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Design with policies, lecture by Petar Vranic, 4 July 2013
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Design with policies, lecture by Petar Vranic, 4 July 2013

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  • 1. Urban Design, Architecture & polices
  • 2. A policy is a principle or rule to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. A policy is a statement of intent, and is implemented as a procedure or protocol. In short, policies simply guide our actions. Policies can be guidelines, rules, regulations, laws, principles, or directions. They say what is to be done, who is to do it, how it is to be done and for (or to) whom it is to be done. What is a policy?
  • 3. What policies do ... •Outline rules •Provide principles that guide actions •Set roles and responsibilities •Reflect values and beliefs •State an intention to do something
  • 4. Policy tools Policy tools and include: information, education, legislation, regulation, guidelines, standards, procedures, programs, grants, subsidies, expenditures, taxes….
  • 5. Illustration: ‘Development should incorporate the retention or provision of important routes and linkages which contribute to the permeability of an area. Development which results in the unacceptable loss of existing links will not be permitted. Design objective: permeability Explanation of criteria for solution: incorporate or retain and avoid loss of important routes and linkages.’
  • 6. Policy examples: Green Space for Community Gardens
  • 7. Possible policy tools Information: An information package on organizing, operating and sustaining community gardens will be developed and made available for distribution to community groups, housing associations and developments, non-profit organizations, businesses, and public sector offices throughout the city.
  • 8. Education: Public health educators and city planners will be engaged to work collaboratively to design an educational program on the benefits of preserving green space for food production targeted at private landowners, including developers, business operators, and home owners. Possible policy tools
  • 9. Legislation: A minimum of 25% of current public green space will be available for urban food production within each voting district of the municipality. Possible policy tools
  • 10. Regulation: The development of unused or vacant land, or the redevelopment of land for public purposes will be required to maintain a certain percentage of that land for green space, and a minimum of 25% of the green space will be available for urban food production. Possible policy tools
  • 11. Procedures: Standard procedures will be established for starting a community garden on public green space. Possible policy tools
  • 12. Grants: The “Community Garden Development Grant” will be established to provide one-time start-up grants to community groups committed to starting community gardens. Possible policy tools
  • 13. Subsidies: Wage subsidies will be made available for supporting a paid staff position for established (3 or more years in operation) community gardens of 100 or more plots. Possible policy tools
  • 14. Design policy is essential tool for making sustainable places. Urban design policy is concerned with more than just the architectural quality of development. It helps to shape the place as a whole, and all its economic, social and environmental impacts. To bring about fundamental change, urban design policy needs to define a vision which will be realized over a time span – sometimes as long as a generation – and achieved through a series of staged objectives focusing on short-term goals.
  • 15. Accessibility
  • 16. Environmental protection Hammarby Sjöstad Norra Djurgårdsstaden
  • 17. Environmental protection Norra Djurgårdsstaden •To decrease carbon emission for 50% and be fossil fuel-free up to 2030 •30% of locally produced energy •smart greed-net
  • 18. Economy driven policy
  • 19. Poorly defined waste management policy
  • 20. LQC- Low cost high impact approach This approach is based on taking incremental steps, using low-cost experiments, and tapping into local talents (e.g. citizens, entrepreneurs, developers, and city staff)
  • 21. Transform underused spaces into exciting laboratories that citizens can start using right away and see evidence that change can happen. Leverage local partnerships that have greater involvement by a community and results in more authentic places.
  • 22. Employ a place-by-place strategy that, over time, can transform an entire city. With community buy-in, the LQC approach can be implemented across multiple scales to transform under- performing spaces throughout an entire city.
  • 23. Encourage an iterative approach and an opportunity to experiment, assess, and evolve a community’s vision before launching into major construction and a long term process.
  • 24. The absence of policy is a policy itself
  • 25. Eco box The aim of the project was to return underused public spaces to the community.. ..a completely community run initiative that goes beyond just being a space to spend leisure time in.
  • 26. Manek chowk is a market square in the city of Ahmedabad. Manek chowk’s importance is mainly because of the multiple uses it is put to based on time of the day, through informal self-management by the locals.
  • 27. Tactical urbanism
  • 28. Task #2 For a chosen space: •Define a vision •Support a vision with policy •Give at least three tools to achieve proposed vision *Students who chose one place to work with, they are expected to propose at least two different visions and related policies for it *Students who decide to work with different places (at least two places) are expected to propose one vision for each place.
  • 29. Спасибо!