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James baker bronte 11.10pptx

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  • 1. Digital Research …why we are here, what we have, and what we can do for you Dr James Baker Curator, Digital Research @j_w_baker
  • 2. More than resource discovery… “The emergence of the new digital humanities [and social sciences] isn‟t an isolated academic phenomenon. The institutional and disciplinary changes are part of a larger cultural shift, inside and outside the academy, a rapid cycle of emergence and convergence in technology and culture” Steven E Jones, Emergence of the Digital Humanities (2013) www.bl.uk 2
  • 3. Raging torrent of data www.bl.uk 3
  • 4. Digital Research: Humanities “Literary scholars and historians have in the past been limited in their analyses of print culture by the constraints of physical archives and human capacity. A lone scholar cannot read, much less make sense of, millions of newspaper pages. With the aid of computational linguistics tools and digitized corpora, however, we are working toward a large-scale, systemic understanding of how texts were valued and transmitted during this period” David A. Smith, Ryan Cordell, and Elizabeth Maddock Dillon, „Infectious Texts: Modeling Text Reuse in Nineteenth-Century Newspapers‟ (2013) http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/dasmith/infect-bighum-2013.pdf www.bl.uk 4
  • 5. Digital Research: Social Sciences • Reading the Riots (LSE, Guardian) – How misinformation spread on Twitter during a time of crisis – 2.6 million tweets analysed – Volunteers used to help categorise data – Images compared – Sentiment analysis deployed • Interdisciplinary, collaborative effort – Proctor (Warwick), Vis (Sheffield), Voss (St Andrews). – Reading the riots on Twitter : methodological innovation for the analysis of big data (2013) www.bl.uk 5
  • 6. Digital Research: Art www.bl.uk 6
  • 7. Some background www.bl.uk 7
  • 8. Some background “Instead of quantitative researchers trying to build fully automated methods and qualitative researchers trying to make do with traditional human-only methods, now both are heading toward using or developing computer-assisted methods that empower both groups” Gary King, „Restructuring the Social Sciences: Reflections from Harvard's Institute for Quantitative Social Science‟, PS: Political Science & Politics (2014) www.bl.uk 8
  • 9. Some background www.bl.uk 9
  • 10. Why we are here www.bl.uk 10
  • 11. “Reading individual works is as irrelevant as describing the architecture of a building from a single brick, or the layout of a city from a single church” Franco Moretti, Stanford www.bl.uk 11
  • 12. Adam Crymble www.bl.uk 12
  • 13. www.bl.uk 13
  • 14. www.bl.uk 14
  • 15. www.bl.uk 15
  • 16. www.bl.uk 16
  • 17. www.bl.uk 17
  • 18. www.bl.uk 18
  • 19. New Tools • Google Ngram Viewer – Millions of books, billions of words – Granular trend analysis • Metadata, tagging, search, discovery… • …mapping, connectivity, embeddness • Social media • Build virtual environments, digital art www.bl.uk 19
  • 20. New Discoveries • Off the Map – Library collections can be used for creative, novel applications! • Crowd is a source – A phenomenon, a method? – BL Flickr • Personal digital archive – Forensic analysis of behaviour • prison *_NOUN – New ways in, new contexts… www.bl.uk 20
  • 21. New Discoveries discipline www.bl.uk camp and camps sentence 21
  • 22. New Understanding • Study of 11M social media posts from China – King, Pan, Roberts (2013) – Chinese government is not censoring speech but is censoring “attempts at collective action, whether for or against the government – Automated text analysis • NSA, GCHQ, Big Data… – Just because they use big data, should we? – What does/doesn‟t it represent? – Ethics, use of technology www.bl.uk • Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books – New competition for telling stories about change over time. – Michel, Aiden et al (2010) 22
  • 23. What can we do for you? – British Library Labs • Events, data, and competitions at labs.bl.uk – You can ask us about what we have • digitalresearch@bl.uk – Get involved in our events and activities • Quarterly Digital Conversations programme. – Next event 27 February on Data Visualisation • Crowdsourcing of the #bl1million Flickr images – Follow our activities • on Twitter (#bldigital) • on the Digital Scholarship blog www.bl.uk 23
  • 24. Meet the Curators – Endangered Archives Programme – News and Media – UK Web Archive – Personal Digital Archives – British Library Labs – Social Sciences – Digital Maps – Digital Research – Music – Europeana 1914-1918 www.bl.uk 24
  • 25. Some thoughts for the day… – What does it mean to turn your sources into data? – What can you do with data that you can‟t with non-digital sources? – What does a quantitative emphasis on the high velocity, variety and volume data mean for other research? – Do new ethical considerations apply to big data? – How might computational methods change attitudes towards collaborative research in the arts, humanities, and social sciences? www.bl.uk 25
  • 26. Thank you! @j_w_baker Follow the Digital Scholarship Blog: http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digital-scholarship/ Contact us at: digitalresearch@bl.uk www.bl.uk 26
  • 27. Task Time! – Groups of 5 or 6 • Jan-May here as groups 1-5 • June-Oct next door in Chaucer as 6-10 • Nov-Dec free agents – Use the cards to come up with a potential project idea: • Combination of tool cards and collection cards. • Draws on what has been talked about this morning • Uses the best of the skills and backgrounds your group can offer – Feedback after lunch • No more than 2 minutes • I will be timing! www.bl.uk 27