Understanding the Potential for  Open Government :  Open Source Processes for  E-Government  Walt Scacchi Institute for So...
Open Government? <ul><li>Free/open source software development encourages sharing, examination, reuse, modification, and r...
Why Open Government? <ul><li>Help  make government  faster, better, cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Empower  interested governme...
Why Open Government? <ul><li>Make processes of government and democracy Web-enabled and  computationally enactable </li></...
Overview <ul><li>Open  processes  for system development, use, and evolutionary support </li></ul><ul><li>Motivations for ...
Open source  processes <ul><li>System development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build and release, testing, review/inspection, con...
Open source  processes <ul><li>Free/open source  software   does not  embody the processes for how best to develop, deploy...
Open source process example <ul><li>Example  of an open source process model of a  proposal submission  process, specified...
Complex motivations for open source processes <ul><li>Closed source processes : opaque or tacit, difficult to improve, sub...
Closed source process as strategic business assets <ul><li>Processes offering competitive advantage can be  patented , den...
A closed source business process example
Closed vs. administrative vs. open source processes <ul><li>Closed: Amazon “one-click” e-purchase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pa...
Java Community Process
Administrative process example
Continuous process improvement and organizational learning <ul><li>CPI is easier when processes are open and computational...
Government operations and business processes <ul><li>Example: Procurement and acquisition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procuremen...
Government operations and business processes <ul><li>Federal Enterprise Architecture process domains are the prime candida...
Open Govt for International Development applications <ul><li>Promote free/open source enterprise software systems  and  pr...
GNUe enterprise system architecture
Open Govt for International Development applications <ul><li>Free/open source systems and processes are comparatively easy...
Military and security applications <ul><li>Most of the military enterprise focuses on operational, logistical, and trainin...
DD(X) Overview
DD(X) Acquisition Guidelines
Acquisition  Process-Directed Intranet  demonstration More information available in: J. Noll and W. Scacchi,  Specifying P...
Military and security applications <ul><li>Homeland security  will increasingly become focus of process improvement, strea...
Open Govt Opportunities <ul><li>Establish OG Web portals and clearinghouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create/share process tool...
Conclusions <ul><li>Free/open source software systems for government represent a significant opportunity </li></ul><ul><li...
References <ul><li>J. Noll and W. Scacchi,  Supporting Software Development in Virtual Enterprises ,  Journal of Digital I...
References <ul><li>W. Scacchi and P. Mi,  Process Life Cycle Engineering: A Knowledge Based Approach and Environment ,  In...
Acknowledgements <ul><li>The research described in this report is supported by contracts/grants from: </li></ul><ul><li>Na...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Download It

167

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
167
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Download It"

  1. 1. Understanding the Potential for Open Government : Open Source Processes for E-Government Walt Scacchi Institute for Software Research University of California, Irvine [email_address] http://www.ics.uci.edu/~wscacchi http://www.ics.uci.edu/~wscacchi/Presentations/OpenGovt
  2. 2. Open Government? <ul><li>Free/open source software development encourages sharing, examination, reuse, modification, and redistribution </li></ul><ul><li>E-Government encourages adoption of E-Commerce/E-Business in government agency operations, functions, business lines </li></ul><ul><li>Open government embraces open source and E-government processes, practices, and communities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Open Government? <ul><li>Help make government faster, better, cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Empower interested government employees, contractors, and interested citizens to offer help and capture their contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Enable creation of public test-beds where existing/new government processes can be demonstrated, manipulated, and refined. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Open Government? <ul><li>Make processes of government and democracy Web-enabled and computationally enactable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Codify processes into high-level, user-friendly process models as their “source code” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid coding processes in conventional programming or scripting languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This makes them opaque to users, and difficult to improve, adapt, or learn </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Overview <ul><li>Open processes for system development, use, and evolutionary support </li></ul><ul><li>Motivations for open source processes </li></ul><ul><li>Government operations and business processes </li></ul><ul><li>International Development applications </li></ul><ul><li>Military and security applications </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and conclusions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Open source processes <ul><li>System development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build and release, testing, review/inspection, configuration management, security certification, localization, porting, contribution, development Web site maintenance, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deployment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>business process redesign, organizational transformation, system upgrade, user training, community development and support, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Open source processes <ul><li>Free/open source software does not embody the processes for how best to develop, deploy, use or sustain them </li></ul><ul><li>Deploying free/open source software is often inefficient and sub-optimal </li></ul><ul><li>Closed source software development, deployment, use and support is generally no different! </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit open source processes could also help closed source systems. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Open source process example <ul><li>Example of an open source process model of a proposal submission process, specified in a Process Markup Language, PML </li></ul><ul><li>J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Specifying Process-Oriented Hypertext for Organizational Computing , Journal of Network and Computer Applications , 4(1):39-61, 2001. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Complex motivations for open source processes <ul><li>Closed source processes : opaque or tacit, difficult to improve, subject to patent </li></ul><ul><li>Most enterprise processes are operational, not strategic. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous process improvement and organizational learning requires open access to the “source code” of operational processes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Closed source process as strategic business assets <ul><li>Processes offering competitive advantage can be patented , denoting their value as strategic business assets </li></ul><ul><li>But very few enterprise processes are source of competitive advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Closed/tacit vs. administrative vs. open source enterprise processes </li></ul>
  11. 11. A closed source business process example
  12. 12. Closed vs. administrative vs. open source processes <ul><li>Closed: Amazon “one-click” e-purchase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patented processes inhibits their sharing, reuse, study, modification, and redistribution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administrative: Java community process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>asserts property rights, responsibilities, and administrative authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>legalistic or bureaucratic “policy and procedures” are narrative, not operational => ambiguous interpretation and legal wrangling </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Java Community Process
  14. 14. Administrative process example
  15. 15. Continuous process improvement and organizational learning <ul><li>CPI is easier when processes are open and computationally explicit </li></ul><ul><li>OL can be supported just-in-time via process-directed intranets/extranets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDIs/PDEs enable just-in-time training, process prototyping, performance monitoring and measurement, dynamic repair of process execution breakdowns/failures, and more. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>see References for citations and details </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Government operations and business processes <ul><li>Example: Procurement and acquisition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement : purchasing MRO supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition : contracting for services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not simply a matter using electronic forms or extensible markup notations about them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reengineering enterprise processes is complex and requires processes transformation, integration, commitment, and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Redesigning Contracted Service Procurement for Internet-based Electronic Commerce: A Case Study , Journal of Information Technology and Management , 2(3), 313-334, 2001. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Government operations and business processes <ul><li>Federal Enterprise Architecture process domains are the prime candidates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring benefits and public health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data and statistic development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal investigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation and legislation development, deployment, and enforcement </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Open Govt for International Development applications <ul><li>Promote free/open source enterprise software systems and processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.gnuenterprise.org for enterprise resource management and E-business framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many other office productivity, E-business, and E-commerce systems being developed and deployed as free/open source </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. GNUe enterprise system architecture
  20. 20. Open Govt for International Development applications <ul><li>Free/open source systems and processes are comparatively easy to transfer and deploy into developing nations, once localized </li></ul><ul><li>Free/open source systems and processes amenable to co-sourced, cost-shared, multi-lateral development </li></ul>
  21. 21. Military and security applications <ul><li>Most of the military enterprise focuses on operational, logistical, and training processes </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative processes are ponderous, procrustean, rather than agile, flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Current legacy processes are compliance oriented , rather than improvement oriented </li></ul>
  22. 22. DD(X) Overview
  23. 23. DD(X) Acquisition Guidelines
  24. 24. Acquisition Process-Directed Intranet demonstration More information available in: J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Specifying Process-Oriented Hypertext for Organizational Computing , Journal of Network and Computer Applications , 4(1):39-61, 2001. W. Scacchi, Open Acquisition: Combining Open Source Software Development with System Acquisition , technical report, July 2002.
  25. 25. Military and security applications <ul><li>Homeland security will increasingly become focus of process improvement, streamlining and cost reduction. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Open Govt Opportunities <ul><li>Establish OG Web portals and clearinghouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create/share process toolkits, libraries, repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-sourced development of OG processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>amortize and share OG development costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capture and codification of government process domain expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Operational OG system and process demo’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OG prototypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exportable processes for democratic government operations </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Conclusions <ul><li>Free/open source software systems for government represent a significant opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Seek high-level, user-friendly processes for government operations expressed as open source, computationally enactable processes </li></ul><ul><li>Open government embraces and extends open source, while also moving towards flexible, agile democratic government operations </li></ul>
  28. 28. References <ul><li>J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Supporting Software Development in Virtual Enterprises , Journal of Digital Information , 1(4), February 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Specifying Process-Oriented Hypertext for Organizational Computing , Journal of Network and Computer Applications , 4(1):39-61, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Redesigning Contracted Service Procurement for Internet-based Electronic Commerce: A Case Study , Journal of Information Technology and Management , 2(3), 313-334, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Open Acquisition: Combining Open Source Software Development with System Acquisition , technical report, July 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Open EC/B: A Case Study in Electronic Commerce and Open Source Software Development , technical report, July 2002. </li></ul>
  29. 29. References <ul><li>W. Scacchi and P. Mi, Process Life Cycle Engineering: A Knowledge Based Approach and Environment , Intern. Journal Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance, and Management , 6(1), 83-107, 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Understanding the Social, Technological, and Policy Implications of Open Source Software Development position paper presented at the NSF Workshop on Open Source Software, January 2002 (revised August 2002). </li></ul><ul><li>W. Scacchi, Understanding the Requirements for Developing Open Source Software Systems, IEE Proceedings--Software , 149(1), 24-39, February 2002. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Acknowledgements <ul><li>The research described in this report is supported by contracts/grants from: </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>#IIS-0083075, #ITR-0205679, #ITR-0205724 and Industry/University Research Cooperative for the CRITO Consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defense Acquisition University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>#N487650-27803 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No endorsement implied . </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×