Small Cell Forum Release Five: Rural & Remote

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This presentation was shared at the recent Release workshop in London, June 2014. It scopes out the potential areas for inclusion in the Small Cell Forum's fifth release: Rural & Remote.

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Small Cell Forum Release Five: Rural & Remote

  1. 1. Small Cell Forum Release Planning Workshop 13th June Release 5: Rural and Remote Applications Julius Robson, Richard Deasington June 2014 www.smallcellforum.org
  2. 2. SCF London Workshop Agenda South Gallery Meeting Rooms – level 2 South Event Halls, ExCel London © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2014 Time Topic Lead 09:30-09:45 Welcome/Set the stage Sue Monahan/Lisa Garza 09:45-10:00 What carriers say about Release Program Caroline Gabriel 10:00-10:30 Release 3/4 achievements and implications Lisa Garza/Julius Robson/Nick Johnson/Mark Grayson 10:30-10:45 Break 10:45-11:15 Release Five overview Julius Robson/Richard Deasington 11:15-12:30 Small cells & virtualization discussion Intro: Caroline Gabriel Gordon Mansfield/Mark Grayson 12:30-12:45 Closing remarks Gordon Mansfield 12:45-13:30 Lunch
  3. 3. 1) Definition and scope of Rural and Remote • Examples of Rural and Remote Applications • Market Drivers • Enabling technologies 2) Issues to address with the release 3) What’s next and how to get involved Release Five Rural and Remote Agenda 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  4. 4. 1 Scoping out the Rural and Remote Theme Small Cell Forum INTERNAL
  5. 5. 18/06/2014
  6. 6. Mapping of Small Cell Applications to Market Segments Small Cell Forum INTERNAL Small Cell Application Home Enterprise Urban Rural and Remote Residential coverage and capacity Y Y Small Business/SOHO Y Y Medium Enterprise/Mid-sized Office Building Y Large Enterprise/Corporate Campus Y Multi Dwelling Unit Y Retail Shop Y Shopping Mall Y Medical Facility/Hospital Y Govt/Municipal Building Y Hotel Y Underground Facility Y Convention Center Y Airport Y Stadium Y Transportation Hub Y Metro/Subway Y City Center Y Public Space (plaza, park, etc) Y Remote town/village Y Maritime/Ship Y Aviation/Plane Y Rail/Train Y Military Y First Responder Y Humanitarian Y Disaster Recovery Y Remote Industrial (mines, oil rigs) Y Rural & Remote
  7. 7. • Market drivers: • Coverage of voice and data to isolated locations • Cost effective solutions may need to operate with increased autonomy, potentially off net/off grid • Applications Categories • Remote communities: Rural, industrial oil rig, mines • Long range from transport connectivity: Satellite, TVWS, xDSL, Cable, PTP microwave • Moving: Transport: Maritime, Aviation, Automotive, Rail • Backhaul will need mobility, Satellite where sky unobstructed. NLoS and microwave solutions also applicable • Temporary: Disaster recovery, events, humanitarian, field/military • ‘Portable’ backhaul solutions desirable • Private/Standalone: secure • Off net Market drivers and application categories 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  8. 8. • Home: • “Femtocells intended for home or small office applications. These applications are typically indoors and involve locations where a single femtocell is usually sufficient. Both 3GPP and 3GPP2 femtocells are in scope.” [http://scf.io/document/101] • Enterprise • Premises-Based Small Cells including Enterprise • Generally indoor, premises-based deployment beyond home • Coverage driven • +Enterprise specific services and analytics • Urban • Capacity for Dense Environments • Indoor/outdoor urban deployment • Capacity driven • +het net macro layer interaction • Rural and Remote • Coverage for isolated locations and remote communities • Indoor & outdoor deployment Small Cell Forum INTERNAL Small Cell Market Segment Definitions Based on definitions from MKT WG, Seoul plenary Amended in Singapore April 2014 Single small cell Multi-cell coverage with handover Multi-cell capacity enhancement to macro with het-net co-ordination Similar to enterprise, but Autonomy Small Core RAN complexity
  9. 9. • Autonomy • Self deployable • Off grid • Low power • Off net (nearly) • Local call routing • Local breakout • Small Core • Features • Multi-operator solutions or workarounds • Remote Operation and Management • Backhaul • Wide area coverage / long range • Backhaul mobility for moving small cells Enabling Technologies 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013 Remote town/village Maritime/Ship Aviation/Plane Rail/Train Military First Responder Humanitarian Disaster Recovery Remote Industrial (mines, oil rigs) Applications
  10. 10. 2 Issues and Barriers to Address Across different disciplines Small Cell Forum INTERNAL
  11. 11. Release 4: Urban Urban Small Cells Release Overview [103] Backhaul Regulatory Radio Deployment Services Network Architecture Inter- operability Market SON Use cases [077] Market status [050] NET Architectures for Urban [088] Integrated Small cell Wi-Fi [089] Synchronisation [075] Backhaul Issues for Urban Small Cells [095] Backhaul Requirements & Solutions [049] Urban Deployment Issues [096] Urban Market Drivers & Challenges [086] Business case for urban small cells and their backhaul [087] Small Cells - The Big Idea [030] Regulatory Aspects of small cells [076] Urban case studies [098] X2 Interoperability in Multivendor HetNets [059] Small Cell Security [099] Services for Urban Small Cells [090] Services API Programmer’s Guide [091] Location Based API requirements [092] Content Management Services [093] LTE Small Cell-API [082] Small Cell Plugfests [085]
  12. 12. Release 5: Rural and Applications We now want to identify the issues and barriers to address with Release Five… Overview Backhaul Regulatory Radio Deployment Services Network Architecture Inter- operability Market
  13. 13. • Clarify Drivers: • Extending coverage to remaining few % population • Subscriber grab in remote areas • Cost effective way to meet coverage obligations • Market Sizing • Is there a market – getting market estimates for rural is very hard, most are pure top down – little bottom up research with operators about their needs. Chicken and egg preventing market development as there is no clear market sizing • Business modeling • Demonstrate positive business case • Under what conditions are small cells more cost effective than macro • Case Studies • Examples of diverse applications of small cell technologies Market 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  14. 14. • RF planning for Ships, oil rigs, mines • Coverage requirements, spot vs ubiquitous • Range and power • Link budget and range limited by power consumption and/or box size? • Frequency bands support • Power consumption Radio 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  15. 15. • Site/ran share Multi-operator RAN solutions – shared radio operating in multiple spectrum segments or modular radios. Also impacts backhaul – shared or segmented capacity by QoS system. • Local clustering allowing multiple small cells to be deployed with a single backhaul link • Local switching of voice traffic within a small cell or cluster of small cells, even when backhaul is off (subject to LI requirements) • Need for local break-in and break out of voice traffic – for example connection to a ship or aircraft PABX system or rural fixed line telephony system • Ability to access local data content e.g. access to local content server on a ship or aircraft (or even in a village) • Local caching of data content (this could be a backhaul optimization function) • Transport protocols Need to improve efficiency of backhaul links given the high costs. Current protocols are too chatty and fat for efficient backhaul using non-traditional technologies e.g. WiFi/WiMax Mesh, Satellite. • IPsec and overheads. Need to accelerate / spoof user TCP/IP traffic to overcome the ‘slow start’ issue on higher latency links • Autonomy: Complete ‘network in a box’ solution for voice and data for emergency / military services for drop-in deployments, with interconnect to other telecoms e.g. TETRA, APCO etc. Architecture 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  16. 16. • Backhaul for different applications • Remote – long range • Moving – mobility • Temporary – wide area coverage • Standalone– none, or private • Impact backhaul performance on Service: higher latency & lower bandwidth – what are the limits for a given service • Solutions • Satellite • TVWS • Copper Backhaul 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  17. 17. • Power: Off-grid is not uncommon, several implications – may need to operate off 12/24v DC, will need battery backup for several days in case no sun/wind, needs Ethernet or possibly RS232 port for charger management (or switch off SC when battery low or at night), optimal solutions use minimal power (e.g. in recent LatAm deployment power consumption 2nd most important selection criteria – applies to backhaul equipment as well as the small cell itself). • Packaging • Physical aspects of suitable equipment for external deployment in rural – largely similar to metro cells • Availability of circuit board-level small cell products to meet demands of specialist environments such as Aero, Trains, Maritime, Military that need integration by industry specialists • Integration of independent processor capable of hosting the local switching / data caching / data optimization s/w etc. • Planning for coverage small cells in rural areas including constraints of BH, power etc. • Self Deployment by non-operator folk at rural sites, e.g. municipalities organizing their own networks Deployment 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  18. 18. • Remote • Coverage obligations & funding for outlying coverage • USO universal service obligation $Billions unspent according to the ITU – work with marketing to identify how to tap this resource • Spectrum availability for remote service providers • Moving • Usage of spectrum outside of national boundaries • Maritime and aero regulation • Temporary • Private • Implications on local switching, caching etc. on LI Regulatory 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  19. 19. • Control of caching – for example the ability to predictively cache content that is regularly demanded or is required by operator or authorities e.g. health information • Maritime & Aero need geofencing solutions that can automatically enable / disable radios when within (legal) range of land networks or below 10,000 feet <see also REG> • Cabin crew needs manual switching web interfaces for mobile solutions to control passenger access to small cell voice, data, SMS Services 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013
  20. 20. • Small cell technologies developed for core applications of residential, enterprise and urban scenarios are applicable to provide voice and data coverage in places where it would not otherwise be financially viable or possible • Rural and other isolated subscriber groups may be cost effectively served using self deployable small cells and local autonomous networks • We aim to identify a range of applications and vertical markets and articulate the benefits, the challenges and the technologies and solutions available to address them Summary and Next Steps 18/06/2014 © Small Cell Forum Ltd 2013

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