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    Dean, olivia, sofi, wendy Dean, olivia, sofi, wendy Document Transcript

    • I N T E R N A T I O N A L B U S I N E S S 3 Dean Rachman Putra 0142011000 Olivia Alfriana 014201100032 Sofi Oktavia 014201100190 Wendy Kadarsyah 0142011000 Company Visit Report 77 187
    • 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This company visit report is about Cikarang Dry Port. It includes literature review of Cikarang Dry Port’s operation, the relationship between the port and the shipping company, the prospect of logistic business, and also about the export import procedures in Cikarang Dry Port. It is important port because Cikarang Dry Port provides integrated port and logistics services with dozens of logistic ad supply chain player. Methods of this report are using the direct observation and description methods. We have interviewed Mr. Hery M.A.C and Mr. Rio Rivai about Cikarang Dry Port. Based on the literature review, observation, and description, the result of this report has given the answers for every question. TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary....................................................................................................................i Table of Content .........................................................................................................................i Introduction................................................................................................................................3 Literature Review.......................................................................................................................3 Methods......................................................................................................................................4 Result and Discussion................................................................................................................4 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................8 References..................................................................................................................................8
    • 3 INTRODUCTION Indonesia is the biggest archipelagic country in the world and it has a strategic place in international trading. This condition can be used to begin the logistics business in Indonesia. By considering the strength of Indonesia, it will be a good chance for Indonesia to take a part such in International trading and take the benefits of its activities. For instance, Indonesia has Cikarang Dry Port for managing the operation of export and import activities. Cikarang Dry Port provides integrated port and logistics services with dozens of logistic ad supply chain player. The government also supported Cikarang Dry Port by provided port, custom, quarantine, and BPOM. LITERATURE REVIEW Cikarang Dry Port provides Integrated Port and Logistics Facilities. It is located in the heart of the largest manufacturing zone in Indonesia along Bekasi until Cikampek corridor on the east side of Greater Jakarta. It is the first and the only one Integrated Customs Services Area in Indonesia and has been allocated international port code IDJBK (www.cikarangdryport.com, 2012). It is like any other concept of Dry Port, it uses intermodal transportation connected to the seaport, and customers can collect/leave their goods as if they do it to seaport (Frost, 2008). In this context, CDP helps to share the burden of the main port, Tanjung Priok, which is like any other seaports lack of space and lack of appropriate inland access (Roso, 2005). For the present time, CDP still uses trucks to load the goods from Tanjung Priok but CDP said it is more than welcome the suggestion to build its own private rail track directly to Tanjung Priok connect to Tanjung Priok if the government allows, thus transportation by truck which is rampant to traffic jam can be minimized. Nevertheless, with the adoption of UU nomor 23 Tahun 2007, it is possible for a private company to build their own private- operated rail track because the act replaces UU 13 for the year 1992 that underlines state monopoly. In May 2013, General Directorate of Railway, Hanggoro Budi Wirjawan, stated that he hoped for Multi operatory concept for the development of Indonesia’s railway implying that eventhough UU number 23 for the year 2007 allows a full-operated private rail track but in practice government and Private Corporation should work hand in hand. It has port and terminal that consist of Container Yard (CY), Container Freight Station (CFS) for
    • 4 Import, and behandle to be an extension of Tanjung Priok. Being the extension gate gate of Tanjung Priok International Port, document formalities for port clearance and customs clearance will be completed in the Cikarang Dry Port (Lippo Cikarang, 2008). Director General of Customs of the Finance Ministry, Agung Kuswandono has explained that dwelling time affect by customs clearance, bank transaction process, port administration, and infrastructure. And Cikarang Dry Port is functioned whether Tanjung Priok Port gets overload as the buffer, it can be the extension and helps Tanjung Priok Port (Sridarmawan, 2013). Manuel Kuhn (2010) said that, a dry port is an inland intermodal terminal directly connected by road or rail to a seaport and operating as a center for the transshipment of sea cargo to inland destinations. He also added, to their role in cargo transshipment, dry ports may also include facilities for storage and consolidation of goods, maintenance for road or rail cargo carriers and customs clearance services. Weeld and Rozemeijer (Ho, 1997) discerned three revolutions in business that have substantial impacts on the purchasing and supply strategies of the manufacturing sectors. These three revolutions are the globalization of trade, the coming of the information era, and more demanding consumers and continuously changing consumer preferences. METHODS This report was using the direct observation and descriptive methods. Direct observation was conducted on June in Cikarang Dry Port, by doing the interview with Mr. Hery M.A.C and Mr. Rio Rivai as his partner. With the direct observation and visiting the Cikarang Dry Port, the writters can gathered the operation activities in logistics. For additional information, the writters used the descriptive method by using internet in completing the datas. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 1) Operation of Cikarang Dry Port. Cikarang Dry Port uses intermodal transportation connected to the seaport and customers can collect/leave their goods as if they do it to seaport. It helps to share the burden of the mainport, Tanjung Priok, which is like any other seaports lack of space and lack of appropriate inland access. It has port and terminal that consist of Container Yard (CY),
    • 5 Container Freight Station (CFS) for Import, and behandle. Container Yard Port provides handling and storage service for laden container under customs supervision. With port code IDJBK, its terminal is appointed as an extension of Tanjung Priok Port and Integrated Customs Service Zone. Shipping lines are now connected also to the terminal with other port of call around the world by using Multimodal Transport of Lading. Container Freight Station for inbound cargo is located inside terminal. It designed for efficient handling process of LCL (Less than Container Load) cargo. And the last is behandle, the facility for Red Line cargo inspection under customs supervision. Being the extension gate of Tanjung Priok International Port, document formalities for port clearance and customs clearance will be completed in the Cikarang Dry Port. 2) The reason why the customs located in the vicinity. Once the goods touch the ground of Tanjung Priok, they will be automatically transported to CDP and will have customs checked within the area of Tanjung Priok. It is to avoid the long lines of goods to be checked in Tanjung Priok which will affect the goal of CDP which is to make the operation of Tanjung Priok more effective by sharing its burden. The custom area of Cikarang Dry Port is owned by government and technically goods that are still in that area are not approved yet to be in jurisdiction of Indonesia’s market. Supposedly, only several people who meet the terms and condition can enter the area. 3) Difference between dry port and normal port. Dry port is located inland from seaport and inked directly to one or more seaports. Whether a country has seaport or land locked, dry port will do the function of seaport because technically it is the branch of the connected sea port. It can be accessed by its customers directly or through an agent. The differences between those two is that dry port is located inland while normal port is located on a coast or shore. Dry port is one of the parts of seaports and carrying some of its function. The containers are dealt exactly the same way with the way they are dealt in the seaports. 4) The relationship between the port and the shipping company The relationship is exactly the same with shipping company to Tanjung Priok. Company who will export or import its goods through CDP will have its customs clearance, CY, and any parts of integrated service on site before it is physically transported to Tanjung Priok. In Tanjung Priok the goods will not pass the integrated service because CDP has
    • 6 already did the function. During the company visit, it is stated that there are companies all over Jababeka preferred to store their containers/goods here while waiting for the shipping to arrive in Tanjung Priok. Storing in Tanjung Priok is apparently is more expensive. 5) How is the Prospect of Logistic Business The increasing of global competition, the improvement and development of logistic business should be advanced between logistic companies and government. There are three revolutions in business that have substantial impacts on the purchasing and supply strategies of the manufacturing sectors. There are trade globalizations, the information era, higher demand consumers that will change the consumer preferences. In the future, the main characteristics of logistic are: - Government role: To keep competitiveness of logistic industries, the government needs to lead one to another path of logistic industries. For example is the idea of freight village of city logistics that will provides to promote logistic efficiency and reduce operation cost. However, it includes large of investments and some problems that relate laws and national policies. Without government support, it is so difficult to achieve the plan. - Growth of International Goods Transport: There are some factors that affect the growth of international freight transport. The first one is E-commerce pushes ahead the international business activities. The second is the change of production strategy needs international cooperation, such as importing the semi-finished products from countries with cheaper human resources to those with higher technology to assemble the final goods. The last is pressure from global, such as World Trade Organization (WTO), it pushes local industries to promote international standard and compete globally. - Revolution of Logistics Operation: Technologies bring efficiency to logistic systems. RFID (Radio Frequency ID) is one of those technologies. It could save manual operation time dramatically, sense the amount of goods input in the tags automatically, and immediately when the costumers push the trolley through exit door (Carroll, 2004). - Improvement of Logistics Facilities: High technology is the main advancement of logistic system. It is the example, it could bring more possibilities and advantages to logistics. It can improve related possibilities. In the future, factory automation is the
    • 7 main target for the whole supply-chain procedures. It could help to improve efficiency and also can reduce the cost. - Specialized Logistic Delivery: Specialized delivery service is one of the notable trends of logistic industries. For instance, delivering fresh food from the place of origin needs low-temperature containers. Compute chips, gases, and petroleum need particular conveyances to carry. These demands are increasing since the products became more and more delicate. - Freight Transport: The alliance between middle-small size delivery companies is an important trend in the future. The strategy could help to expend service areas and increase service quality, and meanwhile raise the loads of single trips to reduce delivery costs. 6) Export import procedures in Cikarang Dry Port Common procedures in Cikarang Dry Port: 6.1 Exporter and importer now can do export and import in Cikarang Dry Port, formerly used to do in Tanjung Priok. Container can be done in Cikarang Dry Port’s area after stuffing in warehouse, so that’s why the container needs to send to Cikarang Dry Port. 6.2 Exporter and importer use Multimodal Transport Bill of Lading by Carrier Company who has opened service in Cikarang Dry Port with IDJBK port code. The list of carriers are available on www.cikarangdryport.com website. 6.3 The activities that related with KMT (Kartu Masuk Terminal), weighing, loading & unloading, and transactions can be done in Cikarang Dry Port. 6.4 Determination of Closing Time done by Carrier Company. 6.5 After the container across the Cikarang Dry Port’s gate, it means the container accepted by the service that will be process to Tanjung Priok and then to the destination country.
    • 8 CONCLUSION Cikarang Dry Port is the first and only Integrated Customs Services Area in Indonesia. it offers one stop services for cargo handling and a logistics solution for export import as well domestic distribution. This paper covers report broadly from Cikarang Dry Port operation system & procedures, the relation with shipping companies, and the prospect of logistic business. The main point of this report is all about Cikarang Dry Port as the extension for Tanjung Priok Port to helps reduce dwelling time. It is an effort from Indonesia’s government to increase efficiency in Tanjung Priok as an International Port and also to compete with its neighbor’s countries. REFERENCES Tseng, Y., Taylor, M.A.P., & Yue, W.L. (2005). The Role of Transportation In Logistics Chain. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Journal, 5, 1657- 1672. Roso, V., et al. (2008). Connecting Container Seaports with the Hinterland. The Dry Port Concept Journal, 10. Roso, V., et al. (2005). The Dry Port Concept: Applications in Sweden. Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Logistics and Transportation. Sridarmawan, D.A.P. (2013, 28 January). Penjelasan Direktur Jendral Bea dan Cukai Bapak Agung Kuswandono Mengenai Dwelling Time, Cikarang Dry Port from http://kpubeacukaipriok.net/?hal=read&id=413&kat=berita Thompson, R.G. & Taniguchi, E. (2001). City Logistics and Freight Transport. Handbook of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Elseivier Science Ltd, UK, 393-405. Magala, M., & Sammons, A. (2008). A New Approach to Port Choice Modelling. Matime Economics and Logistics Journal, 10, 9-34. Fair, M.L., & Williams, E.W. (1981). Transportation and Logistics. Business Publication Inc., USA. Clinton, S.R., & David, J. C. (1997), Operational Logistics Strategy: Does It Exist?. Journal of Business Logistics, 18(1):19-44. Cikarang Dry Port Service. (n.d). Retrieved 2012 from Cikarang Dry Port web site: http://www.cikarangdryport.com/ Kementrian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Penerapan Multioperator akan Tingkatkan Pelayanan Perkeretaapian. Jakarta, Indonesia: Republik Indonesia. PT. Cikarang Inland Port. (2012, Juli). Panduan Teknis Pelanggan Ekspor Import Melalui Cikarang Dry Port. Integrated Port and Logistic Facilities, 1(1). Hayes, J. (2012). Does Size Matter? Bigger Ships, Bigger Ports…How Big Will They Get, And What Are The Limitations?. Singapore Maritime and Port Journal, 75-86.
    • 9 Lee-Partridge, J.E., Teo, T.S.H., & Lim, V.K.G. (2000). Information Technology Management: The Case of The Port of Singapore Authority. Journal of Strategic Information System, 9, 85-99. Seet-Cheng, M. (2000). International Trends in Port Development?. Singapore Maritime and Port Journal, 5-15. Hult, G.T.M., et. al. (2007). Quality, Operational Logistics Strategy, and Repruchase Intentions: A Profile Deviation Analaysis. Journal of Business Logistics, 28(2):105- 132.