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Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
Visual dictionary- Sp10door
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Visual dictionary- Sp10door

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Transcript

  • 1. Visual Dictionary<br />BSCI 2300 Materials Methods & Equipment I<br />Sp10door<br />Spring 2010<br />
  • 2. Air barrier paper is a covering over a building interior during construction that keeps air from flowing into many parts of the building. Keeps overwhelming moisture and the elements from entering the building not during construction only, but during the life time of the building as well.<br />Air Barrier Paper<br />
  • 3. Attic Ventilation pg.1<br />Building used for ventilation<br />Soffit vent- a vent under the roof that allows air to flow into the attic and upper space in a building<br />Ridge vent- a vent on the roof that allowed moist and humid air to flow out of the attic or upper level area <br />
  • 4. Attic Ventilation pg.2<br />Roof turbine- pulls air out of the attic or upper area that the vents cant handle or get to<br />Gabel vent- a covered vent that allows warm dry air to escape the attic or upper area of a building<br />
  • 5. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is piece of machinery in the field that is used to dig up trenches and holes with its bucket. Can be attacked to a front end loader, but can be separate as well. Bucket in picture is 2’ wide.<br />
  • 6. Batter Boards<br />Batter Boards were pieces of wood that were used to mark the outer areas of the building so the trenches and areas could be dug within the limits of the building.<br />
  • 7. Brick Arches pg.1<br />Roman Brick Arch<br />Segmental Brick arch<br />
  • 8. Brick Arches pg.2<br />Centering an arch<br />Brick arch with keystone<br />
  • 9. Brick Bonds pg.1<br />Common pattern- basic striation of brick pattern. Brick above or below is set ½ off the other.<br />Monk pattern- every other brick is turned inside<br />
  • 10. Brick Bonds pg.2<br />Rowlocks<br />Header Brick<br />
  • 11. Brick Bonds pg.3<br />Sailors<br />Soldiers<br />Stretcher<br />
  • 12. Brick Sizes<br />Modular 3 ½ ’ x 7 ½’’<br />Standard 3 ½’’ x 8’ <br />
  • 13. Bulldozer<br />The bulldozer is another piece of machinery in the field. Is used to push large piles of dirt and rubble around, moving stuff around the construction site.<br />
  • 14. Cladding pg.1<br />Brick cladding on building<br />EIFS cladding on building<br />
  • 15. Cladding pg. 2<br />Wood cladding on building<br />Stone cladding on building. Random rubble pattern<br />Wood shingle cladding on building. Wood shingling is a pattern of wood shingles on the building<br />
  • 16. Window in my room is a double window and the opening is 22” x 28” and 6” net opening. Sill is 2’6” off the floor. Codes state that sill must be below 44” and above 24”. The opening must be above 20”x24”. My window meets IBC requirements.<br />Code Requirements pg.1<br />
  • 17. These are rubber covered stairs in the dorm. Rise measures at 7” and tread measures at 10 1/8”. Code states that the rise must be between 7 ¾” and 7 3/8”, and tread must be between 10 3/8” and 10”. The stairs meet these requirements. <br />Code Requirements pg.2<br />
  • 18. Concrete Joints pg.1<br />Control joint is a joint set into concrete to control where cracking happens. However, does not always work, as shown above.<br />
  • 19. Concrete Joints pg.2<br />Isolation joint is a joint that separates two things, such as a column and the floor. In this photo, the joint is keeping the concrete and the brick separate. <br />
  • 20. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br />CMU is a concrete block, usually in dimensions of around 8”x8”x16”. They are used in foundation walls mostly, but many buildings are made solely from them. Not all CMU’s are those dimensions, but some are even 6”x6”x16”, much like the ones on the right.<br />
  • 21. Decorative CMU<br />Split CMU block<br />Ribbed CMU block<br />
  • 22. Doors pg.1<br />Sidelight-A strip of vertical glass running alongside a door.<br />Exterior Flush Door<br />Top rail<br />Bottom rail<br />Panel<br />Stile<br />
  • 23. Doors pg.2<br />Transom- a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door <br />
  • 24. Electrical Components pg.1 <br />Power pole with transformer. It is an electrical device by which alternating current of one voltage is changed to another voltage. <br />Service meter. A device that measures the amount of electricity consumed daily.<br />
  • 25. Electrical Components pg.2<br />Duplex receptacle. A dual plug in the wall for plugging in electrical devices.<br />Service panel. Controls where the electricity goes and if it is on or off<br />
  • 26. Framing Elements pg.1<br />#1: Anchor Bolt<br />
  • 27. Framing Elements pg.2<br />#2:Sill plate<br />#3: Floor joist<br />#4: Subflooring<br />#5: Sole plate <br />#6: Stud<br />#7: Top plate<br />#8: Unfinished stringer<br />#9: Ceiling joist<br />#10: Rafter<br />#11: Roof decking<br />#12: Sheathing<br />
  • 28. Front end loader is a piece of machinery that is used to move rubble, dirt, and even equipment around a construction sight. Difference between the front end loader and a bulldozer is the front end loader can lift things while a bulldozer can only push.<br />Front End Loader<br />
  • 29. Known also as dry wall, it is the main wall material used in construction.<br />Gypsum Board<br />
  • 30. Heat Pump pg.1<br />One advantage of a heat pump is that they produce low-density heat which is safer for children and elderly, unlike fires, oil filled or electric fan heaters.<br />One disadvantage of a heat pump is they are expensive and are used a lot in cold weather.<br />Condenser systems typically has a heat exchanger section to cool down and condense incoming refrigerant vapor into liquid, a compressor to raise the pressure of the refrigerant and move it along, and a fan for blowing outside air through the heat exchanger section to cool the refrigerant inside.<br />
  • 31. Air handling unit is a device used to condition and circulate air<br />Heat Pump pg.2<br />
  • 32. A lintel is a horizontal beam used in the construction of buildings that usually supports the masonry above a window or door opening<br />Lintel <br />
  • 33. Mortar pg.1<br />Concave mortar joint, troweled, 1/3”, dormitory, N type mortar<br />
  • 34. Mortar pg.2<br />Racked joint, tooled, 1/3”, O type mortar<br />
  • 35. OSB is a type of wood board that is constructed from the shards of left over boards made at a factory. They are a nonveneered panel product and are commonly used in residential construction.<br />Oriented Strand Board<br />
  • 36. Plumbing pg.1 <br />VTR: allows sewer gases to escape the piping<br />Lavatory 1 ½” pipe<br />
  • 37. Flush mount sink<br />Plumbing pg.2<br />
  • 38. Diameter 1”, #6 rebar. Deformations there so soil and concrete can grip it. <br />Rebar<br />
  • 39. Steep Roof Drainage<br />A down spout is a vertical pipe that moves the water from the gutter down to the ground.<br />A gutter is a device that catches rain fall and funnels it towards the down spouts.<br />
  • 40. Steep Roof Terms pg.1<br />Eave- The overhanging lower edge of your roof<br />No fascia<br />Ridge- The peak of your roofline along its top<br />Valley- The portion of your roof where two slopes intersect<br />
  • 41. Steep Roof Terms pg.2<br />Rake- The side of your roof's slope<br />Fascia-describes any horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns or across the top of a wall<br />Soffit- underside of the eave<br />
  • 42. Stone<br />Random rubble<br />Coursed ashlar<br />
  • 43. Weep Hole<br />Weep hole- small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate.<br />
  • 44. Windows<br />Double hung window- two windows stacked on top of each other<br />

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