Guide to Trails in the Algarve
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Guide to Trails in the Algarve

on

  • 3,547 views

The “Guide to Trails in the Algarve”, which is the outcome of a partnership between the Algarve Tourism Board and the Algarve Regional Coordination and Development Commission, is a compendium of ...

The “Guide to Trails in the Algarve”, which is the outcome of a partnership between the Algarve Tourism Board and the Algarve Regional Coordination and Development Commission, is a compendium of 33 trails with superb views which can be covered on foot or, in some cases by bicycle.

O "Guia de Trilhos no Algarve", é o resultado de uma parceria entre o Turismo do Algarve e da Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional do Algarve, é um compêndio de 33 trilhas com vistas soberbas que pode ser coberta em pé ou, em alguns casos de bicicleta.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,547
Views on SlideShare
3,514
Embed Views
33

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0

5 Embeds 33

http://southernportugal.blogspot.pt 16
http://travelingaroundspain.blogspot.com.es 11
http://travelingaroundspain.blogspot.com 4
http://southernportugal.blogspot.com 1
http://southernportugal.blogspot.com.br 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Guide to Trails in the Algarve Guide to Trails in the Algarve Document Transcript

  • trails in theguide toalgarve
  • Thanks toThe organisations responsible for thetrails, for the information provided andsupport in the validation of the trails;The Portuguese Federation of Camping andMountaineering for the information aboutthe approval and signposting of the trails;To Coronel Rosa Pinto, for his help andreadiness to share his knowledge of plantlife and vegetation in the Algarve.
  • preface“Because the Algarve is a blend of distinct types “Tourism plays a key role in the Algarve, espe- of landscape – the coast, the hills of the “Serra” cially because of its capacity to act as an impe- and the “Barrocal” in between – with many tus to development and competitiveness in the corners still undiscovered, this publication aims region in a national and international context. precisely to raise the profile of the least known For tourism to become more sustainable, the natural sub-regions of the Algarve. protection and promotion of natural assets The “Guide to Trails in the Algarve”, which is the must be guaranteed, and these should not outcome of a partnership between the Algarve be regarded simply as a means of attracting Tourism Board and the Algarve Regional visitors and as an alternative to the familiar Coordination and Development Commission, “beach and sun” tourism, but also as having is a compendium of 33 trails with superb views major potential for the development of the which can be covered on foot or, in some cases region’s economy. by bicycle. This is a major challenge reflecting And it is in this context that this guide is being an approach which focuses on the observation published; it is part of the Action Plan on and understanding of the natural and Tourism and Development in the Algarve historical heritage of the municipalities in a which was the subject of an agreement in 2002 region which, through this publication, is between the Algarve Regional Coordination opening itself up to visitors as never before. and Development Commission, the Algarve The proposed trails, some of which are steeper Tourism Board, the Greater Metropolitan Area and others more accessible, are a source of of the Algarve and the Institute for Nature new interest in the segment of nature tourism, Conservation. It aims to promote and publicise which it is the intention of this guide to the natural assets of the Algarve and, more stimulate. And in this timely guide, we show specifically, to encourage people to go walking, readers some different places that can be which combines the enjoyment of nature and visited, described in more than 100 pages sporting activity.” of text and high quality images, which will certainly absorb the attention of those who venture on to them.” President of the Algarve Tourism Board President of the Algarve Regional Coordination and Development Commission
  • contents03 Introduction04 Description of the Region06 Advice to walkers and cyclists08 Map and Index10 Trail Details Layout11 Costa Vicentina – The West Coast21 The South Coast 35 Barrocal49 Serra69 Guadiana87 List of Species88 Glossary90 Useful contacts95 Websites of interest Bibliographic references
  • 0 0introductionThe Algarve is the southernmost region in protecting natural and cultural resources,mainland Portugal, bounded to the west and promote the well-being and quality ofand the south by the Atlantic Ocean, to the life of those who go walking. The activity isnorth by the Odeceixe river, the hills of the especially attractive from the points of view ofSerra de Monchique and the Serra do education, science, recreation and tourism.Caldeirão and the Vascão river, and in the Providing an impetus to walking as a touristeast by the Guadiana river, which separates pursuit is the challenge for this publication,it from Spain. Its special location and the which, by familiarising people with newstrong influence of the Mediterranean give trails in the Algarve also aims to set up newthe region a unique environmental rich- thematic routes which have been somewhatness, reflected in the marked diversity of its lacking in the nature tourism segment.scenery, to which natural assets and human The segment reinforces the affirmation of re-activity have added other special character- gional heritage that is of unparalleled valueistics over the years. to both visitors and the resident population.In this regard, it is essential that the con- 33 trails have been included in the “Guide toditions are created for the region’s most Trails in the Algarve”. The selection was madeauthentic values to be protected and for following a survey of existing trails in thethese diverse and attractive landscapes to region and after numerous visits to thebe preserved as areas of biocultural balance. countryside to validate them. The choice ofThese landscapes are necessary for the sus- routes was based on a number of criteria:tained development of the region, as they their condition, safety, the selection of atare places that attract visitors and lead to least one walk per municipality, the exist-a diversification of tourism in the Algarve, ence of publicity material and informationsomething that is proved by the thousands panels and signposting, the proximity ofof tourists who come to the region every major water resources, the presence of sig-year to explore the natural surroundings, nificant natural, scenic and cultural assetsand to discover authentic traditions and and the existence of unusual features.different customs. The guide is organised into five areas:Walking enables people to be in close the Costa Vicentina (West Coast), the Southcontact with nature and can raise people’s Coast, the Barrocal, the Serra and theawareness about the importance of Guadiana.
  • 0 description of the region There is a wide range of different types of Two especially important sites for endemic landscape in the Algarve. The typical land- species are the southwest coast, in particular scape types in the region include: scrub and the Sagres promontory, and the higher part Mediterranean scrubland, woods of oak of the Serra de Monchique. trees and riverine forests in the upland areas As regards cultivated vegetation, there are of the Serra, karstic landscapes and dryland wide expanses of orchards, especially dryland orchards in the intermediate zone of the orchards with olive, carob, fig and almond Barrocal, and cliffs, dune and lagoon systems trees. In the upland areas there are woods of on the coast. oak trees and scrubland, as well as large plan- Much of the land is occupied by areas of tations of pine trees and eucalyptus. agriculture and forest. The vegetation cover There is a wide range of animal life in the as it exists today is the result of a change region, especially of vertebrates, owing to in the natural cover of this region, which the diversity of biotopes. Fish such as the consisted mainly of woods of oak trees, cork- “saramugo” (Anaecypris hispanica) and the “es- and holm-oaks, as a consequence of the calo-do-Arade” (Leuciscus aradensis), the rep- human activity carried out in the region over tiles Schreiber’s green lizard, the chameleon thousands of years, but mainly during the and the stripe-necked terrapin, the Cabrera last century. As regards the natural vegeta- vole and the wild cat (mammals) and birds tion, the Algarve has the typical elements such as the purple swamphen and Bonelli’s of Mediterranean vegetation, with some of eagle, are all names to be found on the list the species associated with this, such as cork- of species found in the Algarve, and some oaks, kermes oaks, rosemary, mastic trees, of these are only found in Portugal or the spurge flax, oleander, and strawberry trees. Iberian Peninsula. Alcoutim guadiana Aljezur Monchique serra Castro Marim barrocal Vila Real de Silves Santo António Loulé Portimão São Brás Lagoa de Alportel Tavira Lagos Vila do Bispo Albufeira Olhão Faro costa vicentina litoral sul N O E S 0 5 10km
  • 0The wetland areas, especially estuarine areas Classified Sites of Rocha da Pena and Fonteand the lagoon systems known as “rias” (ria da Benémola. Including the 14 sites that areFormosa, ria de Alvor, Arade river, Guadiana part of Natura 2000 Network, some 38% ofestuary), have an important function for ani- the total area of the Algarve has conserva-mal life as they sustain an important com- tion status, which testifies to its biologicalmunity of fish which, together with other and scenic importance in European terms.wetland areas such as lakes, reed beds, rivers These protected areas and the ecologicaland streams, attract concentrations of bird corridors constitute the Regional Structurespecies of national and even international for the Protection and Enhancement ofimportance, as breeding locations, for win- the Environment, which is proposed bytering or during migration. Many of the main the Algarve Regional Land Regulation Plan,rivers and streams are also key ecological whose function is to define planning andcorridors for the survival of fish, mammals, management guidelines which enable na-reptiles and amphibians, as they provide ture conservation and human activity to beinterconnections between the natural areas harmonised, and which are conducive to thein the region. development of nature tourism.The protected areas in the Algarve are the Depending on their location and charac-Ria Formosa Natural Park, the Southwest teristics, the trails that have been selectedAlentejo and Vicentina Coast Natural Park allow most of the above natural assets to be(part of which is in the region), the Nature observed.Reserve of the Castro Marim and Vila Real deSanto António Salt Marsh, in addition to the Protected area N O E Natura 2000 Network Site S Ecological Corridor 0 5 10km
  • 0 Vila do Bispo Parish advice to walkers and cyclists BEFORE SETTING OFF Equipment and clothing to consider taking Hat, sunglasses and sun cream. Footwear that is suitable for the walk to be done. Light clothing that is suitable for the season, including rainwear. A small, light bag for carrying water, light, energy-providing meals, a basic first aid kit, compass, torch (in case you are walking after nightfall), mobile phone (although the mobile communication network does not cover all parts of the interior) and the guide to trails. In order to get full benefit from the natural surroundings, it might be a good idea to take a camera, a pair of binoculars and even a magnifying glass.
  • 0Other adviceFind out what the weather forecast is.Check your departure time and confirm that you can complete the trail beforeit gets dark.For trails which are located in hunting zones, take care during the autumnand winter months, especially on Thursdays, weekends and public holidays.(For further information, please contact the “Núcleo Florestal do Algarve”,the Algarve Forestry Centre).Do not take unnecessary valuables with you.Never set off on a walk alone.IN THE COUNTRYSIDEStick to the signposted trails.When going through inhabited and agricultural areas, respect people’scustoms, traditions and property.Respect the rules which are in force in protected areas.Avoid making a noise: do not shout or speak loudly.Never go on to the dunes. And, for your own safety, do not drive or park oncliff tops.Do not gather plants or rocks, and do not disturb animals.If faced with an aggressive animal, do not run. Continue walking.Never light fires.It is advisable to stop from time to time for light snacks. Drink a little watereach time, but sufficient to avoid becoming dehydrated.Do not leave any kind of rubbish behind. Take it with you and leave it wherethere is a rubbish collection service.Be alert to what is around you.
  • 0 map and index of trails Lisboa / Lisbon Lisboa / Lisbon Lisboa / Lisbon / Lisbon 13. Trail of Aromas 15. Trail of Tides 37. Sítio das Fontes Municipal Park Trail 17. Castelejo Environmental Trail 39. Paderne Castle Trail 21. At the whim of the tides 41. Cerro de São Vicente Trail 23. Rocha Delicada Trail 43. Rocha da Pena Trail 25. Praia Grande Interpretation Trail 45. Fonte Benémola Trail 27. São Lourenço Trail 47. A Walk to the Spring 29. Ilha da Culatra Trail 51. Discovering the Forest – Red Trail 31. Nature Discovery Trail of the 53. Discovering the Forest – Lilac Trail Marim Environmental Centre 55. Fóia Trail 33. Praia do Barril Trail 57. Lagoão Trail Note: The number of the trail corresponds to the number of the page where details can be found.
  • 0 Lisboa / LisbonLisboa / Lisbon mapa do algarve 59. Masmorra Trail 73. Ladeiras do Pontal Trail 61. D. Quixote Trail 75. Flow, flow ... Guadiana 63. Reserva Trail 77. Terras da Ordem Trail 65. Barranco das Lajes Trail 79. Amendoeira Trail 67. Between the Valleys, Springs and Memories 81. A Window on the Guadiana of the Serra do Caldeirão 83. Venta Moinhos Salt-marsh Trail 71. Uphill, downhill 85. Boa Vista Trail
  • 10 trail details layout Name Name of the trail. Signposted Whether there are signs on the trail, such as information panels Parish and signposts (in some cases, par- Municipality ticularly on beaches, only informa- Location Place where it is located. tion panels are provided). How to get there Indications about how to get there Special Features Here reference is made to any pe- and about the starting point.. culiarities of the trail, to any points Type Type of trail selected (On foot / of cultural interest or to any addi- by mountain bike / on horseback). tional information which could be Circular Trail Trail which starts and ends at the useful to walkers. same place and which, in most Natural interest This gives information about cases, only passes each point once. whether the walk passes through Distance Total distance to be covered includ- a Protected Area or a place that ing all the paths on the trail (reach- is part of Natura 2000 Network. It ing the starting point and returning also mentions different types of from the finishing point must be habitat that are of special natural added on non-circular trails). interest. Average Duration Calculated on the basis of the Description Brief description of what can be characteristics of the trail and on an seen on the route in terms of average speed of 3-3.5 kmph in the landscape, fauna, flora, or things case of walks. of cultural interest. The descrip- Ascent/Descent Based on the topographic profile. tion of the route follows the direc- Type of Path Roads, tracks and footpaths. tion suggested on the map. When to go? The best time to visit, bearing in Owners Whether the paths are public or mind weather conditions and the private. characteristics of the trail. Organisations Organisation(s) responsible for Approved Shows if the trail has been awarded Responsible the trail. the sign of approval by the Portu- Notes Additional information, such as guese Federation of Camping and whether the walk is in a hunting Mountaineering. zone. On “short routes” (PR), there are the following signs: “right way”, “wrong way” and “change of direction” (to the left or the right). change of direction right way wrong way to the left to the right
  • 11costavicentinathe west coast
  • costa vicentina the west coast13. Trail of Aromas15. Trail of Tides17. Castelejo Environmental Trail
  • 13 trail of aromas Name Trail of Aromas Parish Bordeira Municipality Aljezur Location BordeiraHow to Get There Take the A22 motorway as far as Bensafrim, and continue on the EN 120 in the direction of Aljezur; after 14 km turn off towards Bordeira. The trail starts to the north of the Ribeira da Bordeiraw. Type Walk Circular Trail Yes Distance 14 kmAverage Duration 04h30 m Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of Path Earth paths. When to Go? All year round, except on very hot days. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural Interest The trail is located in the Southwest Alentejo and Costa Vicentina Natural Park and in Natura 2000 Network (Costa Sudoeste site) Owners Public pathsOrg. Responsible Bordeira Parish Office Notes The trail is in a hunting zone.
  • 14Kermes Oak The trail begins at the information panel changes and you come across areas of wild which is located to the north of the Ribeira olive and olive trees. On the way to Monte da Bordeira, near the village of Bordeira. Novo, you walk through an area of scrubland To begin with, you walk through a wooded with scattered pine trees. area, with eucalyptus, stone pines and some Pedra Ruiva is an excellent place for seeing cork-oaks. The shrubby vegetation consists a wide range of plant species: the dwarf mainly of cistus, Montpellier cistus, Spanish heath, the wrinkle-leaved Cistus, mastic trees, purple phlomis, spurge flax and narrow-leaved phillyrea, the Spanish heath, heather. And the fauna is varied: here can be camphor thyme, the large yellow restharrow found the typical species of Mediterranean and basil-like sunrose. scrubland – wild boar, the Iberian hare, the On the way back to the starting point of the European rabbit, the great tit, the common trail and as you pass through Bordalete, you quail, the red-legged partridge, the common will see a wide variety of plants which, as buzzard, the mongoose etc. throughout the walk, do full justice to the Between the Ribeira do Tacual and the sec- name of this trail. ond panel, you enter a valley. The landscape
  • C D E 200 B 0 0 7500 15000 topographic profile (m) A F 0 0,25 0,5 km 1trail of aromas 1 A Ausgangspunkt Blick über das Tal D E Buschwerk Blick über das Meer B Ufervegetation F Blick über die Flur C Panoramablick Wanderweg
  • 15 trail of tides Name Trail of Tides Parish Bordeira Municipality Aljezur Location CarrapateiraHow to Get There Take the A22 motorway as far as Bensafrim, continue on the EN 120 in the direction of Aljezur and after 14 km turn off in the direction of Carrapateira. The trail starts next to the restaurant “O Sítio do Rio”, in Carrapateira. Type Walk/ Mountain bike / Horseback Circular Trail Yes Distance 19 kmAverage Duration 7h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of Path Earth paths and tarred road. When to Go? All year round except in the summer months and on very hot days. Approved No Signposted Yes Special Features There are earth paths with a certain amount of vehicular traffic. The coastal area can be very windy. Natural Interest The trail is located in the Southwest Alentejo and Costa Vicentina Natural Park and in Natura 2000 Network (Costa Sudoeste site). Owners Public pathsOrg. Responsible Bordeira Parish Office Notes The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 16 The trail begins in an area of dunes and In Vilarinha you can find a number of plant continues along the coast on the coastal pla- formations which indicate the existence of teau as far as the beach at Praia do Amado, a wetter environment associated with the through juniper trees, mastic trees, marram Ribeira da Carrapateira. This part of the trail grass and many other plants which have is particularly rich in vegetation. Alongside established themselves here and which have the wetland vegetation, there are also well made the dunes important places of biologi- developed formations that are typical of the cal and scenic diversity. Serra (e.g. areas of cork oaks or strawberry Along the coast you can see a number of trees). The fauna is also rich here and, in addi- aquatic birds that nest here or that pass tion to traces of the mammals that live here through here during migration. There are (wild boar, foxes etc), you may be surprised also a large number of nests of white storks by rabbits or hares in the areas of pasture, in the rocky cliffs, something that is unique scrubland or pine forest. This is also a very in the world. interesting part of the trail for observing From Praia do Amado, the trail continues birds, above all Passeriformes (such as black- towards the interior, and the landscape birds, the azure-winged magpie, the pied begins to change: gradually species such wagtail, the stonechat, the greenfinch, the as mastic trees, the white-leaved rockrose, great tit) and birds of prey (such as the short- the sage-leaf rockrose, cork-oaks and cistus toed eagle and the common buzzard). begin to appear.
  • B A 1 C E E D perfil topográfico 2000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 10000 20000 topographic profile (m) trail of the tides 1 A B Start of the trail View over the mouth of the Ribeira da Carrapateira Panoramic view D E F View over Praia do Amado Riverside vegetation Well-developed plant communities C Panoramic view Trail
  • 17 castelejo environmental trail Name Castelejo Environmental Trail Parish Vila do Bispo Municipality Vila do Bispo Location Castelejo Leisure AreaHow to Get There On arrival in Vila do Bispo, take road number 1265 which goes to the beach Praia do Castelejo. The trail starts in the Castelejo Leisure Area, which is located about halfway along this road, right in the middle of the Southwest Alentejo and Costa Vicentina Natural Park. Type Walk Circular Trail Yes Distance 3,5 kmAverage Duration 01h30 Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of Path Earth path. When to Go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural Interest The trail is located in the Southwest Alentejo and Costa Vicentina Natural Park and Natura 2000 Network Owners Public pathsOrg. Responsible Vila do Bispo Parish Office Notes There is a field guide available on CD.
  • 18 Stone Pine At the beginning of the trail, as far as the Then you enter an area covered mainly with warden’s house, you walk through an area of shrubs, especially cistus. pine trees (maritime and stone pines). On returning to the starting point of the trail, The shrubby vegetation mainly consists of you can see the Praia do Castelejo at certain Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths, mastic trees, points in the distance. The fauna that can cistus, white-leaved rockrose, Montpellier be seen here includes birds associated with cistus, lavender and strawberry trees. areas of pine trees and scrubland, such as The middle part of the trail continues mainly the great spotted woodpecker, the Eurasian through a gully wooded with stone pines jay and the great tit, certain reptiles and also and some eucalyptus. Here the trail runs signs of the presence of mammals such as along a small stream with the typical vegeta- wild boar, foxes and European rabbits. tion of such habitats on its banks, such as reed mace, tamarisk and giant reeds.
  • D 1 C B A150 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 2000 4000 topographic profile (m) castelejo 1 A Start of the walk in the Castelejo leisure area environmental trail Pine wood B Small lake C View over the valley D Panoramic view Trail
  • 19thesouthcoast
  • the south coast21. At the whim of the tides23. Rocha Delicada Trail25. Praia Grande Interpretation Trail27. São Lourenço Trail29. Ilha da Culatra Trail31. Nature Discovery Trail of the Marim Environmental Centre33. Praia do Barril Trail
  • 21 at the whim of the tides Name At the whim of the tides Freguesia Alvor Concelho Portimão Location The town of AlvorHow to get there From Portimão, go to Alvor. In the riverside area, beside the fishing port, head for the beach. On the beach, turn right on to a path which leads through the salt-marsh. Tipo Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 5 kmAverage duration 2h Declive (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth and sand paths. When to go? All year round. Approved No Sinalizado Yes Natural interest Salt-marsh wetland area. Dunes. Birdlife. Natura 2000 Network (Ria de Alvor site). Owners Public paths Ent. responsável Portimão Municipal Council
  • 22 This is a very interesting trail for the detailed marsh. Here, typical species such as the pink- observation of aquatic birds, both along flowered shrub Limoniastrum monopetalum, the beach and in the dunes and the Ria de the glasswort Sarcocornia fruticosa and the Alvor. Birds such as the common tern, the shrubby sea-blite can be seen. dunlin, herons, plovers, the northern gannet, After walking for about 3 km as far as Medo amongst many other species, can be seen in Grande, you reach the beach, where the trail their different types of habitat. continues as far as a wooden construction, Outside the summer season, and especially where you turn inland and return to the during periods of migration and in the win- starting point. ter, this area is rich in birdlife. The trail starts in the riverside area of the Ria de Alvor, and follows a path along the salt-
  • A 1B C 20 0 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 3000 6000 topographic profile (m) at the whim 1 A Start of the Trail Salt-marsh of the tides B Dune C Beach Trail
  • 23rochadelicada trailNameRocha Delicada TrailParishAlvorMunicipalityPortimãoLocationQuinta da RochaHow to get thereOn the EN 125 in the direction of Lagos, go as far asMexilhoeira Grande. The trail starts next to the railwaystation in this village.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance7 kmAverage duration2hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the mapof the trail)Type of pathEarth path.When to go?All year round, except on very hot days.ApprovedNoSignposted Natural interestYes Salt-marsh wetland area. Dunes. Birdlife. Sítio daSpecial Features Natura 2000 Network (Ria de Alvor site).At Quinta da Rocha, the association “A Rocha” has a OwnersCentre for the Study and Observation of Nature with Public pathsregular activities (ringing birds and environmental Org. responsibleeducation activities). Portimão Municipal Council
  • 24 The trail begins on a peninsula in the Ria de This diversity of landscapes, concentrated Alvor. To start with, you walk through fields, in a relatively small space, provides a high where vines and cereals are growing, degree of biodiversity, in particular birdlife, or cattle pasture, and there are some areas which varies significantly during the year. that are planted with dryland orchards (al- The best times for bird-watching are the win- mond and fig trees) and citrus. ter and the month of October, when large You then pass some fish-farming tanks, until numbers of limicoline birds and you reach a junction, and the trail continues Passeriformes can be seen. through a landscape of salt-marsh. In this Also of special interest are the birds of prey, habitat, interesting plant communities can most of which pass through the Ria de Alvor, be observed and a diversity of species associ- although species such as the peregrine ated with high, mid and low marsh zones. falcon, the common kestrel and the little owl Adjacent to the agricultural fields, there are are relatively common. extensive areas of pine trees and Mediterra- nean scrubland.
  • 1 A D 50 C 0 0 4000 8000 topographic profile (m) 0 0,25 0,5 km Brocha delicada trail 1 A Start of the trail Fish-farming tanks B Salt-marsh C Agricultural fields D Quinta da Rocha (Cruzinha) Trail
  • 25 praia grande interpretation trail Name Praia Grande Interpretation Trail Parish Pêra Municipality Silves Location Praia GrandeHow to get there From the A22 motorway, take the Algoz exit and head for Pêra, crossing the EN 125. After 300 m, turn left at the junction and, when you reach a roundabout, take the second exit. The trail begins on the right hand side of the road, where there are some windmills. Type Walk Circular trail No Distance 5,5 kmAverage duration 2h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth path and beach. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Special Features The return to the starting point can be done along the main road which provides access to the beach. Natural interest Salt-marsh wetland area and coastal lagoon. Birdlife. Dune system. Pine wood Owners Earth paths, except for the part in front of the dune system. Org. responsible CCDR-Algarve Notes There is another trail in the same area.
  • 26 cattle egret The trail begins in an area of dryland farming You then walk through the dunes which join with carob, almond and fig trees. the mouth of the Ribeira de Alcantarilha to Windmills and barns used some years ago the bar of the Salgados lagoon. This is the can still be seen. most interesting place to appreciate the After crossing these fields, you can see an dune vegetation, such as sea holly, European area of stone pines on a fossil cliff. sea rocket, cottonweed, sea medick, curry The undergrowth consists mainly of mastic plant, spiny thrift, coastal crucianella and trees, European fan-palms, spurge flax, white large yellow restharrow. asparagus and conehead thyme. When you reach the Salgados lagoon, on Continuing in the direction of the beach, the other side of the rush-bed, areas of giant you reach the salt-marsh of the Ribeira de cane and reed mace can be seen, especially Alcantarilha, where the different plant com- along the Ribeira de Espiche which flows out munities can be seen that flourish in here. There is a major birdlife community a wetland area: rush-beds, halophytic scrub here, with such interesting species as the and Mediterranean salt meadows, which, ferruginous duck, the purple swamphen, the together with the silt banks, are of great in- common spoonbill, the black-winged stilt, terest from the point of view of conservation. the purple heron and the little tern.
  • A 1 B C C D C E50 F0 0 3000 6000 topographic profile (m) 0 0,25 0,5 km praia grande 1 A Start of the trail Pine wood E Salgados lagoon; bird watching interpretation trail B Salt-marsh F Beach C Dune sistem Trail D View over fields
  • 27são lourençotrailNameSão Lourenço TrailParishAlmancilMunicipalityLouléLocationQuinta do LagoHow to get thereWhen you get to Almancil, turn off to Quinta do Lagoand follow the signposts as far as the car park at Praiada Quinta do Lago.TypeWalkCircular trailNoDistance3,4 km (there and back)Average duration01h30Ascent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the mapof the trail)Type of pathEarth pathWhen to go?All year round.ApprovedNoSignpostedYes, marked with stakes painted with a blue bar.Special FeaturesThe trail can sometimes be submerged due to thefact that the salt-marsh is an area affected by tides.Be careful of stray balls when walking near the golfcourse.Natural interest OwnersSalt-marsh wetland area and freshwater lakes. Birdlife. Public pathsTrail located in the Ria Formosa Natural Park and Organisations responsibleNatura 2000 Network (Site Ria Formosa/ Quinta do Lago, Loulé Municipal Council, PNRFCastro Marim). and Infraquinta
  • 28 Purple swamphen At the start of the trail, on the side of the ria, the São Lourenço golf course, where the the dune system, the lagoon and the salt- common reed, reed mace and rushes are the marsh can be seen. The trail runs alongside dominant species. At this artificial lake, there the golf course, next to an area of housing is an observatory for bird watching with a located in the pine wood. In these areas of wide range of aquatic birds, the main ones pine trees (stone pines and maritime pines) being the purple swamphen, the little bit- there are interesting animals such as the tern, the little grebe, different species of duck azure-winged magpie, and the chameleon, and the Eurasian coot. The lake can also be a reptile species which only exists in Portugal a good place to see the two species of ter- on the coastal strip of the Algarve. rapin that are native to Portugal. When you reach a small patch of pine trees, On the way to the Roman ruins, you once you can find other types of shrubby vegeta- again enter an area with a view of the salt- tion such as sage-leaved rockrose, Genista marsh, with an excellent view over the ria, hirsuta gorse-heaths and mastic trees. where birds including limicoline birds and A few metres further on, you get to a lake on colourful flamingos can regularly be seen.
  • 1 A E B C D topographic 50 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 1000 2000 topographic profile (m)são lourenço trail 1 A Start of the trail Salt-marsh and view over the dune system B Beginning of the pine wood C Freshwater lakes and observatory for bird watching D View over the ria and the salt-marsh E Roman ruins Trail
  • 29 ilha da culatra trail Name Ilha da Culatra Trail Parish Sé Municipality Faro Location Ilha da Culatra How to get there From Olhão, catch the boat at the quay; there is transport all year round to this island. Type Walk Circular trail No Distance 5,6 km (there and back) Average duration 2h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Wooden walkway and beach. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural interest Salt-marsh wetland area. Birdlife. Trail located in the Ria Formosa Natural Park and in Natura 2000 Network (Ria Formosa/ Castro Marim site). Owners Public pathsOrg.(s) responsible Ria Formosa Natural Park, Faro Municipal Council and Ambifaro
  • 30 Marram grass After crossing the ria and arriving in Culatra, When you reach the beach, the trail con- you enter the village where there is an in- tinues to the left. The remains of shells and formation panel for this trail. Take the main aquatic sea birds are some of the natural as- street towards the beach, where you will pects that can be observed, until you reach find a wooden walkway which leads walkers a path signposted with a tree trunk, leading through the dune system. to a walkway which ends at an inlet of the ria. The dune vegetation is of particular interest Here you will have a chance to observe the because of the way it has adapted to birds of the ria – such as the common red- demanding conditions in terms of tempera- shank, the Eurasian curlew, the dunlin, the ture, salinity and anchorage in the ground. little tern, the great cormorant, and the grey Plants such as seaside chamomile, heron, among many others – while you take Portuguese thyme, curry plant, marram grass, the chance to have a rest. sand couch-grass and sea holly are some of To return, you walk back along the same trail. the dune species that are most abundant.
  • 1 E D A B C topographic 50 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 1500 3000 topographic profile (m)ilha da culatra trail 1 A Start of the trail Salt-marsh vegetation B Dune vegetation C Beach D Dune vegetation E View over the Ria Formosa Trail
  • nature 31discovery trailof the marimenvironmentalcentreNameNature Discovery Trail of the MarimEnvironmental CentreParishQuelfesMunicipalityOlhãoLocationQuinta de MarimHow to get thereTravelling on the EN 125 in the direction Faro–Vila Realde Santo António, turn right next to a filling station1 km after Olhão. Here you will see a sign to theaccess road leading to the head office of the PNRF.The Marim Environmental Education Centre is wherethe trail takes place.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance3 kmAverage duration Special Features01h30 Interpretation Centre with equipment and facilitiesAscent/descent for supporting environmental education activities.(See diagram of the topographic profile on Natural interestthe map of the trail) Birdlife. Salt-marsh and freshwater and brackish waterType of path lakes. Pine wood. Salt pans. Trail located in the Ria For-Earth path and beach. mosa Natural Park (PNRF) and in Natura 2000 NetworkWhen to go? (Ria Formosa/ Castro Marim site).All year round. OwnersApproved Institute for Nature Conservation (ICN)No Org. ResponsibleSignposted ICN (Ria Formosa Natural Park).Yes
  • 32 The trail starts in an area of pine trees at the Marim Environmental Education Centre (CEAM) and continues in the direction of the Interpretation Centre. The trail goes through a number of points of natural interest, such as pine woods, salt pans, areas of salt-marsh and reed-beds, a freshwater lake, an area of dunes and an- other of dryland orchards. In these types of habitat, you can see a wide range of animal life, especially birds. Species such as the white stork, the great tit, the black-winged stilt, the little egret and the coot are some of those that can be seen here. In addition, the vegetation associated with each zone of the CEAM is especially interesting and varied. The trail also includes other points of inter- est such as a tuna boat (a boat used for transporting tuna which was recovered by the PNRF), a tidal mill, observatories for bird-watching, Roman ruins (salting tanks), a centre for the rehabilitation of birds, a kennel which specialises in the Portuguese water- dog, a picnic site and the house of the poet João Lúcio. In the Interpretation Centre you can obtain publications, see exhibitions and get infor- mation connected with environmental issues and in particular with the Ria Formosa.
  • O M L P N 1 K A J B I C G H F D E 50 topographic 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 1500 3000 topographic profile (m)nature discovery 1 A Start of the trail Marim Interpretation I J Salt-marsh Freshwater lake andtrail of the marim Centre observatory for bird watchingenvironmental B C Pine wood Salt pans K L Salting tanks (Roman ruin) Dryland orchardscentre D Fish-farming tanks M Centre for the rehabilitation E Tuna boat of birds F Rush-bed N Water-wheel G Dunes O Portuguese water-dog kennel H Tidal mill P Picnic site Trail
  • 33 praia do barril trail Name Praia do Barril Trail Parish Santa Luzia Municipality Tavira Location Pedras d’ El Rei How to get there On the EN 125, between Luz de Tavira and Tavira, follow the signpost to Pedras d’ El Rei. After you go through the tourist village, the trail starts near the walkway that crosses over the ria. Type Walk Circular trail No Distance 3 km (there and back, excluding the trail on the beach) Average duration 01h15 Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Walkway and beach. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural interest Salt-marsh wetland area. Birdlife. The trail is located in the Ria Formosa Natural Park and in Natura 2000 Network (Ria Formosa/ Castro Marim site). Owners Public pathOrg.(s) responsible Tavira Municipal Council and ICN (Ria Formosa Natural Park)
  • 34 The Praia do Barril trail starts at the entrance here include limicoline birds (dunlins, plovers, to the beach, and goes through a wide area the red knot, the black-winged stilt, the of salt-marsh as far as the dunes and the old avocet), seagulls and terns, as well as herons. fishermen’s buildings, which have now been When you reach the beach, you can con- turned into beach support facilities. tinue the trail on either side: on the right, in This is an interesting trail for observing the the area where the dune system is being birds of the ria and the vegetation of the restored and is protected by a palisade, dunes and the salt-marsh, especially at low a variety of indigenous plant species can tide when a large area of mud flats is be seen; on the left, it is suggested that you uncovered where birds feed and interesting read the information panel to find out a bit species such as the fiddler crab live. more about the history surrounding the The main species of birds that can be seen “anchor cemetery”.
  • 1 A B D E C topographic 50 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 750 1500 topographic profile (m)praia do barril trail 1 A Start of the trail Salt-marsh B View over the northern side of the dune system C Dune D Fishermen’s buildings (turned into beach support facilities) E Cemitério de âncoras (anchor cemetery) Trail
  • 35barrocal
  • barrocal37. Sítio das Fontes Municipal Park Trail39. Paderne Castle Trail41. Cerro de São Vicente Trail43. Rocha da Pena Trail45. Fonte Benémola Trail47. A Walk to the Spring
  • 37sítiodas fontesmunicipalpark trailNameSítio das Fontes Municipal Park TrailParishEstômbarMunicipalityLagoaLocationSítio das FontesHow to get thereFollow the A22 motorway, take the exit to Silves andcontinue in the direction of the railway station.At the next roundabout, turn right and continue untilyou see a sign indicating the municipal park.The trail begins next to the car park.TypeWalkCircular trailNoDistance1,2 km (there and back)Average duration30 min.Ascent/descent Natural interest(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map There are facilities for visitors at the park (e.g. a Natureof the trail) Interpretation Centre, a picnic site, a training circuitType of path and a playground).Earth path. Natural interestWhen to go? Springs. Different types of habitat.All year round. Natura 2000 Network (Arade/Odelouca site).Approved OwnersNo Public pathsSignposted Org. responsibleYes Lagoa Municipal Council
  • 38 Mastic tree “Sítio das Fontes” (Place of Springs) is located Continuing along the signposted trail, you on the banks of a branch of the Rio Arade. reach the springs from which the park The site occupies a small area with a wide derives its name, as well as a weir and the range of environments, including areas of associated tidal mill. Near the mill in the area salt-marsh, marsh, Mediterranean scrubland, of salt-marsh can be seen a number of riverine vegetation and stretches of fresh, species that are typical of this habitat, such brackish and salt water. as saltwort and the sea rush. At the beginning of the trail, a water-wheel On the land around the trail, there are can be seen, which at one time was used dryland orchards and well-developed areas to irrigate agricultural fields and vegetable of mastic trees and scrubland. The whole plots that have since been abandoned. trail provides good opportunities for observ- You can also visit the Nature Interpretation ing the local fauna, especially aquatic birds and Centre (CIN), which is housed in an old birds associated with Mediterranean scrubland. restored rural building, and find out about a system for wastewater treatment using plants.
  • E D C A B 1 topographic 50 0 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 400 800 topographic profile (m)sítio das fontes 1 A Start of the trail Nature Interpretation Centre (CIN)municipal park trail B Springs C Weir and mill D Area of mastic trees E Panoramic View Trail
  • 39 paderne castle trail Name Paderne Castle Trail Parish Paderne Municipality Albufeira Location Around Paderne CastleHow to get there Leave the A22 motorway in the direction of Albufeira, turn off to Ferreiras and follow the signs to Paderne. In Paderne, follow the road to the castle. This walk can begin on the way from Paderne or at the water-mill at the castle. Type Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 4,5 kmAverage duration 01h30 Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth footpath. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Special Features Paderne castle. During the rainy season, the weir may become impassable which means that the walk would have to be done in the opposite direction to that in the description. Natural interest Riverine vegetation and juniper wood. Part of the Ribeira de Quarteira site of Natura 2000 Network. Owners Public and private paths Org. responsible CCDR-Algarve Notes There is another walk in the same area.
  • 40 strawberry tree The walk follows both banks of the Ribeira de to tradition) and from there you can con- Quarteira. If you begin the walk at the castle tinue along the left bank, along the valley water-mill, you cross the weir and continue where there is a narrow strip of flat land with along the right bank of the river. carob and olive trees. It is well worth climb- In this valley, with steep sides, you can see a ing up to the castle from where the view wide variety of plants such as purple phlomis, over the valley and the surrounding area is various species of Cistus, the European fan especially beautiful. palm, the mastic tree, Montpellier cistus, the As regards fauna, there have been sightings strawberry tree, the Kermes oak, spurge flax, of mammals such as the otter, the weasel, wild olives, juniper and narcissi. The banks of the lesser mouse-eared bat and the the river are dominated by reeds, tamarisk, European hedgehog, and it is easy to oleander and the narrow-leafed ash. observe some of the typical birds of Mediter- To reach the left bank of the river, cross the ranean woodland, aquatic birds and even a bridge (which is Roman in origin, according number of amphibians and reptiles.
  • 1 A 2 E B C D100 100 topographic topographic 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 0 1250 2500 0 500 1000 topographic profile (m) topographic profile (m) paderne castle trail 1 2 Beginning of the trail, starting from the access to Paderne Beginning of the trail, starting from the water-mill A Water-mill and weir B Vegetation on the banks of the river C Roman bridge D Paderne Castle E Plain Trail
  • 41cerro de sãovicente trailNameCerro de São Vicente Trail (PR2)ParishPaderneMunicipalityAlbufeiraLocationPaderneHow to get thereLeave the A22 motorway in the direction of Albufeira,turn off to Ferreiras and then follow the signs toPaderne until you reach the Estádio João Campos.The walk begins next to the Chapel of Nossa Senhoraao Pé da Cruz.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance11 kmAverage duration03h30Ascent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathRural paths and tarred road.When to go?All year round.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesIt might not be possible to cross the Ribeira deAlgibre during the rainy season.Natural interestThe walk is located in an area of Natura 2000 Network Org. responsible(Barrocal site). Albufeira Municipal CouncilOwners NotesPublic paths Located in a hunting zone.
  • 42 Start near the Chapel of Nossa Senhora ao Pé da Cruz, and cross the Ribeira de Quarteira over the D. Carlos I bridge, also known as the Paderne bridge. As the Cerro de S. Vicente comes into view, you leave behind a landscape where there is a clear human presence. Before you begin to climb, the path is flanked by dryland orchards with fig, carob and almond trees. On the ascent, the landscape is dominated by agricultural smallholdings. Some of the shrubby vegetation already shows signs of typical Mediterranean vegetation, with species such as juniper, mastic trees, Kermes oak and lavender. At the top, you enter an area of Kermes oaks and carob trees. From here on, there is a panoramic view of the surrounding area, especially over Paderne, over areas of the typical scrubland of the Algarve Barrocal and even over the motorway, which has a major visual impact on the countryside. As you descend to the valley, the most com- monly seen species of typical Mediterranean vegetation are the white-leaved rockrose, pur- ple phlomis, the strawberry tree, Montpellier cistus, the Kermes oak, spurge flax, Ulex argen- teus and Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths. In the valley, the landscape consists of orchards of carob trees and citrus. The final part of the walk takes you through the plains of the Ribeira de Alte and the Ribeira de Algibre. In the latter, you can cross at the ford or over small stones. Fig trees, olive trees, vines and typical riverine vegetation can be seen alongside the walk until you get back to the starting point. In terms of vertebrates, the principal ones to be seen are aquatic fauna and those seen near rivers: the otter, the stripe-necked terrapin or fish such as the Hybrid minnow Rutilus albur- noides and the Iberian endemic Chondrostoma lemmingii.Kermes oak
  • E F 1 D C A B perfil topográfico 3000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 6000 12000 topographic profile (m) cerro de 1 Start of the Trail (Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Pé da Cruz) D E Valley with orchards Ribeira de Alte são vicente trail A B C Panoramic view Ruins of São Vicente mill Mediterranean vegetation F Ribeira de Algibre Trail
  • 43rochada pena trailNameRocha da Pena TrailParishSalir e BenafimMunicipalityLouléLocationRocha da PenaHow to get thereFrom Loulé, go to Salir and take the EN 124 towardsAlte. Before you reach the village of Pena, turn off toRocha da Pena. The trail begins at Rocha.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance6,4 kmAverage duration2hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the mapof the trail)Type of pathStony path and footpaths.When to go?Not during the summer or on very hot days.ApprovedNoSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesHuge rocky outcrop. Karstic landscape.Natural interestScenery. Vegetation. Birdlife. The trail is located in theRocha da Pena Classified Site and in the Barrocal siteof Natura 2000 Network.OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsibleLoulé Municipal Council
  • 44 white-leaved rockrose The trail starts up a steep slope to the bats, which have an important hibernation plateau, which is 479 metres above sea level and breeding colony here. at the Talefe viewing point. During the trail you will be able to see a Rocha da Pena is located in a transitional significant number of the typical flora and area between the Barrocal and the Serra, fauna of the Algarve Barrocal and Serra. which means that it displays a high degree The view over the wide landscapes all of biodiversity. Mixed woods of holm-oaks around is another of this trail’s main attrac- and juniper trees, areas of Kermes oaks and tions. Also on the plateau, it is especially species such as rosemary, the Western peony, interesting to see the rock wall, which is the white-leaved rockrose and the European thought to date back to the Iron Age. fan palm contribute to the high degree of The trail then descends to the village of diversity in plant life in this classified site. In Penina, and from there to Rocha, on a path terms of fauna, the highlight is Bonelli’s eagle, from where most of the south-facing escarp- which nested here regularly in recent times, ment can be seen. as well as some species of cave-dwelling
  • B D C E AF G 1 500 200 0 3500 7000 topographic profile (m) 0 0,25 0,5 km rocha da 1 A Start of the trail Mediterranean vegetation E Talefe viewing point and panoramic view pena trail B Panoramic view (North) F Village of Penina C Panoramic view (South) G View over the escarpment D Rock wall Trail
  • 45 fonte benémola trail Name Fonte Benémola Trail Parish Querença Municipality Loulé Location Fonte BenémolaHow to get there From Loulé heading towards Salir, at the crossroads in Tôr turn towards Querença on the EM 524. After crossing the bridge over the Ribeira da Fonte Menalva, continue on the road along the river until you turn to the left on to a gravel road. Type Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 4,4 kmAverage duration 01h30 Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth paths. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Special Features Springs Natural interest Riverine vegetation. Springs. The trail is located in the Fonte Benémola Classified Site and in the Barrocal site of Natura 2000 Network. Owners Public paths Org. responsible Loulé Municipal Council
  • 46 The trail begins at Fica Bem, and you walk along an earth path through a valley with a number of agricultural fields and orchards. On the slopes of the valley, the vegetation is typical for the Barrocal, although at the end of the walk there is an area of schistose soils dominated by cistus and cork-oaks. Along the Ribeira da Fonte Menalva the river- ine vegetation is dense and diverse, consisting of species such as narrow-leaved ash, tamarisk, white willow, oleander, laurustinus and European white poplar. The river is the habitat of some important species from a conservational point of view, such as terrapins, otters, and the common kingfisher, along with many species of verte- brates. The areas adjacent to the river are also of great importance as they contain a large number of Algarve species of flora and fauna. The Ribeira da Fonte Menalva flows all year round because of a number of springs. This is even the case in the summer, espe- cially downstream from Fonte Benémola. Stripe-necked terrapin There is also a picnic site on the trail.
  • F E D C B G A 1 200 0 0,25 0,5 km 100 0 2500 5000 topographic profile (m)fonte 1 A Start of the trail Lime kiln D E Riverside vegetation Springsbenémola trail B Agricultural fields F Picnic area and orchards G Basket-maker C View over the plain of the and sales of handicrafts Ribeira da Fonte Menalva Trail
  • 47a walkto the springNameA Walk to the SpringParishS. Brás de AlportelMunicipalityS. Brás de AlportelLocationStarts and ends at Fonte da Mesquita.How to get thereOn arrival at S. Brás Alportel, take the EN 270 in thedirection of Tavira and turn right at the crossroads toFonte da Mesquita. The trail starts at the crossroads inFonte Mesquita.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance9 kmAverage duration3hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathCountry paths and tarred road.When to go?All year round.ApprovedNo (in the process of being approved)SignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesThere is a point of geological interest and a water-mill.Natural interestDifferent types of habitat. Landscape.OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsibleS. Brás de Alportel Municipal Council
  • 48 The trail starts on old rural paths flanked by of cork-oaks along the whole length of this fields. The descent on the path from Bugia stretch of the trail, which is covered on a road. leads to a place where there is a panoramic At Monte das Favas there is a panoramic view over countryside of great diversity. view over the adjacent valley and you can Between the typical dryland orchards which also see a wide range of species which are dominate the landscape, you can find areas typical of agricultural areas, especially pas- of the natural vegetation of the Barrocal, with seriform birds. the main species being western peonies, The trail continues as far as the point of geo- Kermes oaks, the white-leaved rockrose and logical interest, where there is an information conehead thyme. panel on which limestone breccia is high- When you reach the Ribeira do Bengado, a lighted, an ornamental rock of great beauty. number of pieces of hydraulic equipment At the end of the trail, you walk through an can be seen as well as a wide range of area where the traditional dryland orchards riverine vegetation. In the adjoining fields, gradually make way for areas of carob trees, much of the landscape is dominated by olive cork-oaks and holm-oaks. trees and by dryland orchards and vegetable plots. When you head south, there is an area
  • A B C1 D E F 400 0 0,25 0,5 km 100 0 4500 9000 topographic profile (m) a walk 1 A Start of the trail Panoramic view D E Panoramic view Point of geological interest to the spring B Valley of the F Water-mill Ribeira do Bengado Trail C Sobreiral
  • 49serra
  • serra51. Discovering the Forest – Red Trail53. Discovering the Forest – Lilac Trail55. Fóia Trail57. Lagoão Trail59. Masmorra Trail61. D. Quixote Trail63. Reserva Trail65. Barranco das Lajes Trail67. Between the Valleys, Springs and Memories of the Serra do Caldeirão
  • 51 discovering the forest – red trail Name Discovering the forest – Red Trail Parish Barão de S. João Municipality Lagos Location Mata de Barão de São JoãoHow to get there Take the A22 motorway as far as Bensafrim. After driving through the town, turn right to Barão de São João. The trail begins near the Centro Cultural in this village. To the north there is an information panel produced by the Algarve Regional Agriculture Directorate. Type Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 12 kmAverage duration 4h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth paths. When to go? Not in the summer or on very hot days. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural interest Panoramic views. Natura 2000 Network (Costa Sudoeste site). Owners Public paths Org. responsible Lagos Municipal Council Notes Part of the trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 52 Cistus From the beginning of the trail as far as the through an area of narrow gullies, and walk warden’s house, the landscape is dominated along the edge of small water courses. by acacia trees. Sporadically, at the edges The vegetation includes species such as the of this area, areas of pine and cistus can be mastic tree, the strawberry tree, purple found. Further ahead, the trail goes into an phlomis, wild olives, Kermes oaks, and differ- area where the vegetation changes to being ent species of Cistus, although Ulex argenteus dispersed, with the species of thyme Thymus gorse-heaths and lavender are more abundant. villosus, Ulex argenteus gorse-heaths, Portu- The mammals seen here in the forest include guese heath, cistus and some cork-oaks. Iberian hares and European rabbits, and In the middle section of the trail, which goes there are also signs of wild boar and carni- from Vinha Velha to Relvas, there are places vores such as genets and the mongoose Her- from where views over the serra can be pestes ichneumon. As regards birdlife, there enjoyed. is a wide range of Passeriformes, and birds From the southern edge of the forest back of prey such as the little owl, the common to the starting point of the trail, you pass buzzard and Bonelli’s eagle.
  • A 1 B C D perfil topográfico300 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 7000 14000 topographic profile (m) discovering the forest – red trail 1 A B Start of the trail Mediterranean vegetation Panoramic view C D Panoramic view (trig point) Riverside vegetation Trail
  • 53 discovering the forest – lilac trail Name Discovering the Forest – Lilac Trail Parish Barão de São João Municipality Lagos Location Mata de Barão de São João (Woodland)How to get there Take the A22 motorway as far as Bensafrim. After driving through the town, turn right to Barão de São João. The trail begins near the Centro Cultural in this village. To the north there is an information panel produced by the Algarve Regional Agriculture Directorate. Type Earth paths. Circular trail Yes Distance 6 kmAverage duration 2h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth paths. When to go? Not in the summer or on very hot days. Approved No Signposted Yes Natural interest Landscape. Natura 2000 Network (Costa Sudoeste site). Owners Public paths Org. responsible Lagos Municipal Council
  • 54 From the beginning of the trail as far as the species of thyme Thymus villosus, the dwarf warden’s house, the landscape is dominated Spanish heath and lavender. by acacia trees. From the warden’s house, the From the northeast edge of the forest as far path goes round the picnic site which is set as Pedra Branca, the landscape is dominated in an area of stone pines. by pine trees, this time maritime pine. The path now follows a water course. At the top of Pedra Branca there is a menhir On the edges of the forest, the vegetation from the Palaeolithic period (Pedra de Galo), comprises scrub with cistus, strawberry trees, and this is a good spot to enjoy the view of Ulex argenteus gorse-heaths, purple phlomis, the hills of the serra. From here back to the narrow-leaved phillyrea and false yellowhead, starting point, acacias and pine trees are the along with a number of cork-oaks. main species. Once in the middle of the forest, you can In terms of fauna, the same species can be find other interesting species such as the seen as on the “Red Trail”.
  • D A B 1 C topographic 3000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 2500 5000 topographic profile (m) discovering the forest 1 A Start of the trail Pine wood and picnic site – lilac tour B Mediterranean vegetation C Mediterranean vegetation D Palaeolithic Menhir (Pedra do Galo) Trail
  • 55fóia trailNameFóia TrailParishMonchiqueMunicipalityMonchiqueLocationFóiaHow to get thereLeave Monchique on the EM 266-3 as far as the Fóiaviewpoint, where the trail begins.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance7 kmAverage duration02h30Ascent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the mapof the trail)Type of pathEarth paths, footpaths and tarred road.When to go?Not in the summer, or on very hot or very cold days.ApprovedNoSignpostedYesNatural interestNatura 2000 Network (Monchique site).OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsibleMonchique Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 56 Common rhododendron You start the walk in Fóia, and head in the In this area the landscape is dominated by direction of Pegões, with the view stretching eucalyptus and pine trees. After a few hun- away over the northern slope. You can see dred metres, the trail continues on footpaths, a wide range of species of Portuguese flora, up an ascent where the vegetation is mainly with Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths, tree heath, shrubby (e.g. cistus, dwarf gorse, lavender, common rhododendrons and bracken being sage-leaved rockrose and wrinkle-leaved the most common. cistus.). Half way up the ascent, you can en- The trail continues through areas of euca- joy a view over the countryside to the south. lyptus trees which occupy a significant part Once back on Fóia, you can see the coastline of the Serra de Monchique, which was once and the ocean from the viewpoint when it is dominated by oak trees (cork, Portuguese not too cloudy. and Algerian oaks). The Serra de Monchique is one of the places On the descent, after going through Montes in Portugal where the endangered species da Fóia, the scenery changes to cork-oaks Bonelli’s eagle and the Iberian Schreiber’s and to scattered chestnut trees and maritime green lizard have found refuge. In addition pines. The panoramic view is now to the to these, a large number of birds, reptiles south, over hills and valley. and amphibians have been sighted, which is The trail then continues on a tarred road. another of this trail’s plus points.
  • A 1 D B C topographic 10000 0,25 0,5 km 600 0 4000 8000 topographic profile (m) fóia trail 1 A Start of the trail Panoramic view B Areas of oak and chestnut trees C Panoramic view D Viewpoint Trail
  • 57lagoão trailNameLagoão TrailParishSão Marcos da SerraMunicipalitySilvesLocationSão Marcos da SerraHow to get thereTake the IC1 heading north. Turn off to São Marcos daSerra and head in the direction of the football pitch.The trail starts next to the fire station.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance10 kmAverage duration03h30Ascent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathEarth pathWhen to go?Not during the summer or on very hot days.ApprovedNoSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesIt might not be possible to cross the river during therainy season.Natural interestPart of the trail is located in Natura 2000 Network(Monchique site).OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsibleSilves Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 58 The trail goes along the banks of the Ribeira de Odelouca. To begin with, when you leave Monte Pereiro and head north, you pass through a landscape of cork-oaks, almond trees and cistus. The views over the Ribeira de Odelouca enable you to see natural areas of riverine vegetation consisting of narrow-leaved ash, tamarisk and willow. These areas are inter- spersed with dense areas of reed-beds which have a well-known negative impact on the rivers of the Algarve. The landscape for much of the trail consists of olive trees and cork-oaks (with well-devel- oped tree cover and also more recent planta- tions). In terms of shrubs, there are species such as cistus, lavender, wrinkle-leaved cistus, sage-leaved rockrose, purple phlomis, straw- berry trees and green lavender. After crossing the river in the direction of Pereiros, you reach a small dam flanked by plantations of pine and olive trees. You then walk through the valley, which contains wooded areas and agricultural fields, and cross a wide area of valley - known as Lagoão – until you reach the village of São Marcos da Serra. Once you have crossed the village and the Ribeira de Odelouca, you return to the beginning of the trail. Turtle-doves, golden orioles, European rabbits, common kingfishers, azure-winged magpies, Iberian green frogs and Mediter- ranean tree frogs are just some of the species that can be seen on this trail, where there is an interesting mosaic of different types of land use.
  • C D B A E 1 perfil topográfico 2000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 5000 10000 topographic profile (m) lagoão trail 1 A B Start of the trail View over the Ribeira de Odelouca Crossing point over the C D E Area of forest Water-wheel Main church Ribeira de Odelouca Trail anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas
  • 59 masmorra trail Name Masmorra Trail (PR8) Parish Cachopo Municipality Tavira Location MealhaHow to get there In Cachopo, at the roundabout, turn off in the direction of Martim Longo and turn left when you see the sign to Mealha. The trail starts at the “Centro de Descoberta” (Discovery Centre). Type Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 5,5 kmAverage duration 2h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Rural paths and road. When to go? All year round, except on very hot days. Approved Yes Signposted Yes Special Features Dolmens of Masmorra, remains of ancient civilisations. Typical barns. In Mealha, the “Centro de Descoberta” is equipped to enable people to stay and also serves as a support facility for walks. Natural interest Landscape. Birdlife. Types of habitat associated with water courses. Owners Public paths Org. responsible “In Loco” Association and Tavira Municipal Council Notes The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 60 The trail begins at the “Centro de Descoberta” and leads between houses, vegetable plots, barns and cattle pens, following the Ribeir- inha, until you cross over it. In this area, the vegetation consists of holm-oaks as well as cork-oaks, almond trees and Kermes oaks. Further on, the vegetation cover includes other species such as mastic trees, purple phlomis, rushes, myrtle, oleander and carob trees. And when you start to climb up to the hill of Masmorra, species that can be seen more often are wild olive, cistus, spurge flax and lavender. At the top of this hill, there is a nice view over the surrounding countryside. After passing the windmills, have a look at the dolmens of Masmorra, which were once used for funeral ceremonies. From here to the starting point, the trail descends until you pass over the Ribeirinha once again, and then through vegetable plots until you reach Mealha. The different habitats that this trail passes through allow you to see a wide range of the typical fauna and flora of the Algarve Dolmen mountains.
  • C D E B A 1 topographic 4000 0,25 0,5 km 200 0 3000 6000 topographic profile (m) masmorra trail 1 A Start of the trail Barns and cattle pens B Mediterranean vegetation C Panoramic view D Windmill E Dolmens of Masmorra Trail
  • 61d. quixote trailNameD. Quixote Trail (PR1)ParishCachopoMunicipalityTaviraLocationCasas BaixasHow to get thereWhen you reach Cachopo, turn towards Tavira andafter about 1 km you will see a sign to Casas Baixas onthe left. The trail begins close to the “Centro de Desco-berta” (Discovery Centre).TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance17 kmAverage duration6hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profileon the map of the trail)Type of pathEarth path and tarred road.When to go?Not during the summer or on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesThe “Centro de Descoberta” in Casas Baixas isequipped to enable people to stay and serves as asupport facility for walks.Natural interest Org. responsibleLandscape and biodiversity of the serra. “In Loco” Association and Tavira Municipal CouncilOwners NotesPublic paths The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 62 The trail starts in a northerly direction, and is a nice place to stop for a rest and enjoy the passes through the village of Alcarias Baixas. countryside. Maybe you will see some of the The landscape consists of cistus, but gradually many species of birds, mammals, amphibians changes to areas of cork-oaks and plantations and reptiles to be found in this area. of pine trees. In some places there is an abun- Species such as the European rabbit, the Ibe- dance of lavender and spotted rockroses, rian green frog, the lark, the Eurasian jay, the which makes the scenery very colourful red-legged partridge and the golden oriole during the flowering season. are relatively common. As far as Amoreira, you walk alongside a river After leaving Graínho you cross an area of flat and through orchards and vineyards. The trail land with agricultural fields, orchards, vine- continues through areas of cork-oaks, cistus yards and pasture. The vegetation includes and pine trees as far as the hill of Cerro do cistus and holm- and cork-oaks, and close Bicudo. From there, you can see the Ribeira to Passa Frio, the trail continues next to two de Odeleite and the valley, and the hillsides windmills which are evidence of another way covered with cistus, strawberry trees, pine of life in the Algarve Serra. The trail continues trees and holm-oaks. as far as the “Centro de Descoberta” in Casas Next to the river there is a picnic site which Baixas.
  • A B 1 G G C F D E perfil topográfico500 0 0,25 0,5 km100 0 9000 18000 topographic profile (m) d. quixote trail 1 A B Start of the trail Riverside habitat Cork-oaks E F G View over the Ribeira de Odeleite Panoramic view Windmills C Panoramic view Trail D Picnic site anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas
  • 63reserva trailNameReserva Trail (PR5)ParishCachopoMunicipalityTaviraLocationFeiteiraHow to get thereOn the EN 124 in the direction of Cachopo, you reachFeiteira 11 km after Barranco do Velho. The trail startsat the “Centro de Descoberta” (Discovery Centre) inthis village.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance5,2 kmAverage duration2hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathCountry paths.When to go?All year round except on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesIn Feiteira, the “Centro de Descoberta” is equipped toenable people to stay and serves as a support facilityfor walks.Natural interestLandscape. Birdlife.OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsible“In Loco” Association and Tavira Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 64 Basil-like sunrose The trail starts at the “Centro de Descoberta” Sand Racers, Iberian Schreiber’s Green Lizard and heads in a northerly direction. The trail and snakes – and also to see signs of the begins through cork-oaks, eucalyptus and presence of mammals such as wild boar and maritime pines. Once you pass the Ribeira foxes, as it is difficult to actually see them. The do Leitejo and as far as the hill of Cerro da birdlife is varied, and occasionally some of the Eira da Capa, the landscape begins to change, different species of eagles that live here can with the typical vegetation of Mediterranean be seen. scrubland. From Cerro da Eira da Capa as far as Feiteira, At the top of the Cerro da Eira da Capa there the landscape is dominated by shrubby veg- is a magnificent view. The vegetable cover etation and by eucalyptus and scattered cork- on this trail may allow you to see some of the oaks. Species such as green lavender and animal species that live in this type of habitat: heathers are common in the valley close to European rabbit, red-legged partridge and the new crossing over the Ribeira do Leitejo. different types of reptile such as Spanish
  • B C A 1 topographic 6000 0,25 0,5 km 300 0 3000 6000 topographic profile (m) reserva trail 1 A Start of the trail Crossing point over the river B Panoramic view C View over the valley of the Ribeira do Leitejo Trail
  • 65 barranco das lajes trail Name Barranco das Lajes Trail Parish S. Brás de Alportel Municipality S. Brás de Alportel Location The trail starts and ends in CabanasHow to get there When you arrive in S. Brás de Alportel, head north as far as Alportel. Here, continue to Cova da Muda and pass through Javali, Parises, Cabeça do Velho, and finally you get to Cabanas. Type Walk Circular trail Yes Distance 5,5 kmAverage duration 2h Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Country paths and tarred road. When to go? All year round, except on very hot days. Approved No (in the process of being approved) Signposted Yes Special Features It is advisable to follow the trail in the direction Lajes – Cerro da Ursa. Natural interest Landscape. Vegetation. Birdlife. The trail is in an area adjacent to the Caldeirão site of Natura 2000 Network. Owners Public paths Org. responsible S. Brás de Alportel Municipal Council Notes The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 66 Foxglove The trail starts in the village of Cabanas, and combined with that on the adjacent slopes, continues on a tarred road as far as Lajes. This where the foxgloves which flower between whole stretch is dominated by cork-oaks and May and August are particularly noteworthy. cistus. In some places, species such as straw- In the same valley, you can see dense woods berry trees, holm-oaks and olive trees can of cork-oaks along the slopes. On some parts also be seen in significant numbers. of the trail, it is worth looking out for the On the path beyond the two villages, you can diversity of fauna associated with plantations see some orchards of olive and fig trees. of cork-oaks, especially in terms of birdlife At the end of the descent to the valley of and mammals. Barranco das Lajes you reach a water-course From the hill of Cerro da Ursa, the surround- where the vegetation consists of reed ing hills can be seen as well as the sea. beds, ferns and other riverside vegetation,
  • C B E D A 1 topographic 6000 0,25 0,5 km 200 0 3000 6000 topographic profile (m) barranco 1 Start of the trail das lajes trail A Orchards B Riverside vegetation C Cork-oaks D Poço do Ribeirinho E Panoramic view Trail
  • 67betweenvalleys,springs andmemoriesof the serrado caldeirãoNameBetween Valleys, Springs and Memoriesof the Serra do CaldeirãoParishS. Brás de AlportelMunicipalitS. Brás de AlportelLocationThe trail starts and ends in ParisesHow to get thereWhen you arrive in S. Brás de Alportel, head north asfar as Alportel. From there, take the Cova da Mudaroad as far as Parises.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance20 km Special FeaturesAverage duration This trail can be divided into three shorter circular7h walks. Where it crosses the river, the trail can presentAscent/descent difficulties during the winter months.(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of Natural interestthe trail) Types of habitat that are characteristic of water-Type of path courses. Partly located in the Caldeirão site of NaturaCountry paths, tarred road and paved footpaths 2000 Network.When to go? OwnersNot in the summer or on very hot days. Public pathsApproved Org. responsibleNo (in the process of being approved) S. Brás de Alportel Municipal CouncilSignposted NotesYes The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 68 The trail begins a few metres before you get to the information panel in Parises, along rural paths. In the landscape, which is dominated by cork-oaks, the shrubby and sub-shrubby layer comprises species such as green lavender, lavender, cistus, rock roses and Spanish heath. On the descent to the valley, the flora be- comes more diverse and plants such as the strawberry tree, spurge flax and laurustinus can be seen. In the valley itself, the trail fol- lows a stream. After this water-course has been crossed the landscape is dominated by cistus and by scattered areas of maritime pine and cork-oaks. Then the trail enters an area where three riv- ers join and where there are two alternative routes: - If you walk in the direction of Várzea do Vel- ho, the path in the valley follows the edges of vegetable plots along the Ribeira das Rui- vas, heading in the direction of some ruined houses. Then the trail returns to the starting point through areas of cork-oaks. - Following the Ribeira da Ameixeira, and along the Ribeira de Fronteira as far as Fron- teira, the landscape is wooded with maritime pines, carob trees and cork-oaks. From Cerro da Cova, taking the path of Azinhaga da Eira da Fóia, the landscape is wooded with pine trees and cork oaks. From there as far as Cabeça do Velho, the trail goes through more of a wetland area, with ferns being the fox, the red-legged partridge, the hawfinch, main species. Once again on Cerro da Cova, the Eurasian jay, the lesser spotted wood- following the path to Várzea do Velho, you pecker, the azure-winged magpie, the green reach the Ribeira da Ameixeira again. woodpecker, the golden oriole, the wood These paths can provide a good opportunity nuthatch and the common kingfisher. Taken to see the range of fauna and some types of together, the many other species that live habitat that are characteristic of the Mediter- here are a good indicator of the environ- ranean. Here species have been sighted such mental quality of this part of the Serra do as the mongoose, the genet, wild boar, the Caldeirão.
  • 1 H A B G C D E F perfil topográfico600 0 0,25 0,5 km200 0 11000 22000 topographic profile (m) between valleys, 1 A Start of the trail Spring E F Confluence of three rivers Water-mill springs and memories B C Mediterranean vegetation Riverside vegetation G H Panoramic view Area of botanical interest of the serra do caldeirão anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas D Panoramic view Trail
  • 69guadiana
  • guadiana71. Uphill, downhill73. Ladeiras do Pontal Trail75. Flow, flow ... Guadiana77. Terras da Ordem Trail79. Amendoeira Trail81. A Window on the Guadiana83. Venta Moinhos Salt-marsh Trail85. Boa Vista Trail
  • 71uphill,downhillNameUphill, downhill (PR7)ParishVaqueirosMunicipalityAlcoutimLocationVaqueirosHow to get thereIn Vaqueiros, next to the primary school.TypeOn foot and by mountain bike.Circular trailYesDistance13 kmAverage duration04h30Ascent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathStony and earth paths.When to go?Not in the summer or on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesSpecial FeaturesCova dos Mouros Mining ParkNatural interestCountryside, fauna and flora associated with rivers.OwnersPublic pathsOrg. responsibleOdiana Association and the Alcoutim MunicipalCouncilNotesThe trail is in a hunting zone.
  • 72 Donkeys The trail starts in Vaqueiros, next to the pri- Age) up to the Roman period. There is also mary school, and heads in the direction of an enclosure of donkeys, a domestic animal Ferrarias, where you cross the Barranco das whose use is now in decline. From this park, Hortas in areas of oleanders and reed mace. you can enjoy a wonderful view over the Trees that can be seen on the trail include landscape of the Ribeira da Foupana. holm-oaks, and also cork-oaks and stone- The trail continues to the south and crosses pines, while the shrubs are dominated by the Ribeira da Foupanilha at four points and cistus, which covers a wide expanse of the also the water-course of the Barranco do surrounding countryside. Ribeirão, where rich vegetation can be found In the Cova dos Mouros Mining Park, there as well as the animal life associated with this are archaeological remains of a copper mine type of habitat, such as water-snakes, terra- dating from the Calcolithic period (or Copper pins, frogs, fish and a wide variety of insects.
  • C D B D D A 1 D perfil topográfico 4000 0,25 0,5 km 100 0 7500 15000 topographic profile (m) uphill, downhill 1 A B Start of the trail Riverside vegetation Cova de Mouros Mining Park C D Panoramic View (Ribeira da Foupana) Crossing point over the Ribeira da Foupanilha Trail
  • 73 ladeiras do pontal Name Ladeiras do Pontal (PR2) Parish Alcoutim Municipality Alcoutim Location Miradouro do Pontal (Pontal Viewpoint) How to get there The EM 1063 passes the Miradouro do Pontal; this road leads off the EN 122 and the IC 27. Type Walk/Mountain bike Circular trail Yes Distance 13,5 km Average duration 04h30 Ascent/descent (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth paths. When to go? Not in the summer or on very hot days. Approved Yes Signposted Yes Natural interest Partly located in the Guadiana site of Natura 2000 Network. Owners Public pathsOrg.(s) responsible Odiana Association and the Alcoutim Municipal Council Notes The trail is in a hunting zone.
  • 74 Iberian green frog The trail starts at the viewing point of with holm- and cork-oaks, until you reach a Miradouro do Pontal and it is recommended high point where there is a panoramic view that the walk begins in the direction of over the river and the adjacent valleys. Torneiro. On this stretch there is mainly From Vale da Alfarrobeira, and passing herbaceous and shrubby vegetation, such through plantations of pine trees, the trail as cistus, mastic trees, lavender, Montpellier continues through cistus and holm-oaks until cistus, Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths and, closer you cross the tarred road again. From here to Barranco das Fontainhas, oleander, elm- back to the starting point you follow a path leaved brambles, spurge flax, rosemary and alongside the Rio Guadiana, which includes purple phlomis. interesting scenery. On the ascent until you are close to the vil- Of the varied fauna in this area, the birdlife as- lage of Torneiro, the landscape is dominated sociated with the different types of land occu- by cistus, some dryland orchards and vines. pation along the route deserves special men- Between Torneiro and Balurcos de Baixo tion. The Rio Guadiana is very important, as there are more orchards, areas of holm-oak well as its main tributaries, because of the large and some areas of pine trees (stone pines). number of fish species found there, some of Following the trail towards the Guadiana, the them endemic to this hydrographic basin. landscape continues to be lightly wooded,
  • B C A 1 D perfil topográfico 3000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 7500 15000 topographic profile (m) ladeiras do pontal trail 1 A B Start of the trail Panoramic view Panoramic view C D Orchard Panoramic view Trail anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas
  • 75flow, flow…guadianaNameFlow, flow… Guadiana (PR1)ParishAlcoutimMunicipalityAlcoutimLocationLaranjeirasHow to get thereAlong the EM 507-2, which leads off the EN 122 andthe IC 27, as far as the village of Laranjeiras. The trailbegins next to the car park and the fountain.TypeWalkCircular trailYesDistance8,5 kmAverage duration3hAscent/descent(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathEarth footpaths and tarred road.When to go?All year round, except on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesNatural interestThe trail is located almost completely within theGuadiana site of Natura 2000 Network.OwnersPublic pathsOrganisations responsibleOdiana Association and Alcoutim Municipal CouncilNotesLocated in a hunting zone.
  • 76 Green lavender At the beginning of the trail, as you head in From there as far as Barranco das Laranjeiras the direction of Guerreiros do Rio and Álamo, the landscape becomes more varied and a and also in Laranjeiras, you can see some large number of species of Mediterranean traditional structures made of schist (barns, flora and fauna can be seen: mastic thyme, ovens etc.). As soon as you leave this village rosemary, Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths, green behind you, the path ascends to a high point lavender, lavender, tamarisk, purple phlomis, with a view over the Rio Guadiana. mastic trees, carob trees, Montpellier cistus On the descent to Guerreiros do Rio and as and spurge flax. far as the village of Álamo, the trail follows a During the walk, a large number of local tarred road. Between Álamo and Corte das species of fauna can also be seen such as the Donas the scenery is dominated by dryland azure-winged magpie, the European rabbit, orchards mainly with almond trees at first, the Iberian hare, the red-legged partridge, and olive trees further on. On this stretch the European roller, the golden oriole etc. there are also scattered trees of other species Near Laranjeiras, the countryside is domi- such as holm-oaks and stone pines. nated by almond- and olive trees, and veg- Before reaching the village of Corte das etable plots. Donas, you pass an old windmill.
  • 1 A E D C B topographic300 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 5000 10000 topographic profile (m) flow, flow… 1 A Start of the trail Panoramic view guadiana B Panoramic view C Windmill D Varied landscape E Panoramic view Trail
  • 77terrasda ordem trailNameTerras da Ordem (PR5)ParishOdeleiteMunicipalityCastro MarimLocationTerras da Ordem National ForestHow to get thereYou reach Odeleite along the IC 17, or the EN 122.About 3 km north of Odeleite, on the EN 122, youreach the entrance to the national forest. The trailbegins at the warden’s house.TypeWalk and mountain bikeCircular trailYesDistance12,5 kmAverage duration4hDeclive(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathEarth path.When to go?All year round, except on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesNatural interestThe southeast part is in an area of Natura 2000Network (Guadiana site). Landscape, fauna and floraassociated with rivers and areas of pine trees.OwnersPublic pathsOrganisations responsibleOdiana Association and Alcoutim Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 78 The trail starts in the direction of Tenência. winged magpie and turtle doves can easily Until you reach a water-course, the landscape be seen, along with many passeriform birds. is characterised by tree cover dominated by A considerable number of species of reptiles stone pines, with some areas of holm-oaks, and amphibians (herpetofauna) have been and by shrubby plants such as green laven- sighted, so that, with a certain amount of luck, der, purple emperor and spurge flax. you could see the ladder snake, the Montpel- Close to the old mill, Moinho do Carvão, the lier snake, Iberian Schreiber’s Green Lizard, final stretch of the Ribeira da Foupana can the Spanish sand racer, the Iberian midwife be seen, which joins the Ribeira de Odeleite toad, the natterjack toad, the sharp-ribbed a little bit further on, at Sítio das Pernadas, salamander and the spotted salamander. and flows into the Rio Guadiana about 4 km In Pernadas, on the right bank of the Ribeira downstream. The whole riverside area is of de Odeleite, there is a water-mill (Moinho das great biological interest. The natural vegeta- Pernadas) which has recently been restored tion is relatively well-developed, combining to become a point of cultural interest in the areas of holm-oaks and carob trees, olive region. On the steep ascent that follows, trees and agricultural fields, in particular or- there is diverse shrubby vegetation such as ange groves close to the river. The riverside rosemary, lavender, mastic thyme, cistus, pur- vegetation comprises reed-beds and some ple emperor, green lavender, spurge flax, and well-conserved areas of poplars, tamarisk, Montpellier cistus. willow, oleander, reed mace, rushes etc. On the path which runs along the Barranco (with the natural vegetation of rivers in the do Cavalo, the landscape is once again domi- Algarve). nated by pine trees, until you arrive back at The fauna in the forest is very diverse: Euro- the warden’s house. pean rabbit, red-legged partridge, the azure-
  • B A C 1 F D perfil topográfico E 3000 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 6000 12000 topographic profile (m) terras da ordem trail 1 A B Start of the trail Pine wood Riverside vegetation D E F Moinho das Pernadas (water-mill) (right bank) Panoramic view Pine wood C Ruins of a water-mill Trail (Moinho do Carvão) anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas
  • 79 amendoeira trail Name Amendoeira Trail (PR8) Parish Odeleite Municipality Castro Marim Location Alta Mora How to get there Access along the EM 512 (Azinhal-Alta Mora), which leads off the EN122 and the IC 27, as far as the village of Cruz de Alta Mora. The trail begins at the square/crossroads. Type Walk and mountain-bike Circular trail Yes Distance 11 km Average duration 4h Declive (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth path and tarred road. When to go? Not in the summer or on very hot days. Approved Yes Signposted Yes Natural interest Landscape, fauna and flora associated with rivers. Owners Public pathsOrg.(s) responsible Odiana Association and Alcoutim Municipal Council Notes The trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 80 The trail begins in the direction of Soalheira, in a landscape of scattered almond trees and holm-oaks. Near a small water course, the vegetation consists of giant reeds and olean- der. Species such as the water snake and the terrapin are common in this type of aquatic habitat. On the ascent that follows, the undergrowth consists of species such as purple phlomis, Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths, Montpellier cis- tus, lavender, green lavender, cistus and false yellowhead, which make the countryside especially colourful, particularly at the time of flowering in spring. Once back on the earth path and passing the ruins of a windmill, you can enjoy the sur- rounding scenery. After leaving the second tarred road, the trail continues along a nar- rower stretch between hills. As far as the village of Caldeirão, the land- scape is dominated by cistus, but then there is a wide area of scattered almond trees. And during the months of January and February, the landscape is covered in white from the almond blossom. Continuing the walk in the direction of the Ribeira de Beliche, you pass through two villages which are typical of the inland areas of the Algarve. At the two crossing points over the Ribeira de Beliche, you are advised to stop to have a look at this interesting wa- ter-course and to have a rest before the final Oleander difficult climb.
  • A B C 1 F D D E E perfil topográfico 4000 0,25 0,5 km 100 0 6000 12000 topographic profile (m) amendoeira trail 1 A B Start of the trail Mediterranean vegetation Panoramic view D E F Typical hamlet Crossing point over the Ribeira do Beliche Panoramic view C Almond trees Trail anexo p16 . costa vicentina . trilho dos aromas
  • 81a window onthe guadianaNameA Window on the Guadiana (PR3)ParishAzinhalMunicipalityCastro MarimLocationAzinhalHow to get thereTake the EN 122 or the IC 17. The trail starts next to thebuilding of the Azinhal Parish Office, located in theLargo do Mercado.TypeWalk and mountain bikeCircular trailYesDistance7,5 kmAverage duration02h30Declive(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathStony and earth paths.When to go?All year round, except on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesNatural interestLandscape. Fauna and flora associated withMediterranean scrubland.OwnersPublic pathsOrganisations responsibleOdiana Association and Alcoutim Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 82 The trail begins in the Largo do Mercado in Dartford warbler, the azure-winged magpie, Azinhal. The trail is very interesting because of the blackbird, the Thekla lark, the turtle dove, the uninterrupted view over the countryside, the golden oriole and the red-backed shrike. especially to the east, from where the Rio At the end of the descent to Várzea das Almas, Guadiana can be seen as well as the adjacent you continue to the right. In this area, to the hills and valleys. south of the gully, the riverside vegetation The landscape consists of cistus, dryland or- is well-developed and includes some ash- chards and scattered trees (wild olives, carob groves. When you reach Carepa, a climb starts and almond trees). The fauna is varied and in to the right which leads back to the starting the areas of scrub and orchards you can see point. On this path, the scenery consists of species such as the European rabbit, the vineyards, fig trees and carob trees. red-legged partridge, the Iberian hare, the
  • 1 A E B C D topographic200 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 4000 8000 topographic profile (m) a window 1 A Start of the trail Ruins of a windmill on the guadiana B Panoramic view C Panoramic view (Mouth of the Guadiana) D Riverside vegetation E Museum Trail
  • 83 venta moinhos salt-marsh trail Name Venta Moinhos Salt-marsh Trail Parish Castro Marim Municipality Castro Marim Location Interpretation Centre of the Nature Reserve of the Castro Marim and Vila Real de Santo António Salt-marsh (RNSCMVRSA). How to get there Leave the A22 motorway in the direction of Beja and at the next junction, Monte Francisco, turn right to the Interpretation Centre of the RNSCMVRSA. The trail starts near this junction. Type Walk and mountain bike. Circular trail No Distance 7 km (there and back) Average duration 2h Declive (See diagram of the topographic profile on the map of the trail) Type of path Earth path. When to go? All year round. Approved No Signposted Yes Special Features The trails in this Nature Reserve are well documented, and there are more specific guides to the local birdlife. Natural interest Salt-marsh wetland area. Birdlife. Trail located in the Nature Reserve of the Castro Marim and Vila Real de Santo António Salt-marsh and in Natura 2000 Network (Ria Formosa/Castro Marim site). Owners Public pathsOrg.(s) responsible Nature Reserve of the Castro Marim and Vila Real de Santo António Salt-marsh and the Castro Marim Municipal Council
  • 84 Common spoonbill The trail begins in the village of Monte Large numbers of aquatic fauna - fish, crusta- Francisco and continues in the direction ceans and molluscs - are also present in the of the Interpretation Centre of the Nature Nature Reserve, which makes this protected Reserve. During the trail, there are six informa- area one of the parts of the Algarve with tion panels about the natural and cultural greatest diversity of animal life. aspects of the area. At the Interpretation Centre, you can get The landscape consists of salt-marsh, salt-pans, information from the exhibitions and panels cultivated agricultural areas and stretches on display, as well as from the publications of fresh, brackish and salt water, where the available at the reception. From there, you can typical vegetation of this type of habitat can also enjoy the magnificent views over the salt- be seen, and the corresponding fauna, in marsh and over the lagoons alongside the Rio particular birdlife for which this is one of the Guadiana. The building’s large windows pro- most important sites in the country. Rare vide an excellent opportunity for observing birds can be seen in the wetland areas, often the reserve’s fauna and scenery. in significant numbers, such as the common spoonbill, the avocet, the white stork and the black-winged stilt.
  • C 1 A B topographic50 0 0,25 0,5 km0 0 2500 5000 topographic profile (m) venta moinhos 1 A Start of the trail Salt-marsh and salt-pans salt-marsh trail B Interpretation centre of the Nature Reserve C Shelter Trail
  • 85boa vistatrailNameBoa Vista Trail(PR1)ParishVila Nova de CacelaMunicipalityVila Real Santo AntónioLocationCorte António MartinsHow to get thereFrom the EN 125, take the EM 509, which joins V. N. deCacela to Corte António Martins.TypeWalk and mountain bikeCircular trailYesDistance9 kmAverage duration3hDeclive(See diagram of the topographic profile on the map ofthe trail)Type of pathCountry paths and tarred roadWhen to go?Not in the summer or on very hot days.ApprovedYesSignpostedYesNatural interestLandscape. Fauna associated with agricultural areasand Mediterranean scrubland.OwnersPublic pathsOrganisations responsibleOdiana Association and Alcoutim Municipal CouncilNotesThe trail is located in a hunting zone.
  • 86Holm-oak The trail starts in Corte António Martins, in such as the Eurasian jay, the hoopoe and the the direction of Eira Pelada. On the first part azure-winged magpie, and many others, are of the trail, you walk through areas of carob relatively common. trees and holm-oaks, until you reach the first In Pomar, you can see a number of structures crossing over the Ribeira do Rio Seco, that are typical of traditional building in the a small water-course with oleander the main serra, such as walls, houses, ovens and others. vegetation. Beside this small village, there are orchards, On the ascent towards Pomar, the shrubby mainly of citrus. vegetation is varied, with plants such as cistus, From Portela do Carvoeiro onwards, you en- Montpellier cistus, Genista hirsuta gorse- ter an area with magnificent panoramic views, heaths, mastic thyme, lavender and false yel- especially from the hill of Cerro da Boa Vista. lowhead, and the tree cover consists of olive Then you walk down in the direction of trees and cork-oaks. Mammals such as the Eu- Lagoa and Corte António Martins, once again ropean rabbit and the Iberian hare, and birds crossing the Ribeira do Rio Seco.
  • D C B A E perfil topográfico 300 10 0,25 0,5 km 0 0 6000 12000 topographic profile (m) boa vista trail 1 A B Start of the trail Crossing point over the Rio Seco Mediterranean vegetation D E Panoramic view Varied vegetation Trail C Typical hamlet
  • 87list of speciesFloraPortugueses Common Name . English CommonName . Scientific NameA FAcácia . Acacia . Acacia sp. Feno-das-areias . Sand couch-grass . Elymus farctusAdelfeira . Common rhododendron . Rhododendron Feto-do-monte . Bracken . Pteridium aquilinumponticum ssp. baeticum Figueira . Fig tree . Ficus caricaAderno, Folhado . Laurustinus . Viburnum tinusaderno-de-folhas-largas . Broad-leaved phillyrea . Freixo . Narrow-leaved ash . Fraxinus angustifoliaPhillyrea latifolia GAlecrim . Rosemary . Rosmarinus officinalis Granza-da-praia . Coastal crucianella . CrucianellaAlfarrobeira . Carob tree . Ceratonia siliqua maritimaAmendoeira . Almond tree . Prunus dulcis JAroeira . Mastic tree . Pistacia lentiscus Joina-dos-matos . Large yellow restharrow . OnonisAzinheira . Holm-oak . Quercus rotundifolia natrix ssp. ramosissimaB Junco . Rush . Juncus sp.Bela-luz . Mastic thyme . Thymus mastichina Junco-agudo . Sharp rush . Juncus acutusC Junco-das-esteiras, junco-marítimo . Sea rush.Cana . Giant reed . Arundo donax Juncus maritimusCaniço . Common reed . Phragmites australis LCardo-marítimo, cardo-rolador . Sea holly . Eryn- Lentisco-bastardo,gium maritimum aderno-de-folhas-estreitas . Narrow-leaved phil-Carrasco . Kermes oak . Quercus coccifera lyrea . Phillyrea angustifoliaCarvalho de Monchique . Algerian oak . Quercus Loendro . Oleander . Nerium oleandercanariensis Luzerna-das-praias . Sea medick . Medicago marinaCarvalho-português . Portuguese oak . Quercus Mfaginea Malmequer-das-praias . Seaside Chamomile .Choupo . Poplar . Populus sp. Anthemis maritimaChoupo-branco . European white poplar . Populus Marioila . Purple phlomis . Phlomis purpureaalba Mato-branco . Basil-like sunrose . Halimium ocy-Cordeiros-da-praia . Cottonweed . Otanthus mar- moidesitimus Medronheiro . Strawberry- tree (Arbutus) . ArbutusCravo-das-areias . Spiny thrift . Armeria pungens unedoD Murta . Myrtle . Myrtus communisDedaleira . Foxglove . Digitalis purpurea OE Oliveira . Olive tree . Olea europæa var. europæaEruca-marítima . European sea rocket . Cakile Pmaritima Palmeira-anã,Esteva . Cistus . Cistus ladanifer palmeira-das-vassouras . European fan-palm .Estevão . Rock rose, sun rose . Cistus populifolius Chamaerops humilisEstorno . Marram grass . Ammophila arenaria Perpétuas-das-areias . Curry Plant . HelichrysumEstrepes, espargo . White asparagus . Asparagus albus italicum ssp. picardiiEucalipto . Eucalyptus . Eucalyptus globulus Pinheiro-bravo . Maritime pine . Pinus pinaster Pinheiro-manso . Stone pine . Pinus pinea
  • 88 Q Queiró, queiroga . Dwarf Spanish heath . Erica umbellata Quiróga . Portuguese heath . Erica lusitanica R Rosa-albardeira . Western peony . Pæonia broteroi Roselha . Wrinkle-leaved Cistus . Cistus crispus Roselha-grande, roselha -maior . White-leaved rockrose . Cistus albidus Rosmaninho . Lavender . Lavandula luisieri Rosmaninho-verde . Green lavender . Lavandula viridis Rosmaninho-maior . Purple emperor . Lavandula pedunculata ssp. sampaiana S Salgueiro . Willow . Salix sp. Salgueiro-branco . White willow . Salix alba subsp vitellina Sanganho-mouro, sanganho-manso . Sage-leaved rockrose . Cistus salvifolius Sarcocornia fruticosa . Glasswort . Sarcocornia fruticosa Sargaço, sargaço terrestre . Montpellier cistus . Cistus monspeliensis Silva, silva-brava . Elm-leaved bramble . Rubus ulmifolius Sobreiro . Cork-oak . Quercus suber T Tabúa . Reedmace (bulrush) . Typha sp. Tabúa-larga . Greater Reedmace . Typha latifolia Tamargueira . Tamarisk . Tamarix africana Táveda, tágueda . False yellowhead . Dittrichia viscosa ssp. revoluta Tojo-do-sul . Genista hirsuta gorse-heaths . Genista hirsuta Tojo-galego, tojo-prateado . Ulex argenteus gorse- heaths . Ulex argenteus ssp. argenteus Tojo-molar . Dwarf gorse . Ulex minor Tomilho . Camphor thyme . Thymus camphoratus Tomilho-carnudo . Portuguese thyme; fleshy thyme . Thymus carnosus Tomilho-de-creta . Conehead thyme . Thymbra capitata Tomilho-peludo . Thyme . Thymus villosus Trovisco, trovisco-fêmea . Spurge flax . Daphne gnidium Tuberária-mosqueada . Spotted rockrose . Tuberaria guttata descrição do trilho do castelejoLavander
  • 89U Coelho-bravo . European rabbit . OryctolagusUrze-branca . Tree heath . Erica arborea cuniculusUrze-vermelha . Spanish heath . Erica australis Colhereiro . Common spoonbill . Platalea leucorodiaV Corvo-marinho . Great cormorant . PhalacrocoraxValverde-dos-sapais . Shrubby sea-blite . Suæda carbovera Cotovia-escura . Thekla lark . Galerida theklæVerdolaga-seca . Pink-flowered shrub Limoniastrum Dmonopetalum . Limoniastrum monopetalum Doninha . Least weasel . Mustela nivalisZ EZambujeiro, zambujo, oliveira-brava . Wild olive . Escalo do Arade . Iberian chub . Squalius aradensisOlea europæa var. sylvestris FZimbro, zimbreira . Juniper . Juniperus turbinata Felosa-do-mato . Dartford warbler . Sylvia undata Falcão-peregrino . Peregrine falcon . Falco peregrinusFauna Flamingo . Flamingo . Phœnicopterus ruberNome Comum . Common Name . Scientific Name G Gaio . Eurasian jay . Garrulus glandariusa Gaivota-de-patas-amarelas . Yellow-legged gull.Águia-cobreira . Short-toed eagle . Circætus gallicus Larus cachinnansÁguia-d’asa-redonda . Common buzzard . Buteo Galeirão . Coot . Fulica atrabuteo Galinha-d’água . Moorhen . Gallinula chloropusÁguia de Bonelli . Bonelli’s eagle . Hieraaetus Ganso-patola . Gannet . Morus bassanusfasciatus Garça-branca . Little egret . Egretta garzettaAlfaiate . Avocet . Recurvirostra avosetta Garça-pequena . Little bittern . Ixobrychus minutusAlvéola-branca . Pied wagtail . Motacilla alba Garça-real . Grey heron . Ardea cinereaB Garça-vermelha . Purple heron . Ardea purpureaBico-grossudo . Hawfinch . Coccothraustes coc- Gato-bravo . Wild cat . Felis silvestriscothraustes Geneta . Genet . Genetta genettaBoga-de-boca-arqueada . (Iberian endemic fish) Guarda-rios . Common kingfisher . Alcedo atthisChondrostoma lemmingii . Chondrostoma lemmingii Guincho-comum . Black-headed gull . LarusBordalo . Hybrid minnow Rutilus alburnoides . ridibundusRutilus alburnoides JBorrelho-de-coleira-interrompida . Snowy plover . Javali . Wild boar . Sus scrofaCharadrius alexandrinus LBurro . Donkey . Equus asinus Lagartixa-do-mato-ibérica . Spanish sand racer .C Psammodromus hispanicusCágado-mediterrânico . Stripe-necked terrapin . Lagarto-de-água . Iberian Schreiber’s green lizardMauremys leprosa . Lacerta schreiberiCamaleão . Chameleon . Chamaeleo chamaeleon Lebre . Iberian hare . Lepus granatensisCamão . Purple swamphen . Porphyrio porphyrio Lontra . Otter . Lutra lutraCaranguejo-cava-terra . Fiddler crab . Uca tangeri MCartaxo . Stonechat . Saxicola torquata Maçarico-de-bico-direito . Bar-tailed godwit .Cegonha-branca . White stork . Ciconia ciconia Limosa limosaChapim-real . Great tit . Parus major Maçarico-real . Eurasian curlew . Numenius arquataChilreta . Little tern . Sterna albifrons Melro . Blackbird . Turdus merulaCobra-de-água . Water snake . Natrix sp. Mergulhão-pequeno . Little grebe . TachybaptusCobra-de-escada . Ladder snake. Elaphe scalaris ruficollisCobra-rateira . Montpellier snake . Malpolon mon- Mocho-galego . Little owl . Athene noctuaspessulanus Morcego-rato-pequeno . Lesser mouse-eared batCodorniz . Common quail . Coturnix coturnix . Myotis blythii
  • 90 O Ouriço-cacheiro . European hedgehog . Erinaceus europæus P glossary Papa-figos . Golden oriole . Oriolus oriolus Barrocal Pato-real . Mallard . Anas platyrhynchos Strip of land in the Algarve between the Pega-azul . Azure-winged magpie . Cyanopica coast and the uplands of the serra, with its cyanus Peneireiro . Common kestrel . Falco tinnunculus own characteristic vegetation, which is in Perdiz . Red-legged partridge . Alectoris rufa part unique to this area. Perna-vermelha . Common redshank . Tringa Biodiversity totanus Includes diversity within a species, between Pernilongo . Black-winged stilt . Himantopus himan- species and comparative diversity between topus ecosystems. Peto-verde . Green woodpecker . Picus viridis Picanço-de-dorso-ruivo . Red-backed shrike . Lan- Dolmen ius collurio Megalithic monument consisting of a large Pica-pau-malhado . Great spotted woodpecker . horizontal stone supported by vertical stones. Dendrocopos major Dryland orchard Pica-pau-malhado-pequeno . Lesser spotted Area of fruit-bearing trees. Can comprise woodpecker . Dendrocopos minor trees of various species (almond, carob, fig Pilrito-comum . Dunlin . Calidris alpina Poupa . Hoopoe . Upupa epops and olive trees). R Dune Raposa . Fox . Vulpes vulpes A mound or ridge of sand deposited by the Rã-verde . Iberian green frog . Rana perezi action of the wind and the sea. Rato de Cabrera . Cabrera vole . Microtus cabrerae Habitat Rela-meridional . Mediterranean treefrog . Hyla A place with specific geo-physical meridionalis Rola-brava . Turtle dove . Streptopelia turtur conditions where a particular species or Rola-do-mar . Ruddy turnstone . Arenaria interpres group of species lives. Rolieiro . European roller . Coracias garrulus Halophytic vegetation S Vegetation found in environments of high Sacarrabos . Mongoose . Herpestes ichneumon salinity. Salamandra-de-costelas-salientes . Sharp-ribbed Hibernation salamander . Pleurodeles waltl Salamandra-de-pintas-amarelas . Spotted salaman- Dormant state adopted by some animals der . Salamandra salamandra during the winter as a means of adapting Sapo-corredor . Natterjack toad . Bufo calamita to the cold and a lack of food, and with the Sapo-parteiro-ibérico . Iberian midwife toad . aim of saving energy. Alytes cisternasii Karstic landscape Saramugo . Iberian minnow . Anæcypris hispanica Limestone area characterised by a lack of Seixoeira . Red knot . Calidris canutus T surface water and a well-developed under- Trepadeira-azul . Wood nuthatch . Sitta europæa water drainage system with caves. V Limestone breccia Verdilhão . Greenfinch . Carduelis chloris A rock consisting of angular fragments Z cemented together by calcium carbonate. Zarro-castanho . Ferruginous pochard . Aythya nyroca
  • 91Limicoline bird RiverineBelonging to a group of birds including Refers to vegetation found on the banks ofa number of families, which are normally water-courses.found in wetland areas (e.g. dunlins, godwits, Salt-marshcurlews, plovers). Wetland area with vegetation that toleratesMediterranean scrubland salty soil.Area of very dense scrub dominated by Serrashrubby species that are typically found in a Upland areas of the interior, e.g. Serra deMediterranean climate (e.g. the genera Cistus, Monchique, Serra do Caldeirão.Erica, Rosmarinus and Lavandula). SiltMediterranean woodland Muddy deposit at the bottom of a river etc.Densely wooded zone, which is dominated Wetlandby holm-oaks, cork-oaks and pine trees Any coastal or inland area which is dominat-when most developed. ed permanently or temporarily by water.Menhir WeirMegalithic monument consisting of a single A low dam built across a river. It is used tostanding stone. raise the level of the water and to divert thePasseriform birds water to a mill.Birds belonging to the order of Passeriformes,characterised by the habit of perching (e.g.sparrows, finches, tits).Pequena Rota(literally ‘short route’) This is a walk that isidentified by the abbreviation “PR”, followedby the registration number of thecorresponding municipality.It is indicated on the ground by red and yel-low posts, takes less than a day to completeand is less than 30 km in length.Natura 2000 NetworkEcological network in Europe which aimsto ensure that biodiversity is maintainedthrough the conservation of different typesof natural habitat and wild flora and faunawithin the European Union.RibeiraIn Portuguese, a small river.
  • 92 useful contacts Municipal Councils Câmara Municipal de Albufeira Câmara Municipal de Lagos Câmara Municipal Paços do Concelho Paços do Concelho de Vila Real Santo António 8200 – 863 Albufeira 8600 – 668 Lagos Praça Marquês do Pombal Tel. 289 599 500; Fax. 289 599 511 Tel. 282 780 060; Fax. 282 769 317 8950 – 231 Vila Real de Santo António E-mail: geral@cm-albufeira.pt E-mail: expediente.geral@cm-lagos.pt Tel. 281 510 000; Fax. 281 510 003 www.cm-albufeira.pt www.cm-lagos.pt E-mail: geral@cm-vrsa.pt www.cm-vrsa.pt Câmara Municipal de Alcoutim Câmara Municipal de Loulé Rua do Município, n.º 12 Praça da República Other entities 8970 – 066 Alcoutim 8100 – 951 Loulé Tel. 281 540 500 ; Fax. 281 546 363 Tel. 289 400 600; Fax. 289 415 557 Ambifaro E-mail: cmalcoutim@portugalmail.pt E-mail: gap@cm-loule.pt Praça José Afonso nº22 www.cm-alcoutim.pt www.cm-loule.pt 8000-173 Faro Tel. 289 803 711 ; Fax. 289 803 712 Câmara Municipal de Aljezur Câmara Municipal E-mail: ambifaro@mail.telepac.pt Rua Capitão Salgueiro Maia de S. Brás de Alportel 8670 – 005 Aljezur Rua Gago Coutinho, n.º 1 Associação In Loco Tel. 282 998 102; Fax. 282 998 417 8150 – 151 São Brás de Alportel Sítio da Campina / Av. da Liberdade E-mail: geral@cm-aljezur.pt Tel. 289 840 000; Fax. 289 842 455 - Apartado 158 www.cm-aljezur.pt E-mail: camara@cm-sbras.pt 8150-022 S. Brás de Alportel www.cm-sbras.pt Tel. 289 840 860; Fax. 289 840 879 /78 Junta de Freguesia de Bordeira E-mail: inloco@mail.telepac.pt Largo do Comércio, n.º 6 Câmara Municipal de Silves www.in-loco.pt 8670 – 220 Bordeira Paços do Município Tel. 282 973 141; Fax. 282 973 144 8300 – 117 Silves A Rocha – Centro de Estudos Tel. 282 440 800; Fax. 282 440 850 “Cruzinha” Câmara Municipal E-mail: gabinete.presidente@cm-silves.pt Quinta da Rocha - Apartado 41 de Castro Marim www.cm-silves.pt 8501-903 Mexilhoeira Grande Rua Dr. José Alves Moreira, n.º 10 Tel. / Fax. 282 968 380 8950 – 138 Castro Marim Câmara Municipal de Tavira E-mail: portugal@arocha.org Tel. 281 510 740; Fax. 281 510 743 Praça da República www.arocha.org E-mail: expediente@cm-castromarim.pt 8800 – 951 Tavira www.cm-castromarim.pt Tel. 281 320 500; Fax. 281 322 888 Centro Ambiental da Pena E-mail: camara@cm-tavira.pt Pena – Salir Câmara Municipal de Faro www.cm-tavira.pt Caixa Postal 508 Rua do Município, n.º 13 8100 - 193 Salir 8000 – 398 Faro Câmara Municipal Tel. 289 489 849 Tel. 289 870 870; Fax. 289 802 326 de Vila do Bispo E-mail: geral@cm-faro.pt Paços do Concelho Comissão de Coordenação www.cm-faro.pt 8650 – 407 Vila do Bispo e Desenvolvimento Regional Tel. 282 630 600; Fax. 282 639 208 do Algarve Câmara Municipal de Lagoa E-mail: geral@cm-viladobispo.pt Sede: Praça da Liberdade, 2 Largo do Município www.cm-viladobispo.pt 8000-164 Faro 8400 – 851 Lagoa Tel. 289 895 200; Fax. 289 807 623 Tel. 282 380 400; Fax. 282 380 444 Junta de Freguesia E-mail: geral@ccdr-alg.pt E-mail: expediente@cm-lagoa.pt de Vila do Bispo www.ccrd-alg.pt www.cm-lagoa.pt Rua Santa Maria do Cabo, n.º 38 8650 – 416 Vila do Bispo Tel. 282 639 101; Fax. 282 639 101 E-mail: jfvilabispo@mail.telepac.pt
  • 93Ambiente e Ordenamento 8700 – 201 OLHÃO Posto de Turismo de Alcoutimdo Território Tel. 289 700 210; Fax. 289 700 219 Rua 1º de MaioRua Dr. José de Matos, n.º13 E-mail: pnrf@icn.pt 8970 – 056 Alcoutim8000-503 Faro www.icn.pt Tel. 281 546 179Tel. 289 889 000; Fax. 289 889 099E-mail: info@ccdr-alg.pt Parque Natural do Sudoeste Posto de Turismo de Aljezurwww.ccrd-alg.pt Alentejano e Costa Vicentina Largo do Mercado Sede: Rua Serpa Pinto, n.º32 8670 – 054 AljezurFederação de Campismo 7630 -174 Odemira Tel. 282 998 229e Montanhismo de Portugal Tel. 283 322 735; Fax. 283 322 830Av. Coronel Eduardo Galhardo, 24 D E-mail: pnsacv@icn.pt Posto de Turismo do Alvor1199-007 Lisboa www.icn.pt Rua Dr. Afonso Costa, n.º 51Tel. 218 126 890/1 ; Fax 218 126 918 Delegação Aljezur: 8500 – 016 Alvorwww.fcmportugal.com Rua João Dias Mendes, n.º46-A Tel. 282 457 540 8670 – 086 AljezurInstituto de Conservação Tel. 282 998 673; Fax. 282 998 531 Posto de Turismoda Natureza (ICN) de Armação de PêraRua de Santa Marta, n.º55 Quinta do Lago, SA Avenida Marginal1150 – 294 LISBOA Quinta do Lago 8365 – 101 Armação de Pêra – SilvesTel. 21 3507900; Fax. 21 3507984 8135 - 024 Almancil Tel. 282 312 145E-mail: icn@icn.pt Tel. 289 351 900www.icn.pt Fax. 289 394 683 Posto de Turismo do Carvoeiro E-mail: info@quintadolago.com Praia do CarvoeiroNúcleo Florestal do Algarve www.quintadolago.com 8400 – 517 Carvoeiro – LagoaBraciais – Patacão – Apartado 282 Tel. 282 357 7288001-904 FARO Reserva Natural do SapalTel. 289 870 718; Fax. 289 822 284 de Castro Marim e Posto de Turismo de Castro MarimE-mail: jrosendo@dgrf.min-agricultura.pt Vila Real de Santo António Rua José Alves Moreira n.º 2 – 4www.dgrf.min-agricultura.pt Sede: Sapal de Venta Moinhos, 8950 – 138 Castro Marim Apartado 7 Tel. 281 531 232ODIANA - Associação 8950-138 Castro Marimpara o Desenvolvimento Tel. 281 510 680; Fax. 281 531 257 Posto de Turismo de Farodo Baixo Guadiana E-mail: rnscm@icn.pt Rua da Misericórdia, n.º 8 – 12Rua Dr. José Alves Moreira, n.º3 www.icn.pt 8000 – 269 Faro- Apartado 21 Tel. 289 803 6048950-909 Castro Marim Serviço de Protecção da NaturezaTel. /Fax. 281 531 171/531 026/531 080 e Ambiente - Guarda Nacional Posto de Turismo de LagosE-mail: odiana@mail.telepac.pt Republicana Rua Vasco da Gama (S. João)www.odiana.pt Comando-Geral da Guarda 8600 – 722 Lagos Nacional Republicana Tel. 282 763 031Parque Mineiro da Cova SEPNA – 3ª Repartiçãodos Mouros Largo do Carmo Posto de Turismo de LouléMartim Longo – Alcoutim 1200 – 092 Lisboa Avenida 25 de Abril, n.º 9Tel. 281 498 505 / 289 999 229 (sede) Tel. 21 321 70 00; Fax. 21 321 71 53 8100 – 506 LouléFax. 289 999 436 Email: sepna@gnr.pt Tel. 289 463 900guadiana.parque@mail.telepac.pt www.gnr.ptminacovamouros.sitepac.pt Posto de Turismo de Monchique Tourist Information Largo de S. SebastiãoParque Municipal Offices 8550 Monchiquedo Sítio das Fontes Tel. 282 911 189Tel. 282 432 784 Posto de Turismo de AlbufeiraE-mail: cml.fontes@portugalmail.pt Rua 5 de Outubro Posto de Turismo de Monte Gordo 8200 – 109 Albufeira Avenida MarginalParque Natural da Ria Formosa Tel. 289 585 279 8900 Monte Gordo – Vila RealSede: Centro de Educação Ambien- de Santo Antóniotal de Marim – Quelfes Tel. 281 544 495
  • 94 Posto de Turismo de Olhão Posto de Turismo de Silves Posto de Turismo de Lagos Largo Sebastião Martins Mestre, n.º 8 A Rua 25 de Abril R. Belchior Moreira de Barbudo (S.João) 8700 – 349 Olhão 8300 – 184 Silves 8600 – 722 Lagos Tel. 289 713 936 Tel. 282 442 255 Tel. 282 763 031 Fax. 282 769 317 Posto de Turismo da Ponte Posto de Turismo de Tavira E-mail: pim@cm-lagos.pt Internacional do Guadiana Rua da Galeria, n.º 9 Monte Francisco 8800 – 329 Tavira Posto de Turismo de Portimão 8950 Castro Marim Tel. 281 322 511 Avenida Zeca Afonso Tel. 281 531 800 8500 – 516 Portimão Posto de Turismo do Aeroporto Tel. 282 470 717 Posto de Turismo Internacional de Faro Fax. 282 470 718 da Praia da Rocha Aeroporto Internacional de Faro E-mail: posto.turismo@cm-portimao.pt Avenida Tomás Cabreira 8001 – 701 Faro 8500 – 802 Praia da Rocha – Tel. 289 818 582 Posto de Turismo de Querença Portimão Largo da Igreja Tel. 282 419 132 Municipal Tourist 8100-495 Querença – Loulé Information Offices Tel. 289 422 337 Posto de Turismo de Quarteira Praça do Mar Posto de Turismo de Albufeira Posto de Turismo de Salir 8125 Quarteira Estrada de Santa Eulália Rua José Viegas Guerreiro Tel. 289 389 209 8200 Albufeira 8100 – 202 Salir Tel. 289 515 973 Tel. 289 489 733 Posto de Turismo de Sagres E-mail: posto.turismo@cm-albufeira.pt Rua Comandante Matoso Posto de Turismo de Silves 8650 – 357 Sagres Posto de Turismo de Alte Praça do Município Tel. 282 624 873 Estrada da Ponte, n.º 17 8300 Silves 8100 Alte – Loulé Tel. 282 440 442; Posto de Turismo Tel. 289 478 666 Praça Al-Muthamid de São Brás de Alportel Fax. 289 478 431 8300 Silves Largo de São Sebastião, n.º 23 Tel. 282 441 578 8150 – 170 São Brás de Alportel Tel. 289 843 165 Emergencies SOS 112 SOS FLORESTA 117 websites of interest http://www.almargem.org http://www.lpn.pt Almargem – Associação de Defesa do Liga para a Protecção da Natureza – League for Património Cultural e Ambiental do Algarve the Protection of Nature – Association for the Defence of the Cultural and http://www.naturlink.pt Environmental Heritage of the Algarve Naturlink http://www.amal.pt http://www.ualg.pt Grande Área Metropolitana do Algarve – Greater Universidade do Algarve Metropolitan Area of the Algarve – University of the Algarve http://www.gnr.pt http://www.vicentina.org Guarda Nacional Republicana Vicentina – Associação para o Desenvolvimento – National Republican Guard (Police) do Sudoeste – Association for the Development http://www.meteo.pt of the Southwest Instituto de Meteorologia – Meteorological Institute
  • 95bibliographic references Alves J., Santos M., Costa J., Gonçalves J. e Lousã M. Farinha J.C., Castro-Henriques P. e Neves R. (2000). (1998). Habitats naturais e seminaturais de Portugal Percursos, paisagens & habitats de Portugal. Insti- Continental. Tipos de habitats mais significativos tuto da Conservação da Natureza. Assírio e Alvim, e agrupamentos vegetais característicos. Instituto Lisboa (Trails, Landscapes & Habitats in Portugal. de Conservação da Natureza, Lisboa. (Natural and Institute for the Conservation of Nature) semi- natural habitats in mainland Portugal. The most important types of habitat and characteristic Ferrand de Almeida N., Ferrand de Almeida P., plant groups. Institute for Nature Conservation Gonçalves H., Sequeira F., Teixeira J. e Ferrand de– Lisbon) Almeida F. (2001). Anfíbios e répteis de Portugal. Guia Fapas – Fundo para a Protecção dos Animais Sel-Cabral F.C. e Telles G.R. (1999). A árvore em Portugal. vagens, Porto. (Amphibians and Reptiles in PortugalAssírio e Alvim, Lisboa. (The Tree in Portugal) – Fund for the Protection of Wild Animals, Porto) Cabral M.J. (Coord), Almeida J., Almeida P.R., Del- Pessoa F. (1999). Algarve, paisagens e espaços natu- linger T., Ferrand de Almeida N., Oliveira M.E., Pal- rais. Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimen- meirim J.M., Queiroz A.I., Rogado L. e Santos-Reis to Regional do Algarve, Faro. (Algarve, landscapes M. (eds.) (2005). Livro vermelho dos vertebrados de and natural areas - Algarve Regional Coordination Portugal. Instituto da Conservação da Natureza, and Development Commission) Lisboa. (Red book of vertebrates in Portugal. Insti- tute for Nature Conservation – Lisbon) Pinho, R., Lopes L., Leão F. e Morgado F. (2003). Conhecer as plantas nos seus habitats. Ed Plátano, Cancela d’Abreu A., Correia T. e Oliveira R. (2004). Lisboa. (Discover plants in their habitats) Contributos para a identificação e caracterização da paisagem em Portugal Continental. DGOTDU /Uni- Pinto Gomes C. e Ferreira R. (2005). Flora e versidade de Évora. (Contributions to the identifica- vegetação do Barrocal Algarvio. Tavira-Portimão. tion and characterisation of landscape in mainland Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Portugal DGOTDU / University of Évora) Regional do Algarve, Faro. (Flora and vegetation of the Algarve Barrocal - Algarve Regional CoordinationComissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento and Development Commission)Regional do Algarve (2003). Relatório do estado doambiente do Algarve – 2003. CCDR-Algarve, Faro. Rocha F. (1996). Names vulgares de plantas ex-(Algarve Regional Coordination and Development istentes em Portugal. Ministério da Agricultura, doCommission (2003). Report on the state of the envi- Desenvolvimento Rural e das Pescas. Direcçãoronment in the Algarve) Geral de Protecção das Culturas. (Common names for plants in Portugal – Ministry of Agriculture, Re- Costa H., Araújo A., Farinha J.C., Poças M.C. e Mach- gional Development and Fisheries) ado A.M. (2000). Names Portugueses das Aves do Paleárctico Ocidental. Assírio e Alvim, Lisboa. (Por- Mullarney K., Svensson L., Zetterstrom D., Grant P. tuguese Names for Birds of the Western Palaearctic) J., (2003). Guia de Aves. Assírio e Alvim, Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves, Lisboa. (Guide Costa L.T., Nunes M., Geraldes P. e Costa H. (eds.) to Birds - Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds (2003). Zonas Importantes para as Aves em Portugal. – Lisbon) Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves, Lisboa. (Important Bird Areas in Portugal. Portu- guese Society for the Study of Birds - Lisbon)
  • CREDITSPublicationAlgarve Promotion BureauCopyrightRTA - Algarve Tourism BoardHead Office: Av. 5 de Outubro, 188000-076 FaroAlgarve, PortugalTelephone: 289 800 400Fax: 289 800 489rtalgarve@rtalgarve.ptwww.rtalgarve.ptwww.visitalgarve.ptCoordinationValentina Coelho Calixto, Anabela DoresCCDR-AlgarveAlgarve Regional Coordination andDevelopment Commissioninfo@ccdr-alg.ptwww.ccdr-alg.ptMarketing DivisionAlgarve Tourism Boardmarketing@rtalgarve.ptwww.rtalgarve.ptwww.visitalgarve.ptTextsSusana Pato, João Eduardo PintoPhotographyJoão Eduardo PintoOther ContributorsAna Isabel Rodrigues (CCDR-Algarve), André Neves (Globalgarve),Gab. Comunicação e RP (RTA), Paula Gaspar,Sandra Correia (CCDR-Algarve)MapsPortuguese Military Geographic InstituteGraphic Design and Layoutwww.teaser.ptTranslationInpokulisPrintingGráfica ComercialPrint run5000 exemplarenDistributedfreeLegal Deposit Number256370/07
  • © Região de Turimo do Algarve EN 2007 Associação Turismo do Algarve Avenida 5 de Outubro, nº.18, 8000-076 Faro, Algarve-Portugal Tel.: 289 800 403 / Fax: 289 800 466 E_mail: ata@ atalgarve.pt www.atalgarve.pt www.visitalgarve.pt