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Migration lesson 3



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  • 1. Types of MigrationCauses of Number of peoplemovement Distance Legality Time scale involved Small Forced Group Legal Short term Short Individual Voluntary Illegal Permanent Long Mass Migration
  • 2. Voluntary Migration – Long term (Permanent) Motivated by own choice / own freewill Looking for a change  improvement in their employments  Better quality of life in another place / country Common pull factors:  Better employment opportunities  High salary  High standard of living
  • 3.  Over the last century, many Indian migrants have voluntarily settled over other parts of the world. Est 20 millions ethnic Indians live in countries outside India, Europe & North America found jobs in factory, helped rebuild the post war economies of countries they
  • 4. Voluntary Migration – Short term Move to take jobs and Send part of their earnings back to their home country Intended to return back to home country Contract, control by Immigration policies Applied through agencies with work permits / visas Citizenship will not be given
  • 5.  In Hong Kong, 150,000 Filipino women working as domestic servants / nannies Many Bangladeshi, Indians, Th ais migrate to Brunei to work at many construction industry
  • 6.  Refugees Individual / Mass migration Motivated to find better place to live Common Push Factors:  Religious wars / political wars / civil wars  Ethnic prosecution / genocide  Famine, disease, natural disaster
  • 7.  The drought in Sahel Region has resulted in the degradation of vast areas of the central and northern Africa Lead to agricultural unproductively More than 10 millions people have been forced to migrate to wetter regions of Africa Large numbers of Ethiopians fled to Sudan due to drought and civil wars,
  • 8.  "IOM has made an urgent appeal to donors for $2.6 million which would allow it to help 6,000 Ethiopians, many of them unaccompanied minors and women currently in a horrific situation. Some of the things that women, for example experience, they are often kept against their will by smugglers in their homes and we know of many instances of
  • 9.  Enters a country without legal approval Motivated by economic opportunities Sneak in by boats, on foot or by using fake
  • 10.  Retained in detention camps Forced to return to country of origin especially unskilled background people Heavily guarded border
  • 11.  Refugees may apply to seek political asylum in the destination countries In UK,  Major concern is to ensure that refugees are genuine  Those who are not qualify the strict criteria will be sent home  Those who are qualified will be given access to job
  • 12.  Kosovo is a province of Serbia, the core former Yugoslavia 99% of its population – ethnic Albanians In 1999 – long term tension between Serbia and Kosovo led to war Serbia invaded Kosovo and set about killing or forcibly removing ethnic Kosovars. Thousands of people were killed, injured and or raped
  • 13.  Properties were destroyed and Half of the population fled to become refugees in neighbouring countries like Albania and Macedonia Among European countries only Germany agreed to accept a large number of refugees Britain and France argued that they had already provided aid on the ground in supplying security for the region as well as help for the refugees.
  • 14. Refugees normally fled to neighbouringpoor countries and they usually arrive inlarge numbers in a short time. What arethe possible problems they maygenerate in the host countries?
  • 15.  Finding living spaces for them Food Shortages of medical care Spread of diseases Overcrowdiness Lack of facilities Tensions between the host population and refugees Very poor conditions
  • 16.  Why are the Britain and France reluctant to accept the Kosovo refugees? Britain and France argued that they had already provided aid on the ground in supplying security for the region as well as help for the refugees. They caused a lot of problems and it’s a burden to them