Concerns about nutrition during pregnancy.
two basic areas:
Maternal weight gain
Maternal weight gain during pregnancy
results from a variety of factors….
Maternal dietary intake
Length of gestation
Size of fetus
Group at risk:
- women voluntarily restricting calorie intake or
-pregnant adolescent women w/ low income or
limited food budget.
-women w/ eating patterns or practices that require
balancing food choices.
-women w/ poor knowledge of nutrition,&
-women w/ special difficulties in food resource
A nutrition diet throughout pregnancy is
essential for both the fetus and the mother.
Not only does the baby get all its nutrients
from the mother; it also competes w/ her
nutrients not sufficiently available to meet
both their needs.
B vitamin & folic acid - to decrease the risk
of neural tube defects.
Folate - is found naturally in leafy green
vegetables, legumes, and citrus fruits.
In addition to the food the mother eats, the
drugs she takes and chemicals she is
exposed to affect the fetus. Everything the
mother ingests may eventually reach the
fetus in some proportion.
Other drugs can cause
A high level of alcohol
pregnancy is associated
w/ miscarriage, still
birth; & in live
babies, fetal alcohol
pregnancy increases the
rise of miscarriage, low
birth weight and infant
It puts both mother and fetus under stress by
raising the level of the hormone epinephrine.
Caffeine also reduces the blood supply to the