Kansallinen resurssiviisaus -foorumi: Dieter D. Genske

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Kansallinen resurssiviisaus -foorumi 4.12.2013
Professori Dieter D. Genske, Nordhausenin yliopisto, Saksa:
"Baselista hiilineutraali kaupunki – käytännön keinot siihen pääsemiseksi" / Basel on its way to the
2000-Watt-Society

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Kansallinen resurssiviisaus -foorumi: Dieter D. Genske

  1. 1. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society Basel Project Group Till Berger (sustainserv Basel), Dieter D. Genske (Presenter, Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences), Ariane Ruff (University of Liechtenstein)
  2. 2. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society What the vision means and practical examples of how this vision can be realized December 4, 2013
  3. 3. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society • Why 2000 Watt? • Principles to assess efficiency and energy potentials • Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society
  4. 4. EUR 200.000.000.000 USD 310.000.000.000 EUR 180.000.000.000 Numbers from “Langfristszenarien und Strategien für den Ausbau der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland”, German Ministry of Environment 2012.
  5. 5. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society • Why 2000 Watt ? • Principles to assess efficiency and energy potentials • Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society
  6. 6. Principles Adam Smiths’ Principle of Space and Labour Adam Smith (1723-1790): “In the classical production process, space and labour create wealth”
  7. 7. Living Households B&T Fuels Power Warm water Process water Heating Principles Energy Parties Need Strong Medium Working Industry Small Road Mobility Railroad Barely etc. NB: Situation in Northern Europe
  8. 8. Principles Scenarios Defining goals, then discussing scenarios how to reach these goals. (1) Trend scenario: Following the trend (2) Innovation scenario: i.e. Self-sufficiency, 2000-Watt ...
  9. 9. Principles Energetically Homogeneous Zones EHZ have a similar energy consumption as well as a similar capacity to produce renewable energy Individual Homes Forest
  10. 10. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society • Why 2000 Watt? • Principles to assess efficiency and energy potentials • Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society
  11. 11. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society
  12. 12. 300-400 Mio CHF Annual expenses for fossil fuels Population 0.2m Area 48 km2
  13. 13. Energy Demand per capita Leistung in Watt Primärenergie per capita nach Aktivität und Zielwerte im Referenzszenario Reference scenario 4000 3000 Mobility Working Living target 2000 2000-Watt-scenario 5000 1000 0 WattPE per capita 5000 WattPE per capita Leistung in Watt Primärenergie per capita nach Aktivität und Zielwerte im 2000W -Szenario 4000 3000 Mobility Working Living target 2000 1000 0 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
  14. 14. Heat Demand and Renewable Heat Production Heat demand and renewable heat, trend scenario 4000 1500 1000 500 0 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 2010 2020 0 2000-Watt-scenario 3500 Sun (roof and facade) Heat demand and renewable heat, trend scenario Shallow geothermal 3000 Wastewater heat 2500 Biogas Biomass 2000 Deep geothermal 1500 STP sludge 1000 Waste incineration Demand 500 Sun (roof and facade) Shallow geothermal Wastewater heat Biogas Biomass Deep geothermal Schlammverbrennung Waste incineration Demand GWhEnd per year 2500 GWhEnd per year GWhEnd per year 3000 2000 4000 Reference scenario 3500 Heat demand and renewable heat, 2000W -scenario 0 2030 2010 Waste incineration Biomass Shallow geothermal 2040 2050 2020 2010 2030 STP sludge Biogas Sun (roof and facade) 2020 2040 2030 2050 Deep geothermal Wastewater heat Demand 2040 2050
  15. 15. Power Demand and Renewable Power Production Power demand and renewable power, trend scenario Power demand and renewable power, 2000W-scenario 2000 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 2010 2020 0 GWhEnd per year GWhEnd per year 1600 2000-Watt-scenario 1800 Power demand and renewable1600 power, 2000W-scenario Sun (roof and facade) 1400 Water 1200 Wind 1000 Biomass Deep geothermal 800 Waste incineration 600 Demand 400 Sun (roof and facade) Water Wind Biomass Deep geothermal Waste incineration Demand GWhEnd per year 1800 1400 2000 Reference scenario 200 0 2030 2010 Waste incineration Wind Demand 2040 2050 2020 2010 2030 Deep geothermal Water 2020 2040 2030 2040 2050 Biomass Sun (roof and facade) 2050
  16. 16. CO2eq-Reduction C02-äquivalente Jahresemissionen per capita (ohne graue Energie) im Referenzszenario 6.00 Reference scenario t CO2eq per capita and year t CO2eq per capita and year 6.00 C02-äquivalente Jahresemissionen per capita (ohne graue Energie) im 2000W -Szenario 5.00 4.00 2000-Watt-scenario 5.00 4.00 Mobility Working 3.00 Living 2.00 3.00 2.00 target 1.00 0.00 Mobility Working Living target 1.00 0.00 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
  17. 17. Status quo: Heat Demand
  18. 18. Trend Scenario: Heat Demand 2050
  19. 19. 2000-Watt-Scenario: Heat Demand 2050
  20. 20. Status quo: Renewable Heat Production
  21. 21. Trend Scenario: Renewable Heat Production 2050
  22. 22. 2000-Watt-Scenario: Renewable Heat Production 2050
  23. 23. Status quo: Power Demand
  24. 24. Trend Scenario: Power Demand 2050
  25. 25. 2000-Watt-Szenario: Power Demand 2050
  26. 26. Status quo: Renewable Power Production
  27. 27. Trend Scenario: Renewable Power Production 2050
  28. 28. 2000-Watt-Szenario: Renewable Power Production 2050
  29. 29. Expenses and Gains in the Reference Scenario Ausgaben und Einsparungen im Referenzszenario 150.00 100.00 Mio CHF/a 50.00 THG Strom Wärme Wasserkraft KVA Biomasse Geothermie Abwasserwärme Erdwärmesonden Sonne (PV und Kollektoren) 0.00 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 -50.00 -150.00 bigstock -100.00
  30. 30. Expenses and Gains in the 2000-Watt-Scenario Ausgaben und Einsparungen im 2000W-Szenario 150.00 100.00 Mio CHF/a 50.00 THG Strom Wärme Wasserkraft KVA Biomasse Geothermie Abwasserwärme Erdwärmesonden Sonne (PV und Kollektoren) 0.00 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 -50.00 -150.00 bigstock -100.00
  31. 31. m en t s of ea l ly re n t nc e ta s (a nn ua l) ) e ) ye ar w in (m on x an d pl u AO C e th ly 3) ro om -a pp t. ) in su ra og i ta ca p D er itz Sp ne tt vi g gl e ay (A i w e ig h w in H Ca fé (p th y (m on th H et oc i e s Sw is r is Su rp le 00 W -s en u tt bo hunderassen.de ar t Ap 20 M 6 Swiss Franks Expenses per capita in the 2000-Watt-Scenario Typische Ausgaben im Kanton Basel-Stadt 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0
  32. 32. Examples of how this vision can be realized Research project “2000W-Society” Discussion of proposals to introduce 2000W-Society at City Council University Research Labs Fixing of budget / Co-financing SME Voting at City Council plus referendum ? no Reviewing / re-discussing yes Implementation Efficiency Renewables Pilot projects Public
  33. 33. Examples of how this vision can be realized: Pilot projects www.2000-watt.bs.ch 2000-Watt-Gesellschaft: 10 Jahre Pilotregion Basel. AUE Kanton Basel Stadt
  34. 34. Basel on its way to the 2000-Watt-Society Basel Project Group Till Berger (sustainserv Basel), Dieter D. Genske (Presenter, Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences), Ariane Ruff (University of Liechtenstein)

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