Little more than the two hours of the old city of Aurangabad if points out the famous Caves of Ajanta, thirty and two grottos that are not of all natural but that the thousand had been cut in hills of years for workers who had only used cinzéis and hammers. Sculptured in the volcanic basalt rock, the craftsmen had been meticulously cinzelando the rock little by little, Cutting the columns in strategical places and creating some rooms inside of the rock. The walls and ceilings wonderfully had been decorated and with plaster applications had created colorful paintings.
The majority of paintings has more than 1500 years . Ten centuries before the birth of Michel Angelo, Leonardo daVinci and the European renaissance, these unknown artists already knew to describe the perspective, the depth and the realism in their paintings. The expressions and emotions captured in the faces of the painting, are so real that today, after some centuries, they can be admired.
The oldest cave retraces to century II before Christ. Some of them are Viharas(convents) or monasteries, great chambers with small rooms that they lead are of the main room and it was where they lived monks. Some of these rooms have beds of cut rock, with a cushion in which monks could rest its head.
. The remaining portion of the caves is Chaityas or temples, very similar the Christian cathedrals, with ceilings abobodados and with wooden beams that if cross in ribbings, with decorated pillars of rocks, e in the central ship (where a Christian church a great statue of Buddha would have its altar). It has that to remember itself that these temples of rock had been cut many centuries before the Christian cathedrals, what can lead to speculate if they had not been these caves the inspiration for the great architects of the Medieval Age, and not them Greek and Roman classic temples
It is surprising to think that, the great masters who had created these wonders, they counted only on small tools of work. Still they had thus bequeathed something universal, magical, and that today we can contemplate. The centuries seem small water drops in the Walls of these caves