ABC ANATOMY                                                                    Our Anatomy     ABC ANATOMY  1. Anatomical ...
ABC ANATOMY                                                                    Our Anatomy  2. Planes of movement (p. 2)  ...
ABC ANATOMY                                                        Our Anatomy        FRONTAL OR CORONAL plane (p. 3)     ...
ABC ANATOMY                                                                   Our Anatomy        TRANSVERSE OR HORIZONTAL ...
ABC ANATOMY                                                                  Our Anatomy        Other anatomical reference...
ABC ANATOMY      Our AnatomyLooking Inward            6
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Abc anatomy

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Abc anatomy

  1. 1. ABC ANATOMY Our Anatomy ABC ANATOMY 1. Anatomical position (p. 1) It’s a REFERENCE position as a starting point to describe movements. The anatomy of movement involves 3 main systems: BONES, elements of the skeleton ARTICULATIONS, the link between bones MUSCLES, that move the bonesLooking Inward 1
  2. 2. ABC ANATOMY Our Anatomy 2. Planes of movement (p. 2) MEDIAN OR MIDSAGITTAL plane We see the movements in profile; the middle line divides the body into symmetrical right and left halves Forward, FLEXION (ankle: DORSIFLEXION) Backward, EXTENSION (ankle: PLANTARFLEXION)Looking Inward 2
  3. 3. ABC ANATOMY Our Anatomy FRONTAL OR CORONAL plane (p. 3) It divides the body into anterior and posterior parts. Towards the median plane, ADDUCTION Away from the median plane, ABDUCTION For the trunk or neck, lateral flexion or side-bending Fingers and toes, the reference is: axis of the hand (middle finger) axis of the foot (2d toe)Looking Inward 3
  4. 4. ABC ANATOMY Our Anatomy TRANSVERSE OR HORIZONTAL plane (p. 4) It divides the body into superior and inferior (upper and lower) parts Outward, LATERAL ROTATION (forearm: SUPINATION) Inward, MEDIAL ROTATION (forearm: PRONATION) For the trunk or neck, right/left rotationLooking Inward 4
  5. 5. ABC ANATOMY Our Anatomy Other anatomical reference TERMS (p. 6) ANTERIOR: facing toward or located at the front POSTERIOR: “ “ “ “ at the back SUPERIOR: “ “ “ “ at the top INFERIOR: “ “ “ “ at the bottom MEDIAL: closer to the median plane LATERAL: further for the median plane INTERNAL or DEEP: inside the body (note: the deep muscles of the foot form the superior layer and the superficial ones the inferior layer) EXTERNAL or SUPERFICIAL: surface of the body PROXIMAL: closer to the trunk or some major joint DISTAL: further from “ “ “ “Looking Inward 5
  6. 6. ABC ANATOMY Our AnatomyLooking Inward 6

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