Sp10Concrete BSCI 2400 April 25, 2010 Visual Dictionary
Air Barrier Paper A membrane that is applied over the sheathing in order to close up the joints and prevent air passage into the building.
Attic Ventilation Important for allowing water vapor and heat to escape the attic space. Ridge Vent: a vent placed over the gap where the roof decking meets at the ridge
Attic Ventilation Continued
Soffit Vent- allows air to come into the bottom of the attic so that the hot air can be pushed through the gable and ridge vents.
Attic Ventilation Continued Gable Vent- vent usually found on the upper portion of the house that allows heat and water vapor to escape
Heavy machinery with a bucket used to dig footings for foundations and other excavation situations.
2 ft. bucket width
Batter Boards Definition: Boards used during the rough site work and excavation period to create the temporary outline of where the building will be constructed. Helps ensure the building footings will be square and straight.
Brick Arches Radius Arch
Brick Arches Continued Jack Arch
Brick Arches Continued
Arch with a Keystone:
Centering: the formwork used to support the arch during construction
Running Bond- All stretchers, each course offset by half a brick
Flemish bond- stretcher and header alternate during course
Brick Bonds Continued
Brick Bonds Continued
Brick Bonds Continued
Brick Sizes Standard Brick: 3½”X 2¼”X 8” Utility Brick: 3½”X 3½” X 11 ½”
A piece of heavy equipment with a large blade on the front used to move large amounts of dirt around the site and set grade.
Cladding Brick EIFS
Cladding Continued Wood Shingles Shingles- sawn with smooth surface Shakes- split and have rougher exterior Stone Random Rubble
Minimum opening of 5.7 sq.ft.(only 5.0 if sill is less than 44” AFF)
Minimum opening width:20”
Minimum opening height: 24”
26 ¾” h X 29 ½” w= 5.48 sq.ft. 21” AFF Window Meets Code
Code Requirements Continued
Code: Tread: 10” minimum
Riser: 7 ¾” maximum
Tread: 11 ¾” Riser: 7 ¼” Meets Requirements
Control Joint- A groove cut into the concrete that is ¼ of the depth of the concrete slab
Purpose: To intentionally create a point of weakness in the concrete to better control where it will crack instead of allowing it to crack randomly.
Concrete Joints Continued
Isolation Joint- Separates one slab of concrete from another slab, wall or column.
Concrete Masonry Unit(CMU)
A block of hardened concrete with or without hollow cores that comes in many different sizes and be filled in with concrete for additional strength.
1 CMU=3 Brick Courses
8” X 8” X 16”
7 5/8” X 7 5/8” X 15 5/8”
Decorative CMU Split Block Ribbed Block
Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail
Transom: a small window directly above a door
Sidelight: a tall, narrow window alongside a door
Power Pole with Transformer- Steps voltage down to desired amount (110/220 Volts)
Service Head- Assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base
Meter- Keeps track of the amount of electricity being used.
Service Panel- Contains the main disconnect and circuit breakers
Duplex Receptacle: Used for plugging in household items such as lamps, phone, etc.
Framing Elements Anchor Bolts Sill Plate Floor Joists
Framing Elements 4. Subflooring 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud 7. Top Plate
Piece of heavy machinery used for transporting large amounts of soil or dirt from different points on the site or for loading dump trucks for the removal of the dirt from the site.
An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core between two paper faces.
Usually sanded and painted
Also known as “dry wall”
Compressor/Evaporator: Compresses gases which gives off heat. The air cools as it blows across the cooling coils in the air handler
Advantage: Highly efficient in mild climates
Disadvantage: May need additional heating source in areas with very cold climates. Not used as much up north.
Air handling unit: forces air through a duct system with a strong fan
InsulationPurpose: to reduce the heat flow through the assembly of a building Batt/Blanket- rolls or sheets of insulation easily installed between the studs in walls Loose Fill- fiberglass insulation blown into place between ceiling joists in attics
Insulation Foamed- a mixture of two chemicals that react to form very affective insulation that also completely fills in cracks. Rigid Board- comes in 4’X8’ sheets and is used as exterior sheathing for basement walls
A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or opening
Most likely Type S(Medium High Strength) Mortar
Type N Mortar
Oriented Strand Board(OSB)
A nonveneered building panel composed of long sheets of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.