Guest Lecture    Rotterdam University    Rotterdam, 5 October 2009    Challenges & Trends in IT    Mark Smalley1
Introduction Mark Smalley• Experience in IT domain since 1978: Application  Developer, Service Manager, Operations Manager...
Topics    • Business Challenges    • Business Responsibility wrt IT    • Cloud Computing    • Capacity Management    • Man...
Assessment                             Business Utilization of IT?                           Organization Utilization of I...
Observations• Changeable and complex world• Power-shift to consumers• Pressure to perform and adapt• Dependency on IT• Gro...
Dilemma’s            ReliabilitySpeed of change            Costs 6
Business pains wrt IT• Outages and performance issues cause loss of  production, sales and clients• Extra costs, missed re...
Business wants…• It’s got to work• Support if it doesn’t• Controlled quality and costs• Easy to change• IT aligned with fu...
Topics    • Business Challenges    • Business Responsibility wrt IT    • Cloud Computing    • Capacity Management    • Man...
Role of the CIO10
Role of the Directors re IT                                       Evaluate            Direct   MonitorResponsibilityStrate...
Topics     • Business Challenges     • Business Responsibility wrt IT     • Cloud Computing     • Capacity Management     ...
Soorten wolken     • Kale infrastructuur, bijvoorbeeld       gegevensopslag, dit kun je bij Amazon vandaan       halen, ne...
Infrastructure                    Platform                    Application                      Data         Data      Appl...
Voordeel voor de business     Situatie     • ‘Steeds sneller veranderende wereld     • Concurrentie voor zijn     • Steeds...
Gevolgen voor beheer     Verschuiving naar beheer van interfaces     Andere activiteiten     •   Zicht krijgen en houden o...
Topics     • Business Challenges     • Business Responsibility wrt IT     • Cloud Computing     • Capacity Management     ...
Capaciteitsbeheer•    Aanbieding met Rentepunten van de Postbank•    50 euro Benzinebon voor de helft van de prijs•    Om ...
Topics     • Business Challenges     • Business Responsibility wrt IT     • Cloud Computing     • Capacity Management     ...
HardwareProgress           1950   1960   1970   1980   1990   2000   2010   2020     20
Software                                                                      SaaS                                        ...
Abundant              Liberating                        Application Management                                Empowering  ...
Application Management                                                          Dependency                                ...
Sexy SOA•   SOA is like teenage sex…•   It is on everyone’s mind all the time•   Everyone talks about it all the time•   E...
Service-Oriented Architecture             n                    Service                  Di         t io                   ...
SOA - The Promise• SOA offers the promise of• Increased flexibility to support and facilitate  organizations in their chal...
SOA - The Downside• Loose coupling requires a large degree of maturity of  the total SOA solution, including organizationa...
Governance• University of Amsterdam: “Ownership of  services within large service-oriented systems  is not easy to address...
Architecture• University of Amsterdam: “Without  professionals who follow architectural  principles and without management...
Organization• Complexity of SOA-based systems• Number of parties involved• Lack of experience in management of these  syst...
Organization – Dealing with S-                   curves            New technology S-curve:              Generation X+1 Saa...
Bottom Line• SOA is new and promising• SOAM is even newer: new learning curve• More components, more parties involved:  po...
Links to video clipsJapanese Efficiencyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0iqpBTUAfMRichard Feynmanhttp://www.youtube.com/wat...
SamenvattingOmgeving van de business• Globalisering + meer informatie = machtsverschuiving naar consumentBusiness-organisa...
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Service oriented application management (HRO, Rotterdam, Oct 2009)

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  • © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved
  • © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved
  • Service oriented application management (HRO, Rotterdam, Oct 2009)

    1. 1. Guest Lecture Rotterdam University Rotterdam, 5 October 2009 Challenges & Trends in IT Mark Smalley1
    2. 2. Introduction Mark Smalley• Experience in IT domain since 1978: Application Developer, Service Manager, Operations Manager, Business Developer, Portfolio Director, Trainer, Consultant• Specialized in Application Management Mark Smalley• Trainer in ASL Foundation Certification CYO Blind Monk• Capgemini, Principal Consultant Maintert®ainer• ASL BiSL Foundation, International Affairs Paradigmologist• EXIN, Member Professional EXIN Group• Rotterdam University, Lecturer• mark.smalley@aslbislfoundation.org• www.linkedin.com/in/marksmalley2
    3. 3. Topics • Business Challenges • Business Responsibility wrt IT • Cloud Computing • Capacity Management • Management of Service Oriented Systems3
    4. 4. Assessment Business Utilization of IT? Organization Utilization of IS?Functional?Usable? InformationReliable? Systems IT Good? Organization Cheap? Fast? 4
    5. 5. Observations• Changeable and complex world• Power-shift to consumers• Pressure to perform and adapt• Dependency on IT• Growth of business involvement with IT5
    6. 6. Dilemma’s ReliabilitySpeed of change Costs 6
    7. 7. Business pains wrt IT• Outages and performance issues cause loss of production, sales and clients• Extra costs, missed revenue and loss of market position due to slow IT change• Missed opportunities to innovate with IT• Damage to reputation when things go wrong• No grip on costs, changes, projects• IT not proactive and innovative• IT just doesn’t understand us7
    8. 8. Business wants…• It’s got to work• Support if it doesn’t• Controlled quality and costs• Easy to change• IT aligned with future business8
    9. 9. Topics • Business Challenges • Business Responsibility wrt IT • Cloud Computing • Capacity Management • Management of Service Oriented Systems9
    10. 10. Role of the CIO10
    11. 11. Role of the Directors re IT Evaluate Direct MonitorResponsibilityStrategyAcquisitionPerformanceConformanceHuman Behaviour 11 Source: Corporate Governance of IT (ISO/IEC 38500)
    12. 12. Topics • Business Challenges • Business Responsibility wrt IT • Cloud Computing • Capacity Management • Management of Service Oriented Systems12
    13. 13. Soorten wolken • Kale infrastructuur, bijvoorbeeld gegevensopslag, dit kun je bij Amazon vandaan halen, net zo makkelijk als een boek kopen; • Ingerichte platforms, bijvoorbeeld een .NET ontwikkelomgeving bovenop de infra van Amazon; • Applicaties, bijvoorbeeld SalesForce.com; • Gegevens, bijvoorbeeld Google Maps (hun applicatie op hun infra en platform en niet jouw gegevens maar hun gegevens).13
    14. 14. Infrastructure Platform Application Data Data Application Platform14 Infrastructure
    15. 15. Voordeel voor de business Situatie • ‘Steeds sneller veranderende wereld • Concurrentie voor zijn • Steeds minder tijd om voordeel te benutten • Sneller inspelen op kansen in de markt • Ook IT moet snel veranderen Voordelen van Cloud Computing • Sneller over middelen beschikken • Sneller vanaf • Vaak goedkoper (maar aanpassen aan de standaard)15
    16. 16. Gevolgen voor beheer Verschuiving naar beheer van interfaces Andere activiteiten • Zicht krijgen en houden op de markt van wolken • Contracteren • Configureren en integreren • De diensten consumeren; • Wijzigingen bewaken • Wolk en wolkleverancier monitoren Applicatielandschap steeds complexer en meer hybride Aangewezen op samenwerking met diversiteit van partijen Voor de klassieke applicatiebeheerder is dit eventjes wennen16
    17. 17. Topics • Business Challenges • Business Responsibility wrt IT • Cloud Computing • Capacity Management • Management of Service Oriented Systems17
    18. 18. Capaciteitsbeheer• Aanbieding met Rentepunten van de Postbank• 50 euro Benzinebon voor de helft van de prijs• Om 9 uur mocht je de bon bestellen• Direct lag de hele site van de Postbank plat• Marketing Manager van de Postbank: “Die benzinebonnen waren een stuntje. Alleen dat onze website plat ging was een drama. Er was bij ons paniek in de tent. Wij hebben alleen al 29899 telefoontjes gekregen van boze klanten die belden. Onze medewerkers konden de boze reacties nauwelijks aan.”18
    19. 19. Topics • Business Challenges • Business Responsibility wrt IT • Cloud Computing • Capacity Management • Management of Service Oriented Systems19
    20. 20. HardwareProgress 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 20
    21. 21. Software SaaS Web 2.0 OSS SOAProgress COTS WWW ‘Standard’ Monoliths Custom Monoliths 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 21
    22. 22. Abundant Liberating Application Management Empowering Ubiquitous Miniature Addictive Connecting Dependency SaaS Pervasive Threatening Web 2.0 Embedded Disruptive OSS Wireless SOA 2GAProgress As COTS su WWW ran 1GA ce ‘Standard’ Monoliths Custom Monoliths 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 22
    23. 23. Application Management Dependency SaaS 3GA Web 2.0 En ?OSS ab lin g SOA 2GA ComProgress ple COTSxity As su WWW anr 1GA ce ‘Standard’ Monoliths Custom Monoliths 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 23
    24. 24. Sexy SOA• SOA is like teenage sex…• It is on everyone’s mind all the time• Everyone talks about it all the time• Everyone thinks everyone else is doing it• Almost no one is really doing it• The few who are doing it are: – Doing it poorly – Sure it will be better next time – Not practicing it safely• Everyone’s bragging about their successes all the time, although very few have actually had any 24
    25. 25. Service-Oriented Architecture n Service Di t io sc ca Oriented ov i bl Architecture er y Pu Service Consumer Serv Service Oriented Application Service 1 Service 2 Service 3 Enterprise Service Bus Service Oriented Service Infrastructure Message Process n Registry/In Broker Repository Server itio vo ca pos tio m 25 n Co
    26. 26. SOA - The Promise• SOA offers the promise of• Increased flexibility to support and facilitate organizations in their challenge to be more agile• Better integration of information from sources both within an organization and from external partners, thus supporting the whole business chain• Lower costs by more re-use of components26
    27. 27. SOA - The Downside• Loose coupling requires a large degree of maturity of the total SOA solution, including organizational aspects such as governance• Complex transition from existing IT to SOA• New and complex technology• Limited number of experts• Security and testing issues LoCoS27
    28. 28. Governance• University of Amsterdam: “Ownership of services within large service-oriented systems is not easy to address.”• To do: Define and monitor who takes decisions about what (ownership, accountability matrix) 28
    29. 29. Architecture• University of Amsterdam: “Without professionals who follow architectural principles and without management that implements architecture processes, SOA is doomed to fail.”• To do: Set generic principles and standards for all IT- systems and ensure adherence to them Monitor the consistency of the corporate information landscape (portfolio management) 29
    30. 30. Organization• Complexity of SOA-based systems• Number of parties involved• Lack of experience in management of these systems• Difficult to formalize• To do: Form a multidisciplinary team (extend the development team) until Service-Oriented Application Management can be ‘promoted’ to IT- as-usual 30
    31. 31. Organization – Dealing with S- curves New technology S-curve: Generation X+1 SaaS one step forward, 4GA Applications Web 2.0 two steps back OSS SOA 2GAProgress COTS 3GA Generation X WWW Applications ‘Standard’ Monoliths Custom 1GA Monoliths 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 31
    32. 32. Bottom Line• SOA is new and promising• SOAM is even newer: new learning curve• More components, more parties involved: potential complexity explosion needs to be contained• Architecture and governance appear to be prerequisites• Extra competences: analysis, procurement, coordination• Application management adhocracy : multidisciplinary approach until SOAM can be formalized• To be continued…32
    33. 33. Links to video clipsJapanese Efficiencyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0iqpBTUAfMRichard Feynmanhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_MmpUWEW6IsHans Roslinghttp://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_shows_the_best_stats_you_ve_ever_seen.html33
    34. 34. SamenvattingOmgeving van de business• Globalisering + meer informatie = machtsverschuiving naar consumentBusiness-organisaties• Vandaag presteren en morgen anders• Reputatie is erg belangrijk• Steeds afhankelijker van ITInformatiesystemen• Complexer: meer virtueel, hybride en gekoppeld met andere systemenIT organisaties• Kunnen verandersnelheid van business niet bijbenen• Ontberen kennis van bedrijfsprocessen en talent om gepast met business mensen om te gaan• Moeten intensief met anderen samenwerken – geen command & control maar communicate & collaborate34

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