A French term referring to a sheet of
To cook in an oven or oven-type
appliance. This term typically applies to
pastries, cookies, breads, casseroles, and
occasionally fish and poultry.
To bake an empty pie crust by half filling it
with dried peas, etc., to ensure that it holds
A semi liquid mixture of liquid, eggs, and
starch used to make pancakes, cookies, or a
coating for foods to be fried.
In baked goods, a small roll (either yeast or
To mix fat and sugar until smooth at the
same time incorporating air into the
To use a fork to press the edges of an
unbaked piecrust against the rim of the pie
plate to seal in the filling and provide a
A mixture of liquid, flour, etc., that is stiff
enough to be handled or kneaded, rolled and
shaped. Example bread dough.
To coat the surface with a dry ingredient
To sprinkle a surface with a liquid like syrup.
A sugar and water mixture cooked to the
soft-ball stage ( 234º F), cooled and
kneaded. Used for cake icing or candies.
A semi-soft confection made from brown or
white sugar, butter, cream, and evaporated
milk (or plain water) and flavored usually
with either chocolate or vanilla, but
sometimes with ginger, glazed fruits, maple
syrup, nuts, or orange.
A French pastry filling of semisweet
chocolate and heavy cream.
To brush a surface with
butter, margarine, shortening or oil to
The sweet and decorative topping for a
cake. Classically, it must be white, but in
practice it applies to any topping, usually a
thin one. Thicker toppings are then referred
to as frosting.
To allow the yeast dough to ferment and
double its time.
Sweet baked food made with a flour-
Pastry dough comprised of numerous very
thin sheets made from flour and water.
To squeeze out a mixture from a pastry bag.
To bake a crust without the filling or to half-
To light the oven about 10 minutes in
advance to allow the oven temperature to
reach a desired degree of heat before the
cake is baked.
To deflate risen dough using the fist to
break down large air spaces.
To roll again after the filling has been
To shape a rectangle of dough or cake into a
Meaning the cake is already baked; when the
top spring back.