Keyword Driven Testing.ppt
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    Keyword Driven Testing.ppt Keyword Driven Testing.ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Keyword Driven Testing Using WRSAFS By John Crunk
    • Agenda
      • Some information about testing in general
      • Install Winrunner
      • Install Engine
      • Learn how to write scripts
      • Break
      • Write some scripts
      • Solve Problems and discover solutions
      • Questions
    • Keyword Driven Testing
      • Action Word Testing
      • Data-Driven Testing
      • Keyword Driven Testing
      • It’s all the same thing, a specific set of actions happen for a given word.
    • Why use Keyword Testing
      • Reusability!!!
      • Common components handled by standard libraries
      • The details of the scripts are hidden from the user.
      • Users don’t have to learn the script language to write scripts.
    • Reusability
      • Standard components are handled the same
      • Common screens are handled with the same test tables.
      • Test tables can be used in many different applications instead of creating one for each application.
    • What can I test with a Framework?
      • Web based applications
      • Java based applications
      • Windows based applications
      • C/C++/C# Applications
      • VB Applications
      • .NET Applications
      • COM (with enhancements)
      • Oracle (with enhancements)
      • Delphi (with enhancements)
    • Looking… Beyond “The Project”
      • Is your automated test effort really unique?
      • Do you really think your problems are novel?
      • Do you really want to do this all over again?
      Generally, a finite set of common components make up our infinite set of unique applications. We are all trying to solve the same problems! Carl Nagle SAS
    • I don’t have time to learn something new!!!
      • There is to much to do
      • Time lines are fast approaching
      • I can’t add to my already cramped workload.
      • Aren’t you telling me I am going to have to do more?
    • Advantages of a Framework
      • Using a framework will actually give you more time.
      • Shared test among projects that don’t seem to have anything to do with each other.
      • Mundane task no longer need be manual.
      • Computers don’t forget to do something once they are told once.
      • Boring task are automated.
      • You look like a hero for finishing on time!!!
    • How WRAFS Interfaces with your application
    • Installing WRAFS
      • Backup any prior installs and uninstall
      • Install Java Virtual Machine (JVM) from http://java.sun.com/j2se/
      • Run the WRSAFS Install
      • Install SAFS by running Setup.vbs
      • Scripts are installed to C:WRSAFS
      • Test Tables are installed to C:Datapool
      • Services are installed to C:SAFS
      • STAF is installed to C:STAF
      • Verify c:staf; c:safs;c:stafin are added to the path
      • Verify Classpath additions have been made for STAF and SAFS jar files
      • Verify registry entries have been made and are pointed to the correct directories
    • Getting down to business with WRAFS!!!
      • Cycle Driver
        • The main script calls Suite Drivers
        • .CDD extension
      • Suite Driver
        • Intermediate scripts, calls Step Drivers
        • .STD Extension
      • Step Driver
        • This is where all your work happens.
        • .SDD Extension
    • Some File Structure Information
      • Datapool
        • Bench
        • Cycle
        • Dif
        • Logs
        • Step
        • Suite
        • Taborder
        • Test
    • Other Settings
    • Other Settings Continued…
      • ;Note: the section name and the Key should not be changed
      • [STAF]
      • ENABLED = TRUE
      • [LOGMODE]
      • ConsoleLOg = TRUE
      • SQALog = TRUE
      • TextLog = TRUE
      • STAFLog = TRUE
      • [SAFSLOGS]
      • JarFile = C:safslibsafslogs.jar
      • Machine = local
      • TextLog = TRUE
      • XMLLog = FALSE
      • ;Directory = S: estothersdatapoollog
      • ;LogFacility = mylog
      • [SAFSVARS]
      • JarFile = C:safslibsafsvars.jar
      • [SAFSMAPS]
      • JarFile = C:safslibsafsmaps.jar
      • [DIFFER]
      • TOOL_EXE=C:Documents and SettingsjcrunkDesktopUnxUtilsusrlocalwbinDIFF.EXE
      • TOOL_OPTIONS="/t"
      • TOOL_BINARY_OPTIONS="--binary -s"
      • [DIFFVIEWER]
      • TOOL_EXE=C:ExamDiffExamDiff.exe
      • TOOL_OPTIONS=" "
    • What does a command look like?
      • T; Login; Login; Click
      • T; Login; Username; SetTextValue; “jdoe”
      • T; Login; Password; SetUnverifiedTestValue, “password”
    • Welcome to the Application Map File
      • [ApplicationConstants]
      • FlightApp="C:Program FilesMercury InteractiveWinRunnersamplesvbappfltvb41a.exe“
      • [Login]
      • Login={class: "window", label: "Login", MSW_class: "ThunderRT6FormDC"}
      • Help={class: "push_button", vb_name: "cmdHelp"}
      • Cancel={class: "push_button", vb_name: "cmdCancel"}
      • OK={class: "push_button", vb_name: "cmdOK"}
      • AgentsName={class: "edit", vb_name: "txtAgentsName"}
      • Password={class: "edit", vb_name: "txtPassword"}
      • [InvalidPassword]
      • InvalidPassword={class: "window", label: "Flight Reservation Message", MSW_class: "#32770"}
      • OK={class: "push_button", label: "OK"}
    • Creating an Application Map
      • Select Tools|GUI Map Editor in Winrunner
      • Open the Application to be tested
      • Click on Learn in the Map Editor
      • Select the Window of the Application
      • Answer Yes to the prompt
      • Navigate to the next screen to learn
      • Go to Step 3 until all application has been learned
      • Save the GUI Map File
      • Open and run ProcessMapFile Script
      • You Application Map file is saved at the same place as your GUI Map File with a similar name.
    • A little about Variables
      • Component Names
      • Window Names
      • Data Values
      • Others?
    • How to use Variables
      • Can be in the Map File or the Test Tables
      • In the test table variables are preceded by a ^ (carot sign)
      • When assigning a value, simple type ^var=“value” or ^var1=^var2
      • When using a variable just type in ^variable in the place you want to use it.
    • Where do all these commands come from?
      • Coders that have something to add write generic code for the commands
      • Documentation is updated and the commands are tested for all to use.
      • Documentation is located at http:// safsdev . sourceforge .net/sqabasic2000/ RRAFSReference . htm
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • T; LaunchApp
      • T; Flights
      Cycle Driver Flight.CDD
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • T; LaunchFlight
      • T; login
      Suite Driver LaunchApp.STD
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • T AddFlight
      Suite Driver Flights.STD
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • C; SetApplicationMap; “c:DatapoolFlightReservation.gui”
      • C;LaunchApplication;TestApp;^FlightApp
      Step Driver LaunchApp.SDD
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • C; SetApplicationMap; “C:DatapoolFlightReservation.gui”
      • T;Login; AgentsName; SetTextValue; “jdoe”
      • T; Login; Password; SetUnverifiedTextValue; “mercury”
      • T; Login; OK; Click
      Step Driver Login.SDD
    • Start Scripting!!! Keep It Simple Silly (KISS)
      • T; FlightReservation; NewFlight; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; Departures; SelectTextItem; "Los Angeles“
      • T; FlightReservation; Destinations; SelectTextItem; "Portland"
      • T; FlightReservation; Flights; Click
      • T; FlightsTable; OK; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; CustomerName; SetTextValue; "Sue Smith"
      • T; FlightReservation; FirstClass; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; TicketsOrdered; SetTextValue; "2"
      • T; FlightReservation; InsertOrder; Click
      Step Driver AddFlight.SDD
    • What did we just do???
      • Started the Application.
      • Verified the application started.
      • Set the Text Value of Agent name.
      • Verified we set the Text Value of Agent Name.
      • Verified the value we set to Agent name is what we sent to it.
      • Set the Text Value of Password.
      • Verified that we set the text value of password.
      • Clicked the Ok button.
      • Verified we clicked the OK button.
    • What Next???
      • Make it reusable so we can use the same script over and over
      • Make the information generic
      • Parameterize names or variables so they can change values
    • How do I do that?
      • T; LaunchApp
      • T; Login; ^UserName=“jdoe”; Password=“mercury”
      • T; ExitApp
      • T; Logoff
      • T; Login; ^UserName=“ssmith”; Password=“InvalidPassword”
      • T; VerifyInvalidPassword
      • T; Login; ^UserName=“bjones”; Password = “Mercury”
      C; SetApplicationMap; “C:DatapoolFlightReservation.gui” T;Login; AgentsName; SetTextValue; ^UserName T; Login; Password; SetUnverifiedTextValue; ^Password T; Login; OK; Click StartApplication.STD Login.SDD
    • ExitApp.SDD
      • C; SetApplicationMap; “C:DatapoolFlightReservation.gui”
      • T, FlightReservation, FlightReservation, SELECTMENUITEM, “File;Exit”
    • VerifyInvalidPassword.SDD
      • C; SetApplicationMap; “C:DatapoolFlightReservation.gui”
      • T; InvalidPassword; InvalidPassword; VerifyProperty; Visible; 1
      • T; InvalidPassword; OK; Click
    • What is different about this one?
      • We do all of the things the first script did, but this time we do a lot more!
      • Added test tables for Exit and invalid user
      • Verify you can login with a valid user
      • Verify you can exit the application
      • Verify an invalid user can gain access to the system
      • Make a login test table that works for most any application that has a login. Just make sure the name is the same, in the application map files.
    • Let’s Do some more…
      • Launch Application
      • "C:Program FilesMercury InteractiveWinRunnersamplesvbappfltvb41b.exe“
      • "C:Program FilesMercury InteractiveWinRunnersamplesvbapp"
      • Create Reservation
      • Find Reservation
      • Update Reservation
      • Delete Reservation
    • Your Turn!!!
      • http://safsdev.sourceforge.net/sqabasic2000/RRAFSReference.htm
    • Flight.CDD Revisted
      • T; LaunchApp
      • T; Flights
    • LaunchApp.STD
      • T; LaunchFlight
      • T; login; ^user.name="jcrunk“; ^user.password="mercury"
    • Flights .STD
      • C; SetVariableValues; ^Class="FirstClass“; ^NbrTickets="2"
      • T; AddFlight; ^Departure="Los Angeles“; ^Destinations="Portland“; ^Customer="Sue Smith"
      • C; SetVariableValues; ^Class="BusinessClass“; ^NbrTickets="3“
      • T; AddFlight; ^Departure="Denver“; ^Destinations="Los Angeles“; ^Customer="John Doe"
      • C; SetVariableValues; ^Class="EconomyClass“; ^NbrTickets="1"
      • T; AddFlight; ^Departure="Portland“; ^Destinations="Seattle“; ^Customer="Bob Jones"
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="Sue Smith"
      • T; UpdateFlight; ^NbrTickets="1“; ^Class="BusinessClass"
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="John Doe"
      • T; UpdateFlight; ^NbrTickets="2“; ^Class="EconomyClass"
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="Bob Jones"
      • T; UpdateFlight; ^NbrTickets="3“; ^Class="FirstClass"
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="Sue Smith"
      • T; DeleteFlight
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="John Doe"
      • T; DeleteFlight
      • T; FindFlight; ^Customer="Bob Jones"
      • T; DeleteFlight
    • AddFlight.SDD
      • T; FlightReservation; FlightReservation; SelectMenuItem; “File; New Order”
      • T; FlightReservation; Departures; SelectTextItem; “Denver”
      • T; FlightReservation; Destinations; SelectTextItem; “Portland”
      • T; FlightReservation; Flights; Click
      • T; FlightsTable; AvailiableFlights; SetSelectedRow; 2
      • T; FlightsTable; OK; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; CustomerName; SetTextValue; ^Customer
      • T; FlightReservation; ^Class; Click
      • T; FlightREservation; InsertOrder; Click
    • LaunchFlight.SDD
      • C; LaunchApplication; Flight; ^FlightApp; ^FlightPath
    • Login.SDD
      • T; Login; AgentsName; SetTextValue; ^user.name
      • T; Login; Password; SetUnverifiedTextValue; ^user.password
      • T; Login; OK; Click
    • AddFlight.SDD
      • T; FlightReservation; NewFlight; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; Departures; SelectTextItem; ^Departure
      • T; FlightReservation; Destinations; SelectTextItem; ^Destinations
      • T; FlightReservation; Flights; Click
      • T; FlightsTable; OK; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; CustomerName; SetTextValue; ^Customer
      • T; FlightReservation; ^Class; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; TicketsOrdered; SetTextValue; ^NbrTickets
      • T; FlightReservation; InsertOrder; Click
    • FindFlight.SDD
      • T; FlightReservation; FlightReservation; SelectMenuItem; "File;Open Order..."
      • T; FindOrder; ByCustName; Click
      • T; FindOrder; CustomerName; SetTextValue; ^Customer
      • T; FindOrder; OK; Click
    • UpdateFlight.SDD
      • T; FlightReservation; ^Class; Click
      • T; FlightReservation; TicketsOrdered; SetTextValue; ^NbrTickets
      • T; FlightReservation; UpdateOrder; Click
    • DeleteFlight.SDD
      • T; FlightReservation; DeleteOrder; Click
      • T; ConfirmationMessage; Yes; Click
    • Where to go from here?
      • Start experimenting with other applications
      • Read some of the documentation on http://safsdev.sourceforge.net
      • Have Confidence…You can Do it!!!
    • References
      • Nagle, C. Test automation frameworks; 1999
      • Kit, E. & Prince, S. "A Roadmap for Automating Software Testing" Tutorial presented at STAR’99 East Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 10, 1999.
      • Hayes, L. "Establishing an Automated Testing Framework" Tutorial presented at STAR’99 East Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 11, 1999.
      • Kit, E. "The Third Generation--Integrated Test Design and Automation" Guest presentation at STAR’99 East Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 12, 1999.
      • Mosley, D. & Posey, B. Just Enough Software Test Automation New Jersey: Prentice Hall PTR, 2002.
      • Wust, G. "A Model for Successful Software Testing Automation" Paper presented at STAR’99 East Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 12, 1999.
      • Dustin, E. Automated Software Testing: Introduction, Management, and Performance . New York: Addison Wesley, 1999.
      • Fewster & Graham Software Test Automation: Effective use of test execution tools New York: Addison Wesley, 1999.
      • Dustin, E. "Automated Testing Lifecycle Methodology (ATLM)" Paper presented at STAR EAST 2000 Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 3, 2000.
    • References
      • Kit, E. & Buwalda, H. "Testing and Test Automation: Establishing Effective Architectures" Presentation at STAR EAST 2000 Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 4, 2000.
      • Sweeney, M. "Automation Testing Using Visual Basic" Paper presented at STAR EAST 2000 Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 4, 2000.
      • Buwalda, H. "Soap Opera Testing" Guest presentation at STAR EAST 2000 Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 5, 2000.
      • Pollner, A. "Advanced Techniques in Test Automation" Paper presented at STAR EAST 2000 Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 5, 2000.
      • Cem Kaner, http://www. kaner .com
      • Zambelich, K. Totally Data-Driven Automated Testing 1998 http://www. sqa -test.com/w_paper1.html
      • SQA Suite Users, Discussions and Archives, 1999-2000, http://www. dundee .net/ sqa /
      • Nagle, C. Data Driven Test Automation: For Rational Robot V2000 1999-2000 DDE Doc Index