Fulani language  word list-by A. sosal A.
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Fulani language word list-by A. sosal A.

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Fulani language  word list-by A. sosal A. Fulani language word list-by A. sosal A. Document Transcript

  • In the name of Allah U of K Department of Linguistics Field Methods and Data Analysis 503 Fulani language: Word listBy: Ahmed Sosal Altayeb M.Supervisor: Dr. Suzan Al-aminBrief overview about Fulani: Fulani or Fulbe are found throughout the Sahel of West Africa, on the southern edge ofthe desert, from Mauritania in the West to Sudan in the East. There are about twenty million ofthem spread through about 16 countries. Fulani people remain separate by their culture, theirways of life and their believes. They are assigned by names such as Haalpulaaren, Fula, Fulbe,Peul, Fulani, Falata. Their language Fulfulde belongs to the Niger-Congo language family, in theWest Atlantic branch. There are several names applied to the language, just as we had for Fulapeople. Their language called Pulaar or Pular, in Western dialects and Fulfulde in the Central andEastern dialects. Fula(h) and Fulani in English and Puel in French. Concerning the noun classes there are about 25 noun classes (the number may vary slightlyin the different dialects). Each noun class has a singular and plural form, accusative/dativepronoun, demonstrative adjective and adjective agreement pattern. Some examples provided inthe table below:
  • Table:1 nominal system Nominative Accusative/dative Demonstrative Possessive Noun Article pronoun pronoun adjective adjective debbo ON debbo makko debbo OO debbo on (THE O (SHE) MO (HER) (his/her(woman) (THAT woman) woman) woman) gertogal gertogal NGAA gertogal gertogal NGAL maggal NGAL (IT) NGAL (IT) ngal (THAT(chicken) (THE (his/her chicken) chicken) chicken)Table2: Consonant inventory labial labiovelar alveolar palatal velar glottalvoiceless stop p t kvoiced stop b d ɡvoiceless tʃ (c)affricatevoiced affricate dʒ (j)voiced lateral lvoiced trill rvoiceless f sfricativevoiced w j (y)approximantvoiceless happroximantlaryngealized ɓ ɗstoplaryngealized d̰ʒ̃ (ʝ)affricateglottal stop ʔnasal stop m n ɲ ŋprenasalized stop m b n d n j n ɡ
  • Table3: Vowels inventory -round -round +round -back -back +back +front -front -front+high -low +ATR i u-high -low +ATR e o-high -low -ATR ɛ ɔ-high +low -ATR aSymbols used in this word list: list: (n)------------------------------------Noun (v)------------------------------------Verbe (adj)-----------------------------Adjective (adv)-------------------------------Adverb (pro)------------------------------Pronoun (pr-----------------------------Preposition (det)---------------------------Determiner (con)-------------------------Conjonction (suf)--------------------------------Suffixe (syn)--------------------------synonymiesaaa (adv) [ əʔə] ‘No’abada (adv) [əbdə] ‘Never’sey (adv) [sej] ‘till/only’jooni (adv) [dʒɔnɪ ] ‘now’amin (pro) [əmɪn ] ‘our’Aan (pro) [ a:n] ‘you’onn (pro) [ɔnn] ‘we’haŋnko (pro) [ hənkɔ] ‘he/she’
  • gade (v) [ŋәɗɛ] ‘do’yari (v) [jari] ‘delever’wadd-u (v)( Suf: -ay,-I,-dum,-gal,-ga) [ wəd-u] ‘bring’tawa-de (v) (Suf: -dum,-nŋa,-al,-el,-mo) [təwa-ɗɛ] ‘to find’Battin-de (v) [bətɪn-ɗɛ] ‘To bring something close to someone’Delu-de (v) (suf:-dum,-be,- ŋa) [ɗəlu-ɗɛ] ‘Leave behind or leave alone’laamido (n) [la‫׃‬mı‫׃‬ɗɔ ] ‘chief’rewbe (n) [rəwɓɛ ] ‘women’debo (n) [debo] ‘woman’nofru (n) [nufru] ‘ear’beaado (n) [mbıaɗɔ] ‘Someone( we are talking)nyamdo (n) [ɲamdu] ‘food’Saaliin-de (adj) (Suf: -a) [sa‫׃‬lɪn-ɗɛ] ‘previous’pammar-a(adj) (Suf: -al,-um,-re,-ro) [pəmər-ə ] ‘small’Bodeej-i (adj) (suf:-el,-al,-um,-am) [bɔ ɗedʒ-i] ‘red’daneej-o (adj) [denedʒ-ɔ] ‘white’jam (adj) [dʒәm] ‘Ok/ in good health’Shaka ( prep) [ ∫əkə ] ‘between, in the middle of’der (prep)( Syn: e, hen, nder) [nder ] ‘in’dow (prep) [dəw] ‘on’baawo (prep) [ɓa:wɔ ] ‘after, afterward, behind’
  • nd-eye (det) (Suf: -aye) [nd -eɪ ] ‘which’maako (det) [ma‫׃‬kɔ] ‘his’mabbe (det) [məɓe ] ‘their’-maa (det) [ -ma‫]׃‬ ‘your’se (conj) (Syn: si, so) [se] ‘then’ko (conj) [kɔ] ‘that because/ how?’gam (conj) [ŋəm] ‘because, because of’