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RURAL SETTLEMENTCHANGES AND ISSUES IN THE UK Lesson 7
Key factors explaining changes in UK rural areas:• Improvements in transport• Increased standards of living• Decreased size of households
• Industries and retailing are moving to rural areas…• Three important factors:1. Dissatisfaction of urban lifestyles2. Increase in car ownership3. Improving technology which allows industries to become ‘footloose’
• Many villages have grown at alarming rates and have lost their original character, form and function. These are often described as dormitory, commuter or suburbanised villages. A good example is the GOWER Village.
Disadvantages of second homes:• House and land price escalate• Conflict between permanent population and temporary population• Roads become congested• Driving is hazardous and there is an increase number of accidents• Local environment will be deteriorate• New buildings may not fit into local surroundings such as Swiss-style chalets in Snowdonia
Advantages of second homes:• Economic development of backward rural areas• Taxes from second homes helps to support local services• The competition between second home owners and young people may not as great as generally assumed. Most second home owners require an isolated home without electricity or a bath so that they can renovate it.
IONA - SCOTLAND• A remote island off west coast of scotland• Rural communities are experiencing rural depopulation• 1980s – population fell by 40%• Severe shortage of jobs – unemployment rates are high• Difficult to attract young people and migrants to the island• Traditional industries such as fishing and farming are gradually being eroded
• Iona’s scenario is totally different from Gower Peninsula in Wales which is experiencing Repopulation. The village has seen in-migration of young couples who work outside village.
• Population in Iona is ageing• Over 40% community is over age of 60 years• 1999 – there were only 4 children in the island school• Few facilities• No high demand for services
Noting activities• Read case study: Development pressures in Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire (pg 166, Ross)• Answer question 1 & 2 (Pg 167, Ross)