Finite element analysis designs of dams,bridges,ships,supersonic jets , high buildings and space vehicles requires resolution of a large system Computational engineers have developed finite-element code for the dynamic analysis of structures. High-order finite elements are used to describe the spatial behavior. CDC Start-100 and Cyber-205 have been used to implement these computations for structural analysis.
Computational aerodynamics providing new technological capabilities and economies in pressing ahead with aircraft and spacecraft lift and turbulence studies. NASA is seeking to supplement its Illiac-IV to do 3D simulations of wind tunnel tests at gigaflop speeds. Two gigaflops supercomputers known as ‘ Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Facilities’ (NASF) proposed by Control Data Corporation which are capable of simulating complete aircraft design for US government and commercial aircraft companies.
Computer analysis of remotely sensed earth-resource data has many potential applications in argiculture,forestry,geology and water resources. Explosive amount of information need to be processed in this area. NASA has ordered a Massively parallel processor (MPP) for earth satellite image processing which can computing rate of 6 billion 8-bit integer operations per second . It can almost provide real-time , time-varying scenes.
Seismic exploration Many oil companies are investing in the use of attached array processor or vector supercomputer for seismic data processing. One physical company in Houston has about 2 million magnetic reels of seismic data in inventory and 300,000 reels awaiting processing. The demand of cost effective computers for seismic signal processing is increasing sharply.
Plasma fusion power Nuclear fusion researchers are pushing to use a computer 100 times more powerful than any existing one to model plasma dynamics Synthetic nuclear fusion requires the heating of plasma to a temperature of 100 million degrees so it must be magnetically confined. The United States National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center is currently using two Cray-I and one CDC-7600 to controlled plasma experiments.