Cuban Missile Crisis - Leon, De Angulo, RomeroPresentation Transcript
What was that? The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War. In September 1962, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to surreptitiously build bases in Cuba for a number of medium- and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles (MRBMs and IRBMs) with the ability to strike most of the continental United States. This action followed the 1958 deployment of Thor IRBMs in the UK and Jupiter IRBMs to Italy and Turkey in 1961 – more than 100 U.S.-built missiles having the capability to strike Moscow with nuclear warheads.
Causes Fidel Castro and his hate for American expansion. The failed invasion of the Bay of Pigs. NikitaKhrushchevbecause he wanted a communist country nearUnitedStates and also he wantedto test new president Kennedy.
Consecuences The two sides established a direct communications link that became known as the Hot Line. A Test Ban Treaty was signed between the two countries in August 1963. The Soviet Union became determined to have a nuclear capability that was equal to the United States. This was achieved by 1972. The split between the Soviet Union and China became wider.
1959 January 1: Fidel Castro assumes power after the Cuban Revolution
1960 December 19: Cuba openly aligns itself with the Soviet Union and their policies.
1961 January 3: The U.S. terminates diplomatic relationsApril 17: "The Bay of Pigs" - A group of Cuban exiles, backed by the US, invades Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in a failed attempt to trigger an anti-Castro rebellionJune 3-4: Khrushchev and Kennedy hold summit talks in Vienna regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis
1962 August 31: Senator Kenneth Keating tells the Senate that there is evidence of Soviet missile installations in CubaSeptember 11: Soviet Foreign Minister, Andrei Gromyko, warns that an American attack on Cuba could mean war with the Soviet UnionOctober 14 : A U-2 flying over western Cuba obtains photographs of missile sitesOctober 14 - 17: The Joint Chiefs of Staff strongly advise Kennedy to make an air strike ( the discussions are referred to as the EX-COMM's )October 18: Gromyko assures Kennedy that Soviet Cuban aid has been only for the "defensive capabilities of Cuba."
1962 October 22: Congressional leaders are shown the photographic evidence of the Soviet missile Cuban installations and the President addresses the nation regarding the Cuban crisisOctober 22: U.S. military forces go to DEFCON 3 October 23: Kennedy receives a letter from Khrushchev in which Khrushchev states that there is a, "serious threat to peace and security of peoples." Robert Kennedy speaks with Ambassador Dobrynin October 24: Soviet ships, en route to Cuba, reverse their course except for one. US Military forces go to DEFCON 2October 25: JFK sends a letter to Khrushchev placing the responsibility for the crisis on the Soviet Union
1962 October 26: Khrushchev sends a letter to President Kennedy proposing to remove his missiles if Kennedy publicly announces never to invade CubaOctober 27: An American U-2 is shot down over Cuba killing the pilot, Major Rudolf AndersonOctober 27: A U-2 strays into Soviet airspace, near Alaska, and is nearly intercepted by Soviet fightersOctober 27: Kennedy sends Khrushchev a letter stating that he will make a statement that the U.S. will not invade Cuba if Khrushchev removes the missiles from CubaOctober 28: Khrushchev announces over Radio Moscow that he has agreed to remove the missiles from Cuban return the US agrees to the withdrawal of US nuclear missiles from Turkey ending the Cuban Missile Crisis
Photos Types of land base missiles during the crisis. Cuban missile ratio (look at the left corner up)
U2 airplane used during the cold war for the Americans in order to do spy and recon missions. Cartoon of the missile crisis representing the struggle between the two sides.
Conclusions We can conclude that this was a very difficult moment of the cold war with a lot of tension from the both sides. Also this was useful in order to spread China and the soviets because of the both of them combined could be fatal. It also showed the world that the possibility of a nuclear war, was closer than ever.