Certificate of music in education
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  • 1. Certificate of Music in Education A Formal Music Training Program For Elementary & Primary School Music Teachers in Pakistan & Introduction to Music in Education For All Class & Subject Teachers of Elementary & Kindergarten Grades
  • 2. Background The music of Pakistan include diverse elements of music ranging from various parts of South Asia specially India (Indian Classical Music) as well as Persian, Turkish, Arabic and modern day Western pop music influences. In Pakistan each province has its own tradition in music and they practice their own variation of popular folk music. In 21st century Pakistani music revitalized and new generation practice western pop, rock, hip hop, and other western genres of music including Indian music and regional music genres. In Pakistan unfortunately there is no proper music school and curriculum; people learn classical music with individual Ustaad (Mentor) and in big cities few people have started some private academies with no curriculum and assessment procedure. Almost 99% of Pakistani musicians don’t aware about sight reading of music, they play music by listening. In 2005 National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA) was formed to converse and teach performing arts and music to students in Pakistan. NAPA has very limited course options and curriculum for music students and don’t offer any course in Music Education, Music in Education, and Music Therapy. In early 90s some famous private schools started music classes for elementary grades and they hired musicians (Keyboard Players) as music teachers. In 2013 the situation is same and music teachers play nursery rhymes and children songs in their sessions, they have no qualifications and even no understanding of music and musical activities which can be beneficial for students. Every good musician cannot be a good music teacher until he gets the proper qualification and understanding of music teaching and music in education. I Sohail Khan started my career as a same music teacher in a famous schooling system in Pakistan but by the time I realized that I am not doing justice with my job and I should have proper education in music to continue my profession. I went England and did “Access to Music” course from Lewisham College London and after that I did Certificate in “Music Therapy” from University of London. After coming back from England I continued my job and also started private sessions with disable children using some music therapy techniques. I studied more and did advance level of Bonny Method of Guided Imagery & Music (BMGIM) from Therapeutic Art Institute Indianapolis USA. I worked as a Music Coordinator, Manager Music & Creative Department, and Music Therapist in different educational systems. I am still looking for completing my degree in Music Therapy; meanwhile I want to do something to bring change in the music teaching system in schools in Pakistan. My two projects “Music Therapy Centre” and “The Prism Project-A Multi Dimensional Approach to Music in Education” are recognized with the help of Professor Barbara Hesser (Director of Music Therapy New York University) and can be seen in Music As a Global Resource Compendium at United Nations Public Administration Network (UNPAN) site. I have planned following courses of Music in Education for Pakistan.
  • 3. Philosophy Music is a way of knowing, another symbolic mode of thought and expression. From the enactive and iconic mode of knowing and learning about the world through action, perception, and imagery, music grows to become a symbolic mode of learning. The arts provide a profound unifying bond among the human race. This bond should be evident in the teaching of all subjects in order to create a society of creative, informed, well-rounded citizens. The arts have been used as a major form of communication through the centuries. Music, in particular, plays a crucial role in helping develop children’s communication, mathematical, and social skills; as well as helping to build their self-confidence. Music contributes strongly to "school readiness," a foundational education aim of the school for all our children. When children develop musical skill and knowledge, they are developing basic cognitive, social, and motor skills necessary for success throughout the educational process, and in life itself. Assisting children in their foundational musical development is similar to their language acquisition processes. As adults, we can help children grow musically. There are many things needed to meet the musical needs of children. Materials, training and professional development of teachers, and a culturally responsive pedagogy are essential. All of us who help children grow and develop, need an understanding of developmentally appropriate practices that can be treated as a basic and integral part of every child’s education. At this stage I am pleased to announce formal music training for our school music teachers (All Levels) and an introductory music course for class and subject teachers (Pre-Junior). These courses will provide opportunities to our teachers to develop their music skills and to learn different new techniques and strategies to use music in their classrooms. Aims & Objectives These music courses have been designed to provide a formal music education to our teachers with a set of objectives which meets the international standards. The self-concept of the students of these courses as music teachers will influence the motivation to design and implement music activities used in a classroom. Music teachers will learn about the role of music as a powerful tool in developing young minds. During the course music teachers will be able to learn the basic theory of music, reading and writing music, basics of singing, concept of music in education, basic of eastern classical music, and an introduction to music therapy. Individualized objectives are set for each unit of the course. Duration Certificate of Music in Education (only for music teachers) Duration of the certificate program will be 1 year with 120 hours of training Introduction to Music in Education (for class/subject teachers of pre-juniors) Duration of the program will be 3 months with 36 hours of training
  • 4. Certificate of Music in Education Overview This course is designed for all those music teachers who don’t have any formal education and training in music. This course is divided into following 7 units: 1. Introduction to Music & Basic Theory of Music 2. Music Notation (Reading & Writing Music) 3. Basics of Singing 4. Music General 5. Music in Education 6. Eastern Classical Music 7. Introduction to Music Therapy Target Group Music teachers of all grades Methodologies & Teaching Strategies Express Review Learn Apply Following teaching strategies will be used; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Discussions Demonstrations Lectures Activities Use of Metaphors Assessment Procedures Informal and formal assessment procedures will be followed to evaluate each unit of the course. All students will be given assignments and classroom applications will be observed after completion of each unit of the course. All students’ must clear the formal examination for the certificate. Unit of Study • Introduction to Basic Theory of Music Learning Process • Lectures • Activities • Metaphors Assessments • Assignments • Formal Assesments • Classroom Application
  • 5. UNIT 1: Introduction to Music & Basic Theory of Music Duration: 24 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of the course will give an understanding to music and its history; students (music teachers) will be able to understand the basic theory of music. Unit 1 Topics: Following topics will be covered in Unit 1: What is Music History of Music Basic Elements of Music (Rhythm, Melody, Timbre, Harmony etc.) Modes and Scales Construction of Basic Scales (Major & Minor) Pentatonic Scale Formation of Triads Chord Progression Melody Counterpoint Timbre (Tone Color) use of different instruments and voice Composing simple tunes for children Basic Harmony (Keyboard and Vocal Harmony) Analysis UNIT 2: Music Notation (Reading & Writing Music) Duration: 18 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of course will give understanding to sight reading of music; the students (music teachers) will be able to learn about staff lines, clefs, note duration, measures, time signatures, rest, dots, and ties. Music teachers will be able to read and write simple music notation. Unit 2 Topics: Following topics will be covered in Unit 2 of the course: Staff, Clefs and Ledger Lines Note Duration Measures and Time Signature
  • 6. Rest Duration Dots and Ties Simple and Compound Meter Steps and Accidentals Simple Music Reading and writing Exercises Ornamentation Dynamics UNIT 3: Basics of Singing Duration: 6 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of course will help music teachers to understand the basic techniques used in singing, they will also learn about the vocal system, breathing exercises, constrictions, body position, vocal range, and vocal harm. Music teachers will also learn about the introduction of a new song to the students. Unit 3 Topics: Following topics will be covered in Unit 3 of the course: Vocal System Breathing Vocal Tract Constriction Body Position Vocal Harm Vocal Range How to Introduce New Songs UNIT 4: Music General Duration: 12 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of course will give general information about music. Music teachers will be able to learn about the different genres and styles of music, dynamics of music, general effects of music, and an introduction to western classical music. Unit 4 Topics: Following topics will be covered in the unit 4 of the course:
  • 7. Styles of Music General Effects of Music Music as a Motivator Introduction to Western Classical Music & Composers UNIT 5: Music in Education: Duration: 24 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of the course will give understanding about the application of music in educational settings. Music teachers will be able to learn about the benefits of music in education, how music affects brain, music and memory development, visual music, music & movements, teaching about the instruments, and multi-dimensional approach of music. Unit 5 Topics: Following topics will be covered in the unit 5: Benefits of Music in Education How Music Effect on Brain (Music Processing) Music and Memory Development Different Techniques of Music Visual Music Music & Movements Teaching Strategies Music Curriculum for School Children Teaching of Musical Instruments Use of Western Classical Music Music Activities in Classroom Dealing with Children Preparing School Choir Evaluation Process Basic Assessment of Children UNIT 6: Introduction to Eastern Music Duration: 18 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of course will give an introduction to eastern music. Music teachers will be able to learn about the different genres of eastern music including the eastern or sub-continent classical music.
  • 8. Unit 6 Topics: Introduction to Eastern Music Different styles of Eastern Music Eastern Classical Music Introduction to Thaats (Modes) Introduction to Raga Introduction to Taal UNIT 7: Introduction to Music therapy Duration: 18 Hours Aims & Objectives: This unit of course will provide an introduction to music therapy. Music teachers will learn to build a relationship through music with students in learning environment. They will also be introduced the neurological and psychological aspects of music, music and imagery, and BMGIM (Bonny Method of Guided Imagery & Music). Unit 7 Topics: Neurological and Psychological Aspects of Music What is Music Therapy Music Therapy in Schools Finding out the Problem Areas Different Approaches and Methods of Music Therapy Music & Imagery What is BMGIM (Bonny Method of Guided Imagery & Music) Planner/Report Writing
  • 9. Introduction to Music in Education Overview This course is designed for all class/subject teachers to give an introduction to music in education. This course is divided into following 3 units: 1. Introduction to Music 2. Music in Education 3. Introduction to Different Approaches of Music Target Group Class/subject teachers for pre-juniors Methodologies & Teaching Strategies Express Review Learn Apply Following teaching strategies will be used; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Discussions Demonstration Lectures Activities Use of Metaphors Assessment Procedures Informal and formal assessment procedures will be followed to evaluate each unit of the course Unit of Study • Introduction to Music Learning Process • Lectures • Activities • Metaphors • Videos • Listening Assessments • Assignments • Formal Assesments • Classroom Application
  • 10. Course: Introduction to Music in Education Duration: 36 Hours Aims & Objectives: This course is designed for all class/subject teachers of pre-junior level. This course will give our teachers understanding of music and its application in classroom. Teachers will be able to learn about the basics of music, basics of singing, benefits of music in education, use of music activities designed for class/subject teachers, use of visual music and music therapy. Unit Wise Topics: Unit 1: Introduction to Music What is Music History of Music Basic Elements of Music (Rhythm, Melody, Timbre, Harmony etc.) Timbre (Tone Color) Solfege Composing Simple Notation Rhythm Activities Basics of Singing Unit 2: Music in Education Benefits of Music in Education How Music Effect on Brain Music and Memory Development Different Techniques of Music Visual Music (Story Telling with Music) Music & Movements Teaching Strategies Mozart Effect and Listening of Classical Music Music Activities in Classroom Dealing with Students Unit 3: Introduction to Different Approaches of Music What is Music Therapy Different Approaches of Music (Listening, Playing, Composing) Music, Imagery, & Art