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Open Source, Open Data
 

Open Source, Open Data

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My presentation from Florida Linux Show 2009. Find out how open source's principles are being used outside of software, and how open source and open data can work together to change the world.

My presentation from Florida Linux Show 2009. Find out how open source's principles are being used outside of software, and how open source and open data can work together to change the world.

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    Open Source, Open Data Open Source, Open Data Presentation Transcript

    • Open Source, Open Data Kirrily Robert Florida Linux Show, 2009
    • From Open Source to Open Data
    • 1993 Me in 1993 My Linux desktop looked like this
    • 1993 • I started using Linux in 1993 • I was very excited by it, even though it was quite primitive at the time • Other people thought I was a little crazy
    • 1999 Image: Wikipedia Image: Engadget Jar Jar in 1999 Google’s servers in 1999
    • 1999 • By 1999 Linux + open source was starting to take off • Companies using and building services on Linux etc. • We were calling it “Open Source” - a more marketable term for Free Software
    • Four Software Freedoms http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html • Freedom to run the program • Freedom to study the program and modify it for your own use • Freedom to redistribute verbatim copies • Freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements
    • Free Culture • A similar movement • Make cultural works freely available • Mostly over the Internet
    • Free Culture
    • Free Culture
    • Free Culture
    • Free Culture http://wiki.freeculture.org/Free_Culture_Definition • Freedom to use the work • Freedom to study the work and to apply knowledge acquired from it • Freedom to make and redistribute copies • Freedom to make changes and improvements, and to distribute derivative works
    • Image: masternewmedia.org
    • What is Open Data?
    • Data
    • Image: himmelskratzer @ Flickr
    • What is data? • Ones and zeroes (obviously) • But also filing cabinets, research archives, and other offline resources • It’s not OPEN data unless you can get at it
    • Open Data Freedoms • Freedom to use the data • Freedom to study the data and modify it for your own use • Freedom to make and share verbatim copies • Freedom to improve the data and redistribute the results
    • Data availability • Digital • Online • Well formatted
    • Open Data Projects
    • public.resource.org • Created 2007 by Carl Malamud • “Making Government Information More Accessible”
    • public.resource.org • SEC EDGAR records • Patents database • Copyright database • Congressional records • Legal decisions • Fedflix
    • Data.gov • Founded 2008 • “Increase public access to high value, machine readable datasets generated by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government.”
    • OpenStreetMap
    • Compare...
    • OpenStreetMap
    • Open Library Project
    • • CD data • Tracks, artists, releases... • CC license
    • Flickr • Images • Metadata • tags, timestamps, geolocations, etc. • Range of CC licenses and permissive TOS
    • Infochimps • Large data sets • Various licenses • Tools for transformation
    • • Open data about “everything” • 8.5m concepts • CC-BY license • API and data dumps
    • 2,416,683 books
    • 16,608 ships
    • 488 cheeses
    • Structured data { "name": "Asiago cheese" "id": "/en/asiago_cheese", "region": [{ "id": "/en/asiago", "name": "Asiago", "type" : "/location/location" }], "source_of_milk": [{ "id": "/en/cattle", "name": "Cow", "type" : "/biology/organism_classification" }] }
    • Open Data Apps
    • • Apps for America competition • Open source and open data • Round 1: various data sources • Round 2: Data.gov
    • Legistalker
    • Filibusted
    • Where the money goes
    • Open Source for Open Data
    • What can open source do? Input Scrape Processing Munge Output Visualise
    • Scraping data • APIs • XML, RSS, JSON... • Downloadable data sets • XML, Excel, CSV, triple dumps... • Beautiful Soup (Python) • http://www.crummy.com/software/
    • Munging data • Perl • http://perl.org/ • R (statistical analysis) • http://r-project.org/ • Hadoop (parallel data processing) • http://hadoop.apache.org/
    • Visualisations • MIT Simile • http://simile.mit.edu/ • Processing • http://processing.org/
    • http://itoworld.com
    • Semantic Web • Describe meaning, not markup • Triples: subject, predicate, object • Expression: RDF
    • Linked Open Data
    • Semantic web tools • Triple stores • Sesame, BigData, Virtuoso... • Libraries • RDFLib (Python), Redland RDf (librdf)...
    • Freebase Acre
    • Open source for open data • Low barrier to entry • Hooks in to Freebase data • Share and clone apps • Apps are BSD licensed
    • FMDB
    • Gendered names app
    • Query editor
    • Clone!
    • http://freebase.com/developer
    • Where next?
    • Open Data: Issues • License clarity • Govt + Corporate acceptance • Developer literacy • What do we DO with it?
    • What do we do with it?
    • What do we do with it? • 10 years ago we were asking the same questions of Open Source • With Open Data, we are just starting to realise its potential • Please join us!
    • Keep in touch • Email • kirrily@metaweb.com • Freebase blog • http://blog.freebase.com/ • Twitter • @fbase