1Everything Science www.everythingscience.co.za14. The lithosphereChemistryGrade 11
2Everything Science www.everythingscience.co.zaThe lithosphereThe Earth’s lithosphere is a rich source of many minerals.The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell of our planet. The lithosphere includesthe crust and the upper part of the mantle, and is made up of material from both thecontinents and the oceans on the Earth’s surface.
3Everything Science www.everythingscience.co.zaMiningThe minerals can be extracted using mining techniques. People have long been exploiting theEarth’s mineral resources. Mining and mineral use has a significant environmental impact.