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Sp10designers 2


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  • 1. Air Barrier Unit – a membrane that is attached to the wall sheathing reducing the leakage of air between indoors and outdoors and acts as a backup waterproofing layer beneath the siding
  • 2. Attic ventilation – used to lower the temperature and vent the attic Gable Vent Soffit Vent Roof Turbine Ridge Vent
  • 3. Backhoe – excavating equipment that consists of a digging bucket on one end and a front loader on the other Backhoe Bucket: 24” Front End Loader
  • 4. Brick arches Jack arch centered with keystone Roman arch
  • 5. Brick Bonds English Garden Wall – 5 courses of running bonds wchich consist of all stretchers and the 6 th course alternates between headers and stretchers Running Bond – courses consist of stretchers Soldier Stretcher Header Sailor
  • 6. Brick Sizes 3-1/2” X15-1/2” Closest to the Engineer Norman Brick. This is different because it is a South American hand made adobe brick 7-1/2 x 2-1/4 Modular Brick
  • 7. Cladding Wood boards Wood shingle and shake – a nail based sheathing material such as OSB, plywood, or waferboard that function as siding or roofing. Picture: Wood shakes Stone Brick
  • 8. Concrete Joints Control Joint Isolation Joint – the exterior of the building is being isolated from the slab Crack
  • 9. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) – large rectangular concrete blocks that are used as structural masonry Standard CMU – 8”
  • 10. Decorative Concrete Masonry Split faced
  • 11. Doors Flush Door Panel Door (1) with sidelight
  • 12. Electrical Components Meter – measures the amount of electrical energy consumed. It is calibrated in billing units Service panel – the high voltage electrical system’s first point of entry into a home beyond the meter Duplex receptacle – two electrical fitting that is connected to a source of power and equipped to receive an insert Service Head - a weatherproof entry point for above-ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
  • 13. Framing Elements 6. Stud 7. Top Plateo 10. Truss with ceiling joist and rafter 9. Ceiling Joist
    • Anchor bolt
    • sill plate
    3. Floor joist 4. Sub flooring 5. Sole plate 11. Roof decking 12. Sheathing
  • 14. Front End Loader – a type of tractor that has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms to scoop up loose material from the ground
  • 15. Gypsum Board
    • a rigid board made of layers of fiber board or paper bonded to a gypsum plaster core, used instead of plaster or wood panels in construction to form walls
  • 16. Heat Pump compressor/ evaporator – takes in air at atmospheric pressure and delivers it at higher pressure, absorbs heat in the air in order to change the liquid refrigerant that flows through into a vapor
      • Air handling unit – used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system
  • 17. Insulation - materials that are used to reduce the rate of heat transfer Loose Fill Insulation
  • 18. Lintel – a horizontal beam that supports the masonry above a window or door opening Angled steel lintel Concrete lintel
  • 19. Mortar 3/8” Concave mortar joint – tooled. Used of a commercial building 3/8” extruded mortar joint – neither tooled nor troweled. Used on a residential building.
  • 20. OSB – Oriented Strand Board - a non-veneered panel product that is formed by layereing strands or flakes of wood in specific orientation
  • 21. Plumbing Drop-In sink
  • 22. Plywood – a manufactured wood, made by gluing together a number of thin veneers or plies of softwood or hardwood
  • 23. Rebar – ½” diameter or #4 rebar. The deformations is so that it would bind to the concrete
  • 24. Steep Roof Drainage Down Spout and Splashback Gutter – catches water that flows down the roof Down spout – allows a way for water to exit the roof to the ground
  • 25. Steep Roof Materials Metal panel roof - steel Shingle Clay tiled roof - Underlayment – tar paper used for waterproofing to prevent ingress of moisture
  • 26. Steep Roof Shapes Hip roof Gable Roof Mansard Roof Gambrel Roof
  • 27. Steep Roof Terms
  • 28. Stone - Random Rubble Random Ashlar
  • 29. Vapor Retarder
    • slow the rate of vapor diffusion into the thermal envelope of a structure
    • It is attached to each side of the insulation
  • 30. Waterproofing – fully adhered material to resist moisture from entering the base of the building
  • 31. Weep Holes - small openings left in the outer wall of masonryconstruction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate
  • 32. Windows Double hung casement – neither window is hinged allowing them to slide past each other Single Hung – Hinged on the side