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Parts Of Speech Ss
 

Parts Of Speech Ss

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Slides from obj 1 Grammar I UNEFM

Slides from obj 1 Grammar I UNEFM

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    Parts Of Speech Ss Parts Of Speech Ss Presentation Transcript

    • Parts of Speech
      (Nouns, Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs)
      Grammar I
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parts of Speech
      Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Grammar I
      What?
      Who?
      Nouns
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      How is it doing it?
      Adverbs
      Verbs
      What is it doing?
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      What?
      Parts of Speech
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Express concepts, qualities, sensations…
      silver, excellence, heat, blue, New York, Samuel, tolerance
      Can be identified by their ending
      tradition, ability, instrument, experience, significance.
      Can act as: the subject of a verb
      Samuel Ellis bought an island
      Can act as: the object of a verb
      Samuel Ellis bought an island
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Can act as: the complement of a verb
      Samuel Ellis was a millionaire.
      Countable Nouns have singular and plural form
      island-islands, book-books, girl-girls, student-students.
      Uncountable Nouns have only one form
      furniture, water, success, blood, sugar, happiness, hair.
      Regular Countable Nouns have an _s ending.
      Books,, chairs, communities, papers, churches.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      What?
      Parts of Speech
      Who?
      Grammar I
      Nouns
      Some Irregular Nouns involve a change in vowel
      man-men, tooth-teeth, foot-feet.
      Some Irregular Nouns have the same plural form
      a sheep-two sheep, a series-two series
      Collective Nouns represent groups of people or things
      team, party, army, staff, UN, COCA COLA
      Nouns can be used to modify other nouns
      insect repellent, battle-ground, weekend,
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      What?
      Parts of Speech
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      A noun can be:
      Proper
      Samuel
      Common
      Island
      Concrete
      Water
      Abstract
      Hate
      Collective
      Team
      Compound
      Sun Lotion
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      New York
      Proper
      Concrete
      Single
      Uncountable
      Island
      Common
      Hate
      Common
      Concrete
      Abstract
      Single
      Single
      countable
      Uncountable
      Singular
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Statue
      Common
      Concrete
      Single
      countable
      Singular
      Suntan
      Common
      Love
      Common
      Concrete
      Abstract
      Compound
      Single
      Uncountable
      Uncountable
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Many nouns that are generally uncountable can also be used as countable. Look at the noun in the two boxes below and decide if they are countable (C), uncountable (U), both (B). Give examples
      Unhappiness, society, life, understanding, soil; misunderstanding
      Fish, exposure, breast, lamb
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Generally Countable:
      Breast. (Mammals have two or more breasts.)
      Generally Uncountable:
      Unhappiness; understanding; soil.
      (The bomb landed in US soil.)
      Generally Uncountable:
      Society; life; fish; exposure; lamb; misunderstanding.
      (Life is not easy even though really fun.)
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      What?
      Grammar I
      Who?
      Nouns
      Underline all nouns in the text. Say if they are countable or uncountable. For countable nouns say if they are regular or irregular.
      A FOX swimming across a rapid river was carried by the force of the current into a very deep ravine, where he lay for a long time very much bruised, sick, and unable to move. A swarm of hungry blood-sucking flies settled upon him. A Hedgehog, passing by, saw his anguish and inquired if he should drive away the flies that were tormenting him. "By no means," replied the Fox; "pray do not molest them." "How is this?' said the Hedgehog; "do you not want to be rid of them?' "No," returned the Fox, "for these flies which you see are full of blood, and sting me but little, and if you rid me of these which are already satiated, others more hungry will come in their place, and will drink up all the blood I have left."
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      Provide Information about the qualities of something
      An old film.
      An interesting experience for everyone.
      It’s unbelievable that we haven’t seen him for so long.
      They are closely related to nouns or verbs
      Beautiful; Beauty, Dangerous; Danger
      Drinkable; Drink, Talkative; talk
      Some have the same form as participle verbs
      boring, bored, broken, closed, exciting
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      Can be made up of two parts connected by a hyphen
      Well-intentioned, self-centered, slip-on
      Don’t change before plural nouns
      Two green books. Two greens books
      Can be placed before the noun, called descriptive
      The old statue.
      Can be placed after the verb to-be, called predicative
      The statue is old.
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      Can be gradeable using intensifiers or downtoners
      Quite beautiful. Very beautiful. Rather calm. Fairly certain.
      Determiner Adjectives help indentify an specific noun
      Which old statue? That old statue. My old statue.
      Possessive adjectives show ownership or relationship
      My little old bag is missing.
      Demonstrative Adjectives point out things
      This old bag. Those short stories
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      Interrogative Adjectives single out the modified nouns
      Which old statue?
      Indefinite Adjectives refer to non specific things
      Some girls. Several lockers. Any book.
      Numerical Adjectives state a fixed number of things
      One House, three girls.
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      The beautiful island
      Common
      Descriptive
      The music is loud
      Common
      Predicative
      I like this coat
      Common
      Demonstrative
      She is American
      Proper
      Predicative
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How does it look like?
      Adjectives
      Grammar I
      I have three brothers
      Common
      Numerical
      We play at my house
      Common
      Possessive
      I want that one
      Common
      Demonstrative
      She has an orange balloon
      Proper
      Predicative
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How is it doing it?
      Grammar I
      Adverbs
      Use to expand the meaning of another word.
      It’s beautifully made. He sings very pretty. She swims very bad.
      They are can be placed anywhere in the sentence
      I went to the beach yesterday. He just left the room.
      Some adverbs have an _ly ending
      carefully, quickly, oddly, usually
      Some adverbs have specific forms
      well, never, often, yet,
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How is it doing it?
      Grammar I
      Grammar I
      Adverbs
      Adverbs of time answer to: when?
      Pool opens today. Halloween is coming soon. I never go to Church.
      Adverbs of place answer to: Where?
      It’s in front of you. Come here!. I read it at school.
      Adverbs of manner answer to: How?
      He drives carefully. Do it quickly. Slowly, place it here.
      Adverbs of degree intensify or downtone
      He nearly hit the bottom. He is fairly cool.
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How is it doing it?
      Grammar I
      Adverbs
      Adverbs of Frequency say: How often?
      She must always clean the house. I do that frequently.
      Focusing Adverbs help specify information
      I go there even when I’m not alone. I like that especially.
      Can be used to form questions
      Where are you going?. How do you feel?
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How is it doing it?
      Grammar I
      Adverbs
      She goes there often
      Time
      They swim slowly
      Manner
      Dinner is nearly ready
      Degree
      He lives faraway
      Place
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      How is it doing it?
      Grammar I
      Adverbs
      She is swimming now
      Time
      I’ll travel to Bali
      Place
      Tina hasn’t spoken yet
      Time
      I was only asking for help
      Focusing
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Grammar I
      Underline all nouns, adjectives and adverbs in the text and classify them.
      On the third Saturday in May, the United States of America honors the people who served and who are currently serving in all of the branches of the U.S. military.
      This day is called Armed Forces Day. Before 1949, each of the main branches of the United States military had its own day to honor its members. Armed Forces Day is a way to honor all United States military personnel at once, and to thank them for their work protecting and serving the nation.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Express or describe an action
      Eat, paint, play, cover, examine, think, do, make
      Express existence, mental conditions and processes, relationships
      Be, become, believe, deduce, depend, determine
      Generally come after a subject of the sentence
      France gave a statue to the USA
      Can appear any other place in the sentence
      Swimming is an excellent exercise
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Main Verbs express meaning by themselves
      Wisdom is the ability to see, understand and know clearly...
      Describe events: something you consciously do
      I broke the nozzle. Why aren’t you eating?
      Describe states: a passive condition
      Does it belong to you? I don’t know the tune.
      The same verb can describe both events and states
      I always smell the food before eating it.
      The river always smells foul.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Object Verbs need to be accompanied by an object
      The old lady killeda chicken.
      Complement Verbs need to be followed by a complement
      My Little sister feltill.
      Some verbs can stand on their own as No-object verbs
      I slipped. Who’s talking?
      Other verbs can take two objects or an object and a complement
      I sentthe children a card.
      I considerthe government responsible.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Object Verbs = Transitive
      My Mother baked that cake
      Complement Verbs = Linking
      He was cold last night.
      No-object Verbs = Intransitive
      I’m coming!
      Two object Verbs = Ditransitive
      He bought a bunch of flowers for her girlfriend.
      Object-Complement Verbs = Complex Transitive
      I think about it sadly.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Auxiliary Verbs are used to indicate tenses
      She is going to the mall. They have been talking.
      Auxiliary Verbs are used to form negative forms and questions
      You don’t believe that. Are you sure of that?
      Modal Verbs can also be used as auxiliary verbs
      I can run faster than you. This may be difficult.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      Infinitive verbs are not part of tense of the sentence
      I saw him cross the road. I don’t want to leave.
      _ing forms are often used in continuous sentences
      Are you staying late reading tonight?
      Main Verbs all have past tense form
      Go/Went. Is/Was. Play/Played. Visit/Visited.
      Past Participle are the forms used after the verb have
      He has lived. She has brought. We have driven.
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Verbs
      Grammar I
      What is it doing?
      That is not indestructible
      Linking
      Present T
      We must study.
      Intransitive
      Aux
      Present T
      Modal V
      I was only asking for help
      Transitive
      Aux
      Cont Past T
      To be V
    • Parrot, 2000 and Stobbe, 2008
      Parts of Speech
      Grammar I
      Build Sentences according to the instructions
      *Open (Present Tense, Transitive)
      *Cook (Past Tense, Ditransitive)
      *Feel (Future Tense, Linking)
      *Clean (Past Participle, Transitive)
      *Judge (Present Perfect, Complex Transitive)
      *Sent (Present Continuous, Transitive)
      *Kill (Past Tense, Ditransitive)
      *Go (Future Tense, Intransitive)
      *Be (Present Tense, Linking)
      *Sit (Present tense, Intransitive)
      Prof. J. Magdalena Arévalo P.
      Dpto. Idiomas UNEFM