Software Practice 12 breakout - Life for Software Beyond Public Funding
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Software Practice 12 breakout - Life for Software Beyond Public Funding Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Bruce  Berriman  Jim  Willenbring  Michael  McLennan  Jennifer  Schopf  Nigel  Ward  LIFE  FOR  SOFTWARE  BEYOND  PUBLIC  FUNDING  
  • 2. Funding  agency  pays  model  •  Most  research  so=ware;  Condor,  GLOBUS,   myProxy  …    •  Pros   –  Big  money   –  Clear  project  scope  &  direcJon   –  O=en  funded  over  several  cycles  •  Cons   –  Keep  jusJfying  existence   –  Grant  goes  away,  you  lose  the  model   –  Maintenance,  documentaJon  o=en  hidden  
  • 3. Resell  services  model  •  HUBzero,  RedCloud  (Cornell),  Nova  (OpenStack)  •  Generally  purchased  by  an  organizaJon  •  Pros   –  Clarity  about  specific  service  for  specific  $   –  Diverse  funding  stream  •  Cons   –  Has  to  be  a  good  service!   –  Scalability  trade-­‐offs   –  FluctuaJons  in  funding  
  • 4. User  pays  (app  model)  •  MatLab,  IDL  •  Pros   –  Per  per  use,  you  know  what  you  get   –  Cost  split  over  maximum  number  of  users  •  Cons   –  Finding  the  right  pricing  model   –  Researchers  are  thri=y   –  Less  likely  they  will  just  try  it   –  Small  community  =  high  cost  
  • 5. Community  development  model  •  OpenMPI,  Apache  Webserver,  Hadoop,  GCC  •  Pro   –  Harness  community  experJse   –  Project  sustainable  beyond  single  funding  source  or   insJtuJon  •  Cons   –  Careful  management  of  contribuJons   –  IP  challenges   –  Work  on  relaJonship  with  the  dev  community   –  Tension  when  $  Jght  :  lack  of  willingness  to  contribute     –  Not  developed  here  syndrome  
  • 6. Corporate  spin-­‐off  model  •  Eucalyptus  (success),  Globus  (fail)  •  Pros   –  Path  to  user  pays  •  Cons   –  Difficulty  establishing  a  business  model  
  • 7. Community  development  model  •  user  community  •  developer  community  •  policing  contribuJon  •  recognizing  contribuJon    
  • 8. Brainstorm  Topics  •  Best  pracJces  for  making  maintainable  so=ware?  •  Paying  for  so=ware  development,  maintenance     –  Lobbying  funding  agencies  for  financial  support  for  maintaining   so=ware   –  funding  currently  gets  hidden  in  grants   –  Amazon  cloud  in  your  grant  proposal   –  Argument  for  maintaining  so=ware  outside  the  organizaJon  /   funding  agency   •  Treat  so=ware  like  infrastructure  a  ship   •  Pay  for  use   •  Kickstarter   •  Path  to  commercializaJon   –  What  is  the  right  amount  of  money  for  maintenance?   •  Maintenance  is  ?  New  features,  bugs  …  
  • 9. Brainstorm  Topics  •  Building  communiJes   –  both  user  and  developer     –  policing  and  recognizing  contribuJon    •  Are  the  right  people  doing  the  maintenance?   –  Grad  student  porJng  the  code  (not  right  skill  set)   –  DuplicaJon  of  effort  •  Overcoming  not  invented  here  syndrome  
  • 10. Brainstorm  topics  •  Needs  to  be  built  in  from  the  ground  up  •  Building  a  community   –  Users   –  Developers  •  Finding  the  right  people  •  Oversight  /  quality  models  &  processes  •  Doesn’t  seem  to  be  a  non-­‐funded  sustainable   model  
  • 11. Brainstorm  topics  •  Astounding  that  funding  agencies  won’t  fund   maintenance  •  Consider  sustainability  model  while  funded  •  User  communiJes   –  Part  of  funding  jusJficaJon   –  Understand  the  community  and  engage  them   –  Source  of  feedback  on  what’s  useful   –  Input  into  licensing  models