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The demography of the Mid West of Western Australia
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The demography of the Mid West of Western Australia

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The Mid West of Western Australia is a microcosm of Australia with a large coastal city, retirement driven development, an agricultural inland and remote pastoral and mining region. This presentation …

The Mid West of Western Australia is a microcosm of Australia with a large coastal city, retirement driven development, an agricultural inland and remote pastoral and mining region. This presentation describes its complex demography.


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  • 1. The Mid West is a vast region located about 400 kms north of Perthin Western Australia and up to 700 kms to the east from the IndianOcean.The three regions that make up the Mid West are Batavia Coast,comprised of the City of Greater Geraldton and smaller coastalcommunities, the inland agricultural communities of North Midlandsand the remote Murchison.The data are from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and most tableswere created using TableBuilder Pro.The work was done by demographer Ann Larson of SocialDimensions with support from the Regional Development AustraliaMid West and Gascoyne Council.
  • 2. HOW MANY ARE WE?
  • 3. Trends in the estimated resident population of the MidwestRegion, by sub-region, 2001- 2006 and 2011.BataviaCoastMurchisonNorthMidlandsTotal2001 41150 4214 5111 504752006 43589 3558 4708 518552011 46642 4364 4603 55609Average annual rateof growth (r)2001-06 1.2% -3.4% -1.6% 0.5%2006-11 1.4% 4.1% -0.5% 1.4%2001-2011 1.3% 0.3% -1.0% 1.0%Absolute annualchange in population2001-2006 488 -131 -81 2762006-2011 611 161 -21 751Note: The 2011 is a preliminary figure based on 2011 census results.
  • 4. PerthPilbaraMid WestWheatbelt0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4Annual growth rateGrowth in estimated resident population, 2011-2012
  • 5. Census counts, Mid West, 2011Mid West BataviaCoastMurchisonNorthMidlandsUsual residents 53657 45081 4075 4501Enumerated at home 49494 41570 3774 4150Enumerated elsewhere 4164 3512 301 351Enumerated population 57367 46019 6350 4998Usual residents at home 49494 41571 3773 4150Visitors 7873 4448 2577 848% of usual residentstemporarily away 8% 8% 7% 8%Visitors as a % ofenumerated population 14% 10% 41% 17%
  • 6. -2004006008001,0001,2001,4001,6000-14 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75-84 85yearsNumber of visitors counted in the census byage, Exmouth and Murchison, 2011Visitors in Meekathara SA2 Visitors in Exmouth SA2
  • 7. 2000 1500 1000 500 0 500 1000 1500 20000-45-910-1415-1920-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-6465-6970-7475-7980-8485 and overNumber of peoplePopulation pyramid of estimated residentpopulation, Batavia Coast, 2011Males Females
  • 8. 400 300 200 100 0 100 200 3000-45-910-1415-1920-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-6465-6970-7475-7980-8485 and overNumber of peoplePopulation pyramid of the estimated residentpopulation of the Murchison, June 2011FemalesMales
  • 9. 300 200 100 0 100 2000-45-910-1415-1920-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-6465-6970-7475-7980-8485 and overNumber of peoplePopulation pyramid of the resident populationof the North Midlands, June 2011FemalesMales
  • 10. 0500010000150002000025000300000-14 15-24 25-64 65 and overNumber of people by agegroups, estimated residentpopulation, Bataviacoast, 2001, 2006, 2011200120062011
  • 11. 010002000300040000-14 15-24 25-64 65andoverMurchison, 2001, 2006, 2011010002000300040000-14 15-24 25-64 65 andoverNorthMidlands, 2001, 2006, 2011
  • 12. ABORIGINAL RESIDENTS
  • 13. Indigenous and non-Indigenous usual residents, Mid Westand sub-regions, 2011.BataviaCoast MurchisonNorthMidlandsMidWestIndigenous 3857 1185 253 5295Non-Indigenous 39012 2343 3976 45331Not stated 2211 548 272 3031Total usual residents 45080 4076 4501 53657% Indigenous withinregions 9% 29% 6% 10%% Indigenous acrossregions 86% 5% 9% 100%
  • 14. 400 300 200 100 0 100 200 300 4000-4 years5-9 years10-14 years15-19 years20-24 years25-29 years30-34 years35-39 years40-44 years45-49 years50-54 years55-59 years60-64 years65 years and overNumber of usual residentsPopulation pyramid of Indigenous people in the MidWest, usual residents, 2011FemalesMales
  • 15. THE ECONOMY
  • 16. Median personal income of usual residents over age 15, doesnot include people who did not state their income, 2011Total Indigenous NonIndigenousMid West $400-$599 $300-$399 $600-$799Batavia Coast $400-$599 $300-$399 $400-$599Murchison $800-$999 $200-$299 $1250-$1499North Midlands $600-$799 $400-$599 $600-$799Gascoyne $600-$799 $300-$399 $600-$799Western Australia $600-$799 $300-$399 $600-$799
  • 17. Median weekly family income by family type, Western Australia,Gascoyne and the Mid West, 2011Couple familywith no childrenCouple familywith childrenOne parentfamilyWestern Australia $1250-$1499 $2000-$2499 $800-$999Gascoyne $1250-$1499 $1500-$1999 $600-$799Mid West $1000-$1249 $1500-$1999 $600-$799Batavia Coast $1250-$1499 $1500-$1999 $600-$799Murchison $1000-$1249 $1000-$1249 $600-$799North Midlands $1000-$1249 $1250-$1499 $400-$549
  • 18. Place of work by usual residence, Mid West, 2011Usual residentsWorking inthe regionWorking in theregionWorkingElsewhereTemporary workersBataviaCoast 16814 16681 4008 1166Murchison 3580 1487 547 1057NorthMidlands 2369 1836 420 460Mid West 22763 20004 4975 2683Note: ‘Working in the region’ calculated from Place ofWork data set and defined as the usual place of work in theweek prior to the census. Temporary workers are thosewho were working in the Mid West but lived elsewhere inAustralia.More than half workin mining orconstruction
  • 19. Trends in labour force participation by industry, Mid West usual residents, 2011-20112001 2006 2011Number % Number % Number %Agriculture, forestry & fishing 3295 16% 2648 11% 2151 9%Mining 1423 7% 1433 6% 2079 8%Manufacturing 1016 5% 1034 4% 1311 5%Electricity, gas, water & wasteservices 160 1% 216 1% 249 1%Construction 1454 7% 1820 8% 2654 11%Wholesale trade 914 5% 696 3% 664 3%Retail trade 2954 15% 2330 10% 2539 10%Accommodation & food services 1052 5% 1277 5% 1628 7%Transport, postal & warehousing 792 4% 1085 5% 1549 6%Information media &telecommunications 184 1% 160 1% 152 1%Financial & insurance services 315 2% 350 2% 352 1%Education & training 1553 8% 1777 8% 2124 9%Health care & social assistance 1580 8% 1881 8% 2284 9%Arts & recreation services 235 1% 196 1% 150 1%Public administration & safety 888 4% 1820 8% 1670 7%Various administrative, businessand technical services 1992 10% 2292 10% 2819 11%Not stated / inadequate 451 2% 651 3% 601 2%Total 20258 100% 23280 100% 24976 100%Note: Data for 2011 generated by the Australian Bureau of Statistics TableBuilder.2001 and 2006 data came from community profile tables of usual residentsavailable on the ABS website.
  • 20. YOUTH
  • 21. Indicators of regional youth, 20-24 year olds, 2011Gascoyne Mid West Perth MetropolitanCompleted year 1244% 49% 69%Attending aneducationalinstitution9% 11% 34%Not studying andnot in the labourforce or areunemployed20% 19% 10%Average weeklypersonal income ofemployed youth$600-$799 $800-$999 $600-$799Young women whohave a child26% 25% 12%Left the region theyear before thecensus26% 11% 4%Note: Table generated from the Australian Bureau of Statistics TableBuilder
  • 22. Percentage of young women usually resident in the Mid West whohave one or more children, by age and Indigenous status, 2011.Batavia Coast MurchisonNorthMidlands Mid WestAboriginal15-19 13% 25% 31% 16%20-24 59% 54% 100% 60%25-29 70% 60% 100% 68%Non-Indigenous15-19 3% 0% 0% 3%20-24 23% 6% 21% 22%25-29 48% 14% 48% 46%Note: The percentages are based on the population identifying asAboriginal or non-Indigenous in the census.
  • 23. MaleFemale0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500ConstructionRetail TradeHealth Care and Social AssistanceAgriculture, Forestry and FishingEducation and TrainingMiningPublic Administration and SafetyAccommodation and Food…Transport, Postal and…ManufacturingOther ServicesProfessional, Scientific and…Wholesale TradeAdministrative and Support…Number of people employed by industry andgender, Mid West, 2011
  • 24. IMMIGRATION
  • 25. 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%Major Cities InnerRegionalOuterRegionalRemote Very RemoteBirthplace of immigrants by where theylive, 2011New Zealand + UK South Africa and ZimbabweSouthern & Eastern Europe Asia
  • 26. Major CitiesMajor CitiesMajor CitiesInner RegionalInner RegionalInner RegionalOuter RegionalOuter RegionalOuter RegionalRemoteRemoteRemoteVery RemoteVery RemoteVery Remote0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%School TeachersMedical PractitionersMidwifery and Nursing ProfessionalsPercentage Australian-born in each occupation bywhere people live
  • 27. HOUSING
  • 28. Housing tenure for Indigenous and other households in the MidWest, 2011Indigenous householdsOtherhouseholdsOwned outright 11% 35%Owned with a mortgage 20% 31%Rented:Real estate agent 14% 11%State or territory housingauthority 31% 4%Person not in samehousehold(d) 8% 9%Housing co-operative/community/church group 2% 1%Other landlord type(e) 5% 4%Landlord type not stated 1% 1%Total 61% 30%Other tenure type 1% 1%Tenure type not stated 7% 3%Total 100% 100%Number of occupiedprivate dwellings (usualresidents)1,563 17,135
  • 29. Unoccupied private dwellingsBataviaCoastMurchisonNorthMidlandsMid WestNumber 3287 288 738 4313% of allprivatedwellings16% 19% 30% 17%Geraldton = 10%; Dongara 21%; Northampton-Mullewa 30%