the practice of abstaining from the consumption
of meat , poultry, seafood and the flesh of any
include abstention from by-products of animal
A strict vegetarian diet excludes all animal
products including eggs , dairies , beeswax and
Vegans also avoid animal products such as leather
for clothing and goose-fat for shoe polish.
of being a
Many object to
eating meat out
of respect for
consist largely of vegetarian
foods, but may include fish or
poultry, or sometimes other
meats, on an infrequent basis.
Those with diets containing fish or
poultry may define meat only as
mammalian flesh and may identify
A pescetarian diet has been
described as "fish but no other
Earliest record of vegetarianism come from ancient India and ancient Greece in
the 5th century .
In the Asian - instance the diet was closely connected with the idea was closely
connected with the idea of nonviolence towards animals (called ahimsa in
Promoted by religious groups and philosophers .
Among the Hellenes , Egyptians and others – it had medical or ritual
purification purposes .
Following the Christianisation of the Roman Empire in late antiquity –
vegetarianism practically disappeared from Europe as it was in other
Continents, except India.
Several orders of monks in medieval Europe resticted or banned the
consumption of meat for ascetic reasons , but none of them eschewed fish .
During the Renaissance , becoming more widespread in the 19th and 20th
In 1847 , the 1st Vegetarian Society was founded in UK , Germany , Netherlands
and other countries followed .
In 1908 – The International Vegetarian Union was founded , a union of the
national societies .
In the Western world , the popularity of vegetarianism grew during the 20th
century as a result of – nutritional , ethical , environmental and economic
(dairy products but
(excludes all animal
flesh and products)
(fresh and uncooked
(eggs but not dairy
products such as
(dairy but xcludes
eggs, honey , root
(whole grains and
-excludes all animal
vegetables in allium
(dairy , honey )
-excludes anything from
the onion or leek
(fruits ,nuts, seeds
and other plant
Shortness of breath
tingling sensation in
finger and toes
Solution to overcome the
clams, oysters, mussels, liver, caviars, octopus,
fish, crab and lobster ,beef, lamb or
mutton, cheese and eggs
vitamin B12 helps with metabolism, converting
food into stable energy, utilizing
iron, producing healthy red blood cells, and a
host of other benefits
vegetarians should take
• at least three times per week
• Make simple exercise
• Better is everyday
• eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit
• avoid processed food
• practice eat the fruit before we taking the
fresh vegetables and
vegetables Processed food
• as our guideline to follow for the servings
Follow the food
people who don't eat any
animal products, including
meat, eggs, or milk
take the vitamin B12 supplement or include plenty
of fortified foods
get the B12 injection
• Hydroxocobalamin injection
• injected into a muscle every two to four days
• After about six injections the patient should have a
good store of B12.
OTHER CASES RELATED TO THE
Excessive intake Vitamin A
Cause vitamin A toxicity
"well-planned" vegetarian and even vegan diets are
"healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide
health benefits in the prevention and treatment of
diseases like type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart disease,
Such diets are also "appropriate" even during
pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood and
adolescence and for athletes.
Vegetarianism is perhaps one of the most powerful single steps an individual
can take to address such issues because :
Mostly the industrial raising of meat animals, generates about a fifth of the
world's greenhouse gases. It increases other pollutants like pesticides, uses
large amounts of increasingly scarce resources like oil, water and land, and is
in many places tied to labour abuses. In the US alone, 10 billion animals are
slaughtered annually, often after being raised in questionable conditions.
Vegetarians must pay particular attention to eating enough
protein, iron, calcium, omega 3 fatty acids, and Vitamin B12.
Vegans need B12 supplements or B12-fortified plant foods to maintain their
Vegetarians, especially vegans, must also be constantly cautious about the
abundance of foodstuffs that contain "hidden" animal-based ingredients
Vegetarians must thoroughly relearn basic skills like routine and holiday menu
planning, grocery shopping, and food preparation. This process can be difficult to
sustain, especially in contexts where meat eaters are the majority and
vegetarians the minority
Meat eaters and vegetarians may conflict over their dietary differences.
vegetarians may feel they are continually exposed to meat eaters'
curiosity, scepticism, and hostility.
ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE OF A
Is Being a Vegan or Vegetarian at Odds with Being Muslim?
-The idea of Muslims being vegetarian or vegans has prompted some debate.
-Islamic scholars such as the late Egyptian scholar Gamal al-Banna agree that Muslims
who choose vegetarianism/veganism can do so for a number of reasons including a
personal expression of faith or spirituality.
-Al-Banna has stated "When someone becomes vegetarian they do so for a number of
reasons: compassion, environment and health reasons.
-Prophet Muhammad would also want followers to be healthy, compassionate and
not destroy our environment. If someone believes not eating meat is that way, it is
not like they are going to go to hell for it. It may be the right thing to do.
-Hamza Yusuf Hason, a popular American Muslim scholar has been warning against
the ethical and environmental dangers of the factory farming industry and the health
related issues of over consumption of meat.
-His research indicates that the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, and most early
Muslims were semi-vegetarians, consuming meat on occasion.
DIET OF PROPHET
• What Rasulullah do and do not do.
MEAT with FISH
FISH with MILK.
CHICKEN with MILK. FRUIT with MILK
MILK with VINEGAR.
FISH with SALAD
FISH with an EGG
MILK with MEAT.
What Rasulullah do
Rasulullah like to drink milk.
Rasulullah always eat fruit first.
Rasulullah always eat cereal such as barley and oats.
Rasulullah also eat bread whis is made from native wheat.
Rasulullah eat palm fruit and also others fruit such as watermelon.
Rasulullah also love vegetables.
Rasulullah always encourage us to take honey and practise to drink plenty of
Rasulullah prohibit us from eating too much and extreme.
Rasulullah also order us to take a little bit of salt before eating and after
Rasulullah teach us to eat with our hand without spoon, fork or chopticks.
Rasulullah prohibit us from not taking our dinner.
EXAMPLE OF VEGETARIAN DIET IN
Malaysia is actually a brilliant place to be for a vegetarian, seriously
Sure, you are going to have to order more than your fair share of char kway
teow or mee goreng, (without meat)
That's far more pleasurable than having to eat salad sandwiches everyday
In many respects, a vegetarian in Malaysia will eat far better than in most
other countries, including Australia.