of a building<br />Rake<br />Ridge<br />Eave<br />Ridge – level intersection of 2 roof planes<br />Rake – sloped edge of roof<br />
  93. 93. Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit - The area that encloses the underside of that portion of the roof that extends out beyond the sidewalls of the house.<br />Fascia -  flat board that runs horizontally along the eaves of a roof, typically capping the ends of the roof rafters <br />Soffit<br />Fascia<br />
  94. 94. Steep Roof Terms<br />Valley – section of roof where 2 sloped roof sections meet<br />Valley<br />
  95. 95. Steep Roof Terms<br />Building without a fascia has no horizontal overhang<br />No Fascia<br />
  96. 96. Stone<br />Random Rubble<br />
  97. 97. Stone<br />Coursed Rubble<br />
  98. 98. Stone<br />Random Ashlar<br />
  99. 99. Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />
  100. 100. Vapor Retarder<br />A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly, also called vapor barrier most commonly put on the back side of batt/blanket insulation<br />
  101. 101. Waterproofing<br />An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. This certain waterproofing has been liquid applied to the underground exterior basement wall.<br />
  102. 102. Weep Hole<br />A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly<br />
  103. 103. Welded Wire Fabric<br />A grid of steel rods that are welded together to form a flat sheet/roll, used to reinforce a concrete slab to increase the tinsel strength of the concrete, grid is 6” x 6”<br />
  104. 104. Windows<br />1. Double Hung – Windows are classified by the way they move. This window slides vertically <br />
  105. 105. Windows<br />2. Awning – Windows are classified by the way they move. This window is hinged horizontally along top side operating by swinging outward<br />
  106. 106. Windows<br />3. Casement –Windows are classified by the way they move. This window is hinged vertically along side operating by swinging outward <br />

×