PROBLEMS WITH PREPOSITIONS• Prepositions are words or phrases that clarify relationships.• Prepositions are usually followed by nouns and pronouns. Sometimes the nouns are –ing form nouns.• Prepositions are also used in idioms.
1. Place – Between and AmongRemember that between and amonghave the same meaning, but between isused with two nouns and among isused with three or more nouns or aplural noun.
Examples: between noun 1 noun 2The work is distributed between the secretary and the receptionist among noun 1 noun 2 noun 3The rent payments are divided among Don, Bill, and Gene Avoid using between with three or more nouns or a plural noun.
2. Place – In, On and At Remember that in, on, and at have similar meanings, but they are used with different kinds of places. In general, in is used before large places; on is used before middle–sized places; and at is used before numbers in addresses. Finally, in is used again before very small places.in COUNTRY on STREET at NUMBER in a corner STATE STREET CORNER (of a room) PROVINCE COAST a room COUNTY RIVER a building CITY a ship a park a train a car a plane a boat
Example: in COUNTRY in STATE in CITYWe live in the United States in North Carolina in Jacksonvilleon COAST on RIVER at NUMBERon the East Coast on New River at 2600 River Road Avoid using in instead of on for streets and other middle-sized places. Presented by: Dwi Sloria Suharti (email@example.com)
3. Time – In, On and At• Remember that in, on, and at have similar meanings, but they are used with different times. In general, in is used before large units of time; on is used before middle–sized units of time; and at is used before numbers in clock time.• Idiomatic phrases such as in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night, at noon, must be learned individually like vocabulary. in YEAR on Day at TIME MONTH DATE
Example: in YEAR in MONTH on DAY at TIMELily was born in 1919 in December on Sunday at 7:00Avoid using in before days and dates.