Clausesprep 090327152210-phpapp02

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Clausesprep 090327152210-phpapp02

  1. 1. Clause I. Definition: A group of words that contains a subject and a verb
  2. 2. II. There are two kinds of clauses: A. Independent (IC) and B. Dependent (Subordinate) (DC)
  3. 3. A. Independent A clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone. A SENTENCE
  4. 4. Examples of Independent Clauses: *he memorized a poem last night * Mary will read her poem *many people enjoy poetry
  5. 5. When an independent clause (IC) starts with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark, it is a SENTENCE. *He memorized a poem. *Mary will read her poem at school . *Many people enjoy poetry.
  6. 6. B. Subordinate (or dependent) clause (DC) It does not express a complete thought and It cannot stand by itself as a sentence
  7. 7. Examples of Dependent or Subordinate Clauses *because he memorized a poem *when Mary reads her poem at school *since many people enjoy poetry
  8. 8. . III. A. A dependent/subordinate clause (DC) will be a FRAGMENT when the clause begins with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark. This is a grammatical ERROR! * Because he memorized a poem. *When Mary reads her poem at school tomorrow. *Since many people enjoy poetry.
  9. 9. What makes one clause independent and another dependent? ... because he memorized a poem… He memorized a poem.
  10. 10. … when Mary read her poem at school... Mary read her poem at school.
  11. 11. B. What makes a clause dependent/subordinate? <ul><li>A clause is dependent/subordinate (DC) when it begins with a subordinate word. A few examples… </li></ul><ul><li>Who When While Which That Since Because Unless etc. etc. etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the subordinate word is understood to be present. </li></ul>
  12. 12. C. Sometimes the subject of the dependent/subordinate clause (DC) is a pronoun. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>April, which is my favorite month , is going to be cold this year. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of SC is “which.” Verb of SC is “is.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The flower that grew in my yard </li></ul><ul><li>was a rose. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of SC is “that.” Verb of SC is “grew.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. D. A dependent/subordinate clause (DC) needs an independent clause (IC) to create a true sentence.
  14. 14. Because he memorized a poem , Mike will receive extra credit. Mike will receive extra credit because he memorized a poem.
  15. 15. When Mary reads her poem at school, we will applaud. We will applaud when Mary reads her poem at school.
  16. 16. <ul><li>Punctuation: When the dependent clause (DC) comes first , it is usually followed by a comma. </li></ul>When the rain stops , the game will begin.
  17. 17. F. Punctuation: When the dependent clause (DC) comes last , there is generally no comma. The game will begin when the rain stops.

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