ASSISTIVETECHNOLOGY teaching children with VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
PRESENTERS DEVON MC CLEANCYRILLA GUMBS ZHANA GEORGE DEVON MC CLEAN
What Technlogy does my student need?The teacher is faced with a dilemma: finding the appropriate AssistiveTechnology for the visually impaired student:“Does this student require HARDWARE or SOFTWARE?”The answer depends on the student’s ‘visual acuity’ orvisual need. Is he considered low vision, functionally blind or blind?
Low vision• Mary can see. However, she needs to have her text magnified. John needs acute contrast and Kain just needs a different font. They can learn with their visual sense- they simply need their material enhanced. They have Low Vision.Click on the link below to see how one school assists those with Low VisionThe Interactive Whiteboard http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBX_raHKhtA
Functionally Blind Carl can see well enough to move around in the classroom but he cannot see well enough to work on his own. He is Functionally blind.(How would you teach the children in your class to take care of the functionally blind student?)
BLINDNESS Darcy is in total darkness. She reliesentirely on her other senses to gleaninformation about her surroundings. Sheneeds assistive technology to learn. She iscompletely blind.
Adaptive keyboardsOffer a variety of ways to provide input into a computer throughvarious options in size, layout and complexity.Students use these to take notes in class or type assignments
SCAN / READ SYSTEMSThese allow the user to scan documents into the computer and have themread aloud to him. e.g. stories (during Language Arts), assignments (in class orfor Home Work) and exams. Open book Kurzweil
VIDEO MAGNIFIERSThese use television technology to enhance the image of text, pictures andsmall objects.The map that the teacher uses for Social- Studies or the chart mounted forMathematics would be greatly enhanced by this mechanism
PORTABLE NOTE TAKERSPersons who prefer to take notes by typing can do so on these light weightmachines. They are built with a special keyboard of Braille and can beconnected to computers and printers for uploading or downloadinginformation. They can also read the notes aloud.The Note Taker http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ba6qHT3MGzk
BrailleRefreshable Braille display: this type of hardware provides tactile output ofinformation presented on the computer screen.Braille writing equipment: this is used for the creation of paper Braillematerials. These can be manual or an electronic device.Braille printer: a machine that does just what it sounds like. It is an embosserthat prints in Braille. The student uses this equipment to take notes during class
DIGITAL BOOK READERSThese are designed to play CD books on the computer during the LanguageArts . To which strain of the Language Arts would this equipment be mostappropriate?
SCREEN MAGNIFIERSThis software works in real time with the computer’s software toincrease the font of text and pictures on the screen bymagnification, 2x up to 20x magnification).The program can magnify the entire screen/ parts of it or only aroundthe cursor. It can also invert colours and tracking options. MAGic Zoom Text Big Shot Magic
SCREEN READERSThese work with the software on the computer to read everythingfrom text to images on the screen JAWS WINDOWS- EYES ZOOM TEXT Jaws
HotlistAT for childrenhttp://www.sc.edu/scatp/atclassfact.htmWhat is assistive technology and how is it used in schools?http://www.sc.edu/scatp/cdrom/atused.htmlTeachers Using Technology. Assistive technology for the visuallyimpaired.http://www.teachers-using-technology.com/at-and-visually-impaired.html
HotlistOut Of Sight: Technology Helps Visually Impaired Students Thrivehttp://www.edutopia.org/edward-r-murrow-technology-visually-impairedAssistive Technology Tools: Keys to Learning for The Visually Impairedhttp://www.edutopia.org/assistive-technology-visually-impaired-videoAssistive technology for students with visually impairmentshttp://www.brighthub.com/education/special/articles/74539.aspx
REFERENCE1) Adaptive Technology Centre for New Jersey Colleges. Assistive technology for college students who are blind or visually impaired Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://adaptivetech.tcnj.edu/resheet/blind.htm2) Blind Student Davao School and Rehabilitation Center for Visually Impaired. Retrieved November 3rd, 2011 from http://www.google.com/imgres?q=visually+impaired+children&hl=en&sa=X&gbv=2&biw=1280&bih=550&tbs=it p:photo&tbm=isch&tbnid=d-siXae7V8GkzM:&imgrefurl=http://dsrcvi.com/&docid=cbky8rKWzls- hM&imgurl=http://dsrcvi.com/images/pic13.jpg&w=400&h=300&ei=XLuqToSIEJSltweS3_nyDg&zoom=13) Cox, P. & Dykes, M. (2001) Effective Classroom Adaptations for Students with Visual Impairments Retrieved November 1st 2011, from http://www.cec.sped.org/Content/NavigationMenu/AboutCEC/International /StepbyStep/ResourceCenter / ClassroomEnvironment/VOL.33NO.6JULYAUGUST2001_TEC_cox.pdf
REFERENCE4) Digital Book Readers Retrieved November 1 2011 from http://portables.about.com/od/ebookreasers/ss/Ereader-and- Education.htm5) Frustrated Teacher, Mathematics and Multimedia Retrieved November 5th 2011, from http://mathandmult imedia.com/category/high-school-mathematics/high-school-algebra/page/2/6) Job Access with Speech Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://h33t.com/details.php ?id=417eda267 f002605c 17fa5d6a39ed1209119ed6a7) Nalis http://www2.nalis.gov.tt/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=%2b%2fdRCTHAwlg%3d&tabid=58
REFERENCE8) Portable Note Takers Retrieved November 1 2011 from http://www.topnews.in/deafblind-communication-device- becomes-portable-21993269) Scan/ Read Systems Retrieved November 1 from http://www.optelec.com/en_GB/press/314/optelec-unveils- clearreader-an-intuitive-portable-reading-system-with-instant-ocr-and-text-to-speech-technology10) Screen Magnifiers Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://www.csvrlowvision.org/AidsandDevices.html11) Teacher Using Technology. Assistive Technology for the Visually Impaired.(n.d.) Retrieved November 5, 2011, from http://www.teachers-using-technology.com/at-and-visually-impaired.html12) Video Magnifiers Retrieved November 1, 2011 from http://library.rehabmart.com/?last=3/15/2011&uid=11505013) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM6GtXOi9iY14) The Mountbatten – Assistive technology for the Blind http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLaUx7BJ4r0