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Emergency Mapping Symbology


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    • 1. Emergency Mapping Symbology (with a brief overview of Open Government) Mark Sondheim, Darrin Charmley, Graeme Leeming Presented at the Multi-Agency Situational Awareness System sessions in British Columbia, December 10 & 12, 2010
    • 2. Outline
      • Emergency Mapping Symbology
        • Background
        • Definition and Design
        • Licence, Contributors, What’s Next
      Development funded by GeoConnections Development funded by US Department of Justice
      • Police CAD and RMS Symbology
        • Strongly influenced by EMS
      • Map Symbology and Open Government
        • Open Government, Open Data, Gov 2.0
    • 3. Emergency Mapping Symbology Background for MASAS and EMOs
    • 4. Emergencies Happen
    • 5. HSWG Response
      • Homeland Security Working Group (HSWG) was tasked with developing symbols to meet the needs of the Federal, State and Local governments in the United States.
      • In 2005, HSWG released a set of symbologies to represent emergency events.
    • 6. HSWG Symbols – Samples
      • Incidents
      Natural Events Operations Infrastructures
    • 7. HSWG Detail
    • 8. Other efforts from around the globe
      • UN – Office of Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA)
      • Disaster Response Map Symbols (DRMS)
      • Australia All Hazards Symbology (AAHS)
    • 9. What was the response in Canada? GeoConnections took the lead
      • Should we adopt and extend HSWG?
      • Are there events in Canada not adequately covered by HSWG?
      • What kind of symbology is likely to be most useful and gain broad acceptance?
      • How can the symbology be meaningful in the context of COPs, MASAS and general EM applications?
      Let’s see what we can do in Canada!
    • 10. Canadian Context (i)
      • Blizzard
      • Freezing Rain
      • Wind Chill
      • Iceberg
      • Storm Surge
      • Squall
    • 11. Canadian Context (ii)
      • Lost Person
      • AMBER/SILVER Alert
      • Rescue Team
      • Disease Outbreak
      • Animal Die-off
      • Quarantine
    • 12. Canadian Context (iii)
      • Road Closure
      • Evacuation Route
      • Fire Lines
      • Flood Zone
      • Burn Area
      • Affected Area
    • 13. Emergency Mapping Symbology Definition and Design for MASAS and EMOs
    • 14. What does constructing a symbology mean?
      • What kinds of events are we considering?
      • Can we create an easy to learn classification, structured as a hierarchy?
      • Can the symbols be connotative?
      • Can they be rendered such that they are immediately seen and understood?
      The symbol set must be highly effective as part of a Common Operational Picture ! It must be practical on web applications, including those built for smartphones, tablets, etc. It must also be practical on desktops and laptops. Semantics Design Utility
    • 15. Hierarchical Structure Tier 1 entity: domain.category.tier1 ems.incident.aviation Tier 2 entity: domain.category.tier1.tier2 ems.incident.aviation.hijacking EMS Incident Infrastructure Operations Aviation Hijacking Energy Oil Well Domain Category Tier 1 Tier 2
    • 16. What symbol styles are most effective?
    • 17. How about with this background?
    • 18. EMS – Colours and Sizes
      • Symbols are coloured according to category
      • Because they are geometrically unique,
      • they are not dependent on colour
      • Sizes in pixels: 32 x 32, 48 x 48, 64 x 64 + 400 x 400 (largest is the parent, used to derive the others)
    • 19. Evolution – from HSWG to EMS (i)
    • 20. Evolution – from HSWG to EMS (ii)
    • 21. Some EMS additions
    • 22. EMS In Action Common Alerting Protocol – Canadian Profile: test case
    • 23. Emergency Mapping Symbology Licence, Contributors, What’s Next for MASAS and EMOs
    • 24. EMS Licence
      • Falls under Canadian government’s Licence For Unrestricted Use of Emergency Mapping Symbology
      • Copyright: Department of Natural Resources, Canada
      • Free to use, share, modify and extend without restriction
    • 25. Primary Published Influences
      • HSWG (ANSI INCITIS 415-2006 and the related mil spec: MIL-STD 2525C)
      • CAP-CP (Canadian Profile of the Common Alerting Protocol)
      • NIDM (Canadian National Infrastructure Data Model, which was heavily influenced by the US-Canada Cross-Border Infrastructure Plan)
    • 26. Contributors
      • web survey
      • focus groups
      • interviews
      through Black Coral Inc. Emergency Management, British Columbia PCI Geomatics CAE Professional Services Emergency Measures Organization, Manitoba Provincial Emergency Program, British Columbia Canadian Association for Public Alerting Emergency Measures Organization, New Brunswick Public Safety Canada Canadian General Standards Board EmerGeo Solutions Inc. Refractions Research Inc. City of Edmonton Environment Canada Royal Canadian Mounted Police City of Sudbury ESRI Canada Ltd. SAR Technology Inc. City of Toronto GeoBC, British Columbia Telus Communications, Inc. City of Vancouver Health Canada United States Coast Guard Defence Research & Development Canada Homeland Security Working Group (U.S.) University of Toronto Department of Homeland Security (U.S.) Joint Emergency Liaison Committee, Metro Vancouver University of Windsor Department of National Defence Medical Transportation Coordination Centre, Manitoba Waterloo Region E-Comm, Emergency Communications for Southwest British Columbia MykRoss Consulting Ltd. Emergency Management Ontario Natural Resources Canada
    • 27. What’s next …
      • Management Strategy (right now, not defined)
        • Who has overarching responsibility?
        • How will the symbology be maintained?
        • How will access and distribution be provided?
        • What is the best way to engage the community?
        • What is the funding source for management?
      • Maintenance Process
        • Refinements to existing symbols
        • Creation of new symbols
        • Ensure interoperability of complementary symbologies
        • Assist with testing in different environments
    • 28. Crime Mapping Symbology Complementary to EMS for police agencies Addendum 1
    • 29. A complementary symbology for policing
      • CAD: 207 events
      • RMS: 60 events
      Domain Category Tier 1 Tier 2 Police CAD ArsonResidential Society RMS Property Traffic Violence Other Graffiti Overdose WarrantSearch DrunkDriver BombThreat Surveillance
    • 30. Crime Early Warning System
    • 31. Open Government: The role of map symbology Addendum 2
    • 32. Open Government
      • New doctrine focusing on govt. held data
        • Data must be open to the public
        • Data must be in machine readable form
        • Data must be easy to find and easy to access
        • Spatial is often a core element of such data
        • Data must be available in open formats
        • Data must be free and legally unencumbered
      • High profile – part of govt. accountability
    • 33. Open Data Open Data
      • Open Data promises that citizens will have access to government held data
      • and will be able to take advantage of services built upon such data.
      • Government data can be accessed over the web in different ways
        • via typical ftp and http protocols
        • through web services
        • by using government applications
      Many governments are instituting open data policies.
      • Linked Data – data can be linked through identifiers and/or position
      Citizens Services Data
    • 34. Gov 2.0 Open Data
      • Leveraging the Web
      • Citizen engagement
      • Infrastructure to support this
        • Simple ftp/http access for select, high demand, static data sets
        • Web services
        • Data portals
        • Mashup frameworks
        • Capability to easily use public frameworks, e.g., Google Earth
      • Open standards: protocols, interfaces, formats
      • Usable by developers as well as average citizen
      Framework constructs – accessing government databases Government Citizens
    • 35. Government as a Platform Open Data
      • Government IT infrastructure seen as computing platform accessible to the outside
      • Integral part of larger economy
      • Government as a Platform melds with other platforms, including social media
      Local Gov Data Prov & Fed Data NGO Data Commercial Data Private Data Serv I ces Citizens, Companies, Agencies
    • 36. Map Symbology and Open Government
      • Symbols are data, visual data
      • Open government depends on open standards, open services and interoperability
      • Seamless integration will benefit from common & complementary symbologies
      EMO1 Citizens EMO2 EMO1 EMO2 Citizens Citizens
    • 37. For more information, copies of the symbol sets, and a copy of this presentation, please visit: Thanks for listening !