UT: Water Wise Landscape

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Water Wise Landscape

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UT: Water Wise Landscape

  1. 1. WATER-WISE LANDSCAPEThe Utah House is a sustainable building and landscapedemonstration located at the Utah Botanical Center The Utah House water-wise landscape demonstrates how homeowners can create a beautiful and colorful landscape while significantly reducing water use. This innovative demonstration landscape uses up to 75% less water than a conventional landscape and showcases a variety of well-adapted and indigenous water-wise plants. Utah is the second driest state in the nation and is facing significant water challenges. This brochure highlights plants according to water-use and provides additional information that will assist visitors in learning how to reduce landscape water consumption.Where Utah’s Future Grows.
  2. 2. Very Low Water-Use Zone Shrubs: UTAH HOUSE Artemisia frigida Fringed Sagebrush WATER-WISE PLANT LIST Artemisia tridentata Big Sagebrush Cercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf Mountain MahoganySYMBOLS LEGEND: Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rubber Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus Yellow Rabbitbrush WATER-USE EXPOSURE REMARKS Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Very low water Full sun Attracts butterflies Rhus trilobata Threeleaf Sumac Low water Part shade Attracts hummingbirds Perennials Moderate water Full shade Utah native plant Achillea millefolium ‘Moonshine’ Moonshine Yarrow High water Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower Linum lewisii Blue FlaxWater-Use ZonesWater-wise landscaping takes advantage of the varying conditions and Low Water-Use Zonemicroclimates which exist in every landscape. Zone the landscape by Plants generally need ½" water added once or twice a month.grouping plants together that have similar water needs. It is important to Trees:place the right plant in the right place. Avoid planting a high water-use Acer ginnala ‘Flame’ Flame Amur Mapleplant next to a low water-use plant. Acer ginnala ‘Bailey’ Bailey Compact Amur Maple Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth MapleMany plants from this list may be used in more than one water-use zone. Koelreuteria paniculata Golden RaintreeSite-specific soils will affect water-use. Clay soils will require less water, Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolfes’ Vanderwolfes Limber Pinewhile sandy soils may require more water. Pinus heldrichii ‘Leucodermis’ Bosnian Redcone Pine Pinus leucodermis ‘Green Bun’ Green Bun Dwarf Redcone Pine Pinus nigra Austrian Pine – Very Low Water: This is the lowest water-use zone in a Prunus virginiana Chokecherry water-wise landscape and will provide the greatest water savings when Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak compared to conventional landscaping. Plants generally need no Shrubs: additional water once established. Supplemental water may be necessary Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Saskatoon’ Saskatoon Serviceberry during extreme drought conditions. Amelanchier alnifolia Regent Serviceberry Caryopteris x clandonensis ‘Blue Mist’ Bluemist Spirea – Low Water: Plants used in this zone need more water than Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany natural precipitation. Approximately ½" water added once or twice a Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush month should be sufficient. This amount may vary from site to site. Cotinus coggygria Smoketree Careful selection of a “low-volume” irrigation system will conserve Forestiera neomexicana New Mexican Privet large amounts of water. Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’ Blue Chip Creeping Juniper Juniperus sabina ‘Calgary Carpet’ Calgary Carpet Juniper – Moderate Water: Plants generally need approximately Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’ Blue Star Juniper ¾" water added once a week. This is more than the low water-use Philidelphus lewisii Lewis Mockorange plants but still 50% less than most conventional landscapes. Prunus cistena Purpleleaf Sandcherry Pinus mugo ‘Slowmound’ Slowmound Mugo Pine – High Water: This zone should be kept small and functional Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ Gro-Low Sumac in size. It could be considered a mini-oasis and is best used when Ribes alpinium Alpine Currant incorporated carefully into your landscape design. Kentucky bluegrass Sheperdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry lawn is generally the primary plant used in this zone. Approximately Rosa woodsii Woods Rose ½" water added 3 times a week is necessary. Viburnum trilobum American Cranberrybush Viburnum Groundcovers: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry or KinnikinnickVery Low Water-Use Zone Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Mahonia repens Hardy Plumbago Creeping Oregon GrapePlants generally need no additional water once established.Trees: Sedum kamtschaticum Russian StonecropCeltis reticulata Netleaf Hackberry Sedum spurium Dragon’s Blood StonecropJuniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper Sedum spurium ‘Tricolor’ Variegated StonecropPinus edulis Pinyon Pine Thymus praecox ‘Coccineus’ Red Creeping ThymeQuercus gambelii Gamble Oak Thymus pseudolanuginosus Woolly Thyme
  3. 3. Ornamental Grasses:Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Avalanche’ Feather Reed Grass Penstemon strictus Rocky Mountain PenstemonCalamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’ Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian SageFestuca glauca ‘Sea Urchin’ Sea Urchin Blue Fescue Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’ Black Eyed SusanMiscanthus sinensis ‘Yaku Jima’ Yaku Jima Maidenhair Grass Salvia argentea Elephant Ear Silver SagePennisetum alopecuroides Fountain Grass Salvia greggii Furman’s Red SageGrasses: Salvia nemorosa ‘East Friesland’ East Friesland Meadow SageBouteloa gracilis Blue Grama Grass Salvia nemorosa ‘May Night’ May Night Meadow SagePerennials: Salvia officinalis ‘Tricolor’ Tricolor SageAchillea millefolium ‘Moonshine’ Moonshine Yarrow Santolina chamaecyparissus ‘virens’ Green SantolinaAgastache x ‘Desert Sunrise’ Hybrid Hummingbird Mint Scabiosa columbaria ‘Butterfly Blue’ Butterfly Blue Pincushion FlowerAgastache rupestris Licorice Mint Sedum spectabilis ‘Autumn Joy’ Autumn Joy SedumAnacyclus depressus Mount Atlas Daisy Sedum x hybrid ‘Matrona’ Matrona SedumArtemisia ludoviciana ‘Silver King’ White Sage Tanacetum densum ‘amani’ Partridge FeatherArtemisia schmidtiana ‘Silver Mound’ Silver Mound Wormwood Veronica liwanensis Turkish SpeedwellArtemisia versicolor ‘Sea Foam’ Sea Foam Artemisia Zauschneria garrettii ‘Orange Carpet’ Or. Carpet Fire ChaliceArtemisia x ‘Powis Castle’ Powis Castle Silver SageAsclepias tuberosaAster novae-angliae ‘Purple Dome’ Orange Butterfly Weed Purple Dome New England Aster Moderatewater added once a week. Zone Water-Use Plants generally need ¾"Aubrieta deltoidea ‘Rocky’s Purple’ Rocky’s Purple Aubrieta Trees:Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower Acer ginnala ‘Bailey’ Bailey Compact Amur MapleCallirhoe involucrata Poppy Mallow Malus ‘Braeburn’ Braeburn AppleCentaurea montana ‘Blue’ Mountain Blue Cornflower Malus ‘Fuji’ Red Fuji AppleCentranthus ruber Jupiter’s Beard Shrubs:Coreopsis grandiflora ‘Mayfield Giant’ Mayfield Giant Tickseed Cornus alba, Argenteo Marginata Variegated Tartarian Dogwood (Elegantissima)Coreopsis grandiflora ‘Sun Ray’ Sun Ray TickseedCoreopsis verticillata ‘Moonbeam’ Threadleaf Tickseed Daphne burkwoodii ‘Carol Mackie’ Carol Mackie DaphneCytisus purgans Spanish Gold Hardy Broom Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’ Blue Star JuniperDelosperma cooperi Hardy Pink Ice Plant Mahonia aquifolium ‘Compacta’ Compact Oregon GrapeDianthus gratianopolitanus ‘Fire Witch’ Fire Witch Dianthus Groundcovers:Eriogonum umbellatum Sulfur-flower Buckwheat Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry or KinnikinnickGaillardia aristata ‘Burgundy’ Burgundy Blanket Flower Mahonia repens Creeping Oregon GrapeGaillardia aristata ‘Baby Cole’ Baby Cole Blanket Flower Vines:Gaillardia aristata ‘Goblin’ Goblin Blanket Flower Akebia quinata ‘Shiro Bana’ Shiro Bana AkebiaGuara lindheimeri Whirling Butterflies Campsis radicans ‘Flamenco’ Scarlet Trumpet VineGuara ‘Siskiyou Pink’ Siskiyou Pink Whirling Butterflies Campsis radicans ‘Flava’ Yellow Trumpet VineHelianthemum nummularium ‘Cheviot’ Cheviot Rockrose Campsis x tagliabuana ‘Madame Galen’ Trumpet CreeperHelianthemum ‘Primrose Yellow’ Yellow Rockrose Clematis ‘Royalty’ Large Flowered Hybrid ClematisIris pallida ‘Albo Variegata’ Variegated Sweet Iris Clematis alpina ‘Constance’ ClematisIris pallida ‘Aureo Variegata’ Gold Variegated Sweet Iris Vitis ‘Interlaken’ Interlaken GrapeLavendula angustifolia Hidcote English Lavender Vitis labrusca ‘Suffolk’ Suffolk GrapeLiatris spicata Gayfeather Perennials:Linum lewisii Blue Flax Heuchera sanguinea ‘Splendins’ Splendins Coral BellsMarrubium rotundifolia Silver Edged HorehoundMirabilis multiflora Showy Four o’ClockNepeta x faassenii ‘Blue Wonder’ Blue Catmint High Water-Use Zone Plants generally need ½" water added three times a week.Oenothera missouriensis ‘Ozark Sundrops’ Ozark Sundrops Eve. Primrose T Grass: urfOriganum libanoticum Hopflower Oregano Poa pratensis Kentucky BluegrassPenstemon eatonii Firecracker PenstemonPenstemon grandiflorus ‘Prairie Jewel’ Prairie Jewel PenstemonPenstemon x mexicali ‘Pikes Peak Purple’ Pikes Peak Purple PenstemonPenstemon x mexicali ‘Red Rocks’ Red Rocks PenstemonPenstemon pinifolius Pineleaf PenstemonPenstemon pinifolius ‘Mersea Yellow’ Yellow Pineleaf Penstemon
  4. 4. Utah House P.O. Box 265 920 South 50 West Kaysville UT 84037 Tel: (801) 544-3089 www.utahbotanicalcenter.org SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF WATER-WISE LANDSCAPING1. PLANNING AND DESIGN: The first step to a successful water- 4. PRACTICAL TURF AREAS: Plant turf in areas of manageable wise landscape is to have a plan. Important elements to consider include: sizes and shapes. Limit turf to areas where it provides a functional benefit. Select appropriate turf varieties for your site. Excess turf may be replaced • SITE ANALYSIS – Soils, Climate, Topography, Drainage, with a variety of other low water-use plants. Existing Vegetation, Views, Utilities etc… • LANDSCAPE GOALS & OBJECTIVES - Outdoor Activities, 5. EFFICIENT IRRIGATION: Irrigate efficiently – not excessively. Service Needs, Landscape Style Use properly designed systems and apply the right amount of water at the right time. Irrigate turf areas separately from other plantings. Do not rely2. SOIL ANALYSIS: Soils will vary from site to site. Find out if soils solely on an automatic irrigation timer. Water efficiently and only when are primarily clay, silt, or sand. Determine soil water-holding capacity. Soil needed. analysis may affect irrigation scheduling. Soils may be improved if needed with organic matter to enhance drainage and moisture retention. 6. MULCHING: Use mulches in tree, shrub and perennial borders to conserve soil moisture. Mulch applied at the right depth will reduce3. APPROPRIATE PLANT SELECTION & weed growth and slow erosion. A gravel mulch works best in the very low HYDROZONING THE LANDSCAPE: Use healthy, well- and low water-use zones. Organic mulch such as bark will work well in adapted plants and zone the landscape by grouping plants together according moderate water-use zones. to their water requirements. It is important to place the right plant in the right place. Avoid planting a high water-use plant next to a low water-use plant. 7. APPROPRIATE MAINTENANCE: Water-wise landscaping will Many beautiful trees, shrubs, perennials, and groundcovers are available for reduce maintenance, not eliminate it. Low water-use landscapes are simply use in a water-wise landscape. maintained differently than the average lawn. Maintain the landscape by pruning, fertilizing, watering, weeding, mowing, and deadheading properly.

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