A study on irregular migration and deportation of children in El Salvador

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public policy program study regarding the reintegration of children back to their comunities of origen after being deported.

Published in: News & Politics, Travel, Spiritual
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A study on irregular migration and deportation of children in El Salvador

  1. 1. A STUDY ON IRREGULAR MIGRANTION AND DEPORTATION OF CHILDREN IN EL SALVADOR Sofia Marisol Zelada EL SALVADOR
  2. 2. PROBLEM STATEMENT • Child deportation in El Salvador is a prevailing problem. • Every year at least 700 children are deported from the USA and in transit from Mexico. • Children are migrating unaccompanied and irregularly exposing their life to many dangers • Due to their irregular condition, children are detained and deported back to El Salvador, where they receive minimum services • After their deportation, children still hold the idea to migrate anew. From San Salvador to Dallas TX. 3,094 km
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES To identify the major reasons behind child migration. To explore the measures implemented in El Salvador to support deported children, especially the Return and Reintegration Program To explore the extent to which deported children are willing to remigrate To suggest measures to the improvement of the services being delivered to the Salvadoran deported children
  4. 4. OUTLINE OF THE STUDY • Objectives, • Problem Statement • Significance of the study • Limitations Chapter 1 Scope of the Study • Qualitative study • Interviews • Analytical framework Chapter 4 Methodology • Country profile • Migration from El Salvador • The problem of child deportation • Measures implemented Chapter 2 Overview of the problem • Results of the interviews • Analysis of the Return and Reintegration Program Chapter 5 Findings • Theories of migration, and • Theories of motivation Chapter 3 Literature Review • Recommendations • Final conclusion of the thesis Chapter 6 Conclusions
  5. 5. Push factors a) Poverty b) Low wages c) Lack of job opportunities d) Loneliness e) Criminal activities Motivation a) Existence needs b) Relatedness needs c) Growth needs Intervening factors (positive and negative) a) Short distance b) Available transportation c) Traveling dangers d) Recurrent deportation e) Expenses of traveling Pull factors a)Family living in the destination country b)Job availability c)Higher wages d) Safety ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK Attractiveness + Possibility to success Decision to migrate or to retrial
  6. 6. FINDINGS Among the cases studied, there are many factors in the country of destiny as in the country of origin, that combined intervene in the child’s decision to migrate. There was a high involvement of the child’s family in their migration process. There is a high probability that children will try to migrate again. Interviewed children whose parent financially supported their migration decision were more motivated to re-migrate than those who did not received any economic support from their parents.
  7. 7. FINDINGS The program does not provide individual services to address the real needs of every child, on the contrary, services are provided as ‘one size fits all’. Efforts were made to favor immediate incorporation instead of a long-term reintegration.. Services are only provided to children deported from the United States, however the biggest number of children are those deported from Mexico. The program does not provide individual services to address the real needs of every child, on the contrary, services are provided as ‘one size fits all’.
  8. 8. RECOMMENDATIONS The implementation of a Co-production approach to reintegrate children, taking into consideration the community, the family and the child’s needs Flexibility of the reintegration program by treating every case individually with multiple options available Dissemination of information regarding the dangers of migrating and the services provided to deported children Assistance should be provided in four stages: pre-departure stage, transportation stage, immediate arrival stage and the post arrival stage All children should be included as the program’s targeted population without consideration of their status or their country of deportation. To guarantee basic education, to provide children with an essential foundation for further education and trainings

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