The spread of english in the modern periodPresentation Transcript
The spread of English in the modern period 2008130525 Bogyung Kim 2008130540 Sohyun Park
Contents The spread of English -English speaking nations Historical roots of the spread of English 1) English settlement in America 2) British colonization 3) The occurrence of the World War Indian English -an example of national varieties of English language Americanism World English
The spread of English -English speaking nations English has spread around the world geographically andamong various speakers First by British colonization and empire-building, and more recently by the prominence of America in world affairs
The spread of English -English speaking nations
Historical roots of the spread of English 1)The first permanent English settlement in America(1607) English spread rapidly from the eastern part of America where the English first settled, to the whole country
Historical roots of the spread of English 2) British colonization The foundations for the expansion of English were laid as the British Empire itself expanded(roughly between 1600~1900)
Historical roots of the spread of English 2) British colonization English and English Language Teaching served as a tool to strengthen British rule. The result of colonial education policy English speaking native elite Vernacular speaking majority English as a second language or the official language
Historical roots of the spread of English 3)The occurrence of the World War Physical force ,or power as a driving forceto influence the spread of English American English, a symbol of liberty and freedom to the Europeans who underwent the war The headquarter of the United Nations in New York
Indian EnglishThe Spread of English under the British Empire A Brief History of India under the British Empire
The East India Company of London merchants founded in 1600 for a monopoly of trade in Orient.
The British Raj was formed and promoted English instruction.
English as the second most widely spoken language in India.
Indian English English has official or semi-official use in the Philippines, Malaysia, Tanzania, Kenya, Nigeria, Liberia, and other countries in Africa, the Caribbean, the Pacific, and else where.
[t], [d], and [n] may have a retroflex articulation
The sounds [w] and [v] may not be distinguished phonemically.
Aspirated and unaspirated stops are different phonemes.
Indian English may be syllable-timed rather than stress- timed like British and American, resulting in creating a staccato effect.
AmericanismAn American variety of English
Some English pronunciations and words "froze" when they reached America.
e.g. trash for rubbish, loan as a verb instead of lend, and fall for autumn
Served as the route of introduction for many native American words.
e.g. Mississippi, Roanoke, Iowa
Spanish also had an influence on English language.
e.g. canyon, ranch, stampede, vigilante
French words (through Louisiana) and West African words (through the slave trade) also influenced American English.
Particularly influential, due to the USA's dominance of cinema, television, popular music, trade and technology (including the Internet).
e.g. Grammy Awards, American TV series, Google, Facebook
AmericanismThe most influential dialect of the language
The political military and economic influence of the U.S. on the globe since the late nineteenth to the present day
- Capitalism: amajorinternational financial center multinational corporations - Globalization in an Americanized way - Preference for American accent
English is the International language for the airlines, of the sea and shipping, of computer technology, of science, and indeed of communication generally.
World English: English has diversified by adapting to local circumstances and cultures, resulting in different varieties of English in every country.
e.g. Konglish, Singlish, Spanglish
The invention of Globish, a simplified version of English used by non-native speakers
A Brief Summary British colonization and empire-building The prominence of America in world affairs Diversified by adapting to local circumstances and cultures A simpler version of English called “Globish”