Past Continuous Tense (Active & Passive Voice)

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English Grammar - The usage of active and passive voice in Past Continuous Tense. May be useful. In Sha Allah. :)

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Past Continuous Tense (Active & Passive Voice)

  1. 1. ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE IN PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION ON ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE A transitive verb may be in the ACTIVE or PASSIVE voice.  A verb is in the Active Voice when the subject in the sentence DOES the action.  A verb is in the Passive Voice when the subject is made to RECEIVED the action.
  3. 3. What is Past Continuous Tense?  The past continuous describes actions or events in a time before now, which began in the past and was still going on at the time of speaking. In other words, it expresses an unfinished or incomplete action that was interrupted by another event or action. am/is/are + being + past participle was/were + being + past participle
  4. 4.  Active sentences in the past continuous tense have the following structure: Subject + was/were + -ing form of the verb + object  Passive sentences in the past continuous tense have the following structure: Object of the active sentence + was/were + being + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence
  5. 5. Example of Past Continuous Tense (active voice) Which is : • Subject + was/were + -ing form of the verb + object Example : • She was writing a novel.
  6. 6. Example of Past Continuous Tense (passive voice) Which is :  Object of the active sentence + was/were + being + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence Example :  A novel was being written by her.
  7. 7. OTHER EXAMPLE OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE NO ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE 1 They were saying their prayers. Their prayers were being said by them. 2 He was giving a lecture. A lecture was being given by him. 3 I was cleaning the bathroom. The bathroom was being cleaned by me. 4 They were cleaning the bedroom. The bedroom was being cleaned by them. 5 Susan was cleaning the kitchen and patio. The kitchen and patio were being cleaned by Susan.
  8. 8. CHANGING AN INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE NO ACTIVE PASSIVE 1 Is she writing a letter? Is a letter being written by her? 2 Why were you cheating me? Why was I being cheated by you? 3 Which book were you reading? Which book was being read by you? 4 Why was she beating the child? Why was the child being beaten by her? 5 For what were you making For what was such a noise being such a noise? made by you?
  9. 9. CONCLUSION To change active to passive voice : o change the position of subject and object and the verb used must be in past participle form.
  10. 10. THANK YOU 

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