Ict development in laos

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Ict development in laos

  1. 1. Research Workshop Daejeon University, 9 November 2012 ICT Development Status In Lao PDRBy Somphoun
  2. 2. OUTLINE ICT in Laos  Laos Overview  ICT-History  Current Services Conclusion
  3. 3. Overview Laos Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) is a small, landlocked country in Indochina, with China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Thailand as its neighbors. A large part of the country is mountainous and forested and has an abundance of natural resources.
  4. 4.  Lao PDR was one of the last South East Asian nations to adopt the Internet and the country faces great barriers in Internet access and use. Lao PDR is one of the poorest countries in Asia and still hasn’t satellite yet, just rent from Thailand. It ranks 122 on the human development index, with 27% of the population living on less than one dollar per day.
  5. 5. Country Profile Country name : Lao PDR Capital city : Vientiane Mountain : 70% Population : 6,385,057 million Total Area : 236,800 Km2 Province :17 District :139 GDP :8.298 billion USD GDP Growth : 8.0 % GDP Per capital : 1,281 USD Inflation rate : 3.67% Religion : Buddhism Language : Lao Literacy : 85% Rural population :80% Currency : Kip access to electricity : 40% access to electricity through the national grid :50% generators or car batteries to generate electricity :10%
  6. 6. ICT in Laos history Management History  1975-1980 Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications  1980-1986 Ministry of Posts and Transport  1986-2007 Department of Posts and Telecommunications (MCTPC).  2007-2011 NAPT (National Authority of Posts &Telecommunications).  2011 MPT (Ministry Of Posts and Telecommunications).
  7. 7.  1994, a joint venture was established between the government and a Thai company, Shinawatra International Public Company Limited, called Lao Shinawatra Telecom Company Ltd (LST) to operate telecom services (Shinawatra 49%, Laos 51%). 30 years more will be ended the contract.
  8. 8. Now there are many Telecom companiesor services  Lao Telecoms Company (LTC or LaoTel)  51% Lao Government; 49% Shinawatra  900 MHz GSM, and will have 1800 MHz in future  450 MHz CDMA for WLL and 800 MHz CDMA for mobility  Fixed lines, Mobile telephone, Wireless Local  Loop and Internet Service, International telephone  Fixed and international gateway facilities  ETL (Enterprise of telecommunications Lao 2000)  Fixed lines, Mobile telephone, Internet service  100% State owned  Owns aid assets from pre-LTC days  Fixed and mobile (900 MHz GSM planned)  Operates CSC cable connections to Vietnam and Thailand
  9. 9.  Millicom Beeline  Prepaid Mobile telephone, Internet Service and, International telephone  78% Millicom: 22% Lao Government  900 MHz GSM; 1800 MHz GSM in near future Other new players:  Lao Asia Telecom – GSM network owned by Lao military  Sky Telecom – CDMA 2000 1x EV-DO for WLL (Lao Government key shareholder)  Planet (internet provider)  Unitel (officially opened 16th October 2009)  Internet Service Provider (ISP)  Fixed lines, Mobile telephone,
  10. 10. Number of using• ICTs: -‰ Telecom and Internet Fixed lines: 106106 sub. ‰-Mobile (GSM): 3 819929 sub. -CDMA/WLL: 29570 sub. -Internet: 17 486 users. -Number of websites in Lao languages: 297 -Number of websites in English: 660 -National transmission backbone: 155 Mbps -International bandwidth : 1 Gbps
  11. 11. Proportion of percent - Fixed line: 2.14%. - Mobile: 26.35%. ‰‰Tele-density: 67%. - Internet: 0.12%. - Radio coverage: 80%. - TV coverage: 60%. -Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants : 2.59% -Cell phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants: 25.4% -Computers per 100 inhabitants: 1.7% -Internet users per 100 inhabitants: 1.77% -Internet hosts per 10,000 inhabitants: 0.022% -Internet cafes per 10,000 inhabitants: 0.71%
  12. 12. Current Market share BEELINE 15%
  13. 13. Conclusion ICT in Lao PDR is under developing and a lot of works/efforts are needed for the successful of the development We continue open up the industry to facilitate partnership and inward investment opportunities in order to play our part in the growth of the region. Critical to this is not just capital investment but the transfer of skills and capabilities is so critical to development of sustainable ICT sector in Lao PDR. Training and Capacity-building at all levels are necessary.
  14. 14. Reference Lao National Internet Center, MPT. National E-Government Center of Lao PDR, MPT. Department of Telecommunication. Department of Planning and Cooperation World Bank

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