Industrial Furnaces Energy Efficiency

1,447 views
1,302 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,447
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Industrial Furnaces Energy Efficiency

  1. 1. Heat Treatment Furnaces and their environmental impact 热处理炉及其对环境的影响 The 5 th China Heat Treatment Week – Shanghai 2008 第 5 届 中国热处理 活动周 - 上海 2008 _____________________________________________________________ Swiss Advanced Furnaces for Metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  2. 2. Summary / 摘要 <ul><li>Presentation / 报告人 </li></ul><ul><li>Scope / 报告内容 </li></ul><ul><li>New approach / 新途径 </li></ul><ul><li>The main issues / 主要问题 </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines / 指南 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion / 结论 </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography / 参考文献 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  3. 3. Presentation / 报告人 <ul><li>Presentation made by Francis Liebens </li></ul><ul><li>President of SOLO Swiss </li></ul><ul><li>with the support of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guangdong Strong Metal Technology Co China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Axron Swiss Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borel Furnaces & Ovens Switzerland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Francis Liebens 主讲 瑞士索罗总裁 </li></ul><ul><li>代表如下单位: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>广东世创金属技科技有限公司 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>瑞士 Axron 技术 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>瑞士宝耐尔实验炉 </li></ul></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  4. 4. Scope of this presentation / 报告内容 <ul><li>During this presentation, we will try to give you information and guidelines to improve furnace design and furnace use in order to reduce the impact on the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>在本报告中,我们将向您展示相关信息和指南,通过改进工业炉的设计和使用,以减少对环境的影响 。 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  5. 5. Some history / 历史回顾 <ul><li>1920-1960 Mass production </li></ul><ul><li>1920 年 -1960 年大规模生产 </li></ul><ul><li>1960-2000 Pollution control </li></ul><ul><li>1960 年 -2000 年污染控制 </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2000 Global approach </li></ul><ul><li>自 2000 年以来,全球性的解决途径 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  6. 6. Global approach ? 全球性的 解决途径 ? <ul><li>Life cycle assessment / 寿命周期的评估 </li></ul><ul><li>Eco design of products / 产品的 环保设计 </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency / 能源功效 </li></ul><ul><li>Consumptions & emissions control / 能耗与排放控制 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  7. 7. Life cycle / 寿命周期 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com 1 2 3 4 5 Material extraction 原材料的开采 Material processing 原材料加工 Furnace design 炉子设计 Furnace use 炉子使用 Waste management 废物的处理
  8. 8. Furnace life cycle 炉子的寿命周期 <ul><li>Portable phone : 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>手机:一年 </li></ul><ul><li>Car : 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>汽车: 7 年 </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial furnace : 40 years </li></ul><ul><li>工业炉: 40 年 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  9. 9. Furnaces : key issues 炉子:关键问题 <ul><li>Energy consumption / 能源消耗 </li></ul><ul><li>& 及 </li></ul><ul><li>Waste / 浪费 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  10. 10. What is the issue for ? 什么是问题所在呢? <ul><li>A PC ? / 一台电脑? </li></ul><ul><li>Material consumption / 材料消耗 </li></ul><ul><li>1 PC need 1,8 tons of raw material </li></ul><ul><li>1 台电脑需要消耗 1,8 吨原材料 </li></ul><ul><li>Source : United Nations University UNU </li></ul><ul><li>来源于:美国国立大学 UNU </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  11. 11. What is the issue for ? / 什么是问题所在呢? <ul><li>Jeans ? / 牛仔裤? </li></ul><ul><li>Water consumption / 水的消耗 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeans need 8’000 liters of water </li></ul><ul><li>一条牛仔裤需消耗 8‘000 公升的水 </li></ul><ul><li>Source : Eco design seminar Geneva 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>来源于: 2006 年日内瓦环保设计研讨会 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  12. 12. What is the issue for ? / 什么是问题所在呢? <ul><li>A furnace ? / 一台 炉子? </li></ul><ul><li>Energy consumption / 能源消耗 </li></ul><ul><li>for furnace operation / 炉子的日常运行的消耗 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  13. 13. Furnaces : key issues / 工业 炉:关键问题 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com The main environmental issue is the energy consumption of Heat Treat Furnaces 对环境影响的主要问题是热处理炉的能源消耗 Energy consumption / 能源消耗 Waste / 浪费
  14. 14. Life cycle / 寿命周期 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com 1 2 3 4 5 Material extraction 原材料的开采 Material processing 原材料加工 Furnace design 炉子设计 Furnace use 炉子使用 Waste management 废物的处理 Key issues for furnaces 炉子的关键问题
  15. 15. Furnaces : waste & pollution 工业 炉:废物及污染 <ul><li>Air / 废气 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fuel and ga s heated furnaces / 燃料和燃气加热的炉子 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective atmosphere / 保护气氛 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water / 废水 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooling & cleaning systems / 冷却及清洗系统 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waste / 废物 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid (insulation, asbestos) / 固体(耐火保温材料,石棉) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid (used oil, metal, salt) / 液体(使用过的油,金属,盐) </li></ul></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  16. 16. How to reduce waste impact ? 如何减少废物对环境的影响? <ul><li>Easy ! </li></ul><ul><li>容易! </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  17. 17. 5 – How to do ? / 如何做呢? <ul><li>Technologies available / 已有的技术 </li></ul><ul><li>Reclycling tech avaible for oil, salt and water </li></ul><ul><li>Good practices available / 已有的 良好实践经验 </li></ul><ul><li>Education & training to be developed / 提高 教育和培训 </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation policy to be implemented / 实施 调控管理的方针政策 </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for purchasing clean equipment to be implemented / 对 购买清洁环保的设备 实行 奖励 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  18. 18. How to reduce energy consumption ? 如何减少能源消耗? <ul><li>Easy ! </li></ul><ul><li>容易! </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  19. 19. How to reduce energy consumption ? 如何减少能源消耗? <ul><li>By increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>通过提高 能源的利用率 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  20. 20. Energy efficiency 能源利用率 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com Energy Wasted / 已浪费的能源 Used / 有用的 Many furnaces use only few part of the total energy consumed in heating the workload 许多炉子在生产过程中用于加热工件的能源消耗只占总能耗的很少比例
  21. 21. Furnace Design / 炉子设计 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com Heat treatment Heat processing 热加工工艺 Material handling / 物料传送 Heat containment / 保温 Exhaust gases 废气排放 Heat losses / 热能损失 Heat losses / 热能损失 Heat generation 产生热量 Heat transfer 传热 Energy / 能量 Process 工艺 control 控制
  22. 22. Guidelines to increase energy efficiency 提高能源利用率的建议 <ul><li>Furnace design / 炉子设计 </li></ul><ul><li>Heat treat process / 热处理工艺 </li></ul><ul><li>Process control / 工艺控制 </li></ul><ul><li>Operating process / 操作工艺 </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance / 维护 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  23. 23. Furnace Design / 炉子设计 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com 1 2 3 4 5 Material extraction 原材料的开采 Material processing 原材料加工 Furnace design 炉子设计 Furnace use 炉子的使用 Waste management 废物的处理
  24. 24. Furnace design / 炉子设计 <ul><li>Reduce excess air / 减少空气的过度消耗 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce air infiltration / 减少空气的渗入 </li></ul><ul><li>Improve wall design / 改进炉墙设计 </li></ul><ul><li>Use advanced materials / 使用先进的材料 </li></ul><ul><li>Use metallic muffles / 使用金属马弗罐 </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize design of doors / 优化炉门设计 </li></ul><ul><li>Use recirculation systems in the furnace / 在炉子中使用再循环系统 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  25. 25. Heat treat process / 热处理工艺 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com 1 2 3 4 5 Material extraction 原材料开采 Material processing 原材料加工 Furnace design 炉子设计 Furnace use 炉子使用 Waste management 废物的处理
  26. 26. Heat treat process / 热处理工艺 <ul><li>Low temperature treatments / 低温处理 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce soak time / 减少保温时间 </li></ul><ul><li>Best protective atmosphere / 最好的保护气氛 </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced heat treatment processes / 先进的热处理工艺 </li></ul><ul><li>Use knowledge of metallurgy / 利用冶金学的知识 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  27. 27. Process Control / 工艺控制 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com 1 2 3 4 5 Material extraction 原材料开采 Material processing 原材料加工 Furnace design 炉子设计 Furnace use 炉子使用 Waste management 废物的处理
  28. 28. Process control / 工艺控制 <ul><li>Temperature control / 温度控制 </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure control / 压力控制 </li></ul><ul><li>Overheating protection / 过热保护 </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment simulation / 热 处理过程模拟 </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring processes online / 在线 监测 工艺 </li></ul><ul><li>Compile baseline data / 完善基础数据库 </li></ul><ul><li>Effective scheduling of workloads / 高效编排生产计划 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  29. 29. Operating process / 操作过程 <ul><li>Proper scheduling / 恰当的生产计划编排 </li></ul><ul><li>Break down jobs into different jobs families / 将工件分为不同的工件组进行热处理 </li></ul><ul><li>Increase workload / 提高工装载量 </li></ul><ul><li>Preheat the load (by reusing wasted heat) / 预热工件(利用废气的热量) </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize door opening and closing / 优化炉门的开关 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce load equipment / 减少装料装置 </li></ul><ul><li>Train people / 培训员工 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  30. 30. Maintenance 维护 <ul><li>Cleaning heat transfer surfaces / 清洁传热表面 </li></ul><ul><li>Regular checking of burners / 定期检查燃烧器 </li></ul><ul><li>Regular checking of insulation / 定期检查保温层 </li></ul><ul><li>Lubrication of wheel bearings / 润滑车轮轴承 </li></ul><ul><li>Look for leakage (doors) / 寻找泄漏(炉门) </li></ul><ul><li>Regular checking of sensors / 定期检查传感器 </li></ul><ul><li>Training people with chek-lists / 培养员工 依据保养计划保养设备 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  31. 31. Conclusion 1 / 结论 1 <ul><li>These guidelines to improve energy efficiency of heat treat furnaces are based on proven engineering principles and track records. Very simple things should be done first to reduce very fast the energy consomption of your industrial furnace. </li></ul><ul><li>本论文的指南是根据工程原理和历史跟踪记录,以提高热处理工业炉的能源利用率。事情是很简单的,首先应该做的是迅速减少您的工业炉的能耗。 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  32. 32. Conclusion 2 / 结论 2 <ul><li>Never buy the cheapest furnace ! </li></ul><ul><li>不要购买最便宜的炉子! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You shall gain few money one time ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>您只是开始时节省了一些钱! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A nd / 和 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>you will loose a lot of money for 40 years !! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>您将在 40 年期间损失更多的钱! </li></ul></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  33. 33. What about the future ? / 未来是什么? <ul><li>Most of the time, the metal heat treatment requires to heat tons of metal to treat parts at their surface. We will be able to save a lot of energy when new techniques of heat treatment will allow not to heat any more unnecessarily the inside of the pieces to treat their surface. </li></ul><ul><li>大部分的时候,金属的热处理需大量的热能来加热金属的全部,而所需要处理的是其表面。当采用新的热处理技术时,我们将节省大量的能源,因为只对其表面进行处理的工件可以不用加热不需处理的工件内部。 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  34. 34. Bibliography / 参考文献 <ul><li>Reference document on best available techniques for energy efficiency – European commission </li></ul><ul><li>最佳的能源利用率的有效先进技术的参考文件 - 欧盟委员会 </li></ul><ul><li>Reference document on best available techniques in the ferrous metal processing industry – IPPC – European commission </li></ul><ul><li>有色金属加工工业的有效先进技术的参考文件 -IPPC- 欧盟委员会 </li></ul><ul><li>Surface Treatment of metal and plastics – European commision </li></ul><ul><li>金属和塑料的表面处理 - 欧盟委员会 </li></ul><ul><li>Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2005 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-using products </li></ul><ul><li>欧盟议会和理事会 2005 年 7 月 6 日建立一个框架协议,为使用能源产品编制环保设计要求的标准 2005/32/EC </li></ul><ul><li>Road map for Process Heating Technology, IHEA & US Department of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>热加工技术的路线图, IHEA 与美国能源部 </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Furnaces with Reduced Energy Consumption, Dr. Peter Schobesberger Aichelin </li></ul><ul><li>减少能源消耗的先进炉子,博士 Peter Schobesberger Aichelin </li></ul><ul><li>Technical documentation of Solo Swiss, Strong Metal China, Borel Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>瑞士索罗炉、瑞士宝耐尔实验室炉的技术文件 </li></ul><ul><li>Process control track records of Axron Swiss Technilogy SA Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>瑞士 Axron 的工艺 过程控制和历史记录技术 </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  35. 35. Special thanks to 特别感谢 <ul><li>Mr. Dong, General Manager of Guangdong Strong Metal Technology Co, China – www.strongmetal.cn </li></ul><ul><li>中国广东世创金属科技有限公司总经理董先生 – www.strongmetal.cn </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Thierry Sperisen, R&D Chief Engineer of Solo Switzerland www.soloswiss.com </li></ul><ul><li>博士 Thierry Sperisen 先生 ,瑞士索罗研发总工程师 www.soloswiss.com </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Michel Debier, Chairman of the European Committee of Industrial Furnace and Heating Equipment Associations www.cecof.org </li></ul><ul><li>欧 盟的 工业炉 和加热设备 协会主席 Michel Debier 先生 , www.cecof.org </li></ul>Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com
  36. 36. Thanks for your attention 感谢你的关注 Swiss Advanced Furnaces for metal Heat Treatment - www.soloswiss.com The 5 th China Heat Treatment Week – Shanghai 2008 第 5 届中国热处理活动周 – 上海 2008

×