Cat Backhoe with a 24” bucket. Backhoe shown is holding a spare bucket clamped in the arm for security.
Batter boards are used as tools to layout and square up the location of the future slab. This picture shows batter boards during initial site prep to locate the future slab.
Brick Arches 1/4
An example of a Tudor and Roman hybrid arch. It is a hybrid due to the Tudor style with the enlarged keystone common to the Roman Style.
Brick Arches 2/4
An example of a Roman style Arch.
Brick Arches 3/4
A Keystone parabolic arch.
Brick Arches 4/4
Centering is temporary support bracing used to support the arch until the mortar has set and the arch can support its own weight.
Brick Bonds 1/7
Standard Stretcher bond.
Brick Bonds 2/7
Flemish bond a pattern where bricks alternate between headers and stretchers.
Brick Bonds 3/7
Brick Bonds 4/7
Brick Bonds 5/7
Brick Bonds 6/7
Shiner or Stretcher Rowlock Bricks
Brick Bonds 7/7
Brick Sizes 1/2
3 1/2”x7 1/2”x2 1/4”
Brick Sizes 2/2
3 1/2”x 8” x 2 1/4”
Shown here is a Cat D3 dozer. It is used to push dirt and other material for grading during site prep and also for spreading of material. A dozer can also be used for clearing a path through brush and small woods by plowing through.
EIFS Cladding or Stucco
Random Rubble coursing
Wood Shake Cladding
27”w x 29”H
Sill 20” AFF
Minimum Code Req.
20”w x 24”H
Sill <= 44” AFF
5.7 Sqft min area
Yes this window meets code.
Concrete Joints 1/2
An expansion joint is used in concrete slabs to allow for the expansion of the concrete during the heat of the summer months. Without these joints the concrete pushes against itself and fractures.
Concrete Joints 2/2
A joint used to isolate the column from the slab due to the columns deeper footing.
Concrete Masonry Unit
Concrete masonry units (CMU) are used as structural members to build walls. The typical dimension of cmu is 8”Hx16”Wx8”D.
Split face block is one of two types of decorative CMU.
6 Panel Door
Underground Power Transformer Box
Meter will be installed here
1. Anchor Bolt
2. Sill Plate
3. Floor Joist
5. Sole Plate
7. Top Plate
9. Ceiling Joist
11. Roof Decking
Front End Loader
This is a Cat 420 Backhoe Loader. The loader bucket is pictured here which is used for material handling from spreading and moving to loading dump trucks.
Gypsum Board is used as a finish material that covers up studs and framing allowing for a smooth uniform interior wall surface.
Heat Pump 1/2
Air Handling Unit
Serves as the main fan that ciculates the air through the house.
Heat Pump 2/2
Two main components used to chill or heat the air for the HVAC system.
Rigid Board Insulation
The insulation serves as a barrier to help keep the interior temperature from being affected by the exterior temperature.
Mortar Joints 1/2
Concave Tooled Joint
Mortar Joints 2/2
Flush Troweled Joint
Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
OSB is formed from wood particles that are oriented to mesh together and are compressed with a glue additive to form one solid board.
Lavatory- A sink or basin used for washing. Typically a 2” drain line.
Water Closet-Any room with a flush toilet. Minimum 3” drain line.
Manufactured tub unit
Plumbing Roof Vent
Plumbing Vents are used to let air into the plumbing system behind the draining water to prevent a vacuum from building up similar to holding your finger over a straw.
Drop in kitchen sink
Plywood is made of several thin solid layers of wood that are pressed and glued together in a similar way to OSB. This leaves a nicer looking wood veneer as the exposed surface in comparison to OSB.
Veneer-refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than1/8 inch, that are typically glued onto core panels to produce flat panels
Rebar is cylindrical steel with rigdes forged into the surface to create friction in the concrete. The rebar adds the tensile strength to the slab that concrete alone lacks.
The rebar pictured here is #5 or 5/8” rebar.
Steep Roof Drainage
Gutter-Directs water from the roof to the downspout
Downspout-Carries water to the ground where it is dumped out away from pathways and where it helps drainage.
Splashblock-Disperses the water as it hits the ground, usually made of concrete, helps prevent eroding.
Steep Roof Materials 1/3
Steep Roof Materials 2/3
Steep Roof Materials 3/3
Metal Panel Roof
Typically made of tin, stainless steel, or aluminum.
Steep Roof Shapes 1/2
Steep Roof Shapes 2/2
Steep Roof Terms
Water barrier to stop water from seeping through the part of the wall below finish grade.
Weep holes serve to let any water vapor that gets behind the brick veneer a place to escape.
Welded Wire Fabric
This 6”x6” grid of wire mesh gives the concrete slab strength in tension by bonding it into the concrete.
This is a casement window due to the hinge running along the side.